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In the addition table shown above, what is the value of m+n  [#permalink]

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34 00:00

Difficulty:   15% (low)

Question Stats: 80% (02:14) correct 20% (02:20) wrong based on 942 sessions

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 + x y z 4 1 -5 m e 7 n 10 f 2 -4 5

In the addition table shown above, what is the value of m + n =?

A. -19
B. 4
C. 5
D. 6
E. 22
Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 64248
Re: In the addition table shown above, what is the value of m+n  [#permalink]

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20
12
 + x y z 4 1 -5 m e 7 n 10 f 2 -4 5

In the addition table shown above, what is the value of m + n =?
A. -19
B. 4
C. 5
D. 6
E. 22

The sum of some value from the first row and and some value from the first column is given in the intersection box of these values.

So:

x+4=1 --> x=-3;
y+4=-5 --> y=-9;
x+e=-3+e=7 --> e=10;
y+e=-9+10=n --> n=1;
z+e=z+10=10 --> z=0;
z+4=0+4=m --> m=4;

$$m+n=4+1=5$$.

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Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor V
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Location: Pune, India
Re: In the addition table shown above, what is the value of m+n  [#permalink]

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10
2
Sarang wrote:
Question:- will this get completed in a time span of 2 mins?

It will.

+ x y z
4 1 -5 m
e 7 n 10
f 2 -4 5

Take an aggressive approach. First find out what you want to know: m + n
m = 4 + z and n = e + y so you need 4 + z + e + y

Now, y is simple. 4 + y = -5 so y = -9
e and z are trickier. Looking at the 2nd column, if I have x, I can find e.
x is simple. 4 + x = 1 so x = -3
Now, e + x = 7 which means e -3 = 7 so e = 10
Only z remains. e + z = 10 so 10 + z = 10 giving me z = 0
I have all I needed. 4 + z + e + y = 4 + 0 + 10 -9 = 5
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Karishma
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Re: In the addition table shown above, what is the value of m+n  [#permalink]

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1
the simplest way to do this is through a series of successive substitutions.
whenever there's a () in the working below, it means i have substituted a value that i found in an earlier step.

cheers.

x + 4 = 1
therefore, x = -3

y + 4 = -5
therefore, y = -9

x + e = 7
(-3) + e = 7
therefore, e = 10

y + e = n
(-9) + (10) = n
therefore, n = 1 ...(i)

z + e = 10
z + (10) = 10
therefore, z = 0

z + 4 = m
(0) + 4 = m
therefore, m = 4 ...(ii)

using (i) and (ii), m + n = 5

Ans = 5
Manager  Joined: 27 Oct 2010
Posts: 82
Re: In the addition table shown above, what is the value of m+n  [#permalink]

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1
4 + z = m
e + y = n
e + z = 10
4 + y = -5
4 + z + e + y = m + n
m + n = 10 - 5 = 5
Senior Manager  Joined: 01 Feb 2011
Posts: 491
Re: In the addition table shown above, what is the value of m+n  [#permalink]

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3
On careful observation , this problem can be easily solved under 2 mins.

m +n = 4 +z + e +y = 4 +(z+e)+y = 4 +10+y = 14+y

solve y separately, y = -9 => m+n = 14-9 =5.

Sarang wrote:
Question:- will this get completed in a time span of 2 mins?
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Status: No dream is too large, no dreamer is too small
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Posts: 382
Re: In the addition table shown above, what is the value of m+n  [#permalink]

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Bunuel wrote:
 + x y z 4 1 -5 m e 7 n 10 f 2 -4 5

In the addition table shown above, what is the value of m + n =?
A. -19
B. 4
C. 5
D. 6
E. 22

The sum of some value from the first row and and some value from the first column is given in the intersection box of these values.

So:

x+4=1 --> x=-3;
y+4=-5 --> y=-9;
x+e=-3+e=7 --> e=10;
y+e=-9+10=n --> n=1;
z+e=z+10=10 --> z=0;
z+4=0+4=m --> m=4;

$$m+n=4+1=5$$.

How will I know that The sum of some value from the first row and and some value from the first column is given in the intersection box of these values. What is the mechanism?
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Re: In the addition table shown above, what is the value of m+n  [#permalink]

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Baten80 wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
 + x y z 4 1 -5 m e 7 n 10 f 2 -4 5

In the addition table shown above, what is the value of m + n =?
A. -19
B. 4
C. 5
D. 6
E. 22

The sum of some value from the first row and and some value from the first column is given in the intersection box of these values.

So:

x+4=1 --> x=-3;
y+4=-5 --> y=-9;
x+e=-3+e=7 --> e=10;
y+e=-9+10=n --> n=1;
z+e=z+10=10 --> z=0;
z+4=0+4=m --> m=4;

$$m+n=4+1=5$$.

How will I know that The sum of some value from the first row and and some value from the first column is given in the intersection box of these values. What is the mechanism?

If you are not aware of the concept of 'addition table', the mechanism isn't intuitive. It might take some time to figure out. On the bright side, you now know the mechanism behind an addition table and if some other such concept does crop up in your actual GMAT, they will explain you how to arrive at the values. Very rarely will you see ambiguity in actual GMAT questions (If it does arise, they are quick to fix it.) So just know what this concept is and move on.
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Karishma
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Re: In the addition table shown above, what is the value of m+n  [#permalink]

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1
This one is quite easy actually. I, frankly, do not think that this is 700-level. But then again, it is just my opinion.

Here is my explanation:

Question: m + n = ?

Now m = z + 4; n = y + e

Hence, m + n = z + 4 + y + e = (z + e) + (y + 4)

If you observe the table again, you know that (z + e) = 10 and (y + 4) = -5.

Add them to get m + n = 5

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Posts: 4
Re: In the addition table shown above, what is the value of m+n  [#permalink]

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Q # 2 on my GMAT Prep test # 1... spent 5 minutes trying to figure it out and still couldn't. Now I am worrying more than ever about such ridiculous questions....
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Re: In the addition table shown above, what is the value of m+n  [#permalink]

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mk0991 wrote:
Q # 2 on my GMAT Prep test # 1... spent 5 minutes trying to figure it out and still couldn't. Now I am worrying more than ever about such ridiculous questions....

You don't have to worry. If this question was a part of GMAT at some time, it was a very very long time back. GMAT has been evolving and now if they use a term such as 'addition table', they are not going to assume that you know what it is. They will explain you what an addition table is i.e. they will tell you something like this" "An addition table is where numbers in the first row get added to numbers in the first column to give the results given in the grid e.g. 4 + X = 1, E + Y = N etc."
The stats related to every question are monitored and if they see inconsistencies, they filter them out e.g. if they see people getting more than Q49 but sitting on this 500 - 600 level question for 5 mins, they will figure out why and take action. In GMAT, the intent of the question will be very clear. You will only have to worry about 'how to get the answer' not 'what do they want'.
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Re: In the addition table shown above, what is the value of m+n  [#permalink]

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Attachment: addition table.jpg [ 20.45 KiB | Viewed 40889 times ]

We do not have to calculate value of any variable here. The solution can be simplified as below:
m=z+4 and n=y+e
Hence m+n = z+4+y+e = (y+4) + (z+e)
From yellow cell (y+4) = -5
From green cell (z+e) = 10

Substitute above in (m+n) equation
m+n = (y+4)+(z+e) = -5+10= 5

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Re: In the addition table shown above, what is the value of m+n  [#permalink]

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mattapraveen wrote:
 + x y z 4 1 -5 m e 7 n 10 f 2 -4 5

In the addition table shown above, what is the value of m + n =?

A. -19
B. 4
C. 5
D. 6
E. 22

Check solution as attached
Attachments

File comment: www.GMATinsight.com 13.jpg [ 57.38 KiB | Viewed 6768 times ]

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Re: What is the value of m+n? Refer to the addition table below,  [#permalink]

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_________________ Re: What is the value of m+n? Refer to the addition table below,   [#permalink] 08 Oct 2019, 02:00

# In the addition table shown above, what is the value of m+n  