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In the field of eugenics, geneticists have thoroughly

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In the field of eugenics, geneticists have thoroughly scrutinized the human genome and its ability to shape certain traits to select and pre-determine an increasing impressive number of physiological characteristics in the unborn, each “ready to order” to parents’ specifications.

A) increasing impressive number of physiological characteristics in the unborn, each
B) increasingly impressive number of physiological characteristics in those not yet born, and each one
C) increasing impressive number of physiological characteristics in those unborn who are
D) increasingly impressive number of physiological characteristics in the unborn, all of them
E) increasingly impressive number of physiological characteristics in the unborn
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: In the field of eugenics, geneticists have thoroughly [#permalink]

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NeverSurrender wrote:
In the field of eugenics, geneticists have thoroughly scrutinized the human genome and its ability to shape certain traits to select and pre-determine an increasing impressive number of physiological characteristics in the unborn, each “ready to order” to parents’ specifications.

A) increasing impressive number of physiological characteristics in the unborn, each
B) increasingly impressive number of physiological characteristics in those not yet born, and each one
C) increasing impressive number of physiological characteristics in those unborn who are
D) increasingly impressive number of physiological characteristics in the unborn, all of them
E) increasingly impressive number of physiological characteristics in the unborn


Here the word "Impressive" modifies the word "number".

the word that modifies impressive should be Increasingly. So we can clearly eliminate A and C.

Increasing is an adjective- which gives us the wrong meaning when we read.
And Increasingly is an adverb, gives us the correct meaning while reading the sentence.

B is awkward- "those not yet born" we would rather prefer simple "unborn" instead of that. So eliminate B.

Same with the D. "all of them" is awkward and redundant. since we have "the unborn"- Noun

The answer should be E.
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In the field of eugenics, geneticists have thoroughly [#permalink]

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bb61 wrote:

increasing modifies number and increasingly modifies impressive. I can't understand why the first one gives us wrong meaning. can you help explaining?



janxavier wrote:
Can someone plz explain the complete sentence after placing "E" in the question stem. I d not seem to get the sentence.

In the field of eugenics, geneticists have thoroughly scrutinized the human genome and its ability to shape certain traits to select and pre-determine increasingly impressive number of physiological characteristics in the unborn “ready to order” to parents’ specifications.

How does the above sentence make any sense ? :(


Hi,

Modifiers normally modifies words or phrases.

Here in this sentence if we use "Increasing" - Meaning will change to---The number of characteristics that can be pre-determined is increasing .

But if we use Increasingly - the meaning would be - As the geneticists count the number of characters that can be pre-determined, the number is increasingly impressive. Here the geneticists getting more impressed as the number increases.


Hope it helps.
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Re: In the field of eugenics, geneticists have thoroughly [#permalink]

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NeverSurrender wrote:
In the field of eugenics, geneticists have thoroughly scrutinized the human genome and its ability to shape certain traits to select and pre-determine an increasing impressive number of physiological characteristics in the unborn, each “ready to order” to parents’ specifications.

A) increasing impressive number of physiological characteristics in the unborn, each
B) increasingly impressive number of physiological characteristics in those not yet born, and each one
C) increasing impressive number of physiological characteristics in those unborn who are
D) increasingly impressive number of physiological characteristics in the unborn, all of them
E) increasingly impressive number of physiological characteristics in the unborn


A) increasing impressive number of physiological characteristics in the unborn, each -out
B) increasingly impressive number of physiological characteristics in those not yet born, and each one - wordy = out
C) increasing impressive number of physiological characteristics in those unborn who are - out
D) increasingly impressive number of physiological characteristics in the unborn, all of them -out
E) increasingly impressive number of physiological characteristics in the unborn -correct

IMO E
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In the field of eugenics, geneticists have thoroughly scrutinized the human genome and its ability to shape certain traits to select and pre-determine an increasing impressive number of physiological characteristics in the unborn, each “ready to order” to parents’ specifications.

A) increasing impressive number of physiological characteristics in the unborn, each

the number is "increasing impressive" doesn't make sense, incorrect.

B) increasingly impressive number of physiological characteristics in those not yet born, and each one

'those not yet born' reads very strangely, out.

C) increasing impressive number of physiological characteristics in those unborn who are

the number is "increasing impressive" doesn't make sense, incorrect.

D) increasingly impressive number of physiological characteristics in the unborn, all of them

"all of them" doesn't make sense if you get nitpicky but i'm not sure...could refer to too many things

E) increasingly impressive number of physiological characteristics in the unborn

I like this one the most although I personally feel it reads strangely. E

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Quote:

I think "increasing" here modifies "number" and thus is an adjective. So B,D & E out.
Between A & C:
A: "each" is correctly referring to "unborn" but here "unborn" is generalized and not specific (shaped traits) when compared to "C"
C: Specifically refers to "those unborn"

So C it is..
Pls correct if i m wrong..



Hi

Here is my bit-

The adjective, impressive is modifying the noun, number. We need an adverb to modify the adjective, impressive. Thus, 'increasingly' is the right fit. A and C can be eliminated for this reason.

A) increasing impressive number of physiological characteristics in the unborn, each
C) increasing impressive number of physiological characteristics in those unborn who are

Down to three options:

B) increasingly impressive number of physiological characteristics in those not yet born, and each one - 'those not yet born'.. is imprecise
D) increasingly impressive number of physiological characteristics in the unborn, all of them - 'them', a plural pronoun can't refer to singular, unborn.

E) increasingly impressive number of physiological characteristics in the unborn
"unborn" is correctly placed next to “ready to order to parents’ specifications".

Ans- E

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In the field of eugenics, geneticists have thoroughly scrutinized the human genome and its ability to shape certain traits to select and pre-determine an increasing impressive number of physiological characteristics in the unborn, each “ready to order” to parents’ specifications.

A) increasing impressive number of physiological characteristics in the unborn, each
B) increasingly impressive number of physiological characteristics in those not yet born, and each one
C) increasing impressive number of physiological characteristics in those unborn who are
D) increasingly impressive number of physiological characteristics in the unborn, all of them
E) increasingly impressive number of physiological characteristics in the unborn


First split increasing Vs increasingly --> as we are modifying "number of physiological characteristics", which is modified by adjective -> "impressive" so we require and adverb to modify ADJECTIVE+NOUN construction so usage of "Increasingly" is appropriate.

A and C out.

In B, after COMMA+AND we require full clause so ",and each one “ready to order” to parents’ specifications." does not makes sense.

In D, "all of them “ready to order” to parents’ specifications." should be a full clause and them is ambiguous.

In E, “ready to order” to parents’ specifications- modifies "unborn".

So E should be right answer.

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In the field of eugenics, geneticists have thoroughly [#permalink]

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janxavier wrote:
Can someone plz explain the complete sentence after placing "E" in the question stem. I d not seem to get the sentence.

In the field of eugenics, geneticists have thoroughly scrutinized the human genome and its ability to shape certain traits to select and pre-determine increasingly impressive number of physiological characteristics in the unborn “ready to order” to parents’ specifications.

How does the above sentence make any sense ? :(


The correct answer is very very awkward! The text at the end of the underlined phrase doesn't really fit in my opinion. In fact, to me it doesn't seem correct at all. This would be better:

In the field of eugenics, geneticists have thoroughly scrutinized the human genome and its ability to shape certain traits to select and pre-determine an increasingly impressive number of physiological characteristics in the unborn, that are “ready to order” to parents’ specifications.

I know according to the solution and the posts above I am incorrect here, but can someone point me in the right direction?
-Surely we should pluralise the 'number' by adding 's' since it is referring to multiple characteristics? either that or there should be an 'an' prior to increasingly?
-there needs to be something, be it some punctuation or what i have above, between 'unborn' and 'ready to order'. it just doesn't make sense otherwise.

would this be a situation where i am actually picking the best out of a bad bunch? in which case, that is a rather subjective thing and is up to interpretation.

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In the field of eugenics, geneticists have thoroughly [#permalink]

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New post 26 Dec 2014, 08:45
Interesting question, can someone check the parent text? Choice E seems very awkward when substituted into the sentence.

In the field of eugenics, geneticists have thoroughly scrutinized the human genome and its ability to shape certain traits to select and pre-determine an increasingly impressive number of physiological characteristics in the unborn “ready to order” to parents’ specifications.

The phrase "ready to order to parent's specifications" should modify unborn, but the way the sentence in constructed, it does not. Currently, we have a hanging noun out there. "parent's specification" has no participating verb; it is neither the subject verbing, nor the object being verbed.

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Re: In the field of eugenics, geneticists have thoroughly [#permalink]

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1. There seems to be a transcription error; Is ‘an” underlined or not? Much of the confusion may be due to this ‘typo’
2. ‘Increasing’ is an adjective modifying the noun number. ‘Increasingly’ is an adverb modifying the adjective ‘impressive’; ‘increasingly impressive’ is the correct usage
3. It is critical to decide what is or are ‘ready to order’ to parent’s specifications. It is obviously not the characteristics, since the word ‘ready to order’ is not preceded by any comma and it directly refers to the unborn,


A) increasing impressive number of physiological characteristics in the unborn, each –adjectives cannot modify adjectives. Eliminate
B) increasingly impressive number of physiological characteristics in those not yet born, and each one – the phrase starting with ‘each’ is a modifier; a modifier cannot be connected with an ‘and’ – eliminate
C) increasing impressive number of physiological characteristics in those unborn who are - usage of increasing is wrong – same as in A; eliminate

D) increasingly impressive number of physiological characteristics in the unborn, all of them – ‘an increasingly impressive number of’ means plural ; then ‘all of them’ may fit in; If you do not add the ‘an’, then the word ‘ number’ becomes the subject, and the word is singular; then ‘all of them’ is out of place. Alternatively we can say ‘increasingly impressive numbers’ to make it plural to suit’ all of them’
E) increasingly impressive number of physiological characteristics in the unborn – This is correct choice, with ‘ready to order’ modifying the unborn forthwith.
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souvik101990 wrote:
In the field of eugenics, geneticists have thoroughly scrutinized the human genome and its ability to shape certain traits to select and pre-determine an increasing impressive number of physiological characteristics in the unborn, each “ready to order” to parents’ specifications.

A. increasing impressive number of physiological characteristics in the unborn, each

B. increasingly impressive number of physiological characteristics in those not yet born, and each one

C. increasing impressive number of physiological characteristics in those unborn who are

D. increasingly impressive number of physiological characteristics in the unborn, all of them

E. increasingly impressive number of physiological characteristics in the unborn


increasing impressive - the number of characteristics that can be predetermined is increasing and impressive
increasingly impressive - the number of characteristics... is increasingly impressive (more impressive)

Now both are correct but mean different things. But since original sentence means the increasing impressive, I ll go with A.
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#Top150 SC: In the field of eugenics, geneticists have thoroughly [#permalink]

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In the field of eugenics, geneticists have thoroughly scrutinized the human genome and its ability to shape certain traits to select and pre-determine an increasing impressive number of physiological characteristics in the unborn, each “ready to order” to parents’ specifications.

A. increasing impressive number of physiological characteristics in the unborn, each

--> We have two adjectives: increasing and impressive that are not joined correctly.

B. increasingly impressive number of physiological characteristics in those not yet born , and each one

--> , and requires complete sentence if it's not the case that we join similar items in a list.
those not yet born is wordy and awkward.

C. increasing impressive number of physiological characteristics in those unborn who are

--> We have two adjectives: increasing and impressive that are not joined correctly.
We do not have any proper reason to include those.

D. increasingly impressive number of physiological characteristics in the unborn, all of them

--> them is ambiguous: does them refer to characteristics or the unborn ?

E. increasingly impressive number of physiological characteristics in the unborn

--> correct.
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#Top150 SC: In the field of eugenics, geneticists have thoroughly [#permalink]

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New post 29 Apr 2017, 06:13
My 2 cents:
I think this link is useful: http://grammarist.com/grammar/coordinate-adjectives/
Coordinate adjectives are adjectives that appear in sequence with one another to modify the same noun. For example, the adjectives in the phrases bright, sunny day and dark and stormy night are coordinate adjectives. Coordinate adjectives are usually separated with either commas or and, and "and" always comes before the final adjective.

Some sequential pairs or groups of adjectives that modify single nouns are not coordinate. For example, in the phrase harsh verbal warning, harsh and verbal are not coordinate adjectives because harsh modifies the phrase verbal warning.
If you ever have difficulty deciding whether a pair or group of adjectives is coordinate, try inserting and between them. If and would work, the adjectives are coordinate and hence do need a comma.


For example,
Forecasters warned of another day of hot, windy conditions across Southern California on Sunday. [Los Angeles Times]
In addition, their breathtakingly cruel and callous actions also led to a tribute plaque. [Liverpool Echo]
Obama stands accused of giving stuffy, cliche-ridden graduation speeches. [Standard-Examiner]

And these adjective pairs are not coordinate because they modify their nouns in different ways:
Amazon prepping multiple wallet-friendly tablets. [CNET]
With this in mind, I wanted to design a screen to identify dirt-cheap smaller companies. [Seeking Alpha]
The Red Wings are demonstrably a tough hockey team. [Detroit News (link now dead)]

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New post 29 Apr 2017, 16:31
Merged topics. Please, search before posting questions!
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Re: In the field of eugenics, geneticists have thoroughly [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jun 2017, 15:32
HESitate between D and E
Yes,
Ready to order modify " unborn"
But what structure it is

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Re: In the field of eugenics, geneticists have thoroughly [#permalink]

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New post 21 Nov 2017, 09:44
daagh wrote:
1. There seems to be a transcription error; Is ‘an” underlined or not? Much of the confusion may be due to this ‘typo’
2. ‘Increasing’ is an adjective modifying the noun number. ‘Increasingly’ is an adverb modifying the adjective ‘impressive’; ‘increasingly impressive’ is the correct usage
3. It is critical to decide what is or are ‘ready to order’ to parent’s specifications. It is obviously not the characteristics, since the word ‘ready to order’ is not preceded by any comma and it directly refers to the unborn,


A) increasing impressive number of physiological characteristics in the unborn, each –adjectives cannot modify adjectives. Eliminate
B) increasingly impressive number of physiological characteristics in those not yet born, and each one – the phrase starting with ‘each’ is a modifier; a modifier cannot be connected with an ‘and’ – eliminate
C) increasing impressive number of physiological characteristics in those unborn who are - usage of increasing is wrong – same as in A; eliminate

D) increasingly impressive number of physiological characteristics in the unborn, all of them – ‘an increasingly impressive number of’ means plural ; then ‘all of them’ may fit in; If you do not add the ‘an’, then the word ‘ number’ becomes the subject, and the word is singular; then ‘all of them’ is out of place. Alternatively we can say ‘increasingly impressive numbers’ to make it plural to suit’ all of them’
E) increasingly impressive number of physiological characteristics in the unborn – This is correct choice, with ‘ready to order’ modifying the unborn forthwith.


Hi Daagh,
Can you kindly explain option E. I understood why other options are incorrect. But in option E, with no comma before “ready to order” to parents’ specifications. The sentence looks awkward to me. If “ready to order” to parents’ specifications modifies unborn, then we need a comma after unborn to maintain the conciseness of the sentence. Without comma, unborn “ready to order” to parents’ specifications looks like a noun phrase for me. Please help me to understand.

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Re: In the field of eugenics, geneticists have thoroughly [#permalink]

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New post 21 Nov 2017, 09:46
Hi,
Can anyone kindly explain option E. I understood why other options are incorrect. But in option E, with no comma before ???ready to order??? to parents??? specifications. The sentence looks awkward to me. If ???ready to order??? to parents??? specifications modifies unborn, then we need a comma after unborn to maintain the conciseness of the sentence. Without comma, unborn ???ready to order??? to parents??? specifications looks like a noun phrase for me. Please help me to understand.

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Re: In the field of eugenics, geneticists have thoroughly   [#permalink] 21 Nov 2017, 09:46
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