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In the jungles of Central Africa scientists has discovered a new group

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In the jungles of Central Africa scientists has discovered a new group  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 25 May 2019, 03:06
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C
D
E

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  85% (hard)

Question Stats:

46% (01:41) correct 54% (01:36) wrong based on 258 sessions

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In the jungles of Central Africa, scientists has discovered a new group of ferociously giant apes strengthening a surprisingly simple vegetarian fare and exhibiting a tendency for solitude.


(a) scientists has discovered a new group of ferociously giant apes strengthening a surprisingly simple vegetarian fare and exhibiting

(b) scientists have discovered a new group of ferociously giant apes strengthened by a surprising simple vegetarian fare and exhibiting

(c) scientists have discovered a new group of ferocious giant apes that eat a surprisingly simple vegetarian fare and exhibit

(d) a scientist have discovered a new group of ferocious giant apes strengthened by a surprising simple vegetarian fare and exhibiting

(e) scientists have discovered a new group of ferocious giant apes strengthened by a surprisingly simple vegetarian fare and exhibiting

Originally posted by AVINASH77 on 21 Apr 2016, 12:27.
Last edited by Bunuel on 25 May 2019, 03:06, edited 2 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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New post 21 Apr 2016, 19:39
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(a) scientists has discovered a new group of ferociously giant apes strengthening a surprisingly simple vegetarian fare and exhibiting - Incorrect - Subject Verb error

(b) scientists have discovered a new group of ferociously giant apes strengthened by a surprising simple vegetarian fare and exhibiting - Incorrect - Meaning error. 'surprisingly' is required here.

(c) scientists have discovered a new group of ferocious giant apes that eat a surprisingly simple vegetarian fare and exhibit - Incorrect - Changes the meaning.

(d) a scientist have discovered a new group of ferocious giant apes strengthened by a surprising simple vegetarian fare and exhibiting - Incorrect - Subject Verb error

(e) scientists have discovered a new group of ferocious giant apes strengthened by a surprisingly simple vegetarian fare and exhibiting - Correct - 'strengthened' and 'exhibiting' are parallel and modify the apes.

Answer: E
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New post 22 Apr 2016, 09:46
Vyshak How is C changing the meaning?
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Re: In the jungles of Central Africa scientists has discovered a new group  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Apr 2016, 10:42
paidlukkha wrote:
Vyshak How is C changing the meaning?


Hi,

The original statement states that the apes were strengthened by a vegetarian diet. Option C just states that apes eat a vegetarian diet and eliminates the 'strength' aspect.

Also the strength contributed by the vegetarian diet is surprising. Its not surprising that apes eat vegetarian diet.
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New post 25 May 2019, 04:05
How does E maintain parallelism here? Strengthened and exhibiting don't look parallel. daagh
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New post 25 May 2019, 07:58
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rishab wrote

Quote:
How does E maintain parallelism here? Strengthened and exhibiting don't look parallel. daagh


Quote:
(e) scientists have discovered a new group of ferocious giant apes strengthened by a surprisingly simple vegetarian fare and exhibiting


You are obviously looking at strengthened and feeling it is some kind of a finite verb, while, exhibiting is a substantially different form of verb+ing, probable either a present participle or a kind of gerund.

Please note that it is 'strengthened by' and not simply 'strengthened'. It is a past participle and a modifier modifying apes. Similarly, the present participle ' exhibiting' is also a modifier modifying apes.

The foundation of participle modification is that on both sides of the conjunction one should use participles, to arrive at the intended meaning. There are umpteen examples of such usage in the GMAT official questions

You may google the following links to verify the veracity of such participle modification.

1. Scientists have recently discovered what could be the largest and oldest living organism on Earth

2. First discovered more than 30 years ago, Lina's sunbird, a four-and-a-half-inch animal

3. The growth of the railroads led to the abolition of local times, which was


HTH!

P.S: This is a poor copycat of offical questions
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New post 25 May 2019, 22:48
Can anyone please explain in detail why "e" is correct and if in "b" it was surprisinly... would it be a correct answer?
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New post 26 May 2019, 14:09
I can see why people are confused between C and E. The answer lies in what modified what. The vegetarian diet of ferocious apes is surprising! and the fact that they are strengthened by it, is part of the sentence construct.
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New post 05 Jun 2019, 07:33
RastogiSarthak99 wrote:
I can see why people are confused between C and E. The answer lies in what modified what. The vegetarian diet of ferocious apes is surprising! and the fact that they are strengthened by it, is part of the sentence construct.



although i selected C by mistake, i now realize my answer...

between C and E, E is correct.

C : We have a SV error. The subject is "group" ..... and the prepositional phrase after of in : "of ferocious giant apes that" is not the main subject. So the verb following this should be singular
eats ... so C is out... (those who agree please reply back and confirm)

E is the better answer.
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Re: In the jungles of Central Africa scientists has discovered a new group  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jun 2019, 15:20
aayush.works wrote:
RastogiSarthak99 wrote:
I can see why people are confused between C and E. The answer lies in what modified what. The vegetarian diet of ferocious apes is surprising! and the fact that they are strengthened by it, is part of the sentence construct.



although i selected C by mistake, i now realize my answer...

between C and E, E is correct.

C : We have a SV error. The subject is "group" ..... and the prepositional phrase after of in : "of ferocious giant apes that" is not the main subject. So the verb following this should be singular
eats ... so C is out... (those who agree please reply back and confirm)

E is the better answer.


Yes i Agree. "Group" must follow the SV form and so C is out. Nice catch!
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Re: In the jungles of Central Africa scientists has discovered a new group   [#permalink] 08 Jun 2019, 15:20
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