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Intern  Joined: 21 Mar 2013
Posts: 38
GMAT Date: 03-20-2014
In the rectangular coordinate system below, if OABC  [#permalink]

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Difficulty:   95% (hard)

Question Stats: 31% (02:14) correct 69% (02:15) wrong based on 239 sessions

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In the rectangular coordinate system below, if OABC is a parallelogram and OA > OC, is the area of OABC > 50 ?
Attachment: download (2).jpg [ 4.66 KiB | Viewed 4308 times ]

(1) The coordinates of point C are (5, 5).

(2) The coordinates of point B are (0, 11).
Intern  Joined: 24 Apr 2012
Posts: 45
Re: In the rectangular coordinate system below, if OABC  [#permalink]

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1
See attached figure. CD is perpendicular to OB. Area of parallelogram OABC = OB x CD.

Statement 1:
OD = 5.
As, OA > OC, DB would have to be greater than 5. Hence OB > 5. Thus area of OABC > 50 (10 x 5)
Sufficient

Statement 2:
We know OB = 11, but have no idea about CD. Hence, we have no measure of area of OABC.
Insufficient

Solution: A

Regards
Mnemonic Education Pvt Ltd
ssingh@mnemoniceducation.com
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SVP  Joined: 06 Sep 2013
Posts: 1569
Concentration: Finance
Re: In the rectangular coordinate system below, if OABC  [#permalink]

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priyamne wrote:
See attached figure. CD is perpendicular to OB. Area of parallelogram OABC = OB x CD.

Statement 1:
OD = 5.
As, OA > OC, DB would have to be greater than 5. Hence OB > 5. Thus area of OABC > 50 (10 x 5)
Sufficient

Statement 2:
We know OB = 11, but have no idea about CD. Hence, we have no measure of area of OABC.
Insufficient

Solution: A

Regards
Mnemonic Education Pvt Ltd
ssingh@mnemoniceducation.com

Thanks Singh, could you please elaborate more on your explanation?
First, why OD = 5? is the parallelogram symmetric across the y-axis? Also, I don't get how DB would have to be greater than 5.

Statement 2 is more clear

Thanks a lot buddy!
Cheers!
J Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 58445
Re: In the rectangular coordinate system below, if OABC  [#permalink]

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jlgdr wrote:
priyamne wrote: In the rectangular coordinate system below, if OABC is a parallelogram and OA > OC, is the area of OABC > 50 ?

(1) The coordinates of point C are (5, 5).

(2) The coordinates of point B are (0, 11).

See attached figure. CD is perpendicular to OB. Area of parallelogram OABC = OB x CD.

Statement 1:
OD = 5.
As, OA > OC, DB would have to be greater than 5. Hence OB > 5. Thus area of OABC > 50 (10 x 5)
Sufficient

Statement 2:
We know OB = 11, but have no idea about CD. Hence, we have no measure of area of OABC.
Insufficient

Solution: A

Regards
Mnemonic Education Pvt Ltd
ssingh@mnemoniceducation.com

Thanks Singh, could you please elaborate more on your explanation?
First, why OD = 5? is the parallelogram symmetric across the y-axis? Also, I don't get how DB would have to be greater than 5.

Statement 2 is more clear

Thanks a lot buddy!
Cheers!
J Attachment: Untitled.png [ 7.84 KiB | Viewed 3478 times ]

(1) The coordinates of point C are (5, 5).

Why OD = 5? The y-coordinate of D is the same as that of C, so it's 5 --> OD = 5.

Is the parallelogram symmetric across the y-axis? It's not a mirror image around y-axis but the areas around it are the same.

Also, I don't get how DB would have to be greater than 5. Since BC = OA and OA > OC, then BC > OC. Thus BD > (OD=5).

Hope it's clear.
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Manager  B
Joined: 02 Mar 2017
Posts: 71
GMAT 1: 700 Q51 V34 Re: In the rectangular coordinate system below, if OABC  [#permalink]

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Bunuel wrote:
jlgdr wrote:
priyamne wrote: In the rectangular coordinate system below, if OABC is a parallelogram and OA > OC, is the area of OABC > 50 ?

(1) The coordinates of point C are (5, 5).

(2) The coordinates of point B are (0, 11).

See attached figure. CD is perpendicular to OB. Area of parallelogram OABC = OB x CD.

Statement 1:
OD = 5.
As, OA > OC, DB would have to be greater than 5. Hence OB > 5. Thus area of OABC > 50 (10 x 5)
Sufficient

Statement 2:
We know OB = 11, but have no idea about CD. Hence, we have no measure of area of OABC.
Insufficient

Solution: A

Regards
Mnemonic Education Pvt Ltd
ssingh@mnemoniceducation.com

Thanks Singh, could you please elaborate more on your explanation?
First, why OD = 5? is the parallelogram symmetric across the y-axis? Also, I don't get how DB would have to be greater than 5.

Statement 2 is more clear

Thanks a lot buddy!
Cheers!
J Attachment:
Untitled.png

(1) The coordinates of point C are (5, 5).

Why OD = 5? The y-coordinate of D is the same as that of C, so it's 5 --> OD = 5.

Is the parallelogram symmetric across the y-axis? It's not a mirror image around y-axis but the areas around it are the same.

Also, I don't get how DB would have to be greater than 5. Since BC = OA and OA > OC, then BC > OC. Thus BD > (OD=5).

Hope it's clear.

Little imagination helped me, but there is a calculation also to show how OB>10.

As we know that the BC is greater than OC ( property of ||gram- opposites sides equal), and by option A we fixed the point C (5,5)- imagine a ladder BC reclining on wall ( y-axis in this case)- and the only way the ladder can recline is if DB is greater than 5.

Calculation - I dont know how to draw a figure on GMAT forum, so I will use the above given figure and try to explain as much as possible-
Lets call Angle DOC = x = 45 Degree ( as Point C is 5,5 ) and angle OBC = y.

Now lets imagine BC is equal to OC. And hence <X=<Y = 45 Deg.

Therefore Triangle OBC is a right angled triangle.

Length of OC = BC = 5 sqt 2 ( \sqrt{5^2 + 5^2})
Therefore BO= \sqrt{OC^2 + BC^2}= 10 ( exactly)------ 1

But since BC > CO , therefore angle y < angle x = 45 Deg . Therefor Angle BCO >90 Deg ( In a triangle Angle OBC= 180 - x- y) ------2

Equation 1 and 2 tells that BO>10.

That ladder thing, I can explain if you require.
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Re: In the rectangular coordinate system below, if OABC  [#permalink]

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_________________ Re: In the rectangular coordinate system below, if OABC   [#permalink] 19 Dec 2018, 08:00
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