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In the two years following the unification of Germany in

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In the two years following the unification of Germany in [#permalink]

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In the two years following the unification of Germany in 1989, the number of cars owned by residents of East Germany and the total distance traveled by cars in East Germany both increased by about 40 percent. In those two years, however, the number of East German residents killed each year as car occupants in traffic accidents increased by about 300 percent.

Which of the following, if true, most helps to explain the disproportionate increase in traffic fatalities?

(A) The average number of passengers per car was higher in the years before unification than it was in the two years after.
(B) After unification, many people who had been living in East Germany relocated to West Germany.
(C) After unification, a smaller proportion of the cars being purchased by East German residents were used vehicles.
(D) Drivers who had driven little or not at all before 1989 accounted for much of the increase in the total distance traveled by cars.
(E) Over the same two-year period in East Germany, other road users, such as motorcyclists, bicyclists, and pedestrians, experienced only small increases in traffic fatalities.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: In the two years following the unification of Germany in [#permalink]

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New post 13 May 2007, 20:43
In the two years following the unification of Germany in 1989, the number of cars owned by residents of East Germany and the total distance traveled by cars in East Germany both increased by about 40 percent. In those two years, however, the number of East German residents killed each year as car occupants in traffic accidents increased by about 300 percent.

Which of the following, if true, most helps to explain the disproportionate increase in traffic fatalities?

(A) The average number of passengers per car was higher in the years before unification than it was in the two years after.
(B) After unification, many people who had been living in East Germany relocated to West Germany.
(C) After unification, a smaller proportion of the cars being purchased by East German residents were used vehicles.
(D) Drivers who had driven little or not at all before 1989 accounted for much of the increase in the total distance traveled by cars.
(E) Over the same two-year period in East Germany, other road users, such as motorcyclists, bicyclists, and pedestrians, experienced only small increases in traffic fatalities.

A can't be right. Had it been other way round, A might have been right. I mean if the average number of people per car was higher after the unification, that could explain the increase in the number of fatalities.

I think the answer is E. The other road users experienced only small increases in traffic fatalities. This means that the cars drivers are crashing with other cars. So, the number of fatalities per accident increase.
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Re: In the two years following the unification of Germany in [#permalink]

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New post 13 May 2007, 22:22
D inexperienced drives are causing the damage.

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Re: In the two years following the unification of Germany in [#permalink]

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New post 13 May 2007, 22:28
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Good explanation. But E looks best to me. Could someone please post the OA?

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Re: In the two years following the unification of Germany in [#permalink]

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New post 14 May 2007, 00:25
mao wrote:
In the two years following the unification of Germany in 1989, the number of cars owned by residents of East Germany and the total distance traveled by cars in East Germany both increased by about 40 percent. In those two years, however, the number of East German residents killed each year as car occupants in traffic accidents increased by about 300 percent.

Which of the following, if true, most helps to explain the disproportionate increase in traffic fatalities?

(A) The average number of passengers per car was higher in the years before unification than it was in the two years after.
(B) After unification, many people who had been living in East Germany relocated to West Germany.
(C) After unification, a smaller proportion of the cars being purchased by East German residents were used vehicles.
(D) Drivers who had driven little or not at all before 1989 accounted for much of the increase in the total distance traveled by cars.
(E) Over the same two-year period in East Germany, other road users, such as motorcyclists, bicyclists, and pedestrians, experienced only small increases in traffic fatalities.

why not A? plese help.


(D) for me :P

I think it is not A because it does not demonstrate the high disproportion (300 % increase of accidents to 40 % increase of roads) mentioned in the text.

D reveals that the drivers covering large distances on the roads were mostly unexperienced.

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Re: In the two years following the unification of Germany in [#permalink]

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New post 14 May 2007, 05:18
OA is D.

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Re: In the two years following the unification of Germany in [#permalink]

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New post 12 Nov 2013, 23:35
Thats right OA is D. A is opposite of the argument is talking about. E is irrelevant.

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Re: In the two years following the unification of Germany in [#permalink]

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New post 09 Dec 2013, 11:28
(A) The average number of passengers per car was higher in the years before unification than it was in the two years after. - Reverse logic: This answer actually weakens the conclusion. Should be more passengers AFTER unification, this would be a plasible answer.

(B) After unification, many people who had been living in East Germany relocated to West Germany. - Reverse logic again: should many people relocated to EAST Germany, as opposed to West Germany, more cars would be needed, more distance would be driven and more accidents...

(C) After unification, a smaller proportion of the cars being purchased by East German residents were used vehicles. - Out of scope.

(D) Drivers who had driven little or not at all before 1989 accounted for much of the increase in the total distance traveled by cars. - Correct - This is the only answer that explains the increase in passengers.

(E) Over the same two-year period in East Germany, other road users, such as motorcyclists, bicyclists, and pedestrians, experienced only small increases in traffic fatalities. - Out of scope.

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Re: In the two years following the unification of Germany in [#permalink]

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Re: In the two years following the unification of Germany in [#permalink]

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New post 19 May 2016, 03:28
mao wrote:
In the two years following the unification of Germany in 1989, the number of cars owned by residents of East Germany and the total distance traveled by cars in East Germany both increased by about 40 percent. In those two years, however, the number of East German residents killed each year as car occupants in traffic accidents increased by about 300 percent.

Which of the following, if true, most helps to explain the disproportionate increase in traffic fatalities?

(A) The average number of passengers per car was higher in the years before unification than it was in the two years after.
(B) After unification, many people who had been living in East Germany relocated to West Germany.
(C) After unification, a smaller proportion of the cars being purchased by East German residents were used vehicles.
(D) Drivers who had driven little or not at all before 1989 accounted for much of the increase in the total distance traveled by cars.
(E) Over the same two-year period in East Germany, other road users, such as motorcyclists, bicyclists, and pedestrians, experienced only small increases in traffic fatalities.


% increase in cars and distance travelled increased by 40%; however, % increase in people killed in car accidents increased by 300%. We have to resolve the paradox

1st thought that came to my mind was that we don't know actual numbers (usually in problems dealing with % the answer has something to do with actual numbers). But let's see all options.

(A) The average number of passengers per car was higher in the years before unification than it was in the two years after. It is a weakening statement. If number of passengers were high before than the number or % would be high before unification.
(B) After unification, many people who had been living in East Germany relocated to West Germany. We are not talking about west germeny in question stem.
(C) After unification, a smaller proportion of the cars being purchased by East German residents were used vehicles. 'Smaller proportion' it was, not the large proportion.
(D) Drivers who had driven little or not at all before 1989 accounted for much of the increase in the total distance traveled by cars. Inexperienced drivers were driving the cars and that could be the reason for increased accidents.
(E) Over the same two-year period in East Germany, other road users, such as motorcyclists, bicyclists, and pedestrians, experienced oney small increases in traffic. We are concerned about cars only
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Re: In the two years following the unification of Germany in [#permalink]

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New post 19 May 2016, 10:16
mao wrote:
In the two years following the unification of Germany in 1989, the number of cars owned by residents of East Germany and the total distance traveled by cars in East Germany both increased by about 40 percent. In those two years, however,the number of East German residents killed each year as car occupants in traffic accidents increased by about 300 percent.

Which of the following, if true, most helps to explain the disproportionate increase in traffic fatalities?

(A) The average number of passengers per car was higher in the years before unification than it was in the two years after.
(B) After unification, many people who had been living in East Germany relocated to West Germany.
(C) After unification, a smaller proportion of the cars being purchased by East German residents were used vehicles.
(D) Drivers who had driven little or not at all before 1989 accounted for much of the increase in the total distance traveled by cars.
(E) Over the same two-year period in East Germany, other road users, such as motorcyclists, bicyclists, and pedestrians, experienced only small increases in traffic fatalities.



(A) average number of passengers per car = No of passengers / No of cars

If average was higher before unification then if an accident occurs the possibility of residents killed in an accident will be higher prior to unification.

So, this doesn't address the highlighted part ( Reason for increase in accidents threefold )

(B) Relocation of people can not be the cause of increase in vehicle owners and accidents.

(C) How does it matter whether the cars were new/used cars for increase in accidents.

(D) Increase in the boundaries of the country can be a reason for increaase in total distance travelled and inexperience of drivers can be the reason for rise in accidents.

(E) Data about fatalities of other vehicals is out of scope...

Hence IMHO (D).... :-D
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Re: In the two years following the unification of Germany in [#permalink]

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New post 22 Apr 2017, 16:24
Oh Gosh, it is hard to distinguish an option choice is out of scope and the one for the explanation. This is why I chose E, now I realize D is indeed the answer.

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Re: In the two years following the unification of Germany in [#permalink]

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New post 02 Oct 2017, 04:05
mba07 wrote:
Good explanation. But E looks best to me. Could someone please post the OA?


In case of option e, we aren't concerned about the situation of the other forms of the vehicles as our reference set is 'Cars'.

Also, d clearly states that these people had less experience in handling car and hence, the result was increase in number of accidents.

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Re: In the two years following the unification of Germany in [#permalink]

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New post 03 Oct 2017, 23:32
mba07 wrote:
Good explanation. But E looks best to me. Could someone please post the OA?


E is out of scope. E does not explain what accounts for the increase in accidents.

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Re: In the two years following the unification of Germany in   [#permalink] 03 Oct 2017, 23:32
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