GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 16 Oct 2018, 20:38

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

In the United States the per capita costs of schooling have risen almo

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

SVP
SVP
User avatar
V
Status: Preparing GMAT
Joined: 02 Nov 2016
Posts: 1722
Location: Pakistan
GPA: 3.39
Premium Member CAT Tests
In the United States the per capita costs of schooling have risen almo  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 03 Sep 2018, 11:38
1
Question 1
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

based on 24 sessions

63% (02:57) correct 38% (02:39) wrong

HideShow timer Statistics

Question 2
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

based on 34 sessions

15% (01:11) correct 85% (01:02) wrong

HideShow timer Statistics

Question 3
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

based on 29 sessions

10% (01:07) correct 90% (01:12) wrong

HideShow timer Statistics

Question 4
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

based on 25 sessions

16% (01:19) correct 84% (01:16) wrong

HideShow timer Statistics

Question 5
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

based on 21 sessions

71% (00:23) correct 29% (00:17) wrong

HideShow timer Statistics

Question 6
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

based on 24 sessions

25% (01:27) correct 75% (01:07) wrong

HideShow timer Statistics

Source: Nova GMAT 2013 (369)

In the United States the per capita costs of schooling have risen almost as fast as the cost of medical treatment. But increased treatment by both doctors and teachers has shown steadily declining results. Medical expenses concentrated on those above forty-five have doubled several times over a period of forty years with a resulting 3 percent increase in the life expectancy of men. The increase in educational expenditures has produced even stranger results; otherwise President Nixon could not have been moved this spring to promise that every child shall soon have the “Right to Read” before leaving school.

In the United States it would take eighty billion dollars per year to provide what educators regard as equal treatment for all in grammar and high school. This is well over twice the $36 billion now being spent. Independent cost projections prepared at HEW and at the University of Florida indicate that by 1974 the comparable figures will be $107 billion as against the $45 billion now projected, and these figures wholly omit the enormous costs of what is called “higher education,” for which demand is growing even faster. The United States, which spent nearly eighty billion dollars in 1969 for “defense,” including its deployment in Vietnam, is obviously too poor to provide equal schooling. The President’s committee for the study of school finance should ask not how to support or how to trim such increasing costs, but how they can be avoided.

Equal obligatory schooling must be recognized as at least economically unfeasible. In Latin America the amount of public money spent on each graduate student is between 350 and 1,500 times the amount spent on the median citizen (that is, the citizen who holds the middle ground between the poorest and the richest). In the United States the discrepancy is smaller, but the discrimination is keener. The richest parents, some 10 percent, can afford private education for their children and help them to benefit from foundation grants. But in addition they obtain ten times the per capita amount of public funds if this is compared with the per capita expenditure made on the children of the 10 percent who are poorest. The principal reasons for this are that rich children stay longer in school, that a year in a university is disproportionately more expensive than a year in high school, and that most private universities depend—at least indirectly—on tax-derived finances.

Obligatory schooling inevitably polarizes a society; it also grades the nations of the world according to an international caste system. Countries are rated like castes whose educational dignity is determined by the average years of schooling of its citizens, a rating which is closely related to per capita gross national product, and much more painful.

1. Which one of the following best expresses the main idea of the passage?

(A) The educational shortcomings of the United States, in contrast to those of Latin America, are merely the result of poor allocation of available resources.
(B) Both education and medical care are severely underfunded.
(C) Defense spending is sapping funds which would be better spent in education.
(D) Obligatory schooling must be scrapped if the goal of educational equality is to be realized.
(E) Obligatory education does not and cannot provide equal education.


2. The author most likely would agree with which one of the following solutions to the problems presented by obligatory education?

(A) Education should not be obligatory at all.
(B) Education should not be obligatory for those who cannot afford it.
(C) More money should be diverted to education for the poorest.
(D) Countries should cooperate to establish common minimal educational standards.
(E) Future spending should be capped.


3. According to the passage, education is like health care in all of the following ways EXCEPT:

(A) It has reached a point of diminishing returns, increased spending no longer results in significant improvement.
(B) It has an inappropriate “more is better” philosophy.
(C) It is unfairly distributed between rich and poor.
(D) The amount of money being spent on older students is increasing.
(E) Its cost has increased nearly as fast.


4. Why does the author consider the results from increased educational expenditures to be “even stranger” than those from increased medical expenditures?

(A) The aging of the population should have had an impact only on medical care, not on education.
(B) The “Right to Read” should be a bare minimum, not a Presidential ideal.
(C) Educational spending has shown even poorer results than spending on health care, despite greater increases.
(D) Education has become even more discriminatory than health care.
(E) It inevitably polarizes society.


5. Which one of the following most accurately characterizes the author’s attitude with respect to obligatory schooling?

(A) qualified admiration
(B) critical
(C) neutral
(D) ambivalent
(E) resentful


6. By stating “In Latin America the amount of public money spent on each graduate student is between 350 and 1,500 times the amount spent on the median citizen” and “In the United States the discrepancy is smaller” the author implies that

(A) equal education is possible in the United States but not in Latin America.
(B) equal education for all at the graduate level is an unrealistic ideal.
(C) educational spending is more efficient in the United States.
(D) higher education is more expensive than lower education both in Latin America and in the United States, but more so in Latin America.
(E) underfunding of lower education is a world-wide problem.


_________________

Official PS Practice Questions
Press +1 Kudos if this post is helpful

Senior RC Moderator
User avatar
D
Status: Perfecting myself for GMAT
Joined: 22 May 2017
Posts: 759
Concentration: Nonprofit
Schools: Haas '21
GPA: 4
WE: Engineering (Computer Software)
Re: In the United States the per capita costs of schooling have risen almo  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 02 Oct 2018, 19:16

+1 kudos to the posts containing answer explanations of all questions


_________________

If you like my post press kudos +1

New - RC Butler - 2 RC's everyday

Tag me in RC questions if you need help. Please provide your analysis of the question in the post along with the tag.

Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 06 Mar 2018
Posts: 35
Location: India
GRE 1: Q160 V150
GPA: 2.7
CAT Tests
Re: In the United States the per capita costs of schooling have risen almo  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 02 Oct 2018, 20:13
Can some one explain the answer for Que 4 and Que 6
Manager
Manager
User avatar
S
Joined: 30 May 2018
Posts: 74
Concentration: General Management, Marketing
GMAT 1: 750 Q49 V45
GPA: 3.45
WE: Other (Retail)
Re: In the United States the per capita costs of schooling have risen almo  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 02 Oct 2018, 23:04
Really Weird Passage Questions , I am surprised that everyone has got Question No. 3 wrong !
_________________

Kudos if you agree , Comment if you don't !!!

GMAT Club Bot
Re: In the United States the per capita costs of schooling have risen almo &nbs [#permalink] 02 Oct 2018, 23:04
Display posts from previous: Sort by

In the United States the per capita costs of schooling have risen almo

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


Copyright

GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.