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In vitro fertilization a type of assisted reproductive technology in

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In vitro fertilization a type of assisted reproductive technology in  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 03 Jan 2019, 23:08
2
4
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  5% (low)

Question Stats:

81% (01:15) correct 19% (01:34) wrong based on 345 sessions

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Project SC Butler: Day 49 Sentence Correction (SC2)


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In vitro fertilization, a type of assisted reproductive technology in which eggs are removed from the woman’s ovaries, fertilized in a laboratory, and then implanted into a surrogate’s uterus, were first successfully used in 1978 and are commonly practiced now in cases of infertility and gestational surrogacy, despite being banned as well as restricted in several countries.


A) were first successfully used in 1978 and are commonly practiced now in cases of infertility and gestational surrogacy, despite being

B) was first successfully used in 1978 and are now commonly practiced in cases of infertility and gestational surrogacy, despite being

C) were first successfully used in 1978 and are now commonly practiced in cases of infertility and gestational surrogacy, even though they are

D) was first successfully used in 1978 and is commonly practiced now in cases of infertility and gestational surrogacy, despite being

E) was first successfully used in 1978 and commonly practiced now in cases of infertility and gestational surrogacy, even though they are



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Originally posted by generis on 25 Dec 2018, 13:25.
Last edited by Skywalker18 on 03 Jan 2019, 23:08, edited 1 time in total.
edited typo
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Re: In vitro fertilization a type of assisted reproductive technology in  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Dec 2018, 22:45
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In vitro fertilization, a type of assisted reproductive technology in which eggs are removed from the woman’s ovaries, fertilized in a laboratory, and then implanted into a surrogate’s uterus, were first successfully used in 1978 and are commonly practiced now in cases of infertility and gestational surrogacy, despite being banned as well as restricted in several countries.


A) were first successfully used in 1978 and are commonly practiced now in cases of infertility and gestational surrogacy, despite being( use of plural verb were and are is incorrect)

B) was first successfully used in 1978 and are now commonly practiced in cases of infertility and gestational surrogacy, despite being( use of plural verb are is incorrect)

C) were first successfully used in 1978 and are now commonly practiced in cases of infertility and gestational surrogacy, even though they are( same as in A)

D) was first successfully used in 1978 and is now commonly practiced now in cases of infertility and gestational surrogacy, despite being ( correct)

E) was first successfully used in 1978 and commonly practiced now in cases of infertility and gestational surrogacy, even though they are( they refers to singular technology)


Will go with choice D

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Re: In vitro fertilization a type of assisted reproductive technology in  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Dec 2018, 03:43
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In vitro fertilization, a type of assisted reproductive technology in which eggs are removed from the woman’s ovaries, fertilized in a laboratory, and then implanted into a surrogate’s uterus, were first successfully used in 1978 and are commonly practiced now in cases of infertility and gestational surrogacy, despite being banned as well as restricted in several countries.


A) were first successfully used in 1978 and are commonly practiced now in cases of infertility and gestational surrogacy, despite being (Singular Vitro fertilization ---singular verb was is required); WRONG

B) was first successfully used in 1978 and are now commonly practiced in cases of infertility and gestational surrogacy, despite being---Singular Vitro fertilization ---singular verb is required); WRONG

C) were first successfully used in 1978 and are now commonly practiced in cases of infertility and gestational surrogacy, even though they are---(Singular Vitro fertilization ---singular verb was is required); WRONG

D) was first successfully used in 1978 and is now commonly practiced now in cases of infertility and gestational surro-singular verb was is required); CORRECT

E) was first successfully used in 1978 and commonly practiced now in cases of infertility and gestational surrogacy, even though they are--Singular Vitro fertilization ---singular verb was it is required); WRONG

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Re: In vitro fertilization a type of assisted reproductive technology in  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Dec 2018, 04:47
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Error Analysis: Fertilization is singular.

Elimination Step 1: "was" should be starting word. So eliminating A and C.

Elimination Step 2: "are" in the second sentence is not allowed, as fertilization is singular. So eliminating B.

Elimination Step 3: We are left with options D and E.

D) was first successfully used in 1978 and is now commonly practiced now in cases of infertility and gestational surrogacy, despite being

E) was first successfully used in 1978 and commonly practiced now in cases of infertility and gestational surrogacy, even though they are
The second part should be in present tense ("now"). But due to parallelism, it can be past tense ("was").

Correct Answer: D
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Re: In vitro fertilization a type of assisted reproductive technology in  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Dec 2018, 09:06
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D seems correct but I am not sure about the phrase “is now commonly practiced now in case”

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Re: In vitro fertilization a type of assisted reproductive technology in  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Dec 2018, 22:22

Project SC Butler: Day 49 Sentence Correction (SC2)



In vitro fertilization, a type of assisted reproductive technology in which eggs are removed from the woman’s ovaries, fertilized in a laboratory, and then implanted into a surrogate’s uterus, were first successfully used in 1978 and are commonly practiced now in cases of infertility and gestational surrogacy, despite being banned as well as restricted in several countries.


A) were first successfully used in 1978 and are commonly practiced now in cases of infertility and gestational surrogacy, despite being
B) was first successfully used in 1978 and are now commonly practiced in cases of infertility and gestational surrogacy, despite being
C) were first successfully used in 1978 and are now commonly practiced in cases of infertility and gestational surrogacy, even though they are
D) was first successfully used in 1978 and is commonly practiced now in cases of infertility and gestational surrogacy, despite being
E) was first successfully used in 1978 and commonly practiced now in cases of infertility and gestational surrogacy, even though they are


OFFICIAL EXPLANATION

"Being" is not wrong ALL of the time on the GMAT.

The answer comes down to subject verb agreement, really.

But suppose you have no idea whether in vitro fertilization is singular or plural?

Think of similar words. The ending --ATION is fairly common in English.
Meditation. Adoration. Multiplication. We add S's to those words to pluralize them.

Split #1 - Singular: In vitro fertilization. . . WAS, not were

Eliminate A and C

Split #2 - Singular: In vitro fertilization was . . . and IS commonly now practiced, not are commonly

Eliminate B

[color=#Split #3 - Singular: In vitro fertilization . . . . even though IT IS, not they are.

Eliminate E

The answer is D.

deushyant , welcome.

I posted on Christmas. Everyone has the right answer.
Smiley faces to everyone except Yash312 , who gets kudos for best answer. :)
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Re: In vitro fertilization a type of assisted reproductive technology in  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Dec 2018, 22:25
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deushyant wrote:
D seems correct but I am not sure about the phrase “is now commonly practiced now in case”

Posted from my mobile device

deushyant , well, I am glad to hear that you are not sure,
because two instances of now are erroneous.
You caught my typo. :)
Thank you. +1 Edited.
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Re: In vitro fertilization a type of assisted reproductive technology in  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Dec 2018, 00:51
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generis wrote:

Project SC Butler: Day 49 Sentence Correction (SC2)



In vitro fertilization, a type of assisted reproductive technology in which eggs are removed from the woman’s ovaries, fertilized in a laboratory, and then implanted into a surrogate’s uterus, were first successfully used in 1978 and are commonly practiced now in cases of infertility and gestational surrogacy, despite being banned as well as restricted in several countries.


A) were first successfully used in 1978 and are commonly practiced now in cases of infertility and gestational surrogacy, despite being
B) was first successfully used in 1978 and are now commonly practiced in cases of infertility and gestational surrogacy, despite being
C) were first successfully used in 1978 and are now commonly practiced in cases of infertility and gestational surrogacy, even though they are
D) was first successfully used in 1978 and is commonly practiced now in cases of infertility and gestational surrogacy, despite being
E) was first successfully used in 1978 and commonly practiced now in cases of infertility and gestational surrogacy, even though they are


OFFICIAL EXPLANATION



"Being" is not wrong ALL of the time on the GMAT.

The answer comes down to subject verb agreement, really.

But suppose you have no idea whether in vitro fertilization is singular or plural?

Think of similar words. The ending --ATION is fairly common in the English.
Meditation. Adoration. Multiplication. We add S's to those words to pluralize them.

Split #1 - Singular: In vitro fertilization. . . WAS, not were

Eliminate A and C

Split #2 - Singular: In vitro fertilization was . . . and IS commonly now practiced, not are commonly

Eliminate B

[color=#Split #3 - Singular: In vitro fertilization . . . . even though IT IS, not they are.

Eliminate E

The answer is D.

deushyant , welcome.

I posted on Christmas. Everyone has the right answer.
Smiley faces to everyone except Yash312 , who gets kudos for best answer. :)



Thank you generis
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In vitro fertilization a type of assisted reproductive technology in  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jan 2019, 10:42
In vitro fertilization, a type of assisted reproductive technology in which eggs are removed from the woman’s ovaries, fertilized in a laboratory, and then implanted into a surrogate’s uterus, were first successfully used in 1978 and are commonly practiced now in cases of infertility and gestational surrogacy, despite being banned as well as restricted in several countries.

A) were first successfully used in 1978 and are commonly practiced now in cases of infertility and gestational surrogacy, despite being - Subject-verb agreement - IVR needs singular "was" and "is"

B) was first successfully used in 1978 and are now commonly practiced in cases of infertility and gestational surrogacy, despite being - Subject-verb agreement - IVR needs singular "is'

C) were first successfully used in 1978 and are now commonly practiced in cases of infertility and gestational surrogacy, even though they are - Subject-verb agreement - IVR needs singular "was" and "is"

D) was first successfully used in 1978 and is commonly practiced now in cases of infertility and gestational surrogacy, despite being - Correct

E) was first successfully used in 1978 and commonly practiced now in cases of infertility and gestational surrogacy, even though they are - "was commonly practiced now" is illogical
"they are" is incorrect as we need "it is" for singular IVF;

Answer D
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Re: In vitro fertilization a type of assisted reproductive technology in  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jan 2019, 15:24
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is now commonly practiced now has to be redundant... There must be a typo in choice D.
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Re: In vitro fertilization a type of assisted reproductive technology in   [#permalink] 03 Jan 2019, 15:24
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