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Industry experts expect improvements in job safety training to lead to

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Industry experts expect improvements in job safety training to lead to  [#permalink]

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New post 28 May 2017, 18:21
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Industry experts expect improvements in job safety training to lead to safer work environments. A recent survey indicated, however, that for manufacturers who improved job safety training during the 1980s, the number of on-the-job accidents tended to increase in the months immediately following the changes in the training programs.

Which one of the following, if true, most helps to resolve the apparent discrepancy in the passage above?

(A) A similar survey found that the number of on-the-job accidents remained constant after job safety training in the transportation sector was improved.

(B) Manufacturers tend to improve their job safety training only when they are increasing the size of their workforce.

(C) Manufacturers tend to improve job safety training only after they have noticed that the number of on-the-job accidents has increased.

(D) It is likely that the increase in the number of on-the-job accidents experienced by many companies was not merely a random fluctuation.

(E) Significant safety measures, such as protective equipment and government safety inspections, were in place well before the improvements in job safety training.

Source: Powerscore CR Bible

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Industry experts expect improvements in job safety training to lead to  [#permalink]

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New post 30 May 2017, 02:35
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Paradox here is the number of on-the-job accidents has increased despite the training program,s given for a safer work environment.

We need to find out the reason for the same.

Pre think: May be something else would have happened after the Safety training that led to an increase in the count.

(A) A similar survey found that the number of on-the-job accidents remained constant after job safety training in the transportation sector was improved. --> We need to find out why it increased there. So, other sectors are irrelevant.

(B) Manufacturers tend to improve their job safety training only when they are increasing the size of their workforce. --> Oh, means there is some other change also. What kind of change - workforce has increased. Earlier we had 100 people out of which 20 were prone to the accidents. Now, we have 200 people, out of which 25 are prone to accident. Yes, the number did increase but don't you think the % of accidents has reduced? Yes, so that means there was some benefit of this program. Hence, the correct answer.

(C) Manufacturers tend to improve job safety training only after they have noticed that the number of on-the-job accidents has increased. No, This is opposite of what has been given. We are told after training accidents increased and not the vice versa. Hence, incorrect.

(D) It is likely that the increase in the number of on-the-job accidents experienced by many companies was not merely a random fluctuation. --> Non sense. Whether it has random fluctuation or not, it is still increasing. Why? We don' know from this point.

(E) Significant safety measures, such as protective equipment and government safety inspections, were in place well before the improvements in job safety training. --> Ok, then why did it increase? It should have decreased, right? Incorrect.
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Re: Industry experts expect improvements in job safety training to lead to  [#permalink]

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New post 29 May 2017, 00:30
Can someone explain what the question is trying to ask? Will wait for OA till then.
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Re: Industry experts expect improvements in job safety training to lead to  [#permalink]

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New post 29 May 2017, 09:35
GMATNinja, I did not understand the OA here. Please help.

How choice B suffices to resolve the paradox?
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Re: Industry experts expect improvements in job safety training to lead to  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Oct 2017, 21:01
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utkarshthapak wrote:
Can someone explain what the question is trying to ask? Will wait for OA till then.


The question wants you to explain how both an increase in job safety training and an increase in accidents in the months immediately after training can happen.

B is the only one that makes sense; if you are improving job training when you are increasing the size of your workforce, it means that you have a lot of new employees who haven't 'mastered' all safety measures hence increased accidents.
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Re: Industry experts expect improvements in job safety training to lead to  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Oct 2017, 04:05
abhimahna wrote:
Paradox here is the number of on-the-job accidents has increased despite the training program,s given for a safer work environment.

We need to find out the reason for the same.

Pre think: May be something else would have happened after the Safety training that led to an increase in the count.

(A) A similar survey found that the number of on-the-job accidents remained constant after job safety training in the transportation sector was improved. --> We need to find out why it increased there. So, other sectors are irrelevant.

(B) Manufacturers tend to improve their job safety training only when they are increasing the size of their workforce. --> Oh, means there is some other change also. What kind of change - workforce has increased. Earlier we had 100 people out of which 20 were prone to the accidents. Now, we have 200 people, out of which 25 are prone to accident. Yes, the number did increase but don't you think the % of accidents has reduced? Yes, so that means there was some benefit of this program. Hence, the correct answer.

(C) Manufacturers tend to improve job safety training only after they have noticed that the number of on-the-job accidents has increased. No, This is opposite of what has been given. We are told after training accidents increased and not the vice versa. Hence, incorrect.

(D) It is likely that the increase in the number of on-the-job accidents experienced by many companies was not merely a random fluctuation. --> Non sense. Whether it has random fluctuation or not, it is still increasing. Why? We don' know from this point.

(E) Significant safety measures, such as protective equipment and government safety inspections, were in place well before the improvements in job safety training. --> Ok, then why did it increase? It should have decreased, right? Incorrect.


Great Explanation Brother.. !!
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Re: Industry experts expect improvements in job safety training to lead to  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Feb 2018, 18:01
I believe B and C are given to confuse test takers.
C cannot be the right answer b/c the argument clearly states that " the number of on-the-job accidents tended to increase in the months immediately following the changes in the training programs."
B actually gives another reason to explain such an increase of accidents.
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Re: Industry experts expect improvements in job safety training to lead to  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Oct 2019, 10:02
The official explanation is below:

Resolve. October 2003 LSAT, Section 1, #4. The correct answer choice is (B)

The paradox in the stimulus is: for manufacturers who improved job safety training during the 1980's there
was an increase in the number of on-the-job accidents.

Answer choice (A):
This answer does not provide an explanation for the paradox in the stimulus. Some
students eliminate this answer because it addresses the transportation industry, but information about the
transportation industry could be used to analogically explain the issue in the manufacturing industry (but,
to be correct the answer would have to offer some further relevant parallel between the two industries).


Answer choice (B):
This is the correct answer. If the workforce is increasing, more accidents would be
expected. Thus, safety training could improve the safety of the work environment (as measured by average
number of accidents per worker, for example) while at the same time the number of total accidents could
increase. Because this answer allows both sides to be true and it explains the circumstance in the stimulus,
this answer is correct. In Chapter Fifteen we will discuss average versus total numbers, and that will
further explain the construction of this question.


Answer choice (C):
This would explain an increase in accidents before job safety training, but the issue in
the stimulus is an increase after the safety training.


Answer choice (D):
This answer further confuses the issue. If the fluctuation was random, that could
explain how an increase in accidents could follow safety training. By stating that the increase was not
random, a possible cause of the scenario is eliminated.


Answer choice (E):
This answer shows that the level of safety was at least minimal prior to the safety
training, but this does not help explain why an increase in accidents followed the training.



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Re: Industry experts expect improvements in job safety training to lead to  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Oct 2019, 13:14
broall wrote:
Industry experts expect improvements in job safety training to lead to safer work environments. A recent survey indicated, however, that for manufacturers who improved job safety training during the 1980s, the number of on-the-job accidents tended to increase in the months immediately following the changes in the training programs.

Which one of the following, if true, most helps to resolve the apparent discrepancy in the passage above?

(A) A similar survey found that the number of on-the-job accidents remained constant after job safety training in the transportation sector was improved.

(B) Manufacturers tend to improve their job safety training only when they are increasing the size of their workforce.

(C) Manufacturers tend to improve job safety training only after they have noticed that the number of on-the-job accidents has increased.

(D) It is likely that the increase in the number of on-the-job accidents experienced by many companies was not merely a random fluctuation.

(E) Significant safety measures, such as protective equipment and government safety inspections, were in place well before the improvements in job safety training.

Source: Powerscore CR Bible




Hi everyone,

This is a Paradox question.

The paradox is: tough the safety training was improved, manufacturing company saw an increase in job accidents the following month.

While some options accentuate the paradox (CDE) and one is irrelevant (A) option B gives us an explanation: the # of accidents has increased because more people started working at those companies. So it makes sense that overall , even if safety measures have been taken, the # of accidents increased as well.

Option B
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Re: Industry experts expect improvements in job safety training to lead to   [#permalink] 07 Oct 2019, 13:14
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