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Intern  B
Joined: 22 Apr 2019
Posts: 33

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Bunuel wrote:

Notice that $$(x+a)(x+b)(x+c)>0$$ can be written as $$(x-(-a))(x-(-b))(x-(-c))>0$$. So, if the "roots" of (x-a)(x-b)(x-c)>0 are a, b, and c, for $$(x-(-a))(x-(-b))(x-(-c))>0$$ they would be -a, -b, and -c.

For example, for (x + 1)(x + 2) > 0, you put on the line -1 and -2.

Hope it helps.

Ah perfect! Thanks!
Intern  B
Joined: 15 Jul 2019
Posts: 5

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Hi Karishma & Bunuel,

First of all, let me thank you to put together such an amazing explanation of Inequalities and strategies. It helped me immensely.

I have a small doubt in Step 2 mentioned in the very first post "Inequalities with Multiple Factors" of this thread:

"Starting from the rightmost section, mark the sections with alternate positive and negative signs. The inequality will be positive in the sections where you have the positive signs and it will be negative in the sections where you have the negative signs"

My understanding is that we have to check one value from each section to understand if the equation results in a Positive or Negative value in order to assign the sign to each of the section. is this correct? or we can blindly assign Positive and Negative sign to alternate sections respectively by starting with assigning Positive sign to the rightmost section?
Intern  B
Joined: 22 Apr 2019
Posts: 33

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shishirdixit wrote:
Hi Karishma & Bunuel,

First of all, let me thank you to put together such an amazing explanation of Inequalities and strategies. It helped me immensely.

I have a small doubt in Step 2 mentioned in the very first post "Inequalities with Multiple Factors" of this thread:

"Starting from the rightmost section, mark the sections with alternate positive and negative signs. The inequality will be positive in the sections where you have the positive signs and it will be negative in the sections where you have the negative signs"

My understanding is that we have to check one value from each section to understand if the equation results in a Positive or Negative value in order to assign the sign to each of the section. is this correct? or we can blindly assign Positive and Negative sign to alternate sections respectively by starting with assigning Positive sign to the rightmost section?

You can blindly assign assuming that it's set up correctly.
Intern  Joined: 19 Jun 2019
Posts: 2

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Hello Bunuel,

How did you factor this?

"Given: −2x3+17x2–30x>0−2x3+17x2–30x>0

x(−2x2+17x–30)>0x(−2x2+17x–30)>0 (taking x common)

Thanks
Intern  B
Joined: 26 Sep 2013
Posts: 21

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Bunuel wrote:
Or Just Use Inequalities!

BY KARISHMA, VERITAS PREP

If you are wondering about the absurd title of this post, just take a look at the above post's title. It will make much more sense thereafter. This post is a continuation of last week’s post where we discussed number plugging. Today, as per students’ request, we will look at the inequalities approach to the same official question. You will need to go through our inequalities post to understand the method we will use here.

Recall that, given $$a < b$$, $$(x – a)(x – b) < 0$$ gives us the range $$a < x < b$$ and $$(x – a)(x – b) > 0$$ gives us the range $$x < a$$ or $$x > b$$.

Question: If x is positive, which of the following could be the correct ordering of 1/x, 2x and x^2?
(I) x^2 < 2x < 1/x
(II) x^2 < 1/x < 2x
(III) 2x < x^2 < 1/x

(A) none
(B) I only
(C) III only
(D) I and II
(E) I, II and III

Solution: The question has three complex inequalities. We will take each in turn. Note that each inequality consists of two more inequalities. We will split the complex inequality into two simpler inequalities e.g. x^2 < 2x < 1/x gives us x^2 < 2x and 2x < 1/x. Next we will find the range of values of x which satisfy each of these two inequalities and we will see if the two ranges have an overlap i.e. whether there are any values of x which satisfy both these simpler inequalities. If there are, it means there are values of x which satisfy the entire complex inequality too. Things will become clearer once we start working on it so hold on.

Let’s look at each inequality in turn. We start with the first one:

(I) x^2 < 2x < 1/x

We split it into two inequalities:

(i) x^2 < 2x

We can rewrite x^2 < 2x as x^2 – 2x < 0 or x(x – 2) < 0.

We know the range of x for such inequalities can be easily found using the curve on the number line. This will give us 0 < x < 2.

(ii) 2x < 1/x

It can be rewritten as x^2 – 1/2 < 0 (Note that since x must be positive, we can easily multiply both sides of the inequality with x)

This gives us the range -1/?2 < x < 1/?2 (which is 0 < x < 1/?2 since x must be positive).

Is there a region of overlap in these two ranges i.e. can both inequalities hold simultaneously for some values of x? Yes, they can hold for 0 < x < 1/?2. Hence, x^2 < 2x < 1/x will be true for the range 0 < x < 1/?2. So this could be the correct ordering. Let’s go on to the next complex inequality.

(II) x^2 < 1/x < 2x

Again, let’s break up the inequality into two parts:

(i) x^2 < 1/x

x^1 < 1/x is rewritten as x^3 – 1 < 0 which gives us x < 1.

(ii) 1/x < 2x

1/x < 2x is rewritten as x^2 – 1/2 > 0 which gives us x < -1/?2 (not possible since x must be positive) or x > 1/?2

Can both x < 1 and x > 1/?2 hold simultaneously? Sure! For 1/?2 < x < 1, both inequalities will hold and hence x^2 < 1/x < 2x will be true. So this could be the correct ordering too.

(III) 2x < x^2 < 1/x

The inequalities here are:

(i) 2x < x^2

2x < x^2 can be rewritten as x(x – 2) > 0 which gives us x < 0 (not possible) or x > 2.

(ii) x^2 < 1/x

x^2 < 1/x gives us x^3 – 1 < 0 i.e. x < 1

Can x be less than 1 and greater than 2 simultaneously? No. Therefore, 2x < x^2 < 1/x cannot be the correct ordering.

Is this method simpler?

does anyone understand why this method works? and also bunel evaluated each a<b<c as a<b and b<c why not evaluate a<c?
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