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# Inference Revision: Celiac disease results from an inability

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Inference Revision: Celiac disease results from an inability  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 19 Jun 2018, 20:15
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Question Stats:

68% (01:34) correct 32% (01:48) wrong based on 1115 sessions

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Celiac disease results from an inability of the digestive tract, specifically the small intestine, to absorb gluten, a protein found in wheat, barley, and certain other grains. The body’s immune system attacks the gluten as if the protein were a harmful pathogen, often resulting in serious damage to the intestinal lining. People who suffer from celiac disease must eliminate gluten from their diets. Symptoms of the disease include abdominal cramps, bloating, and anemia.

If the statements above are true, which of the following assertions can be made on the basis of them?

A. Anyone who suffers from celiac disease will experience anemia.
B. Eliminating gluten from one’s diet will cure celiac disease.
C. People experiencing abdominal cramps, bloating, and anemia have celiac disease.
D. Gluten is found only in grains.
E. The human body cannot always recognize harmless substances.

Spoiler: :: OE
The text tells us that celiac disease results when the body mistakes gluten for a
harmful pathogen, causing damage to the intestine. We are also told that gluten
is a protein found in certain grains, and that people suffering from celiac disease
must eliminate it from their diets. Finally, we are told that symptoms of the
disease include cramps, bloating, and anemia. We need to find an answer choice
that is inferable from these facts alone.
(A) Anemia is just one of several symptoms of the disease. We do not know
whether everyone who has the disease will also develop anemia.
(B) We do not know whether eliminating gluten will cure the disease, only that
people with the disease must not eat gluten. Perhaps the disease will exist
anyway in a latent form.
(C) We do not know whether the symptoms mentioned are also symptoms of
other conditions.
(D) We do not know whether gluten is found only in grains. It may exist in other
foods as well.
(E) CORRECT. If the body mistakes gluten for a harmful pathogen, then it must
be true that the body cannot always recognize harmless substances.

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Originally posted by souvik101990 on 14 Feb 2015, 02:32.
Last edited by Skywalker18 on 19 Jun 2018, 20:15, edited 1 time in total.
formatted
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Location: India
Re: Inference Revision: Celiac disease results from an inability  [#permalink]

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15 Feb 2015, 05:37
7
1
Celiac disease results from an inability of the digestive tract, specifically the small intestine, to absorb gluten, a protein found in wheat, barley, and certain other grains. The body’s immune system attacks the gluten as if the protein were a harmful pathogen, often resulting in serious damage to the intestinal lining. People who suffer from celiac disease must eliminate gluten from their diets. Symptoms of the disease include abdominal cramps, bloating, and anemia. If the statements above are true, which of the following assertions can be made on the basis of them?

A. Anyone who suffers from celiac disease will experience anemia.
Very good contender but wrong
B. Eliminating gluten from one’s diet will cure celiac disease.
Wrong. Gluten leads to celiac disease, but it doesnot lead to removing gluten will cure the disease.
Analogy:If you smoke you get cancer, but if you quit smoking(after cancer) than you cancer will not cure.
C. People experiencing abdominal cramps, bloating, and anemia have celiac disease.
Wrong Symptoms of celiac disease are cramps, bloating and anemia, but these symptoms can be of any other disease. It is not mentioned that these symptoms only happen when you have celiac disease.
Celiac==>> symptoms doesnot mean symptoms==>> celiac always
D. Gluten is found only in grains.
Wrong Gluten is found in grains, but ONLY gluten cannot be told
E. The human body cannot always recognize harmless substances.
Correct:>> Gluten is a protein, so is a harmless substance, but body doesnot recognize the harmless substance and cosiders it as harmless and hence wrong.

A is a good contender but wrong because E is more appropriate and it is not sure that everyone who have celiac disease will exhibit all of the symptoms. hence A is wrong and E is correct

E IS CORRECT

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Current Student
Joined: 19 Mar 2012
Posts: 4263
Location: India
GMAT 1: 760 Q50 V42
GPA: 3.8
WE: Marketing (Non-Profit and Government)
Re: Inference Revision: Celiac disease results from an inability  [#permalink]

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15 Feb 2015, 08:08
OA and OE posted! Kudos awarded to contributors.
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Re: Inference Revision: Celiac disease results from an inability  [#permalink]

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11 Mar 2015, 02:02
1
Celiac disease results from an inability of the digestive tract, specifically the small intestine, to absorb gluten, a protein found in wheat, barley, and certain other grains. The body’s immune system attacks the gluten as if the protein were a harmful pathogen, often resulting in serious damage to the intestinal lining. People who suffer from celiac disease must eliminate gluten from their diets. Symptoms of the disease include abdominal cramps, bloating, and anemia. If the statements above are true, which of the following assertions can be made on the basis of them?

A. Anyone who suffers from celiac disease will experience anemia.
B. Eliminating gluten from one’s diet will cure celiac disease.
C. People experiencing abdominal cramps, bloating, and anemia have celiac disease.
D. Gluten is found only in grains.
E. The human body cannot always recognize harmless substances.

My ans is E .
A --> wrong . Because it says suffering from celiac will experience anemia . ( Will is strong word to use ) and shows always .
B--> passage saying nothing about curing the celiac . Out of scope
C--> Symptoms can also happen for other diseases .hence wrong
D. Out of scope .

inference question demand for 100% true validity test .

Hope it is helpful . Kudos appreciated !!!
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Re: Inference Revision: Celiac disease results from an inability  [#permalink]

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12 Mar 2015, 07:17
While answering the question, I replaced "Attack" by "Recognize". First recognition happens then attack - too far away assumption. Be specific in Inference questions.
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Re: Inference Revision: Celiac disease results from an inability  [#permalink]

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23 Mar 2015, 10:55
souvik101990 wrote:
Celiac disease results from an inability of the digestive tract, specifically the small intestine, to absorb gluten, a protein found in wheat, barley, and certain other grains. The body’s immune system attacks the gluten as if the protein were a harmful pathogen, often resulting in serious damage to the intestinal lining. People who suffer from celiac disease must eliminate gluten from their diets. Symptoms of the disease include abdominal cramps, bloating, and anemia. If the statements above are true, which of the following assertions can be made on the basis of them?

A. Anyone who suffers from celiac disease will experience anemia.
B. Eliminating gluten from one’s diet will cure celiac disease.
C. People experiencing abdominal cramps, bloating, and anemia have celiac disease.
D. Gluten is found only in grains.
E. The human body cannot always recognize harmless substances.

Spoiler: :: OE
The text tells us that celiac disease results when the body mistakes gluten for a
harmful pathogen, causing damage to the intestine. We are also told that gluten
is a protein found in certain grains, and that people suffering from celiac disease
must eliminate it from their diets. Finally, we are told that symptoms of the
disease include cramps, bloating, and anemia. We need to find an answer choice
that is inferable from these facts alone.
(A) Anemia is just one of several symptoms of the disease. We do not know
whether everyone who has the disease will also develop anemia.
(B) We do not know whether eliminating gluten will cure the disease, only that
people with the disease must not eat gluten. Perhaps the disease will exist
anyway in a latent form.
(C) We do not know whether the symptoms mentioned are also symptoms of
other conditions.
(D) We do not know whether gluten is found only in grains. It may exist in other
foods as well.
(E) CORRECT. If the body mistakes gluten for a harmful pathogen, then it must
be true that the body cannot always recognize harmless substances.

I thought the question could be a bit confusing because it states that "Celiac disease results from an inability of the digestive tract, specifically the small intestine, to absorb gluten", meaning Celiac disease is a result of the gluten found in some foods, hence removing the gluten intake, should remove the disease. Hence why I thought it was B.
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Re: Inference Revision: Celiac disease results from an inability  [#permalink]

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22 Aug 2015, 04:19
While answering the question, I replaced "Attack" by "Recognize". First recognition happens then attack - too far away assumption. Be specific in Inference questions.

I reattempted this question and misread - "harmless" to "harmful" while in a hurry to save the time. I need to focus more on my attention and focus. Any suggestions peers?
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Re: Inference Revision: Celiac disease results from an inability  [#permalink]

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10 Jan 2017, 02:20
In my 2 cents,

A. Anyone who suffers from celiac disease will experience anemia.
--Anemia is listed as sample of those who suffer Celiac;hence,it isn't necessary for anyone with celiac disease to experience.It could be any combination from the given list.

B. Eliminating gluten from one’s diet will cure celiac disease.
-- The passage suggests eliminating gluten from one's diet with celiac to avoid the false-alarm action from the immune system-no mention that this approach will eventually cure the disease.

C. People experiencing abdominal cramps, bloating, and anemia have celiac disease.
-- The passage tells us the other way around that the symptoms of celiac disease are these three.Suffering X leads to Y;Not the other way around.

D. Gluten is found only in grains.
-- Gluten is found in grains but not ONLY in grains

E. The human body cannot always recognize harmless substances.
-- This is correct.Refer to the definition of celiac disease in which the immune system attack the harmless as if it were a harmful pathogen.
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Re: Inference Revision: Celiac disease results from an inability  [#permalink]

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14 May 2017, 14:31
ny225 wrote:
souvik101990 wrote:
Celiac disease results from an inability of the digestive tract, specifically the small intestine, to absorb gluten, a protein found in wheat, barley, and certain other grains. The body’s immune system attacks the gluten as if the protein were a harmful pathogen, often resulting in serious damage to the intestinal lining. People who suffer from celiac disease must eliminate gluten from their diets. Symptoms of the disease include abdominal cramps, bloating, and anemia. If the statements above are true, which of the following assertions can be made on the basis of them?

A. Anyone who suffers from celiac disease will experience anemia.
B. Eliminating gluten from one’s diet will cure celiac disease.
C. People experiencing abdominal cramps, bloating, and anemia have celiac disease.
D. Gluten is found only in grains.
E. The human body cannot always recognize harmless substances.

Spoiler: :: OE
The text tells us that celiac disease results when the body mistakes gluten for a
harmful pathogen, causing damage to the intestine. We are also told that gluten
is a protein found in certain grains, and that people suffering from celiac disease
must eliminate it from their diets. Finally, we are told that symptoms of the
disease include cramps, bloating, and anemia. We need to find an answer choice
that is inferable from these facts alone.
(A) Anemia is just one of several symptoms of the disease. We do not know
whether everyone who has the disease will also develop anemia.
(B) We do not know whether eliminating gluten will cure the disease, only that
people with the disease must not eat gluten. Perhaps the disease will exist
anyway in a latent form.
(C) We do not know whether the symptoms mentioned are also symptoms of
other conditions.
(D) We do not know whether gluten is found only in grains. It may exist in other
foods as well.
(E) CORRECT. If the body mistakes gluten for a harmful pathogen, then it must
be true that the body cannot always recognize harmless substances.

I thought the question could be a bit confusing because it states that "Celiac disease results from an inability of the digestive tract, specifically the small intestine, to absorb gluten", meaning Celiac disease is a result of the gluten found in some foods, hence removing the gluten intake, should remove the disease. Hence why I thought it was B.

in an inference question you need not use any assumption, you need to chose an answer choice that some facts related to the facts present in the question, which is the case with E.
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Re: Inference Revision: Celiac disease results from an inability  [#permalink]

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01 Jun 2017, 21:56
cannot always

Two strong words in option E. Well according to me, it means that body does recognize what's harmless and what's not but not ALWAYS.
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Re: Inference Revision: Celiac disease results from an inability  [#permalink]

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16 Aug 2017, 16:35
souvik101990 wrote:
Celiac disease results from an inability of the digestive tract, specifically the small intestine, to absorb gluten, a protein found in wheat, barley, and certain other grains. The body’s immune system attacks the gluten as if the protein were a harmful pathogen, often resulting in serious damage to the intestinal lining. People who suffer from celiac disease must eliminate gluten from their diets. Symptoms of the disease include abdominal cramps, bloating, and anemia. If the statements above are true, which of the following assertions can be made on the basis of them?

A. Anyone who suffers from celiac disease will experience anemia.No. The disease itself does not cause anemia, the consumption of gluten triggers people who have the disease to experience side effects such as anemia. This actually challenges the assertion that celiac diseases sufferers should eliminate gluten.?
B. Eliminating gluten from one’s diet will cure celiac disease. This is an attractive answer choice but it is too ambitious- reducing gluten may simply lessen or lead to fewer side effects caused by the disease, which the stimulus is suggesting. The elimination of gluten has an effect on the symptoms of celiac diseases not the disease itself
C. People experiencing abdominal cramps, bloating, and anemia have celiac disease. No. While people with celiac disease who consume gluten may experience these symptoms, these symptoms are not necessarily the cause of the diseases. Someone could have those symptoms as a result of another disease.
D. Gluten is found only in grains. No. This is too ambitious. If the statement read " a protein found only in wheat barley and certain other grains' then this would be valid. This one is a bit tougher to rule out.
E. The human body cannot always recognize harmless substances. Not a great answer but valid through POE

E

Spoiler: :: OE
The text tells us that celiac disease results when the body mistakes gluten for a
harmful pathogen, causing damage to the intestine. We are also told that gluten
is a protein found in certain grains, and that people suffering from celiac disease
must eliminate it from their diets. Finally, we are told that symptoms of the
disease include cramps, bloating, and anemia. We need to find an answer choice
that is inferable from these facts alone.
(A) Anemia is just one of several symptoms of the disease. We do not know
whether everyone who has the disease will also develop anemia.
(B) We do not know whether eliminating gluten will cure the disease, only that
people with the disease must not eat gluten. Perhaps the disease will exist
anyway in a latent form.
(C) We do not know whether the symptoms mentioned are also symptoms of
other conditions.
(D) We do not know whether gluten is found only in grains. It may exist in other
foods as well.
(E) CORRECT. If the body mistakes gluten for a harmful pathogen, then it must
be true that the body cannot always recognize harmless substances.

E is not a perfect answer- in other words it does not necessarily fit the stimulus like a puzzle piece like many answers in lower level inference questions. However, we can eliminate the other answers choices and arrive at E through POE.
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Re: Inference Revision: Celiac disease results from an inability  [#permalink]

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23 Feb 2018, 20:54
there is no pattern in this question; nevertheless, I believe test takers can easily boil down to A and E.
A sounds extreme; there is no need to have outside knowledge about the definitions of symptoms, but we can give an example in which A fails. That is, a person can have the disease without having symptoms.
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Re: Inference Revision: Celiac disease results from an inability  [#permalink]

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04 Apr 2018, 23:33
Quote:
Celiac disease results from an inability of the digestive tract, specifically the small intestine, to absorb gluten, a protein found in wheat, barley, and certain other grains. The body’s immune system attacks the gluten as if the protein were a harmful pathogen, often resulting in serious damage to the intestinal lining. People who suffer from celiac disease must eliminate gluten from their diets. Symptoms of the disease include abdominal cramps, bloating, and anemia. If the statements above are true, which of the following assertions can be made on the basis of them?

A. Anyone who suffers from celiac disease will experience anemia. (He/She may only suffer from cramps only)

B. Eliminating gluten from one’s diet will cure celiac disease. (Too strongly worded)

C. People experiencing abdominal cramps, bloating, and anemia have celiac disease. (These may be a symptom of some other disease, we can't say)

D. Gluten is found only in grains. (Too strong)

E. The human body cannot always recognize harmless substances. (Only this choice seems worthy)

Hence (E)
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Re: Inference Revision: Celiac disease results from an inability   [#permalink] 04 Apr 2018, 23:33
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