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Instead of casting aside traditional values, the Meiji Restoration of

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Instead of casting aside traditional values, the Meiji Restoration of  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 08 Oct 2019, 23:59
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New Project RC Butler 2019 - Practice 2 RC Passages Everyday
Passage # 18, Date : 09-FEB-2019
This post is a part of New Project RC Butler 2019. Click here for Details


Instead of casting aside traditional values, the Meiji Restoration of 1868 dismantled feudalism and modernized the country while preserving certain traditions as the foundations for a modern Japan. The oldest tradition and basis of the entire Japanese value system was respect for and even worship of the Emperor. During the early centuries of Japanese history, the Shinto cult in which the imperial family traced its ancestry to the Sun Goddess became the people’s sustaining faith. Although later subordinated to imported Buddhism and Confucianism, Shintoism was perpetuated in Ise and Izumo until the Meiji modernizers established it as a quasi state religion.

Another enduring tradition was the hierarchical system of social relations based on feudalism and reinforced by Neo Confucianism which had been the official ideology of the premodern world. Confucianism prescribed a pattern of ethical conduct between groups of people within a fixed hierarchy. Four of the five Confucian relationships were vertical, requiring loyalty and obedience from the inferior toward the superior. Only the relationship between friend and friend was horizontal, and even there the emphasis was on reciprocal duties.

Q.1 The author is primarily concerned with

(A) providing a history of the rise of feudalism in Japan
(B) identifying the influences of Confucianism on Japanese society
(C) speculating on the probable development of Japanese society
(D) developing a history of religion in Japan
(E) describing some important features of the Meiji Restoration


Q.2 The passage mentions all of the following as being elements of Japanese society EXCEPT:

(A) obedience to authority
(B) sense of duty
(C) respect for the Emperor
(D) concern for education
(E) loyalty to one’s superior


Q.3 It can be inferred from the passage that those who led Japan into the modern age were concerned primarily with

(A) maintaining a stable society
(B) building a new industrial base
(C) expanding the nation’s territory
(D) gaining new adherents of Confucianism
(E) creating a new middle class



Difficulty Level: 650
Source: Master GMAT

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Originally posted by SajjadAhmad on 19 Apr 2018, 11:30.
Last edited by SajjadAhmad on 08 Oct 2019, 23:59, edited 5 times in total.
Updated - Complete topic (865).
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Re: Instead of casting aside traditional values, the Meiji Restoration of  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Feb 2019, 09:46
4
Q.1 The author is primarily concerned with

(A) providing a history of the rise of feudalism in Japan
Passage does not talk about the history of feudalism
(B) identifying the influences of Confucianism on Japanese society
Passage mentions about confucianism but does not discuss about the influence of the same
(C) speculating on the probable development of Japanese society
NO - Irelevant
(D) developing a history of religion in Japan
Passage briefly mentions about religion but does not delve into history of it
(E) describing some important features of the Meiji Restoration
Correct - first para opens with Meiji restoration and the second para develops on it

Q.2 The passage mentions all of the following as being elements of Japanese society EXCEPT:

(A) obedience to authority - mentioned in 1st para
(B) sense of duty mentioned in 2nd para
(C) respect for the Emperor - mentioned in 1st para
(D) concern for education -correct - Nowhere passage talks about education
(E) loyalty to one’s superior - mentioned in 1st para

Q.3 It can be inferred from the passage that those who led Japan into the modern age were concerned primarily with

(A) maintaining a stable society
Correct - 1st para talks about maintaining japanese value system, preserving traditions and upholding hierarchical system of social relations.
(B) building a new industrial base
No, passage does not talk about it
(C) expanding the nation’s territory
No, passage does not talk about it
(D) gaining new adherents of Confucianism
No, passage does not talk about it
(E) creating a new middle class
No, passage does not talk about it
General Discussion
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Re: Instead of casting aside traditional values, the Meiji Restoration of  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Aug 2019, 17:55
1
SajjadAhmad wrote:
New Project RC Butler 2019 - Practice 2 RC Passages Everyday
Passage # 18, Date : 09-FEB-2019
This post is a part of New Project RC Butler 2019. Click here for Details


Instead of casting aside traditional values, the Meiji Restoration of 1868 dismantled feudalism and modernized the country while preserving certain traditions as the foundations for a modern Japan. The oldest tradition and basis of the entire Japanese value system was respect for and even worship of the Emperor. During the early centuries of Japanese history, the Shinto cult in which the imperial family traced its ancestry to the Sun Goddess became the people’s sustaining faith. Although later subordinated to imported Buddhism and Confucianism, Shintoism was perpetuated in Ise and Izumo until the Meiji modernizers established it as a quasi state religion.

Another enduring tradition was the hierarchical system of social relations based on feudalism and reinforced by Neo Confucianism which had been the official ideology of the premodern world. Confucianism prescribed a pattern of ethical conduct between groups of people within a fixed hierarchy. Four of the five Confucian relationships were vertical, requiring loyalty and obedience from the inferior toward the superior. Only the relationship between friend and friend was horizontal, and even there the emphasis was on reciprocal duties.
Q.1 The author is primarily concerned with

(A) providing a history of the rise of feudalism in Japan
(B) identifying the influences of Confucianism on Japanese society
(C) speculating on the probable development of Japanese society
(D) developing a history of religion in Japan
(E) describing some important features of the Meiji Restoration


Q.2 The passage mentions all of the following as being elements of Japanese society EXCEPT:

(A) obedience to authority
(B) sense of duty
(C) respect for the Emperor
(D) concern for education
(E) loyalty to one’s superior


Q.3 It can be inferred from the passage that those who led Japan into the modern age were concerned primarily with

(A) maintaining a stable society
(B) building a new industrial base
(C) expanding the nation’s territory
(D) gaining new adherents of Confucianism
(E) creating a new middle class



Difficulty Level: 600


Q.1 The author is primarily concerned with

(A) providing a history of the rise of feudalism in Japan - True but not right. Even though it is mentioned, that is not the central point.
(B) identifying the influences of Confucianism on Japanese society - Rather Neo Confucianism was reinforced.
(C) speculating on the probable development of Japanese society - It is dealing more with what is inside the society and not how the development of society took place.
(D) developing a history of religion in Japan - No. The author is not going too deep into the religion.
(E) describing some important features of the Meiji Restoration - Though not very specific it does convey the primary concern of the author. And since the author really does not agree or reject any of the facts usage of describing is acceptable.


Q.2 The passage mentions all of the following as being elements of Japanese society EXCEPT:

(A) obedience to authority - Mentioned
(B) sense of duty - Mentioned
(C) respect for the Emperor - Mentioned
(D) concern for education - Not mentioned
(E) loyalty to one’s superior- Mentioned


Q.3 It can be inferred from the passage that those who led Japan into the modern age were concerned primarily with

(A) maintaining a stable society - I did not pick this answer but this was my second best pick. All that author is trying to portray is how was society maintained, how the authority worked. So kinda trying to say the primary concern was stable society.
(B) building a new industrial base - Not really touched upon.
(C) expanding the nation’s territory - Nowhere it is mentioned
(D) gaining new adherents of Confucianism - This is what I picked but no this is not the primary concern of the people who led Japan into modern age. It was more to do with the Society.
(E) creating a new middle class- Out Of Scope
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Re: Instead of casting aside traditional values, the Meiji Restoration of   [#permalink] 13 Aug 2019, 17:55
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