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# Intended primarily to stimulate family summer travel,

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Manager
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Intended primarily to stimulate family summer travel,  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 14 Mar 2018, 08:34
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Difficulty:

45% (medium)

Question Stats:

63% (01:23) correct 37% (01:35) wrong based on 426 sessions

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Intended primarily to stimulate family summer travel, the new airfare, which allows both an adult and a child to fly for the price of one ticket, and also shortens the advance-purchase requirement for family travel to a minimum of seven days rather than fourteen.

(A) and also shortens the advance-purchase requirement for family travel to a minimum of seven days rather than
(B) and also lessens the advance-purchase requirement for family travel to a seven-day minimum from
(C) also shortens the advance-purchase requirement for family travel to a minimum of seven days rather than that of
(D) also lessens the advance-purchase requirement for family travel to a seven-day minimum from
(E) also shortens the advance-purchase requirement for family travel to a minimum of seven days rather than

Originally posted by mm007 on 01 Jan 2007, 19:19.
Last edited by broall on 14 Mar 2018, 08:34, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Intended primarily to stimulate family summer travel,  [#permalink]

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01 Jan 2007, 20:59
also shortens

leave us with C and E

E has correct usage of rather than
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Re: Intended primarily to stimulate family summer travel,  [#permalink]

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02 Jan 2007, 00:11
E

A) and also shortens the advance-purchase requirement for family travel to a minimum of seven days rather than
(B) and also lessens the advance-purchase
requirement for family travel to a seven-day minimum from
(C) also shortens the advance-purchase requirement for family travel to a minimum of seven days rather than that of
(D) also lessens the advance-purchase requirement for family travel to a seven-day minimum from
(E) also shortens the advance-purchase requirement for family travel to a minimum of seven days rather than
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Re: Intended primarily to stimulate family summer travel,  [#permalink]

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02 Jan 2007, 08:33
E.

The underline portion should begin with â€œalsoâ€
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Re: Intended primarily to stimulate family summer travel,  [#permalink]

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02 Jan 2007, 15:20
1
OA is E..
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Re: Intended primarily to stimulate family summer travel,  [#permalink]

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03 Jan 2007, 20:49
Straight E.
the new airfare.....also shortens.
Also, lessens is incorrect as "shorten the number of days" should be the correct structure.
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Re: Intended primarily to stimulate family summer travel,  [#permalink]

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14 Apr 2018, 07:17
Why is the usage of AND in option A wrong?
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Intended primarily to stimulate family summer travel,  [#permalink]

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28 Jun 2018, 02:20
xvijaykumar wrote:
Why is the usage of AND in option A wrong?

Because the sentence would lack a main verb in this case.

The structure would look like this:

Quote:
"The new airfare, which allows X and also shortens Y."

The correct structure looks like this:

Quote:
The new airfare, which allows X, also shortens Y."

In this case the main verb is "shortens".
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Re: Intended primarily to stimulate family summer travel,  [#permalink]

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20 Aug 2018, 20:34
Why is lessens incorrect? I chose E because to a 7 day minimum from 14 sounds incorrect.

Technically, don't we lessen the minimum number of days & not shorten it?

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Re: Intended primarily to stimulate family summer travel,  [#permalink]

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20 Aug 2018, 21:05
Is pronoun "that" an issue in C?

I mean "that" in the choice can refer to more than one noun?
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20 Aug 2018, 21:24
gzsakuraz wrote:
Is pronoun "that" an issue in C?

I mean "that" in the choice can refer to more than one noun?

I believe that "that" is a misplaced pronoun in option C & is not really referring to anything.

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Re: Intended primarily to stimulate family summer travel,  [#permalink]

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20 Aug 2018, 21:33
Mankodim wrote:
gzsakuraz wrote:
Is pronoun "that" an issue in C?

I mean "that" in the choice can refer to more than one noun?

I believe that "that" is a misplaced pronoun in option C & is not really referring to anything.

Posted from my mobile device

Hi,
I just wonder
Can 'that of' be minimum of?
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Re: Intended primarily to stimulate family summer travel,  [#permalink]

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21 Aug 2018, 01:04
2
gzsakuraz wrote:
Mankodim wrote:
gzsakuraz wrote:
Is pronoun "that" an issue in C?

I mean "that" in the choice can refer to more than one noun?

I believe that "that" is a misplaced pronoun in option C & is not really referring to anything.

Posted from my mobile device

Hi,
I just wonder
Can 'that of' be minimum of?

Imo, C is not wrong grammatically. It is just that you don't need to repeat the verb here.

That of definitely refers to requirement of and this makes sense. But the meaning is clear even without that. Always consider repeating the verb only if the meaning is ambiguous without the verb

Eg: Ram likes pizza more than his wife
( 2 possible interpretation---> ram likes pizza more than his wife likes pizza

Ram likes pizza more than he likes his wife)

Meaning is ambiguous so you need to repeat the verb to make the meaning clear.

____________

In our case, only one interpretation makes sense so we don't need to repeat the verb. Though repeating is not wrong but it is less concise than not repeating it. Remember as Ron Purewal says--> Comparisons are like beauty contest.

Consider kudos if that helped.

Sent from my ONEPLUS A3003 using GMAT Club Forum mobile app
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Intended primarily to stimulate family summer travel,  [#permalink]

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23 Dec 2018, 16:16
mm007 wrote:
Intended primarily to stimulate family summer travel, the new airfare, which allows both an adult and a child to fly for the price of one ticket, and also shortens the advance-purchase requirement for family travel to a minimum of seven days rather than fourteen.

(A) and also shortens the advance-purchase requirement for family travel to a minimum of seven days rather than - Wrong: Run-on sentence (i.e. Verb Missing)
(B) and also lessens the advance-purchase requirement for family travel to a seven-day minimum from - Wrong: Run-on sentence (i.e. Verb Missing) 2) "shortens" should be used instead of "lessens" of length
(C) also shortens the advance-purchase requirement for family travel to a minimum of seven days rather than that of - Wrong: Meaning issue. "that of" refers to "requirement".
(D) also lessens the advance-purchase requirement for family travel to a seven-day minimum from - Wrong: "shortens" should be used instead of "lessens" of length
(E) also shortens the advance-purchase requirement for family travel to a minimum of seven days rather than - Correct
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Intended primarily to stimulate family summer travel,  [#permalink]

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23 Dec 2018, 17:29
generis ,could you please explain which one is correct between C and E.

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Intended primarily to stimulate family summer travel,  [#permalink]

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24 Dec 2018, 14:22
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mm007 wrote:
Intended primarily to stimulate family summer travel, the new airfare, which allows both an adult and a child to fly for the price of one ticket, and also shortens the advance-purchase requirement for family travel to a minimum of seven days rather than fourteen.

(C) also shortens the advance-purchase requirement for family travel to a minimum of seven days rather than that of

(E) also shortens the advance-purchase requirement for family travel to a minimum of seven days rather than

parijit wrote:
generis ,could you please explain which one is correct between C and E.

Hi parijit , option E is correct. Both E and C use elliptical construction,
but option C introduces the an unnecessary and ungrammatical phrase "that of."

• Option C contains a parallelism error because it uses the pronoun that to "make a copy" of
some previous noun.**
In option C, the end of the sentence is
. . . shortens the purchase requirement... to a minimum of seven days rather than that of fourteen.

THAN is the comparison marker
RHS: that of fourteen
LHS: a minimum of seven days

Those two items are not parallel.
The issue is subtle.
"That of" implies that something "belongs to" fourteen,
or that fourteen, the number, is an attribute of something.
(We can't just stick "days" on the end. Analyze in isolation from E.)
In C, quite literally, the word fourteen is being compared to minimum.
Nothing belongs to fourteen ("that of fourteen"). (Nothing belongs to seven, either.)
"Seven days" is an attribute of the minimum advance purchase requirement. Fourteen is not.

Be careful not to read the word days into C.
We already have one confusing noun form, namely, the phrase that of.
In the prompt, fourteen is not followed by days. The comparison in C illogically becomes
minimum of seven days . . . that of fourteen.

Those two items are not parallel.

• In option E, the end of the sentence means
.. shortens the ... purchase requirement ... to a minimum of seven days rather than fourteen [days].
The object of the preposition OF is both clear and close to "fourteen."
The object is "seven days." Seven days and fourteen [days - what else could it be?] are parallel as the objects of the preposition OF,
and they clearly belong to ONE noun, minimum.

• Really, the easiest test is to ask: does E create ambiguity?
Recall the classic example, I like Mary more than John.
Do I like Mary more than I like John? [If yes, then I should write, I like Mary more than I like John.]
Or do I like Mary more than John likes Mary? [if yes, I should write, I like Mary more than John does.]

(E) does not create ambiguity (and there is no verb tense shift involved,
in which case we would have to adjust).
There is no rule about omission of nouns except that in context, we may omit as long as the sentence is clear.
That rule depends on context.

It is possible to argue that the phrase "that of" refers to "minimum of" and that fourteen clearly parallels seven days.

In that case, we do not need the that of in (C).
From Manhattan SC Guide, 6th edition, page 160, in which the author asserts that GMAC sometimes inserts "that of" or "those of" as a trap:
Unnecessary words: The field I most enjoy studying is that of literature.
Better construction: The field I most enjoy studying is literature.
-- Literature IS a field.
-- Similarly, we have a minimum requirement [some number of days before we can do X]. The minimum has changed. One minimum IS/WAS "seven days," and the only other number mentioned is "fourteen."
We do not need THAT OF to tell us what fourteen refers to, i.e., days.

I hope that helps.

** THAT OF?
• Sometimes a sentence contains that as a pronoun to make a "copy" of something.
Wrong: The material tested in some sections of the GMAT is like the LSAT.
Like is a comparison word. In this case, the material (the content) is being compared to the actual LSAT test.
Correct: The material tested in some sections of the GMAT is like that of the LSAT.
By inserting a "copy" of "material tested in some sections", this version compares material to material.
To check whether something is sensible, we can always replace a pronoun with its noun.
The material tested in some sections of the GMAT is like the material tested in some sections of the LSAT.

• We often need "that of" or "those of" in characteristics / attributes (OF someone or something), or possession (of something by someone)
In elliptical construction, we typically need to use that to "make a copy"
-- when we compare an attribute (compare X of Y to X of Z)
Wrong: He liked the collection of fiction rather than essays.
Wrong: He liked the collection of fiction more than essays.
In both cases, collection is incorrectly compared to essays.
Correct: He liked the collection of fiction rather than THAT [the collection] of essays.

-- when we compare a noun in possessive case, such as
Wrong: I like the painting by Matisse more than Mondrian. [compares painting to the artist Mondrian]
Correct: I like the painting by Matisse more than that by Mondrian. [compares a painting to a painting]

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# Intended primarily to stimulate family summer travel,

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