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Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 64222
Is a two digit positive integer mn, where x m is the tens digit and n  [#permalink]

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Difficulty:   45% (medium)

Question Stats: 63% (01:33) correct 37% (01:23) wrong based on 179 sessions

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Is a two digit positive integer mn, where m is the tens digit and n is the units digits, odd?

(1) The least common multiple of m and n is even
(2) m is an odd number

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NUS School Moderator V
Joined: 18 Jul 2018
Posts: 1120
Location: India
Concentration: Operations, General Management
GMAT 1: 590 Q46 V25 GMAT 2: 690 Q49 V34 WE: Engineering (Energy and Utilities)
Re: Is a two digit positive integer mn, where x m is the tens digit and n  [#permalink]

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Question - Whether 10m+n Odd?

From statement 1:

LCM of m and n is even.
If m is 2 and n is 3, then LCM = 6.
mn = 23 = Odd.
If m is 2 and n is 4, then LCM = 4.
mn = 24 = even.
Insufficient.

From statement 2:

m is odd.
If n is even, then mn is even.
If n is odd, then mn is odd.
Insufficient.

Combining both:

If m is 3 and n is 2, then LCM = 6.
mn = 32 = even.
If m is 3 and n is 5, then LCM = 15.
mn = 35 = odd.
Insufficient.

Director  D
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Re: Is a two digit positive integer mn, where x m is the tens digit and n  [#permalink]

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1
Bunuel wrote:
Is a two digit positive integer mn, where x m is the tens digit and n is the units digits, odd?

(1) The least common multiple of m and n is even
(2) m is an odd number

mn is a two digit positive integer.
m is 10's digit, n is unit's digit.

Question : mn is odd or not.

Statement 1: LCM of m and n is even i.e. either m or n or both is even.
Not sufficient

Statement 2: m is an odd number.
So we can't say anything about n. n can be odd or even.
Not sufficient

Combined :
From statement 1 , either m or n or both is even.
From statement 2, m is odd.
So, n has to be an even number.

Director  S
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Re: Is a two digit positive integer mn, where x m is the tens digit and n  [#permalink]

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1
Hi,

Given,

“mn” is a two digit number.

Where, “m” is the ten’s digit and “n” is the units digit.

So, “m” can take any integer value from “1” to “9”

And, “n” can take any integer value from “0” to “9”

Question: Is mn is odd ?

i.e.,

“n” has to be either 1,3,5,7,9 ?

Statement I is insufficient:

The least common multiple of m and n is even.

So, either “m” and “n” both are even.

OR,

Anyone of them is even.

For example,

If m = 2 and n = 1, then the L.C.M is 2.

The value of “mn” is 21 and its an odd number. So answer to the question is YES.

But If m = 2 and n = 4, then the L.C.M is 4.

The value of “mn” is 24 and its an even number. So answer to the question is NO.

So insufficient.

Statement II is insufficient:

m is an odd number

We need to know the value of “n”, to check whether “mn” is odd or not.

So insufficient.

Together it is sufficient.

The least common multiple of m and n is even and “m” is an odd number.

So, “n” has to be even.

Hence answer to the question is always “NO”.

Together it is sufficient.

Hope this helps.

Regards,
Junaid.
Byjus GMAT Quant Expert
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Re: Is a two digit positive integer mn, where x m is the tens digit and n  [#permalink]

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Bunuel wrote:
Is a two digit positive integer mn, where x m is the tens digit and n is the units digits, odd?

(1) The least common multiple of m and n is even
(2) m is an odd number

for 10m+n to be odd 'n' has to be odd

from 1: LCM of mn is even so mn
m,n: can be ( 3,2) even , (2,3) odd
in sufficient

From 2:
m is an odd no. it does not say anything about n so insufficeint

from 1 & 2 :
m odd and lcm would be even whenever n is even eg : 12,14,16,32,36...
so mn is always even not odd , IMO C is sufficient..
GMAT Club Legend  V
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Re: Is a two digit positive integer mn, where x m is the tens digit and n  [#permalink]

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Afc0892 wrote:
Question - Whether 10m+n Odd?

From statement 1:

LCM of m and n is even.
If m is 2 and n is 3, then LCM = 6.
mn = 23 = Odd.
If m is 2 and n is 4, then LCM = 4.
mn = 24 = even.
Insufficient.

From statement 2:

m is odd.
If n is even, then mn is even.
If n is odd, then mn is odd.
Insufficient.

Combining both:

If m is 3 and n is 2, then LCM = 6.
mn = 32 = even.
If m is 3 and n is 5, then LCM = 15.
mn = 35 = odd.
Insufficient.

Afc0892
statement 1 : says LCM is to be even ;so whenever m is odd n has to be even .. your eg "If m is 3 and n is 5, then LCM = 15.
mn = 35 = odd." isnt correct.. n has to be an even value to get LCM as even with m as odd... IMO C should be correct ..
NUS School Moderator V
Joined: 18 Jul 2018
Posts: 1120
Location: India
Concentration: Operations, General Management
GMAT 1: 590 Q46 V25 GMAT 2: 690 Q49 V34 WE: Engineering (Energy and Utilities)
Re: Is a two digit positive integer mn, where x m is the tens digit and n  [#permalink]

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Archit3110 wrote:
Afc0892 wrote:
Question - Whether 10m+n Odd?

From statement 1:

LCM of m and n is even.
If m is 2 and n is 3, then LCM = 6.
mn = 23 = Odd.
If m is 2 and n is 4, then LCM = 4.
mn = 24 = even.
Insufficient.

From statement 2:

m is odd.
If n is even, then mn is even.
If n is odd, then mn is odd.
Insufficient.

Combining both:

If m is 3 and n is 2, then LCM = 6.
mn = 32 = even.
If m is 3 and n is 5, then LCM = 15.
mn = 35 = odd.
Insufficient.

Afc0892
statement 1 : says LCM is to be even ;so whenever m is odd n has to be even .. your eg "If m is 3 and n is 5, then LCM = 15.
mn = 35 = odd." isnt correct.. n has to be an even value to get LCM as even with m as odd... IMO C should be correct ..

Yes, realized it. Thank you again.
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Re: Is a two digit positive integer mn, where x m is the tens digit and n  [#permalink]

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Such high quality question, you just need a bit analysis to solve questions like this ,
Stmt 1 : least common multiple of m and n is even ,

happens only in two cases ,

i. when m and n should be even
ex: lcm of 4 and 6 is 12
ii.when either of m or n can be odd
ex: lcm of 3 and 6 is 6

so, clearly i is insufficient

stmt 2 : alone insufficient to answer for sure
1+2 , now we know m is odd , then obviously n should be even.

Ans :C
Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 64222
Re: Is a two digit positive integer mn, where x m is the tens digit and n  [#permalink]

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Bunuel wrote:
Is a two digit positive integer mn, where m is the tens digit and n is the units digits, odd?

(1) The least common multiple of m and n is even
(2) m is an odd number

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Re: Is a two digit positive integer mn, where x m is the tens digit and n  [#permalink]

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Bunuel wrote:
Is a two digit positive integer mn, where m is the tens digit and n is the units digits, odd?

(1) The least common multiple of m and n is even
(2) m is an odd number

Asked: Is a two digit positive integer mn, where m is the tens digit and n is the units digits, odd?
mn is odd when n is odd

(1) The least common multiple of m and n is even
Either or both of the numbers is even
n may be even or odd
NOT SUFFICIENT

(2) m is an odd number
n is unknown
NOT SUFFICIENT

(1) + (2)
(1) The least common multiple of m and n is even
m or n or both are even
(2) m is an odd number
m is odd & n is even
mn is even
SUFFICIENT

IMO C
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Kinshook Chaturvedi
Email: kinshook.chaturvedi@gmail.com Re: Is a two digit positive integer mn, where x m is the tens digit and n   [#permalink] 08 Oct 2019, 03:54

# Is a two digit positive integer mn, where x m is the tens digit and n  