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Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
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Is the standard deviation of the set of measurements x1, x2,  [#permalink]

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The Official Guide for GMAT® Review, 13th Edition - Quantitative Questions Project

Is the standard deviation of the set of measurements x1, x2, x3, x4, ..., x20 less than 3 ?

(1) The variance for the set of measurements is 4.
(2) For each measurement, the difference between the mean and that measurement is 2.

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Re: Is the standard deviation of the set of measurements x1, x2,  [#permalink]

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5
25
SOLUTION

Is the standard deviation of the set of measurements x1, x2, x3, x4, ..., x20 less than 3 ?

CALCULATING STANDARD DEVIATION OF A SET {x1, x2, ... xn}:
1. Find the mean, $$m$$, of the values.
2. For each value $$x_i$$ calculate its deviation ($$m-x_i$$) from the mean.
3. Calculate the squares of these deviations.
4. Find the mean of the squared deviations. This quantity is the variance.
5. Take the square root of the variance. The quantity is th SD.

Expressed by formula: $$standard \ deviation= \sqrt{variance} = \sqrt{\frac{\sum(m-x_i)^2}{N}}$$.

(1) The variance for the set of measurements is 4. The variance is just the square of the standard deviation, so if $$variance=4$$ then $$SD=\sqrt{4}=2$$. Sufficient.

(2) For each measurement, the difference between the mean and that measurement is 2. So, we have that $$m-x_i=2$$, since N=20 then we know everything to calculate the standard deviation. Sufficient.

For more on that subject check:
Math Book chapter on SD - math-standard-deviation-87905.html
PS questions on SD - ps-questions-about-standard-deviation-85897.html
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Re: Is the standard deviation of the set of measurements x1, x2,  [#permalink]

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is SD < 3/

st. 1) SD = square root of variance (4) = 2
sufficient

st.2.) 2 <3
sufficient

Senior Manager  Joined: 06 Aug 2011
Posts: 316
Re: Is the standard deviation of the set of measurements x1, x2,  [#permalink]

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Its D..

1)square root of variance is standard deviation.. so it will be 2.. that is less than 3 ..sufficient

2) s.d is 2 .. that is less than 3.. sufficient..

OA?????
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Math Expert V
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Posts: 61385
Re: Is the standard deviation of the set of measurements x1, x2,  [#permalink]

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1
2
SOLUTION

Is the standard deviation of the set of measurements x1, x2, x3, x4, ..., x20 less than 3 ?

CALCULATING STANDARD DEVIATION OF A SET {x1, x2, ... xn}:
1. Find the mean, $$m$$, of the values.
2. For each value $$x_i$$ calculate its deviation ($$m-x_i$$) from the mean.
3. Calculate the squares of these deviations.
4. Find the mean of the squared deviations. This quantity is the variance.
5. Take the square root of the variance. The quantity is th SD.

Expressed by formula: $$standard \ deviation= \sqrt{variance} = \sqrt{\frac{\sum(m-x_i)^2}{N}}$$.

(1) The variance for the set of measurements is 4. The variance is just the square of the standard deviation, so if $$variance=4$$ then $$SD=\sqrt{4}=2$$. Sufficient.

(2) For each measurement, the difference between the mean and that measurement is 2. So, we have that $$m-x_i=2$$, since N=20 then we know everything to calculate the standard deviation. Sufficient.

For more on that subject check:
Math Book chapter on SD - math-standard-deviation-87905.html
PS questions on SD - ps-questions-about-standard-deviation-85897.html
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Re: Is the standard deviation of the set of measurements x1, x2,  [#permalink]

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3
Is the standard deviation of the set of measurements x1, x2, x3, x4, ..., x20 less than 3 ?

(1) The variance for the set of measurements is 4.
(2) For each measurement, the difference between the mean and that measurement is 2.

1 Statement:

s.deviation = sqrt(variance) = > thus, the std is 2. Sufficient;

2 Statement:

The standard deviation cannot be greater than the difference of observation and the mean of the population, (take min and max of the population compare to mean). Thus, we can safely assume that the std is less than 3. Sufficient. Post Kudos, if you like my post. Senior Manager  Status: Gonna rock this time!!!
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Re: Is the standard deviation of the set of measurements x1, x2,  [#permalink]

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Hi Bunuel,
I am of the opinion that calculation is not needed to prove D is sufficient.

Standard deviation of an observation is how far it is from the mean of the observations.
so by definition of SD, D is sufficient..

Please correct me if my understanding is wrong.
Regards,
Sach
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Re: Is the standard deviation of the set of measurements x1, x2,  [#permalink]

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Bunuel wrote:
SOLUTION

Is the standard deviation of the set of measurements x1, x2, x3, x4, ..., x20 less than 3 ?

CALCULATING STANDARD DEVIATION OF A SET {x1, x2, ... xn}:
1. Find the mean, $$m$$, of the values.
2. For each value $$x_i$$ calculate its deviation ($$m-x_i$$) from the mean.
3. Calculate the squares of these deviations.
4. Find the mean of the squared deviations. This quantity is the variance.
5. Take the square root of the variance. The quantity is th SD.

Expressed by formula: $$standard \ deviation= \sqrt{variance} = \sqrt{\frac{\sum(m-x_i)^2}{N}}$$.

(1) The variance for the set of measurements is 4. The variance is just the square of the standard deviation, so if $$variance=4$$ then $$SD=\sqrt{4}=2$$. Sufficient

(2) For each measurement, the difference between the mean and that measurement is 2. So, we have that $$m-x_i=2$$, since N=20 then we know everything to calculate the standard deviation. Sufficient.

For more on that subject check:
Math Book chapter on SD - math-standard-deviation-87905.html
PS questions on SD - ps-questions-about-standard-deviation-85897.html

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Re: Is the standard deviation of the set of measurements x1, x2,  [#permalink]

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I am of the opinion that calculation is not needed to prove D is sufficient.

Standard deviation of an observation is how far it is from the mean of the observations.
so by definition of SD, D is sufficient..

Please correct me if my understanding is wrong.
Regards,
Sach
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Re: Is the standard deviation of the set of measurements x1, x2,  [#permalink]

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For 2 to hold good,

say mean is 4 and for each of the 20 measurements to have a difference of 2 from the mean, all the measurements have to be either 2 or 6. .

Please correct me if my understanding is not correct.
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GRE 1: Q169 V154 Is the standard deviation of the set of measurements x1, x2,  [#permalink]

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Nice Official Question.
Here is what i did on this Question=>
We need to see if the SD is less than 3 or not.

Statement 1->
Variance =4
Hence S-D=2

Hence Sufficient

Statement 2=>
Using the equation => S.D = $$\sqrt{\frac{\sum(Mean-x_i)^2}{N}}$$
S.D => 2
Hence Sufficient

Hence D

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Re: Is the standard deviation of the set of measurements x1, x2,  [#permalink]

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For the second expression, given m-xi = 2
does the SD= \sqrt{4/20} ?
This does not equal 2, which is the answer stated in the thread
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Re: Is the standard deviation of the set of measurements x1, x2,  [#permalink]

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1
AIJ248 wrote:
For the second expression, given m-xi = 2
does the SD= \sqrt{4/20} ?
This does not equal 2, which is the answer stated in the thread

Hi

Each m - xi = 2, so there are twenty such 2's. So first we will find variance, and then find square root of that variance to get SD.
To get variance, we need to square all the values of (m - xi), and then find their average.

Since all (m - xi) are 2, their squares will be '4', and thus their average will also be '4'.
So our variance is 4 - it becomes same as first statement. SD = √variance = √4 = 2.
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Re: Is the standard deviation of the set of measurements x1, x2,  [#permalink]

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Bunuel wrote:
SOLUTION

Is the standard deviation of the set of measurements x1, x2, x3, x4, ..., x20 less than 3 ?

CALCULATING STANDARD DEVIATION OF A SET {x1, x2, ... xn}:
1. Find the mean, $$m$$, of the values.
2. For each value $$x_i$$ calculate its deviation ($$m-x_i$$) from the mean.
3. Calculate the squares of these deviations.
4. Find the mean of the squared deviations. This quantity is the variance.
5. Take the square root of the variance. The quantity is th SD.

Expressed by formula: $$standard \ deviation= \sqrt{variance} = \sqrt{\frac{\sum(m-x_i)^2}{N}}$$.

(1) The variance for the set of measurements is 4. The variance is just the square of the standard deviation, so if $$variance=4$$ then $$SD=\sqrt{4}=2$$. Sufficient.

(2) For each measurement, the difference between the mean and that measurement is 2. So, we have that $$m-x_i=2$$, since N=20 then we know everything to calculate the standard deviation. Sufficient.

For more on that subject check:
Math Book chapter on SD - http://gmatclub.com/forum/math-standard ... 87905.html
PS questions on SD - http://gmatclub.com/forum/ps-questions- ... 85897.html
DS questions on SD - http://gmatclub.com/forum/lately-many-q ... 85896.html

Bunuel can you please elaborate on second statement you say " So, we have that $$m-x_i=2$$, since N=20 then we know everything to calculate the standard deviation. Sufficient."

but the question is asking if SD the set of measurements x1, x2, x3, x4, ..., x20 less than 3 ?[/b]
Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 61385
Re: Is the standard deviation of the set of measurements x1, x2,  [#permalink]

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dave13 wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
SOLUTION

Is the standard deviation of the set of measurements x1, x2, x3, x4, ..., x20 less than 3 ?

CALCULATING STANDARD DEVIATION OF A SET {x1, x2, ... xn}:
1. Find the mean, $$m$$, of the values.
2. For each value $$x_i$$ calculate its deviation ($$m-x_i$$) from the mean.
3. Calculate the squares of these deviations.
4. Find the mean of the squared deviations. This quantity is the variance.
5. Take the square root of the variance. The quantity is th SD.

Expressed by formula: $$standard \ deviation= \sqrt{variance} = \sqrt{\frac{\sum(m-x_i)^2}{N}}$$.

(1) The variance for the set of measurements is 4. The variance is just the square of the standard deviation, so if $$variance=4$$ then $$SD=\sqrt{4}=2$$. Sufficient.

(2) For each measurement, the difference between the mean and that measurement is 2. So, we have that $$m-x_i=2$$, since N=20 then we know everything to calculate the standard deviation. Sufficient.

For more on that subject check:
Math Book chapter on SD - http://gmatclub.com/forum/math-standard ... 87905.html
PS questions on SD - http://gmatclub.com/forum/ps-questions- ... 85897.html
DS questions on SD - http://gmatclub.com/forum/lately-many-q ... 85896.html

Bunuel can you please elaborate on second statement you say " So, we have that $$m-x_i=2$$, since N=20 then we know everything to calculate the standard deviation. Sufficient."

but the question is asking if SD the set of measurements x1, x2, x3, x4, ..., x20 less than 3 ?[/b]

$$standard \ deviation= \sqrt{variance} = \sqrt{\frac{\sum(m-x_i)^2}{N}}$$.

(2) says that $$m-x_i=2$$, so $$standard \ deviation= \sqrt{variance} = \sqrt{\frac{2^2+2^2+...+2^2}{20}}=\sqrt{\frac{20*2^2}{20}}=2$$.
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Re: Is the standard deviation of the set of measurements x1, x2, x3, x4, .  [#permalink]

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Abhi077 wrote:
Is the standard deviation of the set of measurements
x1, x2, x3, x4, . . ., x20 less than 3 ?
(1) The variance for the set of measurements is 4.
(2) For each measurement, the difference between
the mean (of all 20 measurements) and that measurement is 2.

$$L = \left\{ {{x_1}\,,\,\,{x_2}\,,\,\,{x_3}\,,\,\,\, \ldots \,\,\,,\,\,{x_{20}}} \right\}$$

$${\sigma _L} = \sigma \,\,\mathop < \limits^? \,\,3$$

$$\left( 1 \right)\,\,\,{\sigma ^{\,2}} = 4\,\,\,\,\,\mathop \Rightarrow \limits^{\sigma \,\, \geqslant \,\,0} \,\,\,\,\sigma \,\, = \,\,2\,\,\,\,\, \Rightarrow \,\,\,\,\,\,\left\langle {{\text{YES}}} \right\rangle$$

$$\left( 2 \right)\,\,\,\left| {{x_k} - \mu } \right| = 2\,\,\,,\,\,\,\,1 \leqslant k \leqslant 20\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\, \Rightarrow \,\,\,\,\,\,\,{\sigma ^{\,2}} = \,\,\,\frac{1}{{20}}\,\, \cdot \,\,\sum\limits_{k = 1}^{20} {\,\,{{\left( {\left| {{x_k} - \mu } \right|} \right)}^2}\,\,\, = } \,\,\,\frac{1}{{20}}\left( {20 \cdot 4} \right)\,\,\, = 4$$

Hence $$\,\,\, \left( 2 \right)\,\,\,\,\, \Rightarrow \,\,\,\,\left( 1 \right)\,\,\,\,\,\, \Rightarrow \,\,\,\,\,\,\left\langle {{\text{YES}}} \right\rangle \,\,\,\,$$

The correct answer is therefore (D).

This solution follows the notations and rationale taught in the GMATH method.

Regards,
Fabio.
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Re: Is the standard deviation of the set of measurements x1, x2,  [#permalink]

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_________________ Re: Is the standard deviation of the set of measurements x1, x2,   [#permalink] 03 Nov 2019, 10:16
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