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Isotopes in the recently excavated bones of a 14-year-old girl from th

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Isotopes in the recently excavated bones of a 14-year-old girl from th  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 12 Oct 2018, 00:59
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A
B
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Question Stats:

17% (01:30) correct 83% (01:32) wrong based on 2716 sessions

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Isotopes in the recently excavated bones of a 14-year-old girl from the Jamestown archaeological site indicate that she had eaten a high-protein diet, so was probably the daughter of a gentleman, not a maidservant.


(A) that she had eaten a high-protein diet, so was probably the daughter of a gentleman, not a maidservant

(B) that she ate a high protein diet, so probably had been the daughter of a gentleman, and not a maidservant

(C) that she had eaten a high protein diet, so was probably the daughter of a gentleman, and not a maidservant’s

(D) she ate a high-protein diet, so was probably the daughter of a gentleman, and had not been a maidservant

(E) she had eaten a high-protein diet, thereby had probably been the daughter of a gentleman, not a maidservant’s


Spoiler: :: article
https://www.nytimes.com/2013/05/02/science/evidence-of-cannibalism-found-at-jamestown-site.html

The girl’s remains were discovered last summer in a refuse dump containing horse and dog bones. From the state of her molars, she is judged to have been 14 years old. Isotopes in her bones indicate that she had eaten a high-protein diet, so she was probably not a maidservant but the daughter of a gentleman.

The easiest way to eliminate several possibilities in this problem is to focus on the overall structure at the end. The logical meaning is: she had eaten a high protein diet, so was probably was this type of person, not this type person.

It is illogical to say that she was this type of person, AND not this type of person (as if she was both – a person and not a person?). For instance you say: John bought a VW, not a Toyota.

You would not say: John bought a VW, and not a Toyota (which means he bought a VW and bought “not a Toyota”

While there are other errors to consider in (B), (C) they are both wrong for this reason.

(D) delivers an illogical timeline and tacks on the random “she had not been a maidservant” at the end, which means she did something before she was a daughter.

(E) also has illogical past perfect after thereby and incorrectly uses the possessive at the end, creating a structure that is not parallel.

Only (A) correctly conveys the logical meaning and uses the proper structures required by the sentence.

Originally posted by vibhav on 28 Jul 2013, 08:58.
Last edited by Bunuel on 12 Oct 2018, 00:59, edited 3 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: Isotopes in the recently excavated bones of a 14-year-old girl from th  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jul 2013, 18:09
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crackgmat13 wrote:
after reporting verb 'that' is required. So not sure whether the answer makes sense..


Hi crackgmat13
Welcome to Gmatclub!

You're right, after reporting verb, that is required. But, "indicate" is not reporting verb. You may think "indicate that" is correct, because you see this idiom more often. However, after verbs such as say, tell, think, believe, indicate, etc..."that" is OPTIONAL.

For example: the high fever indicates a serious problem.

Hope it helps.
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Isotopes in the recently excavated bones of a 14-year-old girl from th  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jul 2013, 11:55
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VERITAS PREP OFFICIAL EXPLANATION:



Solution: A

Explanation: The easiest way to eliminate several possibilities in this problem is to focus on the overall structure at the end. The logical meaning is: she had eaten a high protein diet, so was probably was this type of person, not this type person. It is illogical to say that she was this type of person, AND not this type of person (as if she was both - a person and not a person?). For instance you say: John bought a VW, not a Toyota. You would not say: John bought a VW, and not a Toyota (which means he bought a VW and bought “not a Toyota” While there are other errors to consider in (B), (C) they are both wrong for this reason. (D) delivers an illogical timeline and tacks on the random “she had not been a maidservant” at the end, which means she did something before she was a daughter. (E) also has illogical past perfect after thereby and incorrectly uses the possessive at the end, creating a structure that is not parallel. Only (A) correctly conveys the logical meaning and uses the proper structures required by the sentence.
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Re: Isotopes in the recently excavated bones of a 14-year-old girl from th  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jul 2013, 17:59
after reporting verb 'that' is required. So not sure whether the answer makes sense..
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Re: Isotopes in the recently excavated bones of a 14-year-old girl from  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 18 Jun 2018, 21:30
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Isotopes in the recently excavated bones of a 14-year-old girl from the Jamestown archaeological site indicate
Quote:
she had eaten a high-protein diet, so was probably the daughter of a gentleman, not a maidservant.


A) She had eaten a high-protein diet, so was probably the daughter of a gentleman, not a maidservant.
B) that she ate a high protein diet, so probably had been the daughter of a gentleman, and not a maidservant.
C) that she had eaten a high protein diet, so was probably the daughter of a gentleman, and not a maidservant’s.
D) she ate a high-protein diet, so was probably the daughter of a gentleman, and had not been a maidservant.
E) she had eaten a high-protein diet, thereby had probably been the daughter of a gentleman, not a maidservant’s


This question raises many an eyebrow.

First: the original text looks more like a fused sentence rather than a formal one.
To wit:
IC 1. Isotopes in the recently excavated bones of a 14-year-old girl from the Jamestown archaeological site indicate
IC 2. She had eaten a high-protein diet, so was probably the daughter of a man, not a maidservant.

The all-important conjunction 'that' in the text is missing. This may be okay in a conversation but not in the rigid GMAT SC.
Second: Whenever you compare two identities, you must compare two, structurally and more importantly, logically parallel ones. The comparison between a fourteen-year-old daughter of a man and a maidservant is not convincing. (Did they allow 14 -year olds as a maidservant in those days?)
The rational comparison should have been between the well-fed daughter of a man and a poorly- fed daughter of a maidservant.

Third: Gentlemanliness may be attributive to courteous behavior, but is it also correlated to rich diet?
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Originally posted by daagh on 17 Jun 2018, 09:31.
Last edited by daagh on 18 Jun 2018, 21:30, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Isotopes in the recently excavated bones of a 14-year-old girl from th  [#permalink]

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New post 25 May 2019, 21:26
Why option B is not correct..??

I think, the usage of past perfect in option A is not correct and that is why I went for B.

Kindly guide me why B can be eliminated and how usage of "had eaten" in option A is correct..

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Re: Isotopes in the recently excavated bones of a 14-year-old girl from th  [#permalink]

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New post 26 May 2019, 05:13
daagh wrote:
Isotopes in the recently excavated bones of a 14-year-old girl from the Jamestown archaeological site indicate
Quote:
she had eaten a high-protein diet, so was probably the daughter of a gentleman, not a maidservant.


A) She had eaten a high-protein diet, so was probably the daughter of a gentleman, not a maidservant.
B) that she ate a high protein diet, so probably had been the daughter of a gentleman, and not a maidservant.
C) that she had eaten a high protein diet, so was probably the daughter of a gentleman, and not a maidservant’s.
D) she ate a high-protein diet, so was probably the daughter of a gentleman, and had not been a maidservant.
E) she had eaten a high-protein diet, thereby had probably been the daughter of a gentleman, not a maidservant’s


This question raises many an eyebrow.

First: the original text looks more like a fused sentence rather than a formal one.
To wit:
IC 1. Isotopes in the recently excavated bones of a 14-year-old girl from the Jamestown archaeological site indicate
IC 2. She had eaten a high-protein diet, so was probably the daughter of a man, not a maidservant.

The all-important conjunction 'that' in the text is missing. This may be okay in a conversation but not in the rigid GMAT SC.
Second: Whenever you compare two identities, you must compare two, structurally and more importantly, logically parallel ones. The comparison between a fourteen-year-old daughter of a man and a maidservant is not convincing. (Did they allow 14 -year olds as a maidservant in those days?)
The rational comparison should have been between the well-fed daughter of a man and a poorly- fed daughter of a maidservant.

Third: Gentlemanliness may be attributive to courteous behavior, but is it also correlated to rich diet?


I do not understand why past perfect tense "had been" is used in the correct answer.
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Isotopes in the recently excavated bones of a 14-year-old girl from th  [#permalink]

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New post 26 May 2019, 06:42
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Ketakindu123 wrote:
daagh wrote:
Isotopes in the recently excavated bones of a 14-year-old girl from the Jamestown archaeological site indicate
Quote:
she had eaten a high-protein diet, so was probably the daughter of a gentleman, not a maidservant.


A) She had eaten a high-protein diet, so was probably the daughter of a gentleman, not a maidservant.
B) that she ate a high protein diet, so probably had been the daughter of a gentleman, and not a maidservant.
C) that she had eaten a high protein diet, so was probably the daughter of a gentleman, and not a maidservant’s.
D) she ate a high-protein diet, so was probably the daughter of a gentleman, and had not been a maidservant.
E) she had eaten a high-protein diet, thereby had probably been the daughter of a gentleman, not a maidservant’s


This question raises many an eyebrow.

First: the original text looks more like a fused sentence rather than a formal one.
To wit:
IC 1. Isotopes in the recently excavated bones of a 14-year-old girl from the Jamestown archaeological site indicate
IC 2. She had eaten a high-protein diet, so was probably the daughter of a man, not a maidservant.

The all-important conjunction 'that' in the text is missing. This may be okay in a conversation but not in the rigid GMAT SC.
Second: Whenever you compare two identities, you must compare two, structurally and more importantly, logically parallel ones. The comparison between a fourteen-year-old daughter of a man and a maidservant is not convincing. (Did they allow 14 -year olds as a maidservant in those days?)
The rational comparison should have been between the well-fed daughter of a man and a poorly- fed daughter of a maidservant.

Third: Gentlemanliness may be attributive to courteous behavior, but is it also correlated to rich diet?


I do not understand why past perfect tense "had been" is used in the correct answer.


Did you mean "why 'had been' not used in the correct option, which is A"?

Thanks =KUDOS
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Re: Isotopes in the recently excavated bones of a 14-year-old girl from th  [#permalink]

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New post 26 May 2019, 06:55
Hi, can you please provide an explanation for the answer. Also, i went for option B, so will you also offer an explanation of what makes this option an incorrect answer choice.
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Re: Isotopes in the recently excavated bones of a 14-year-old girl from th  [#permalink]

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New post 26 May 2019, 15:20
rupeshnverbal wrote:

Did you mean "why 'had been' not used in the correct option, which is A"?

Thanks =KUDOS


Sorry, I mean "had eaten" in option A
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Re: Isotopes in the recently excavated bones of a 14-year-old girl from th  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Aug 2019, 03:06
Hi,

I am confused. How is Option A correct? It says indicated "that". As I understand, it should be indicated she had eaten....
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Re: Isotopes in the recently excavated bones of a 14-year-old girl from th   [#permalink] 10 Aug 2019, 03:06
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