GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 05 Dec 2019, 09:49

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

It is exceedingly difficult to make people realize that an evil is

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Find Similar Topics 
Senior RC Moderator
User avatar
V
Joined: 02 Nov 2016
Posts: 4554
GPA: 3.39
It is exceedingly difficult to make people realize that an evil is  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 09 Oct 2019, 23:19
1
1
Question 1
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

based on 79 sessions

8% (02:36) correct 92% (03:28) wrong

HideShow timer Statistics

Question 2
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

based on 81 sessions

53% (00:51) correct 47% (01:30) wrong

HideShow timer Statistics

Question 3
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

based on 73 sessions

27% (01:17) correct 73% (01:10) wrong

HideShow timer Statistics

Question 4
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

based on 70 sessions

26% (00:42) correct 74% (01:01) wrong

HideShow timer Statistics

It is exceedingly difficult to make people realize that an evil is an evil. For instance, we seize a man and deliberately do him a malicious injury: say, imprison him for years. One would not suppose that it needed any exceptional clearness of wit to recognize in this an act of diabolical cruelty. But in England such a recognition provokes a stare of surprise, followed by an explanation that the outrage is punishment or justice or something else that is all right, or perhaps by a heated attempt to argue that we should all be robbed and murdered in our beds if such senseless villainies as sentences of imprisonment were not committed daily. It is useless to argue that even if this were true, which it is not, the alternative to adding crimes of our own to the crimes from which we suffer is not helpless submission. Chickenpox is an evil; but if I were to declare that we must either submit to it or else repress it by seizing everyone who suffers from it and punishing them by inoculation with smallpox, I should be laughed at; for thought nobody could deny that the result would be to prevent chickenpox to some extent by making people avoid it much more carefully, and to effect a further apparent prevention by making them conceal it very anxiously, yet people would have sense enough to see that the deliberate propagation of smallpox was a creation of evil, and must therefore be ruled out in favor of purely humane and hygienic measures.

Yet in the precisely parallel case of a man breaking into my house and stealing my diamonds I am expected as a matter of course to steal ten years of his life. If he tries to defeat that monstrous retaliation by shooting me, my survivors hang him. The net result suggested by the police statistics is that we inflict atrocious injuries on the burglars we catch in order to make the rest take effectual precautions against detection; so that instead of saving our diamonds from burglary we only greatly decrease our chances of ever getting them back, and increase our chances of being shot by the robber. But the thoughtless wickedness with which we scatter sentences of imprisonment is as nothing compared to the stupid levity with which we tolerate poverty as if it were either a wholesome tonic for lazy people or else a virtue to be embraced as St. Francis embraced it. If a man is indolent, let him be poor. If he is drunken, let him be poor. If he is not a gentleman, let him be poor. If he is addicted to the fine arts or to pure science instead of to trade and finance, let him be poor. If he chooses to spend his wages on his beer and his family instead of saving it up for his old age, let him be poor. Let nothing be done for "the undeserving": let him be poor. Serve him right! Also -- somewhat inconsistently blessed are the poor!
1. The passage is most probably intended to

A. serve as an introduction to a more detailed discussion of poverty
B. censure imprisonment as a punitive measure
C. analyze the possible repercussions of social evils
D. continue a prior discussion of strong measures against social evils
E. make people recognize social evils in the face of deliberate obfuscation


2. It can be inferred from the passage that the author would agree with all the following except

A. most people don't realize that by punishing offenders they are surrendering themselves to the vicious cycle of crime and punishment
B. sentences of imprisonment have little success in reducing the crime rate in society
C. it would be ridiculous to inoculate people suffering from chicken pox with small pox
D. if criminals were not strongly punished for their misdeeds there would be no law and order in society
E. tolerating poverty is at least as bad as inflicting punishments on criminals


3. The authors argument about imprisonment would be most weakened by showing that

A. imprisonment is not widely regarded as an act of cruelty
B. chicken pox and burglary are not analogous evils
C. imprisonment does not cause malicious injury
D. sentences of imprisonment are given increasingly rarely
E. a burglar who commits murder in self defense would not be hanged


4. The author apparently believes that people at the time he wrote the passage were

A. inclined to consider poverty a social evil
B. anxious to take the right steps to ensure an orderly society
C. too ready to judge other people unfairly
D. inconsistent in their attitude to poverty
E. in favor of unusually harsh punishment of all offenders



Adapted from the introduction to Major Barbara, G B Shaw (1907)

Source: Www.MajorTests.Com
Difficulty Level: 700

_________________

Originally posted by SajjadAhmad on 03 Feb 2017, 06:11.
Last edited by SajjadAhmad on 09 Oct 2019, 23:19, edited 4 times in total.
Updated - Complete topic (895).
Manager
Manager
avatar
S
Joined: 17 Apr 2016
Posts: 79
Re: It is exceedingly difficult to make people realize that an evil is  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Feb 2017, 00:22
Tough one to understand. Need OE's for each question. Experts please help
Senior RC Moderator
User avatar
V
Joined: 02 Nov 2016
Posts: 4554
GPA: 3.39
Re: It is exceedingly difficult to make people realize that an evil is  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Feb 2017, 00:26
1
adityapareshshah wrote:
Tough one to understand. Need OE's for each question. Experts please help


Q. 1 OE

Explanation: OA A

The structure of the passage is important. The author starts with a general statement about its being difficult to get people to recognize an evil. He goes on to say for instance and then talks about imprisonment. His last paragraph starts with the word but and introduces the idea of poverty as something we tolerate. He would probably go on to show how poverty is an evil that we dont recognize, but ought to do something about.
_________________
Senior RC Moderator
User avatar
V
Joined: 02 Nov 2016
Posts: 4554
GPA: 3.39
Re: It is exceedingly difficult to make people realize that an evil is  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Feb 2019, 07:40
1
Official Explanation


1. The passage is most probably intended to

Explanation

The structure of the passage is important. The author starts with a general statement about its being difficult to get people to recognize an evil. He goes on to say for instance and then talks about imprisonment. His last paragraph starts with the word but and introduces the idea of poverty as something we tolerate. He would probably go on to show how poverty is an evil that we don't recognize, but ought to do something about.

ANSWER: A


2. It can be inferred from the passage that the author would agree with all the following except

Explanation

The author apparently believes that there is an alternative to imprisonment and therefore does not think that law and order would break down in the absence of strong punishment.

ANSWER: D


3. The authors argument about imprisonment would be most weakened by showing that

Explanation

The author makes his case mainly by recourse to discussion of a way of preventing chicken pox which he describes as closely parallel to our response to burglary. If the type of evil that chickenpox represents is not at all similar (analogous) to the evil that burglary represents, his case falls flat.

ANSWER: B


4. The author apparently believes that people at the time he wrote the passage were

Explanation

The last sentence tells us that the words inconsistent is appropriate. (The poor are both undeserving and blessed.)

ANSWER: D


Hope it Helps
_________________
GMAT Club Bot
Re: It is exceedingly difficult to make people realize that an evil is   [#permalink] 21 Feb 2019, 07:40
Display posts from previous: Sort by

It is exceedingly difficult to make people realize that an evil is

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  





Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne