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# It is generally believed that an Indian tribe known as “The

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Intern
Joined: 13 Feb 2018
Posts: 12
Re: It is generally believed that an Indian tribe known as “The  [#permalink]

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01 Aug 2018, 12:03
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skamal7 wrote:
It is generally believed that an Indian tribe known as “The Red Paint People” first occupied the coast of Maine in approximately 3000 B.C. This name was given to the Indians because their graves contained quantities of a red pigment (iron ochre) that they presumably used to decorate their faces and bodies. However, recently discovered Indian grave sites on the coast of Maine that contain these same red pigments have been conclusively dated to 4000 B.C. Therefore, the “Red Paint People” must have occupied the coast of Maine much earlier than archaeologists previously believed.

In the argument above, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

(A) The first is a commonly held belief that the argument seeks to refute; the second is evidence used in that refutation.

(B) The first is a generalization that the argument accepts as true; the second is the main conclusion of the argument.

(C) The first is evidence used to support a conclusion that the argument opposes; the second is the main conclusion of the argument.

(D) The first is a conclusion that is generally accepted as true; the second is a conclusion that refutes it.

(E) The first is an intermediate conclusion that is generally accepted as true; the second is the main conclusion of the argument.

I understand that the first Boldface is not an evidence. However, i fail to understand why it is termed as a conclusion. Shouldn't it be a premise, since the entire argument is built up on the first BF? Please help!
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Joined: 03 Dec 2018
Posts: 169
Re: It is generally believed that an Indian tribe known as “The  [#permalink]

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26 Mar 2019, 03:19

How is first BF a conclusion? Isn't it a belief or generalization that argument seeks to oppose??
Intern
Joined: 20 May 2019
Posts: 19
Location: United States
Schools: Jones '21 (M\$)
Re: It is generally believed that an Indian tribe known as “The  [#permalink]

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07 Jun 2019, 14:25
How can we determine that the first sentence is a conclusion? The "why" test doesn't work here.
Manager
Joined: 04 Jun 2017
Posts: 109
Location: India
Concentration: Strategy, Operations
GMAT 1: 500 Q39 V20
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Re: It is generally believed that an Indian tribe known as “The  [#permalink]

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07 Jun 2019, 20:52

A) The first is a commonly held belief that the argument seeks to refute; the second is evidence used in that refutation.
Wrong. Because it starts with “therefore”, the second part is a conclusion, not evidence.

B) The first is a generalization that the argument accepts as true; the second is the main conclusion of the argument.
Wrong. SHELL GAME. The first is a generalization that archeaologists believed to be true, not the argument accepts as true. The argument actually refutes the archeaologists’ belief.

C) The first is evidence used to support a conclusion that the argument opposes; the second is the main conclusion of the argument.
Wrong. The first is not an evidence, it’s a conclusion because it starts with “it is generally believed that….”.

D) The first is a conclusion that is generally accepted as true; the second is a conclusion that refutes it.
IMO, Correct. The first is a conclusion that the second tries to refute. The second is the main conclusion of the argument.

- Read 1 st boldface than follwing argument (judge from this paragraph that following argument support the 1st boldface]
- Now Read 2nd argument which includes 1st boldface items also and now 2nd boldface exactly refuting 1st bold face]

E) The first is an intermediate conclusion that is generally accepted as true; the second is the main conclusion of the argument.
Wrong. If the first is an intermediate conclusion, the second is main conclusion. Logically, the first should support the second, but it does not.

Waiting for OA.
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Re: It is generally believed that an Indian tribe known as “The   [#permalink] 07 Jun 2019, 20:52

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