GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 21 Oct 2019, 08:08

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Letter to the editor: The Senate recently voted to keep the estate tax

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Find Similar Topics 
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 04 Jan 2008
Posts: 101
Letter to the editor: The Senate recently voted to keep the estate tax  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Sep 2008, 01:06
4
10
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  75% (hard)

Question Stats:

55% (02:08) correct 45% (02:13) wrong based on 522 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

Letter to the editor: The Senate recently voted to keep the estate tax, a levy imposed on the transfer of property of the estate of a deceased person to a living person or organization. The primary argument in favor of the estate tax is that it is a necessary component of a system of progressive taxation. Not only is this argument faulty, but the estate tax is also lousy for the economy. Primarily, the estate tax directly penalizes savings and investment, two activities that are vital to create and sustain jobs. Furthermore, the estate tax undermines a strong work ethic by devaluing the link between work and reward.

In the letter to the editor, the two sections in boldface play which of the following roles?

(A) The first is a fact in support of the author’s position; the second is that position.

(B) The first is a consideration that the author argues is irrelevant; the second is a consideration in support of the author’s argument.

(C) The first is an assumption that contradicts the author’s position; the second is a premise in support of the author’s position.

(D) The first is a conclusion that stands in opposition to the author’s position; the second is the author’s position.

(E) The first is a premise that clarifies the author’s position; the second is a prediction that the author believes will hold true.
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 12 Feb 2008
Posts: 126
Re: Letter to the editor: The Senate recently voted to keep the estate tax  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Sep 2008, 07:13
1
I would go with C as well.
I dont think the first one is a conclusion. it is more likely a premise.
what is the oa?
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 04 Jan 2008
Posts: 101
Re: Letter to the editor: The Senate recently voted to keep the estate tax  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Sep 2008, 22:26
OA is D

The author believes that the estate tax has a detrimental effect on the economy. This opinion, which is conveyed in the second boldface portion, stands in contrast to the opinion of estate tax proponents (that it is a necessary component of a progressive taxation system).

(A) The first boldface portion is not a fact but an opinion cited by those in favor of the estate tax. The second boldface portion is, in fact, the author’s position that the estate tax is lousy for the economy.

(B) The author disagrees with the first boldface portion but does not argue that it is irrelevant. The second boldface portion is the author’s position itself, rather than a consideration in support of this position.

(C) The first boldface portion is not an assumption but a conclusion in favor of the estate tax. The second boldface portion is the author’s position itself, rather than a premise in support of this position.

(D) CORRECT. The first boldface portion is a conclusion in favor of the estate tax, a position that is in opposition to the author’s position. The second boldface portion is the author’s position that the estate tax is lousy for the economy.

(E) The first boldface portion does not clarify the author’s position; instead, it opposes the author’s position. The second boldface portion is not a prediction but the author’s conclusion concerning the estate tax.
Intern
Intern
avatar
S
Joined: 21 Jun 2015
Posts: 43
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, General Management
GMAT 1: 660 Q50 V30
GPA: 3.32
WE: Programming (Computer Software)
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: Letter to the editor: The Senate recently voted to keep the estate tax  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Sep 2017, 08:55
1
dancinggeometry wrote:
Letter to the editor: The Senate recently voted to keep the estate tax, a levy imposed on the transfer of property of the estate of a deceased person to a living person or organization. The primary argument in favor of the estate tax is that it is a necessary component of a system of progressive taxation. Not only is this argument faulty, but the estate tax is also lousy for the economy. Primarily, the estate tax directly penalizes savings and investment, two activities that are vital to create and sustain jobs. Furthermore, the estate tax undermines a strong work ethic by devaluing the link between work and reward.

In the letter to the editor, the two sections in boldface play which of the following roles?

(A) The first is a fact in support of the author’s position; the second is that position.
(B) The first is a consideration that the author argues is irrelevant; the second is a consideration in support of the author’s argument.
(C) The first is an assumption that contradicts the author’s position; the second is a premise in support of the author’s position.
(D) The first is a conclusion that stands in opposition to the author’s position; the second is the author’s position.
(E) The first is a premise that clarifies the author’s position; the second is a prediction that the author believes will hold true.


The best way to solve these kinds of questions is by naming each sentence as a fact or an opinion. Both the underlined parts are opinions. Check for the author's conclusion. D is the answer
Manager
Manager
User avatar
B
Joined: 30 Apr 2017
Posts: 58
Re: Letter to the editor: The Senate recently voted to keep the estate tax  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Oct 2017, 15:01
how the first boldface is conclusion??
can someone explain please?
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
G
Status: Countdown Begins...
Joined: 03 Jul 2016
Posts: 277
Location: India
Concentration: Technology, Strategy
Schools: IIMB
GMAT 1: 580 Q48 V22
GPA: 3.7
WE: Information Technology (Consulting)
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge
Re: Letter to the editor: The Senate recently voted to keep the estate tax  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 31 Oct 2017, 10:31
Expert, please explain how the first bold face is a conclusion..
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 02 Jul 2016
Posts: 125
Re: Letter to the editor: The Senate recently voted to keep the estate tax  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 May 2019, 12:36
Can someone please explain how BF1 is a conclusion??Also what is a consideration in BF
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 26 Sep 2017
Posts: 73
Re: Letter to the editor: The Senate recently voted to keep the estate tax  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 May 2019, 09:05
can someone please explain how to find conclusion from this argument.?
Manager
Manager
User avatar
G
Joined: 21 Jul 2018
Posts: 177
Location: United States
Concentration: General Management, Social Entrepreneurship
Letter to the editor: The Senate recently voted to keep the estate tax  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 May 2019, 15:34
1
jrk23 wrote:
can someone please explain how to find conclusion from this argument.?


jrk23 Which part tripped you up? Do you know the difference between a premise and counter premise? It's also important to know who's speaking.

Letter to the editor: The Senate recently voted to keep the estate tax, a levy imposed on the transfer of property of the estate of a deceased person to a living person or organization. The primary argument in favor of the estate tax is that it is a necessary component of a system of progressive taxation. Not only is this argument faulty, but the estate tax is also lousy for the economy. Primarily, the estate tax directly penalizes savings and investment, two activities that are vital to create and sustain jobs. Furthermore, the estate tax undermines a strong work ethic by devaluing the link between work and reward.

Notes
(CP?) Senate vote keep estate tax
(CP?) Senate says: necessary for prog. taxation
(C) Author: Senate argument faulty and tax bad for econ.
(P) tax penalise savings + inv.
(AP) tax weakens work ethic incentives

Analysis and Pre-Phrasing
To solve bold face questions, it is important to know who’s speaking. In this case, this stimulus is framed as a “letter to the editor”, implying that the author has an alternative position or differing opinion than what was stated by the editor’s article.

The author of this letter begins by giving context about the news regarding the Senate vote on the estate tax. The author mentions that the Senate’s argument (or claim) is that the estate tax “is a necessary component of a system of progressive taxation.” This is clearly the main claim of Senate (and likely the Senate's conclusion).

In the following sentence, the author of the letter expresses his disagreement with the Senate’s argument, claiming that its argument is “faulty” and that the tax is “lousy for the economy.” Knowing that this is the author’s conclusion helps us determine that the prior sentences are counter premises. The author then support his conclusion with two reasons: 1) the tax penalises savings and investment and 2) undermines strong work ethic. How do we know that the second bold face is the conclusion? Because we can use the 2 reasons the author presents to support the conclusion that the Senate’s argument is faulty and lousy for the economy.

As we begin to pre-think, we can be certain that:
- The first bold-face is clearly an opinion/claim (of the Senate).
- The second bold-face is another opinion/claim/conclusion (of the author of the letter).
- In relation to each other, the first and second bold-face are on “opposite” sides.

In the letter to the editor, the two sections in boldface play which of the following roles?

(A) The first is a fact in support of the author’s position; the second is that position.
The first is clearly not a fact!

(B) The first is a consideration that the author argues is irrelevant; the second is a consideration in support of the author’s argument.
Hmmm, if the first is an opinion, can it be a consideration? I suppose. Does the author argue that the consideration is irrelevant? No…the author never makes any (argumentative?) commentary about the Senate’s primary argument. Instead, the author brings up two other factors that he thinks the Senate did not consider. Also, the second bold-face is not a consideration! It’s definitely a conclusion.

(C) The first is an assumption that contradicts the author’s position; the second is a premise in support of the author’s position.
The first bold-face is definitely not an assumption. The second is NOT a premise. The premise supporting the author's conclusion/position are the last two sentences ("Primarily, the estate tax directly penalises...").

(D) The first is a conclusion that stands in opposition to the author’s position; the second is the author’s position.
Is the first a conclusion? Yes it is - at least for the Senate. Does it oppose the author’s position? Yes! Is the second bold-face the author’s position? Yes! Bingo!

(E) The first is a premise that clarifies the author’s position; the second is a prediction that the author believes will hold true.
The first could be a premise…but it does not “clarif[y] the author’s position.” In fact, it opposes the author! Also, the first is more likely to be a conclusion since it represents the Senate's main claim about estate taxes.

_________________
.
"What you do in practice determines your level of success. I used to tell my players: You have to give 100% everyday. Whatever you don't give, you can't make it up tomorrow."
GMAT Club Bot
Letter to the editor: The Senate recently voted to keep the estate tax   [#permalink] 28 May 2019, 15:34
Display posts from previous: Sort by

Letter to the editor: The Senate recently voted to keep the estate tax

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  





Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne