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It is true that unionized women earn, on average, more than a third mo

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It is true that unionized women earn, on average, more than a third mo  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Aug 2018, 02:30
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It is true that unionized women earn, on average, more than a third more than nonunionized women do. But the unionized women work in industries where wages happen to be high, their nonunionized counterparts in these industries earn about as much as they do. Therefore unionization does not raise women’s wages.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument above?


(A) Besides wage increases, unions bargain for benefits such as medical insurance and workplace safety.

(B) The most highly paid women are in executive positions, which are not unionized.

(C) Wages in many industries vary from one part of the country to another, regardless of whether workers are unionized or not.

(D) Nonunionized women in an industry often receive income increases as a result of increases won by unions representing women who work for other employers in the same industry.

(E) The unionization of women who work for one employer in a given industry frequently prompts the unionization of women who work for other employers in the same industry.

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Re: It is true that unionized women earn, on average, more than a third mo  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Aug 2018, 03:07
Premise - unionized women work in industries where wages happen to be high, their nonunionized counterparts in these industries earn about as much as they do. Conclusion - unionization does not raise women’s wages.

(A) Besides wage increases, unions bargain for benefits such as medical insurance and workplace safety. - irrelevant.

(B) The most highly paid women are in executive positions, which are not unionized. - irrelevant.

(C) Wages in many industries vary from one part of the country to another, regardless of whether workers are unionized or not. - irrelevant.

(D) Nonunionized women in an industry often receive income increases as a result of increases won by unions representing women who work for other employers in the same industry. - Weakens. Correct.

(E) The unionization of women who work for one employer in a given industry frequently prompts the unionization of women who work for other employers in the same industry.[/quote] - irrelevant. Does not relate to increase in wages.

Answer D.
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Re: It is true that unionized women earn, on average, more than a third mo  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Aug 2018, 04:25
It is true that unionized women earn, on average, more than a third more than nonunionized women do. But the unionized women work in industries where wages happen to be high, their nonunionized counterparts in these industries earn about as much as they do. Therefore unionization does not raise women’s wages.

Conclusion : unionization is not responsible for pay rise for women.
We need to weaken this conclusion by proving unionization is responsible for pay rise


(D) Nonunionized women in an industry often receive income increases as a result of increases won by unions representing women who work for other employers in the same industry.
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Re: It is true that unionized women earn, on average, more than a third mo  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Aug 2018, 05:46
Bunuel wrote:
It is true that unionized women earn, on average, more than a third more than nonunionized women do. But the unionized women work in industries where wages happen to be high, their nonunionized counterparts in these industries earn about as much as they do. Therefore unionization does not raise women’s wages.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument above?

IMO D

(A) Besides wage increases, unions bargain for benefits such as medical insurance and workplace safety. This is irrelevent. We are only concerned about the increase in wages due to unionization

(B) The most highly paid women are in executive positions, which are not unionized. Again irrelevent.

(C) Wages in many industries vary from one part of the country to another, regardless of whether workers are unionized or not.Opposite. It actually somewhat strengthens the conclusion

(D) Nonunionized women in an industry often receive income increases as a result of increases won by unions representing women who work for other employers in the same industry.Correct. This directly weakens the claim that unionization does not raise women’s wages.

(E) The unionization of women who work for one employer in a given industry frequently prompts the unionization of women who work for other employers in the same industry. Doesn't affect the conclusion. only concerned about the increase in wages due to unionization
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Re: It is true that unionized women earn, on average, more than a third mo &nbs [#permalink] 31 Aug 2018, 05:46
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