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It is unclear whether chimpanzees are unique among nonhuman

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It is unclear whether chimpanzees are unique among nonhuman species in  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 25 Aug 2017, 18:37
4
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18
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A
B
C
D
E

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It is unclear whether chimpanzees are unique among nonhuman species in their ability to learn behaviors from one another, or if, when other animals are studied in as much depth, similar patterns would be found.

(A) if, when other animals are studied in as much depth, similar patterns would be found.
(B) if other animals were studied with as much depth they would exhibit similar patterns.
(C) would similar patterns be found in other animals if they were studied in as much depth.
(D) whether similar patterns would be exhibited in other animals that were studied with as much depth.
(E) whether other animals would exhibit similar patterns if they were studied in as much depth.

Originally posted by nitinneha on 18 Mar 2007, 18:41.
Last edited by hazelnut on 25 Aug 2017, 18:37, edited 2 times in total.
Formatted the question.
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Re: GMAT Prep: Chimpanzees  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Aug 2010, 14:04
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I agree with seekmba and temp33-- the most efficient split on this one is "if" versus "whether." If you cut out the fat between the structure words you can see the parallel structure needed: "whether...or....whether." Parallelism is really powerful and one of the fastest ways to slice through a wordy question.

Additionally, the meaning difference between "whether" and "if" dictates you use "whether." This distinction definitely comes up on the exam. Here the parallelism helps you out but that clue might not always be present.

* "if" is used to expression a condition--Ex: I will catch a cold IF I don't wear my hat. (IF something happens--in this case me not wearing my hat-- a CONSEQUENCE will occur)

*"whether" is used to indicate alternatives--Ex: I don't know WHETHER I like that hat. (Either I like it or I don't)

In this case the correct answer contains both "if" and "whether." The condition ("if they were studied") has two possible consequences--the other animals may exhibit similar patterns, or they may not. These alternatives are correctly shown by the usage of "whether.")
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It is unclear whether chimpanzees are unique among nonhuman  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Aug 2010, 12:27
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It is unclear whether chimpanzees are unique among nonhuman species in their ability to learn behaviors from one another, or if, when other animals are studied in as much depth, similar patterns would be found.
A. if, when other animals are studied in as much depth, similar patterns would be found
B. if other animals were studied with as much depth they would exhibit similar patterns
C. would similar patterns be found in other animals if they were studied in as much depth
D. whether similar patterns would be exhibited in other animals that were studied with as much depth
E. whether other animals would exhibit similar patterns if they were studied in as much depth
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Re: It is unclear whether chimpanzees are unique among nonhuman species in  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Mar 2007, 02:37
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Clear E

If is used to present a condition. Whether is used to when there are alternatives available (often with yes or no as answer)

So A and B are ruled out right away. C is also wrong as would has been incorrectly used.

D is passive, "studied with" is incorrect

So E
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Re: It is unclear whether chimpanzees are unique among nonhuman species in  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Mar 2007, 17:21
I agree with 'E', but just a doubt - Is 'whether.........or whether' a correct idiom?
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Re: It is unclear whether chimpanzees are unique among nonhuman species in  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Mar 2007, 18:42
GMAThopeful wrote:
Clear E

If is used to present a condition. Whether is used to when there are alternatives available (often with yes or no as answer)

So A and B are ruled out right away. C is also wrong as would has been incorrectly used.

D is passive, "studied with" is incorrect

So E


Now I can see why E is the answer considering parallelism. But why is the use of "would" in C wrong??

(SC probs posted here seem to be trickier than what I'm currently seeing in 1000 SC...I seldomly had problems with those... :? )
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Re: It is unclear whether chimpanzees are unique among nonhuman species in  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Mar 2007, 13:43
Whats OA?

I am leaning towards C.

E seems incorrect to me....it kinda indicates that studying more will make animals exhibit the patterns.

I mean patterns would be found upon in depth study...animals exhibit patterns even now (if they are to be found)
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Re: It is unclear whether chimpanzees are unique among nonhuman species in  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Mar 2007, 13:48
I read it again...I am quite sure now E is wrong. I doubt "whether ...or whether" is a idiom here..

If you read carefully first few word...

I think

Only unclear thing is "whether chimpanzees are unique". this is then supplemented by asking if indepth study of other animals would help clarify it.

If you use whether ...or whether then both things become unclear, which sounds wrong.
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Re: It is unclear whether chimpanzees are unique among nonhuman species in  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Mar 2007, 14:25
I would go with C on this one. It is not idiomatic to say "whether x or whether Y". It's always "whether X or Y". Only C satisfies this. The only problem with C is that it is in passive voice, but still grammatically correct.
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Re: It is unclear whether chimpanzees are unique among nonhuman species in  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Mar 2007, 16:36
:shock:

:evil:

Man I felt pretty good about C. darn.

I hate ENGLISH :wink:
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Re: GMAT Prep: Chimpanzees  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Aug 2010, 12:32
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If your answer is the right one, then kindly explain that what is the antecedent of "they"? "They" can refer to "patterns" and can also refer to "chimpanzees". Thanks in advance.
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Re: GMAT Prep: Chimpanzees  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Aug 2010, 03:08
They clearly refer to other animals. This is a parallel construct, the independent clause with other animals continue with the conditional statement .. if they...
Also the pronouns refer generally to the noun closest to them. You have to understand what is being said in the sentence and then figure out if the pronoun refers to the closest noun or not
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Re: GMAT Prep: Chimpanzees  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Aug 2010, 08:52
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It is unclear whether chimpanzees are unique...........or whether other animals would exhibit similar patterns --> parallel

It is unclear whether chimpanzees are unique among nonhuman species in their ability to learn behaviors from one another, or if, when other animals are studied in as much depth, similar patterns would be found.

A. if, when other animals are studied in as much depth, similar patterns would be found - if, when awkward
B. if other animals were studied with as much depth they would exhibit similar patterns - passive
C. would similar patterns be found in other animals if they were studied in as much depth - awkward
D. whether similar patterns would be exhibited in other animals that were studied with as much depth - passive
E. whether other animals would exhibit similar patterns if they were studied in as much depth - CORRECT
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Re: GMAT Prep: Chimpanzees  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Aug 2010, 09:19
IMO E...
parallelism.. whether chimpanzees ; whether other animals
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Re: GMAT Prep: Chimpanzees  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Aug 2010, 14:11
Oops almost forgot! Regarding the pronoun ambiguity Hussain15 mentioned--there is a little bit of wiggle room in terms of pronoun ambiguity on the GMAT. You want to stay as clear as possible, but here the power of parallelism not only dictates the structure of "whether chimpanzees...or whether other animals," but also points us in the right direction in terms of the antecedent for "they." "They" is in the subject position for its conditional clause ("THEY were studied")--the antecedent for "they" is also in the subject position ("OTHER ANIMALS would exhibit").
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Re: It is unclear whether chimpanzees are unique among nonhuman species in  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jul 2013, 07:55
E.


choice E is perfect. uses conditional statement "if they were" hypothetical situation

for eg. If i were a rich man..then blah blah blah
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Re: It is unclear whether chimpanzees are unique among nonhuman species in  [#permalink]

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New post 18 May 2014, 06:23
Clear comparison and parallelism question.
E is the best answer (except for the "if" near the end) Can someone verify whether "if" is used correctly in "E"?

Splits:
1)
DE: correct parallelism with the "whether" at the beginning
E has the proper comparison (chimps and animals)

2)
ACE: "in as much depth"; Correct idiom
BD: with as much depth"; Wrong idiom
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Re: It is unclear whether chimpanzees are unique among nonhuman  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jun 2014, 10:30
It is unclear whether chimpanzees are unique among nonhuman species in their ability to learn behaviors from one another, or if, when other animals are studied in as much depth, similar patterns would be found.

whether chimpanzees are unique or whether .......
whether should be used to make both parts parallel.
So A, B, and C are out

D. whether similar patterns would be exhibited in other animals that were studied with as much depth - Incorrect. Parallelism issue and passive voice seems to indicate that similar patterns would be exhibited in other animals by someone.

E. whether other animals would exhibit similar patterns if they were studied in as much depth - Correct
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It is unclear whether chimpanzees are unique among nonhuman  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Oct 2014, 00:18
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It is unclear whether chimpanzees are unique among nonhuman species in their ability to learn behaviors from one another, or if, when other animals are studied in as much depth, similar patterns would be found.

Split #1: Structure: It is unclear WHETHER ........... or WHETHER............
So, A, B, and C are out because they do not maintain parallel structure that is considered very important in GMAT. Please note that GMAT tests your logic and structure more than vocabulary.
A. if, when other animals are studied in as much depth, similar patterns would be found --> WRONG.
B. if other animals were studied with as much depth they would exhibit similar patterns --> WRONG.
C. would similar patterns be found in other animals if they were studied in as much depth --> WRONG.

Split #2: idiom: study in depth -OR- study with depth.
Definitely, the former is correct. It's awkward if you say "study something with depth".
Please note that: passive voice is NOT a true reason to eliminate options in GMAT. In fact, GMAT often tricks you by adding some subtle errors in active voice sentences.
D. whether similar patterns would be exhibited in other animals that were studied with as much depth --> WRONG.
E. whether other animals would exhibit similar patterns if they were studied in as much depth --> CORRECT.

Hope it helps.
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Re: It is unclear whether chimpanzees are unique among nonhuman  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Oct 2014, 02:46
Indeed, the usage of if vs whether is key to solving this question.

if is used for a conditional sentence, whereas whether is used when the intent is to depict a choice, an alternative or a possibility.

An example:

If the currency depreciates, exports receive a boost.
– This sentence has a conditional event being narrated and hence, the usage of if is appropriate.

After two successive cycles of recession, the question is whether the economy will finally improve.
– This sentence expresses uncertainty vis-à-vis economy’s fate, with two possible outcomes: Economy may or may not improve.

By the way, while it is not the case in this sentence, a handy recommendation is that when deciding on the usage of if/whether after a verb (for example, is) or a preposition, the usage of whether is appropriate (the question is whether....).

p.s. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses if vs whether, their application and examples in significant detail. If you can PM you email-id, I can send you the corresponding section.
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Re: It is unclear whether chimpanzees are unique among nonhuman   [#permalink] 31 Oct 2014, 02:46

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