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It seems likely that a number of astronomical phenomena, such as the

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It seems likely that a number of astronomical phenomena, such as the  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Mar 2011, 23:14
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A
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C
D
E

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It seems likely that a number of astronomical phenomena, such as the formation of planetary nebulas, may be caused by the interaction where two stars orbit each other at close range.

(A) may be caused by the interaction where two stars orbit each other

(B) may be caused by the interaction between two stars that each orbit the other

(C) are because of the interaction between two stars that orbit each other

(D) are caused by the interaction of two stars where each is orbiting the other

(E) are caused by the interaction of two stars orbiting each other
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It seems likely that a number of astronomical phenomena, such as the  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Aug 2013, 09:22
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It seems likely that a number of astronomical phenomena, such as the formation of planetary nebulas, may be caused by the interaction where two stars orbit each other at close range.

A. may be caused by the interaction where two stars orbit each other
Wrong.
- Likely + may ==> redundant.
- "where" modifies "the interaction" incorrectly ==> should be "the interaction in which....."

B. may be caused by the interaction between two stars that each orbit the other
Wrong.
- Likely + may ==> redundant.
- "that each orbit the other" is not grammatical ==> should be "that orbit each other".

C. are because of the interaction between two stars that orbit each other
Wrong.
- Note: Two idioms are correct: "between X and Y" --OR-- "between two X's" ==> do not assume "between two X's" is wrong.
- Redundant: "are caused by X" is better than "are because of X". GMAT prefers the order V-A-N (verb-adjective-noun). You should not use noun form if a verb form can do. Verb forms always convey better meaning than noun forms.
- Redundant: "interaction of" may be regarded better than "interaction between".

D. are caused by the interaction of two stars where each is orbiting the other
Wrong.
- "where" modifies "the interaction" incorrectly ==> should be "the interaction in which....."
- Progressive tense (is orbiting) is not necessary. Simple present tense is better.

E. are caused by the interaction of two stars orbiting each other
Correct.
Avoid redundant errors ==> correct & the most concise.

Hope it helps.
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Re: It seems likely that a number of astronomical phenomena, such as the  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Mar 2011, 23:58
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This SC is checking for redundancy and pronoun ambiguity. It has to be E.

each other and between are redundant.
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Re: It seems likely that a number of astronomical phenomena, such as the  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Mar 2011, 00:12
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Use of maybe in A and B is redundant.
In C astronomical phenomena are because of - is wrong. IMO because cannot follow a to be verb form? If someone can explain it better?
D is wordy.
OA is E
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Re: It seems likely that a number of astronomical phenomena, such as the  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 02 Mar 2011, 07:41
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rohu27 wrote:
Use of maybe in A and B is redundant.
In C astronomical phenomena are because of - is wrong. IMO because cannot follow a to be verb form? If someone can explain it better?
D is wordy.
OA is E



exactly the doubt i had, why is the usage of 'caused by' in E better than 'because' as a verb in C ?

Originally posted by garimavyas on 02 Mar 2011, 06:06.
Last edited by garimavyas on 02 Mar 2011, 07:41, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: It seems likely that a number of astronomical phenomena, such as the  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Mar 2011, 06:56
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C. are because of the interaction between two stars that orbit each other

C should read -> between two orbiting stars. or between x and y. The last one is tough here.

between and each other are redundant.

D uses "other". 2 reasons to reject D
a. "where" - used for geographical location. Unless the author has the abilty to watch the location of the phenomenon in the galaxy, this is not appropriate.
b. "other" is substandard.

E avoids redundancy and stays away from idiom. Clever !
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Re: It seems likely that a number of astronomical phenomena, such as the  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Aug 2013, 05:23
For explanation on C why it is wrong check the following link.
http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/sc- ... t7267.html
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Re: It seems likely that a number of astronomical phenomena, such as the  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Oct 2014, 22:58
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garimavyas wrote:
It seems likely that a number of astronomical phenomena, such as the formation of planetary nebulas, may be caused by the interaction where two stars orbit each other at close range.

A. may be caused by the interaction where two stars orbit each other
B. may be caused by the interaction between two stars that each orbit the other
C. are because of the interaction between two stars that orbit each other
D. are caused by the interaction of two stars where each is orbiting the other
E. are caused by the interaction of two stars orbiting each other




Option 'C' is wrong because "a number of astronomical phenomena" is a noun and "caused by" or "due to" goes with a Noun. Had is been "The occurrence of astronomical phenomena" then "because of" would have been an acceptable solution. Verbs go with "because of".
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Re: It seems likely that a number of astronomical phenomena, such as the  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Mar 2015, 16:42
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Guys. Even though each one of you got right answer but the explantion each of you has provided is wrong.
"Due to/caused by"is used to modify nouns and "becuase of" modifies verbs. Here 'caused by' successfully modifies "the formation of nebulas" so usgae of caused by is correct in A,B,D,E but still
A- INCORRECT- likely+ maybe- redundant and usage of 'where' incorrect
B- INCORRECT- likely+maybe- redundant. Interaction between - idiomatically incorrect
C- INCORRECT- 'because off' cant modify noun i.e, "the formation of nebulas"
D- INCORRECT- usage of 'where' incorrect
E- CORRECT- no redundant. 'Caused by' usage correct. 'orbiting' correctly modifies "interaction of two starts"

Hope i am correct. 8-)


Kudo it if you like
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Re: It seems likely that a number of astronomical phenomena, such as the  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Mar 2015, 23:11
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tripathymadhu31 wrote:
"becuase of" modifies verbs.

Can you let me know exactly where you read this. I am trying to correlate with the following example: Suresh was poor because of circumstances.

This sentences seems to be correct to me, though here, "because of" modifies "poor", which is an adjective and not a verb; or are you suggesting the usage of "because of" is incorrect here?

tripathymadhu31 wrote:
Here 'caused by' successfully modifies "the formation of nebulas"

I believe "caused by" is actually modifying "astronomical phenomena".
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Re: It seems likely that a number of astronomical phenomena, such as the  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Mar 2015, 09:43
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sukanyar wrote:
tripathymadhu31 wrote:
"becuase of" modifies verbs.

Can you let me know exactly where you read this. I am trying to correlate with the following example: Suresh was poor because of circumstances.

This sentences seems to be correct to me, though here, "because of" modifies "poor", which is an adjective and not a verb; or are you suggesting the usage of "because of" is incorrect here?

tripathymadhu31 wrote:
Here 'caused by' successfully modifies "the formation of nebulas"

I believe "caused by" is actually modifying "astronomical phenomena".[/quote][/quote]

I agree " caused by" modifies "astronomical phenomena" in real. Since " formation of nebulas" is given as an example of " astronomical phenomena", i wrote the other one in haste.


Regarding your doubt yes "poor" is an adjective. But it is a predicate adjective and was - linking verb.
Ask the question " why was suresh poor?" Ans- circumstances. So here "because of" is modifying the verb.
If u want to use here "due to" or "caused by" then the sentence should be " the poverty of suresh was due to circumstances". Ask the question " reason of suresh's poverty?" Ans - circumstances.so "due to" is successfully modifying noun. Actually in the other case " usage of "due to" would have been used to explain the reason behind the verb.

I read this concept in egmat zip file that contains approximately 30 concepts found somewhere in this club. It is too clear. U can browse in net and get it.
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Re: It seems likely that a number of astronomical phenomena, such as the  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jul 2015, 17:12
It seems likely that a number of astronomical phenomena, such as the formation of planetary nebulas, may be caused by the interaction where two stars orbit each other at close range.

A. may be caused by the interaction where two stars orbit each other (may and seem are redundant)
B. may be caused by the interaction between two stars that each orbit the other (again may and seem are redundant)

C. are because of the interaction between two stars that orbit each other ( between requires and)
D. are caused by the interaction of two stars where each is orbiting the other ( where is use for place eg; that is the home,where he lives)
E. are caused by the interaction of two stars orbiting each other[/quote]


I hope so this explanation helps. :)
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Re: It seems likely that a number of astronomical phenomena, such as the  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jul 2019, 13:34
It seems likely that a number of astronomical phenomena, such as the formation of planetary nebulas, may be caused by the interaction where two stars orbit each other at close range.
1st split - where - can modify only places
2nd split - may and seem - redundancy A,B - out

(A) may be caused by the interaction where two stars orbit each other

(B) may be caused by the interaction between two stars that each orbit the other -

(C) are because of the interaction between two stars that orbit each other - GMAT preferes the ideom interaction of rather than interaction between

(D) are caused by the interaction of two stars where each is orbiting the other - out where

(E) are caused by the interaction of two stars orbiting each other - correct answer
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Re: It seems likely that a number of astronomical phenomena, such as the  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jul 2019, 04:35
IMO, the difference between C & E is the usage of "caused by" and "because".

Caused by is always followed by noun and is easily replaced by DUE TO.
Because is used with a clause.

For example :

It seems likely that a number of astronomical phenomena, such as the formation of planetary nebulas, are caused by the interaction ....

Here, a number of astronomical phenomena is a NOUN.

Had the sentence been,
It seems likely that a number of astronomical phenomena have been proved wrong because .....

The colored portion is a clause, hence followed by because.

Thanks :)
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Re: It seems likely that a number of astronomical phenomena, such as the  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Aug 2019, 07:23
Shouldn't we use interaction between rather than interaction of? I thought interaction between is the correct usage.
AjiteshArun, Could you please clarify if both are acceptable usages?

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Re: It seems likely that a number of astronomical phenomena, such as the  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Aug 2019, 20:37
anud33p wrote:
Shouldn't we use interaction between rather than interaction of? I thought interaction between is the correct usage.
AjiteshArun, Could you please clarify if both are acceptable usages?

Thanks
Hi anud33p,

Yes, both are acceptable.
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Re: It seems likely that a number of astronomical phenomena, such as the  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Aug 2019, 21:05
Is it a rule that 'between' should ALWAYS be followed by an 'and'?

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Re: It seems likely that a number of astronomical phenomena, such as the  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Aug 2019, 23:26
himanshurajawat wrote:
Is it a rule that 'between' should ALWAYS be followed by an 'and'?
We could always go with something like:

Take a break between sections.
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Re: It seems likely that a number of astronomical phenomena, such as the  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Dec 2019, 03:33
Quote:
It seems likely that a number of astronomical phenomena, such as the formation of planetary nebulas, may be caused by the interaction where two stars orbit each other at close range.


I am always struggling with singular/plural subjects. How would it be possible for us to identify whether this is a singular or plural subject?
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Re: It seems likely that a number of astronomical phenomena, such as the   [#permalink] 26 Dec 2019, 03:33
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