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Jim: The United States Mint has recently announced that the rising cos

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Jim: The United States Mint has recently announced that the rising cos [#permalink]

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Jim: The United States Mint has recently announced that the rising cost of raw copper, nickel, and zinc has pushed the cost of manufacturing each penny and nickel to more than 1 cent and 5 cents respectively. In addition, there are very few, if any, items that can be purchased for 5 cents, and virtually none that can be purchased for a penny. Since it appears that both the penny and the nickel no longer provide a necessary function in today’s economy, I propose that the government simply stop minting the coins at a loss and declare the base unit of U.S. currency to be the dime.

Mary: Don’t be silly. This would mean that all prices would round up to the nearest dime and nobody would go for that. There is simply no way that Congress would approve, much less consider, such an unpopular measure.

In her response to Jim, Mary does all of the following EXCEPT:

(A) Makes an assumption about how Jim’s proposal would affect prices.

(B) Implies that Congressional approval is necessary for Jim’s proposal to take effect.

(C) Provides a reason why Jim’s proposal would be difficult to implement, regardless of its justification.

(D) Assumes that Congress will never approve a policy that has little public support.

(E) Attempts to undermine all or some of the premises upon which Jim justifies his proposal.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by hazelnut on 21 Oct 2017, 06:39, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: Jim: The United States Mint has recently announced that the rising cos [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jul 2012, 13:43
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At first glance I was tempted to pick answer C; however, when I read it more carefully I realized that she did provide support why it would be difficult to implement the strategy proposed by Jim. However, Mary doesn't attempt to prove any of Jim's premises (too expensive to manufacture pennies & nickles, nothing is priced at a penny/nickel...) wrong; therefore, E it is.

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Re: Jim: The United States Mint has recently announced that the rising cos [#permalink]

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New post 15 Dec 2013, 10:48
sofiak1985mailru wrote:
At first glance I was tempted to pick answer C; however, when I read it more carefully I realized that she did provide support why it would be difficult to implement the strategy proposed by Jim. However, Mary doesn't attempt to prove any of Jim's premises (too expensive to manufacture pennies & nickles, nothing is priced at a penny/nickel...) wrong; therefore, E it is.


Me too, I was between C and E but choce C because choice E said that she undermines some or all, and she did in fact undermine some of Jim's assumptions or did she not?

I leave it to you
Cheers!
J :)

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Re: Jim: The United States Mint has recently announced that the rising cos [#permalink]

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jlgdr wrote:
sofiak1985mailru wrote:
At first glance I was tempted to pick answer C; however, when I read it more carefully I realized that she did provide support why it would be difficult to implement the strategy proposed by Jim. However, Mary doesn't attempt to prove any of Jim's premises (too expensive to manufacture pennies & nickles, nothing is priced at a penny/nickel...) wrong; therefore, E it is.


Me too, I was between C and E but choce C because choice E said that she undermines some or all, and she did in fact undermine some of Jim's assumptions or did she not?

I leave it to you
Cheers!
J :)

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E it is because she does not undermine the premises Jon made which are the rising prices of zinc and nickel and so on. She then undermines Jon's conclusion.

Hope it's clear.

Greets!

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Re: Jim: The United States Mint has recently announced that the rising cos [#permalink]

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Jim: premise 1. The United States Mint has recently announced that the rising cost of raw copper,nickel, and zinc has pushed the cost of manufacturing each penny and nickel to more than 1 cent and 5 cents respectively.
premise.2. In addition, there are very few, if any, items that can be purchased for 5 cents, and virtually none that can be purchased for a penny.
premise 3. It appears that both the penny and the nickel no longer provide a necessary function in today’s economy.

CONCLUSION...- I propose that the government simply stop minting the coins at a loss and declare the base unit of U.S. currency to be the dime.

Mary: PREMISE 1. This would mean that all prices would round up to the nearest dime and nobody would go for that.

PREMISE 2. There is simply no way that Congress would approve, much less consider, such an unpopular measure.
CONCLUSION- Don’t be silly.


In her response to Jim, Mary does all of the following EXCEPT:
A) Makes an assumption about how Jim’s proposal would affect prices.... NO...SHE DOES THIS...SEE MARY'S PREMISE 1...
b) Implies that Congressional approval is necessary for Jim’s proposal to take effect... NO..SHE DOES THIS...SEE MARY'S PREMISE 2...
c) Provides a reason why Jim’s proposal would be difficult to implement, regardless of its justification... NO.SHE DOES THIS...SEE MARY'S PREMISE 2[color=#ed1c24]
d) Assumes that Congress will never approve a policy that has little public support.....[color=#ed1c24]. NO...SHE DOES THIS...SEE MARY'S PREMISE 2....

e) Attempts to undermine all or some of the premises upon which Jim justifies his proposal.... CORRECT ANSWER...NOWHERE HAS SHE QUESTIONED OR UNDERMINED JIM'S PREMISES( SEE ABOVE)....




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Re: Jim: The United States Mint has recently announced that the rising cos [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jul 2014, 11:24
semwal wrote:
Jim: premise 1. The United States Mint has recently announced that the rising cost of raw copper,nickel, and zinc has pushed the cost of manufacturing each penny and nickel to more than 1 cent and 5 cents respectively.
premise.2. In addition, there are very few, if any, items that can be purchased for 5 cents, and virtually none that can be purchased for a penny.
premise 3. It appears that both the penny and the nickel no longer provide a necessary function in today’s economy.

CONCLUSION...- I propose that the government simply stop minting the coins at a loss and declare the base unit of U.S. currency to be the dime.

Mary: PREMISE 1. This would mean that all prices would round up to the nearest dime and nobody would go for that.

PREMISE 2. There is simply no way that Congress would approve, much less consider, such an unpopular measure.
CONCLUSION- Don’t be silly.


In her response to Jim, Mary does all of the following EXCEPT:
A) Makes an assumption about how Jim’s proposal would affect prices.... NO...SHE DOES THIS...SEE MARY'S PREMISE 1...
b) Implies that Congressional approval is necessary for Jim’s proposal to take effect... NO..SHE DOES THIS...SEE MARY'S PREMISE 2...
c) Provides a reason why Jim’s proposal would be difficult to implement, regardless of its justification... NO.SHE DOES THIS...SEE MARY'S PREMISE 2[color=#ed1c24]
d) Assumes that Congress will never approve a policy that has little public support.....[color=#ed1c24]. NO...SHE DOES THIS...SEE MARY'S PREMISE 2....

e) Attempts to undermine all or some of the premises upon which Jim justifies his proposal.... CORRECT ANSWER...NOWHERE HAS SHE QUESTIONED OR UNDERMINED JIM'S PREMISES( SEE ABOVE)....




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On option C, the bit that I am still not convinced about is the word "difficult", Mary says Congress just "WON'T" approve it.
Hence it will not be "difficult" to implement but "impossible" to implement.

So Mary didn't suggest it will be difficult to implement

Though it can be argued that may be there is some other way to get a proposal approved, may be outside of congress which is much more difficult, but that is Out of scope discussion as the passage doesn't provide any such information.

PS: I am convinced that E is the correct but equally convinced with C as well based on above explanation.

Thoughts?
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Re: Jim: The United States Mint has recently announced that the rising cos [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jul 2014, 11:33
semwal wrote:
Jim: premise 1. The United States Mint has recently announced that the rising cost of raw copper,nickel, and zinc has pushed the cost of manufacturing each penny and nickel to more than 1 cent and 5 cents respectively.
premise.2. In addition, there are very few, if any, items that can be purchased for 5 cents, and virtually none that can be purchased for a penny.
premise 3. It appears that both the penny and the nickel no longer provide a necessary function in today’s economy.

CONCLUSION...- I propose that the government simply stop minting the coins at a loss and declare the base unit of U.S. currency to be the dime.

Mary: PREMISE 1. This would mean that all prices would round up to the nearest dime and nobody would go for that.

PREMISE 2. There is simply no way that Congress would approve, much less consider, such an unpopular measure.
CONCLUSION- Don’t be silly.


In her response to Jim, Mary does all of the following EXCEPT:
A) Makes an assumption about how Jim’s proposal would affect prices.... NO...SHE DOES THIS...SEE MARY'S PREMISE 1...
b) Implies that Congressional approval is necessary for Jim’s proposal to take effect... NO..SHE DOES THIS...SEE MARY'S PREMISE 2...
c) Provides a reason why Jim’s proposal would be difficult to implement, regardless of its justification... NO.SHE DOES THIS...SEE MARY'S PREMISE 2[color=#ed1c24]
d) Assumes that Congress will never approve a policy that has little public support.....[color=#ed1c24]. NO...SHE DOES THIS...SEE MARY'S PREMISE 2....

e) Attempts to undermine all or some of the premises upon which Jim justifies his proposal.... CORRECT ANSWER...NOWHERE HAS SHE QUESTIONED OR UNDERMINED JIM'S PREMISES( SEE ABOVE)....




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On option C, the bit that I am still not convinced about is the word "difficult", Mary says Congress just "WON'T" approve it.
Hence it will not be "difficult" to implement but "impossible" to implement.

So Mary didn't suggest it will be difficult to implement

Though it can be argued that may be there is some other way to get a proposal approved, may be outside of congress which is much more difficult, but that is Out of scope discussion as the passage doesn't provide any such information.

PS: I am convinced that E is the correct answer but equally convinced with C as well based on above explanation.

Thoughts?

Regards,
Sagar
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Re: Jim: The United States Mint has recently announced that the rising cos [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jan 2016, 00:07
itsworththepain wrote:
semwal wrote:
Jim: premise 1. The United States Mint has recently announced that the rising cost of raw copper,nickel, and zinc has pushed the cost of manufacturing each penny and nickel to more than 1 cent and 5 cents respectively.
premise.2. In addition, there are very few, if any, items that can be purchased for 5 cents, and virtually none that can be purchased for a penny.
premise 3. It appears that both the penny and the nickel no longer provide a necessary function in today’s economy.

CONCLUSION...- I propose that the government simply stop minting the coins at a loss and declare the base unit of U.S. currency to be the dime.

Mary: PREMISE 1. This would mean that all prices would round up to the nearest dime and nobody would go for that.

PREMISE 2. There is simply no way that Congress would approve, much less consider, such an unpopular measure.
CONCLUSION- Don’t be silly.


In her response to Jim, Mary does all of the following EXCEPT:
A) Makes an assumption about how Jim’s proposal would affect prices.... NO...SHE DOES THIS...SEE MARY'S PREMISE 1...
b) Implies that Congressional approval is necessary for Jim’s proposal to take effect... NO..SHE DOES THIS...SEE MARY'S PREMISE 2...
c) Provides a reason why Jim’s proposal would be difficult to implement, regardless of its justification... NO.SHE DOES THIS...SEE MARY'S PREMISE 2[color=#ed1c24]
d) Assumes that Congress will never approve a policy that has little public support.....[color=#ed1c24]. NO...SHE DOES THIS...SEE MARY'S PREMISE 2....

e) Attempts to undermine all or some of the premises upon which Jim justifies his proposal.... CORRECT ANSWER...NOWHERE HAS SHE QUESTIONED OR UNDERMINED JIM'S PREMISES( SEE ABOVE)....




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On option C, the bit that I am still not convinced about is the word "difficult", Mary says Congress just "WON'T" approve it.
Hence it will not be "difficult" to implement but "impossible" to implement.

So Mary didn't suggest it will be difficult to implement

Though it can be argued that may be there is some other way to get a proposal approved, may be outside of congress which is much more difficult, but that is Out of scope discussion as the passage doesn't provide any such information.

PS: I am convinced that E is the correct answer but equally convinced with C as well based on above explanation.

Thoughts?

Regards,
Sagar


Well in Mary's response one word to watch out is that she says 'the nearest dime and nobody would go for that.'
So she is not refuting his argument saying 'It's impossible to implement' but stating that by nobody going for it would imply that the idea if implemented would face hurdles.
I get why you were stuck on C, but the key there is difficult, she never says it's not possible. There is a world of difference in that case.
Also, in CR questions you are never going to get the perfect answer but more like the closest answer. Between C and E clearly E is the closest of the lot.

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Re: Jim: The United States Mint has recently announced that the rising cos [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jul 2017, 06:17
While it takes me 2 min to guess that E is the answer, I only go surely for E after 3 min.

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Re: Jim: The United States Mint has recently announced that the rising cos [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jul 2017, 07:53
Imo E
She does not undermine any premise Jim .Rather she uses her own reasoning for the proposal .
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Re: Jim: The United States Mint has recently announced that the rising cos [#permalink]

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Mary misses to address the main premise which Jim used for his proposal ie the issue with it's making cost and it's potential uses

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Re: Jim: The United States Mint has recently announced that the rising cos [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jul 2017, 11:24
the answer is e. Jim draws a conclusion based on a premise which is not weakened by mary's reply. mary attacks the conclusion by providing other facts and she doesn't deny the premise on which jim draws his conclusion.

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Re: Jim: The United States Mint has recently announced that the rising cos [#permalink]

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New post 21 Oct 2017, 06:50
GetThisDone wrote:
Jim: The United States Mint has recently announced that the rising cost of raw copper, nickel, and zinc has pushed the cost of manufacturing each penny and nickel to more than 1 cent and 5 cents respectively. In addition, there are very few, if any, items that can be purchased for 5 cents, and virtually none that can be purchased for a penny. Since it appears that both the penny and the nickel no longer provide a necessary function in today’s economy, I propose that the government simply stop minting the coins at a loss and declare the base unit of U.S. currency to be the dime.

Mary: Don’t be silly. This would mean that all prices would round up to the nearest dime and nobody would go for that. There is simply no way that Congress would approve, much less consider, such an unpopular measure.

In her response to Jim, Mary does all of the following EXCEPT:

(A) Makes an assumption about how Jim’s proposal would affect prices.

(B) Implies that Congressional approval is necessary for Jim’s proposal to take effect.

(C) Provides a reason why Jim’s proposal would be difficult to implement, regardless of its justification.

(D) Assumes that Congress will never approve a policy that has little public support.

(E) Attempts to undermine all or some of the premises upon which Jim justifies his proposal.


OFFICIAL EXPLANATION


Jim initially presents two premises:

1) it costs more to make a penny and a nickel than their face value; and

2) there is little that can be bought for a penny or a nickel.

He goes on to opine that the coins no longer provide any necessary function in the economy, then concludes with a proposal to remove the coins from circulation and declare the basic unit of American currency to be 10 cents.

Mary responds by making several assumptions about the practical effects of the plan, implying that such a policy could never be implemented.

(A) All prices rounding up to the nearest dime would certainly be a negative consequence from a consumer viewpoint, and this contention is not presented anywhere in the passage as a statement of fact; it is simply an assumption made by Mary.

(B) By asserting that Congress would not approve such a proposal, Mary implies that such approval is necessary in order to implement Jim’s plan.

(C) Mary provides an argument that such a proposal would have little practical chance of being implemented because of its unpopularity, which in fact is not necessarily correlated with whether the proposal would save money.

(D) Despite the proposal's obvious monetary benefit, Mary states that "Congress would never approve such an unpopular measure." Mary is assuming Congress will think the popularity of the measure is more important than the potential monetary benefit.

(E) CORRECT. Mary’s response is based on her assertion that Congress would not approve Jim’s proposal because she assumes that it would be extremely unpopular. She does not attack or even mention any of Jim’s premises underlying his proposal.
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Re: Jim: The United States Mint has recently announced that the rising cos   [#permalink] 21 Oct 2017, 06:50
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