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John: As I was driving to work this morning, I was stopped by a police

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John: As I was driving to work this morning, I was stopped by a police [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jul 2018, 07:04
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John: As I was driving to work this morning, I was stopped by a police officer and ticketedfor speeding. Since there were many other cars around me that were going as fast as
I was, the police officer clearly treated me unfairly.

Mary: You were not treated unfairly, since the police officer was obviously unable to stop all the drivers who were speeding. Everyone who was speeding at that time and place had an equal chance of being stopped.

Which one of the following principles, if established, would most help to justify Mary’s position?


(A) If all of those who violate a traffic law on a particular occasion are equally likely to be penalized for violating it, then the law is fairly applied to whoever among them is then penalized.

(B) The penalties attached to traffic laws should be applied not as punishments for breaking the law, but rather as deterrents to unsafe driving.

(C) The penalties attached to traffic laws should be imposed on all people who violate those laws, and only those people.

(D) It is fairer not to enforce a traffic law at all than it is to enforce it in some, but not all, of the cases to which it applies.

(E) Fairness in the application of a traffic law is ensured not by all violators’ having an equal chance of being penalized for their violation of the law, but rather by penalizing all known violators to the same
extent.

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Re: John: As I was driving to work this morning, I was stopped by a police [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jul 2018, 11:21
Bunuel wrote:
John: As I was driving to work this morning, I was stopped by a police officer and ticketedfor speeding. Since there were many other cars around me that were going as fast as
I was, the police officer clearly treated me unfairly.

Mary: You were not treated unfairly, since the police officer was obviously unable to stop all the drivers who were speeding. Everyone who was speeding at that time and place had an equal chance of being stopped.

Which one of the following principles, if established, would most help to justify Mary’s position?

Ans: (A) IMO:

(A) If all of those who violate a traffic law on a particular occasion are equally likely to be penalized for violating it, then the law is fairly applied to whoever among them is then penalized.
(All are equally likely to be penalized for violating the law, if all are caught but as catching all of them at the same time was not possible whoever among them is then penalized it is still fair)

(B) The penalties attached to traffic laws should be applied not as punishments for breaking the law, but rather as deterrents to unsafe driving. (how penalty is given or what it is named is not the question here)

(C) The penalties attached to traffic laws should be imposed on all people who violate those laws, and only those people. (this is not the case as John was speeding)

(D) It is fairer not to enforce a traffic law at all than it is to enforce it in some, but not all, of the cases to which it applies. (Not relevant)

(E) Fairness in the application of a traffic law is ensured not by all violators’ having an equal chance of being penalized for their violation of the law, but rather by penalizing all known violators to the same extent. (doesn't support Marry's Position)
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Re: John: As I was driving to work this morning, I was stopped by a police [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jul 2018, 00:18
Mary's position is that there were many people who were driving at the same speed as was John and it was impossible to catch all of them at the same time. She also states that the chance of getting caught by the police officer was equally likely for all the drivers. Therefore, according to her John was not treated unfairly.

Note,we have to strength Mary's position.

(A) If all of those who violate a traffic law on a particular occasion are equally likely to be penalized for violating it, then the law is fairly applied to whoever among them is then penalized.
This is in line with Mary's position.Correct

(B) The penalties attached to traffic laws should be applied not as punishments for breaking the law, but rather as deterrents to unsafe driving.
How the penalty is applied is not what is Mary's position. Irrelevant.

(C) The penalties attached to traffic laws should be imposed on all people who violate those laws, and only those people.
This is not the Mary's position as according to her we cannot catch everyone violating the law at the same time because of same driving speed.

(D) It is fairer not to enforce a traffic law at all than it is to enforce it in some, but not all, of the cases to which it applies.
This is not what Mary wants to say.Incorrect.

(E) Fairness in the application of a traffic law is ensured not by all violators’ having an equal chance of being penalized for their violation of the law, but rather by penalizing all known violators to the same extent.

This is incorrect. We cannot penalize every violator at the same time as it is impossible to catch all of them driving at same speed.
Re: John: As I was driving to work this morning, I was stopped by a police   [#permalink] 08 Jul 2018, 00:18
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