Last visit was: 03 Aug 2024, 07:06 It is currently 03 Aug 2024, 07:06
Toolkit
GMAT Club Daily Prep
Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History
Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Largest of all land carnivores, weighing up to 1500 pounds

SORT BY:
Tags:
Show Tags
Hide Tags
Director
Joined: 06 Jan 2015
Posts: 728
Own Kudos [?]: 1603 [7]
Given Kudos: 579
Location: India
Concentration: Operations, Finance
GPA: 3.35
WE:Information Technology (Computer Software)
Current Student
Joined: 13 Apr 2015
Posts: 1426
Own Kudos [?]: 4609 [1]
Given Kudos: 1228
Location: India
Current Student
Joined: 04 Feb 2014
Posts: 185
Own Kudos [?]: 577 [1]
Given Kudos: 164
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Entrepreneurship
GPA: 3
WE:Project Management (Manufacturing)
CEO
Joined: 27 Mar 2010
Posts: 3736
Own Kudos [?]: 3544 [1]
Given Kudos: 152
Location: India
Schools: ISB
GPA: 3.31
Re: Largest of all land carnivores, weighing up to 1500 pounds [#permalink]
1
Kudos
NandishSS wrote:
why option D & E are wrong

Hi Nandish, as Vyshak correctly pointed out, D actually changes the structure of the sentence, so that now D has the following two Independent clauses connected just by a comma:

i) It is largest of all land carnivores, weighing up to 1500 pounds and measuring 8 feet in length - This has a subject it and verb is
ii) the Alaskan brown bear is a close relative of grizzly bear - This has a subject the Alaskan brown bear and verb is.

This kind of a structure is called run-on, and is always incorrect. Similarly, E is also a run-on.

p.s. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses run-on sentences, their application and examples in significant detail. If someone is interested, PM me your email-id, I can mail the corresponding section.
Retired Moderator
Joined: 08 Dec 2013
Status:Greatness begins beyond your comfort zone
Posts: 2090
Own Kudos [?]: 9018 [0]
Given Kudos: 171
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Strategy
GPA: 3.2
WE:Information Technology (Consulting)
Re: Largest of all land carnivores, weighing up to 1500 pounds [#permalink]
Largest of all land carnivores, weighing up to 1500 pounds and measuring 8 feet in length, the Alaskan brown bear is a close relative of grizzly bear.

A.Largest of all land carnivores, weighing up to 1500 pounds and measuring -- Correct
B.Largest of all land carnivores, weighing up to 1500 pounds and it measures - Parallelism error
C.Largest of all land carnivores, it weighs up to 1500 pounds and measures - Parallelism error
D.It is largest of all land carnivores, weighing up to 1500 pounds and measuring -- Run- on sentence - 2 independent clauses connected by comma
E.It is largest of all land carnivores, weighs up to 1500 pounds and measures -- Run- on sentence - 2 independent clauses connected by comma

Intern
Joined: 13 Aug 2011
Posts: 12
Own Kudos [?]: 23 [0]
Given Kudos: 221
GMAT 1: 710 Q48 V38
GPA: 3.94
WE:Operations (Health Care)
Re: Largest of all land carnivores, weighing up to 1500 pounds [#permalink]
NandishSS wrote:
Largest of all land carnivores, weighing up to 1500 pounds and measuring 8 feet in length, the Alaskan brown bear is a close relative of grizzly bear.

A.Largest of all land carnivores, weighing up to 1500 pounds and measuring
B.Largest of all land carnivores, weighing up to 1500 pounds and it measures
C.Largest of all land carnivores, it weighs up to 1500 pounds and measures
D.It is largest of all land carnivores, weighing up to 1500 pounds and measuring
E.It is largest of all land carnivores, weighs up to 1500 pounds and measures

Why is C wrong? Can anyone pls explain.

There is no parallelism error in C. it is common for weighs and measures

Option C sounds awkward but that cannot be the reason to discard.

Option A may sound correct but the Verb-ing phrase can also modify land carnivores or the noun phrase Largest of all land carnivores - distorting the meaning.

Am I missing something?
Intern
Joined: 13 Aug 2011
Posts: 12
Own Kudos [?]: 23 [0]
Given Kudos: 221
GMAT 1: 710 Q48 V38
GPA: 3.94
WE:Operations (Health Care)
Re: Largest of all land carnivores, weighing up to 1500 pounds [#permalink]
Why is C wrong? Can anyone pls explain.

There is no parallelism error in C. it is common for weighs and measures

Option C sounds awkward but that cannot be the reason to discard.

Option A may sound correct but the Verb-ing phrase can also modify - land carnivores- or the noun phrase - Largest of all land carnivores - distorting the meaning.

Am I missing something?
GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Status: enjoying
Posts: 5264
Own Kudos [?]: 42149 [0]
Given Kudos: 422
Location: India
WE:Education (Education)
Re: Largest of all land carnivores, weighing up to 1500 pounds [#permalink]
Top Contributor
Xbox
1.If largest of the land carnivores is a noun phrase that contains a noun 'land carnivores' and when the subsequent modifier encased in the parenthesis modifies the noun phrase that touches it. then it will be interesting to know what is the verb of such 'a clause' is.
2. If the modifier simply modifies all the land carnovores, do all the land carnivores weigh 1500 pounds each or the modifier refers to only those land carnivores that weigh 1500 pounds each?
GMAT Tutor
Joined: 24 Jun 2008
Posts: 4127
Own Kudos [?]: 9491 [3]
Given Kudos: 91
Q51  V47
Re: Largest of all land carnivores, weighing up to 1500 pounds [#permalink]
3
Kudos
XboX wrote:
Why is C wrong? Can anyone pls explain.

Take out the unnecessary words in answer C:

It weighs 1500 pounds, the Alaskan brown bear is a relative of the grizzly bear.

There are two major errors here. This is a run-on sentence; it has two main clauses with no conjunction between them. We need a word like 'and' in the middle, or else we need a period or a semicolon between the two clauses.

But there is also a pronoun error. It's not clear what "it" refers to when it is first used. It might be easier to see the problem with a simpler example:

She went to the store, and the chef bought lemongrass.

There's no way to tell in this sentence if the "she" at the beginning of the sentence is "the chef" at the end of the sentence. Compare with this sentence:

The chef went to the store, and she bought lemongrass.

Now it is clear that "the chef" and "she" are the same person. If a vague subject (like 'it' or 'she') refers to a specific subject (like 'the Alaskan brown bear' or 'the chef') in a sentence, then the specific subject needs to be named first. Otherwise there's no way to know who or what the 'it' or 'she' is referring to.

And, unrelated, the word "the" seems to be missing at least once in the OP. The sentence absolutely needs to say "the grizzly bear" at the end, and I'd normally expect to see a 'the' somewhere in the first clause of the sentence too.
Intern
Joined: 13 Aug 2011
Posts: 12
Own Kudos [?]: 23 [0]
Given Kudos: 221
GMAT 1: 710 Q48 V38
GPA: 3.94
WE:Operations (Health Care)
Re: Largest of all land carnivores, weighing up to 1500 pounds [#permalink]
IanStewart wrote:
XboX wrote:
Why is C wrong? Can anyone pls explain.

Take out the unnecessary words in answer C:

It weighs 1500 pounds, the Alaskan brown bear is a relative of the grizzly bear.

There are two major errors here. This is a run-on sentence; it has two main clauses with no conjunction between them. We need a word like 'and' in the middle, or else we need a period or a semicolon between the two clauses.

But there is also a pronoun error. It's not clear what "it" refers to when it is first used. It might be easier to see the problem with a simpler example:

She went to the store, and the chef bought lemongrass.

There's no way to tell in this sentence if the "she" at the beginning of the sentence is "the chef" at the end of the sentence. Compare with this sentence:

The chef went to the store, and she bought lemongrass.

Now it is clear that "the chef" and "she" are the same person. If a vague subject (like 'it' or 'she') refers to a specific subject (like 'the Alaskan brown bear' or 'the chef') in a sentence, then the specific subject needs to be named first. Otherwise there's no way to know who or what the 'it' or 'she' is referring to.

And, unrelated, the word "the" seems to be missing at least once in the OP. The sentence absolutely needs to say "the grizzly bear" at the end, and I'd normally expect to see a 'the' somewhere in the first clause of the sentence too.

Thanks understood what's wrong with C.

Can u also share what does the Verb-ing modify in A.

Is the construction of A - Noun, Verb-ing, Independent Clause; in this case does the Verb-ing modify the Noun. TIA
Intern
Joined: 13 Aug 2011
Posts: 12
Own Kudos [?]: 23 [0]
Given Kudos: 221
GMAT 1: 710 Q48 V38
GPA: 3.94
WE:Operations (Health Care)
Re: Largest of all land carnivores, weighing up to 1500 pounds [#permalink]
daagh wrote:
Xbox
1.If largest of the land carnivores is a noun phrase that contains a noun 'land carnivores' and when the subsequent modifier encased in the parenthesis modifies the noun phrase that touches it. then it will be interesting to know what is the verb of such 'a clause' is.
2. If the modifier simply modifies all the land carnovores, do all the land carnivores weigh 1500 pounds each or the modifier refers to only those land carnivores that weigh 1500 pounds each?

Hi Daagh,

Thanks for the response. I am not able to understand the structure of the sentence (what is the modifier and what is it modifying). Can you pls you please help?
GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Status: enjoying
Posts: 5264
Own Kudos [?]: 42149 [2]
Given Kudos: 422
Location: India
WE:Education (Education)
Re: Largest of all land carnivores, weighing up to 1500 pounds [#permalink]
1
Kudos
1
Bookmarks
Top Contributor
XboX

1. We are starting the sentence with an appositive modifier (Largest of all land carnivores) that points to the noun the Alaskan bear
2. Then we have a couple of verb+ing modifiers that both modify the noun namely the Alaskan bear
3. Now you get the independent sentence, namely, the Alaskan brown bear is…..
Therefore, this is a simple sentence with adjectival modifiers appearing before the main clause.

The important thing here to remember is that the modifiers will not have any verb. If the modifiers have any verb, then the sentence will become comma splices( run-ons) since there will be two clauses joined by a comma. That is precisely the reason why choices B, C, D and E are all wrong

A.Largest of all land carnivores, weighing up to 1500 pounds and measuring
B.Largest of all land carnivores, weighing up to 1500 pounds and it measures
C.Largest of all land carnivores, it weighs up to 1500 pounds and measures
D.It is largest of all land carnivores, weighing up to 1500 pounds and measuring
E.It is largest of all land carnivores, weighs up to 1500 pounds and measures

HTH
Non-Human User
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 17549
Own Kudos [?]: 870 [0]
Given Kudos: 0
Re: Largest of all land carnivores, weighing up to 1500 pounds [#permalink]
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
Re: Largest of all land carnivores, weighing up to 1500 pounds [#permalink]
Moderators:
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
6999 posts
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
236 posts