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Lark Manufacturing Company initiated a voluntary Quality

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Manager
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Schools: Darden School of Business (Class of 2012)
Lark Manufacturing Company initiated a voluntary Quality [#permalink]

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New post 04 Aug 2008, 11:33
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Lark Manufacturing Company initiated a voluntary Quality Circles program for machine operators. Independent surveys of employee attitudes indicated that the machine operators participating in the program were less satisfied with their work situations after two years of the program’s existence than they were at the program’s start. Obviously, any workers who participate in a Quality Circles program will, as a result, become less satisfied with their jobs.
Each of the following, if true, would weaken the conclusion drawn above EXCEPT:
(A) The second survey occurred during a period of recession when rumors of cutbacks and layoffs at Lark Manufacturing were plentiful.
(B) The surveys also showed that those Lark machine operators who neither participated in Quality Circles nor knew anyone who did so reported the same degree of lessened satisfaction with their work situations as did the Lark machine operators who participated in Quality Circles.
(C) While participating in Quality Circles at Lark Manufacturing, machine operators exhibited two of the primary indicators of improved job satisfaction: increased productivity and decreased absenteeism.
(D) Several workers at Lark Manufacturing who had participated in Quality Circles while employed at other companies reported that, while participating in Quality Circles in their previous companies, their work satisfaction had increased.
(E) The machine operators who participated in Quality Circles reported that, when the program started, they felt that participation might improve their work situations.

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Re: CR Machine operators [#permalink]

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New post 04 Aug 2008, 11:46
lordw wrote:
Lark Manufacturing Company initiated a voluntary Quality Circles program for machine operators. Independent surveys of employee attitudes indicated that the machine operators participating in the program were less satisfied with their work situations after two years of the program’s existence than they were at the program’s start. Obviously, any workers who participate in a Quality Circles program will, as a result, become less satisfied with their jobs.
Each of the following, if true, would weaken the conclusion drawn above EXCEPT:
(A) The second survey occurred during a period of recession when rumors of cutbacks and layoffs at Lark Manufacturing were plentiful.
->weakens the conclution
(B) The surveys also showed that those Lark machine operators who neither participated in Quality Circles nor knew anyone who did so reported the same degree of lessened satisfaction with their work situations as did the Lark machine operators who participated in Quality Circles -> weakens
(C) While participating in Quality Circles at Lark Manufacturing, machine operators exhibited two of the primary indicators of improved job satisfaction: increased productivity and decreased absenteeism. -> OOS
(D) Several workers at Lark Manufacturing who had participated in Quality Circles while employed at other companies reported that, while participating in Quality Circles in their previous companies, their work satisfaction had increased. -> this is OOS.Its just a view given by machine operators about the program and does not change affect the conclution
(E) The machine operators who participated in Quality Circles reported that, when the program started, they felt that participation might improve their work situations. -> this is apt an strengthens the conclution since this represents a cynical view point of the employees saying they thought it might improve their work situations

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Re: CR Machine operators [#permalink]

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New post 04 Aug 2008, 11:55
lordw wrote:
Lark Manufacturing Company initiated a voluntary Quality Circles program for machine operators. Independent surveys of employee attitudes indicated that the machine operators participating in the program were less satisfied with their work situations after two years of the program’s existence than they were at the program’s start. Obviously, any workers who participate in a Quality Circles program will, as a result, become less satisfied with their jobs.
Each of the following, if true, would weaken the conclusion drawn above EXCEPT:
(A) The second survey occurred during a period of recession when rumors of cutbacks and layoffs at Lark Manufacturing were plentiful.
(B) The surveys also showed that those Lark machine operators who neither participated in Quality Circles nor knew anyone who did so reported the same degree of lessened satisfaction with their work situations as did the Lark machine operators who participated in Quality Circles.
(C) While participating in Quality Circles at Lark Manufacturing, machine operators exhibited two of the primary indicators of improved job satisfaction: increased productivity and decreased absenteeism.
(D) Several workers at Lark Manufacturing who had participated in Quality Circles while employed at other companies reported that, while participating in Quality Circles in their previous companies, their work satisfaction had increased.
(E) The machine operators who participated in Quality Circles reported that, when the program started, they felt that participation might improve their work situations.


E.

A: Explains an observed effect through a separate cause
B: Demonstrates that work satisfaction decreased independent of the Quality Circles program
C: Presents evidence contradicting the conclusion
D: Demonstrates that Quality Circles has improved work satisfaction in other companies
E: The correlation b/w participants' expectations and efficacy of Quality Circles was not discussed in the stimulus and is irrelevant.

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Re: CR Machine operators [#permalink]

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New post 04 Aug 2008, 12:06
E

First off, these types of questions "all weaken EXCEPT" or "all strengthen EXCEPT" are one of the most difficult types of CR questions.

We have to find out what weakens the argument and select the answer that does NOT weaken. We don't have to find a strengthen answer, but just NOT weaken.

The conclusion is "any workers who participate in a Quality Circles program will, as a result, become less satisfied with their jobs."

lordw wrote:
Lark Manufacturing Company initiated a voluntary Quality Circles program for machine operators. Independent surveys of employee attitudes indicated that the machine operators participating in the program were less satisfied with their work situations after two years of the program’s existence than they were at the program’s start. Obviously, any workers who participate in a Quality Circles program will, as a result, become less satisfied with their jobs.
Each of the following, if true, would weaken the conclusion drawn above EXCEPT:
(A) The second survey occurred during a period of recession when rumors of cutbacks and layoffs at Lark Manufacturing were plentiful. weakens the conclusion. The fact that the survey was conducted in a resession gives another reason for the attitudes rather than the Quality Circles program.
(B) The surveys also showed that those Lark machine operators who neither participated in Quality Circles nor knew anyone who did so reported the same degree of lessened satisfaction with their work situations as did the Lark machine operators who participated in Quality Circles.
There is something else causing lower satisfaction because the level of satisfaction is independent of the Quality Circles program. Weakens.
(C) While participating in Quality Circles at Lark Manufacturing, machine operators exhibited two of the primary indicators of improved job satisfaction: increased productivity and decreased absenteeism. This weakens it. The types of information being witnessed shows the opposite of the stem's conclusion.(D) Several workers at Lark Manufacturing who had participated in Quality Circles while employed at other companies reported that, while participating in Quality Circles in their previous companies, their work satisfaction had increased. This weakens also. This means that there is something at this company causing the poor satisfaction results and the broad conclusion about the Quality Circles program in general doesn't apply to this situation.
(E) The machine operators who participated in Quality Circles reported that, when the program started, they felt that participation might improve their work situations.
This doesn't weakn and it doesn't strengthen. This talks about the attitudes of the employees at the start or beginning of the program. This shows optimism and doesn't weaken the stem by giving an alternative reason for the disatisfaction.

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Re: CR Machine operators   [#permalink] 04 Aug 2008, 12:06
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