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Lark Manufacturing Company initiated a voluntary Quality Circles progr

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Lark Manufacturing Company initiated a voluntary Quality Circles progr  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 18 Nov 2018, 07:33
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Lark Manufacturing Company initiated a voluntary Quality Circles program for machine operators. Independent surveys of employee attitudes indicated that the machine operators participating in the program were less satisfied with their work situations after two years of the program’s existence than they were at the program’s start. Obviously, any workers who participate in a Quality Circles program will, as a result, become less satisfied with their jobs.

Each of the following, if true, would weaken the conclusion drawn above EXCEPT:

(A) The second survey occurred during a period of recession when rumors of cutbacks and layoffs at Lark Manufacturing were plentiful.

(B) The surveys also showed that those Lark machine operators who neither participated in Quality Circles nor knew anyone who did so reported the same degree of lessened satisfaction with their work situations as did the Lark machine operators who participated in Quality Circles.

(C) While participating in Quality Circles at Lark Manufacturing, machine operators exhibited two of the primary indicators of improved job satisfaction: increased productivity and decreased absenteeism.

(D) Several workers at Lark Manufacturing who had participated in Quality Circles while employed at other companies reported that, while participating in Quality Circles in their previous companies, their work satisfaction had increased.

(E) The machine operators who participated in Quality Circles reported that, when the program started, they felt that participation might improve their work situations.

Originally posted by dips on 09 Mar 2011, 19:15.
Last edited by gmat1393 on 18 Nov 2018, 07:33, edited 3 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: Lark Manufacturing Company initiated a voluntary Quality Circles progr  [#permalink]

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New post 20 May 2014, 04:27
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1
P1:Lark Manufacturing Company initiated a voluntary Quality Circles program for machine operators.
P2: Independent surveys of employee attitudes indicated that the machine operators participating in the program were less satisfied with their work situations after two years of the program's start.
conclusion: any workers who participate in a Quality Circles program will, as a result, become less satisfied with their job.

we have causal reasoning: participating in quality Circle program --> become less satisfied with their job

All weaken EXCEPT:

A. The second survey occurred during a period of recession when rumors of cutbacks and layoffs at Lark Manufacturing were plentiful
weaken.. it introduces alternative cause for becoming less satisfied
B. The surveys also showed that those Lark machine operators who neither participated in Quality Circles nor knew anyone who did so reported the same degree of lessened satisfaction with their work situations as did the Lark machine operators who participated in Quality Circles
weaken.. it says becoming less satisfaction is not related to quality circle program
C. While participating in Quality Circles at Lark Manufacturing, machine operators exhibited two of the primary indicators of improved job satisfaction: increased productivity and decreased absenteeism weaken.. it indicates that the survey data has problem
D. Several workers at Lark Manufacturing who had participated in Quality Circles while employed at other companies reported that while participating in Quality Circles in previous companies, their work satisfaction has increased the extreme language of the conclusion makes this option a weakener.. conclusion says any workers who participate in a quality circles program so even if employees participate in another company's quality circle program and report increase satisfaction, it weakens the argument!!
E. The machine operators who participate in Quality Circles reported that when the program started, the felt that participation might improve their work situation
this option correctly explains the reason for being less satisfied after participating in quality circle program... their expectation was not fulfilled.
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Re: Lark Manufacturing Company initiated a voluntary Quality Circles progr  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Mar 2011, 03:30
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2
This is tricky. So I will use POE.
Conclusion : QS program decrease the satisfaction of the participants.

dips wrote:
Lark Manufacturing Company initiated a voluntary Quality Circles program for machine operators. Independent surveys of employee attitudes indicated that the machine operators participating in the program were less satisfied with their work situations after two years of the program’s existence than they were at the program’s start. Obviously, any workers who participate in a Quality Circles program will, as a result, become less satisfied with their jobs.

Each of the following, if true, would weaken the conclusion drawn above EXCEPT:

(A) The second survey occurred during a period of recession when rumors of cutbacks and layoffs at Lark Manufacturing were plentiful.
This provides alternate cause of dissatisfaction. Hence weakens the conclusion
(B) The surveys also showed that those Lark machine operators who neither participated in Quality Circles nor knew anyone who did so reported the same degree of lessened satisfaction with their work situations as did the Lark machine operators who participated in Quality Circles.
In others it is saying that QS is not worse than alternate program
(C) While participating in Quality Circles at Lark Manufacturing, machine operators exhibited two of the primary indicators of improved job satisfaction: increased productivity and decreased absenteeism.
emphatic weakener
(D) Several workers at Lark Manufacturing who had participated in Quality Circles while employed at other companies reported that, while participating in Quality Circles in their previous companies, their work satisfaction had increased.
another weakener
(E) The machine operators who participated in Quality Circles reported that, when the program started, they felt that participation might improve their work situations.
What the operators think is irrelevant to the conclusion. Hence the answer.
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Re: Lark Manufacturing Company initiated a voluntary Quality Circles progr  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Mar 2013, 23:21
2
Option A:- Weakens the argument

Option B:- Weakens the argument

Option C:- Weakens the argument

Option D:- Weakens the argument

Option E:- Does not affect the argument and hence E is the correct answer choice.

Thanks...
Hope it helps.
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Re: Lark Manufacturing Company initiated a voluntary Quality Circles progr  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Oct 2013, 06:21
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dips wrote:
Lark Manufacturing Company initiated a voluntary Quality Circles program for machine operators. Independent surveys of employee attitudes indicated that the machine operators participating in the program were less satisfied with their work situations after two years of the program’s existence than they were at the program’s start. Obviously, any workers who participate in a Quality Circles program will, as a result, become less satisfied with their jobs.

Each of the following, if true, would weaken the conclusion drawn above EXCEPT:

(A) The second survey occurred during a period of recession when rumors of cutbacks and layoffs at Lark Manufacturing were plentiful.
(B) The surveys also showed that those Lark machine operators who neither participated in Quality Circles nor knew anyone who did so reported the same degree of lessened satisfaction with their work situations as did the Lark machine operators who participated in Quality Circles.
(C) While participating in Quality Circles at Lark Manufacturing, machine operators exhibited two of the primary indicators of improved job satisfaction: increased productivity and decreased absenteeism.
(D) Several workers at Lark Manufacturing who had participated in Quality Circles while employed at other companies reported that, while participating in Quality Circles in their previous companies, their work satisfaction had increased.
(E) The machine operators who participated in Quality Circles reported that, when the program started, they felt that participation might improve their work situations.


This is a toughie. Let's see
Conclusion: W who participate in a QC --> less satisfied with their job.
Premise: W were less satisfied with their work situation after 2 years of the program’s existence than they were at the program’s start.

So basically, we wan't to look for an answer choice that doesn't weaken the claim that QC causes dissatisfaction. Let's see the answer choices.
We want to find the odd one out.

(A) The second survey occurred during a period of recession when rumors of cutbacks and layoffs at Lark Manufacturing were plentiful.--> This could explain the dissatisfaction, so it weakens the argument by providing an alternate cause. Out
(B) The surveys also showed that those Lark machine operators who neither participated in Quality Circles nor knew anyone who did so reported the same degree of lessened satisfaction with their work situations as did the Lark machine operators who participated in Quality Circles--> This one says that the one that did not participate were also dissatisfied. So QC is not really causing dissatisfaction. Out
(C) While participating in Quality Circles at Lark Manufacturing, machine operators exhibited two of the primary indicators of improved job satisfaction: increased productivity and decreased absenteeism.---> This one says that QC is actually good. This could weaken the argument as well
(D) Several workers at Lark Manufacturing who had participated in Quality Circles while employed at other companies reported that, while participating in Quality Circles in their previous companies, their work satisfaction had increased. ---> This one says that QC in other companies have proved good. So this could weaken it too.
(E) The machine operators who participated in Quality Circles reported that, when the program started, they felt that participation might improve their work situations ---> Well they had expected that the program might improve their work situation. Now, this doesn't really tell us much. I don't really see how this could weaken the argument. So I think I will go with this one because it is the odd one out
Hence answer (E)
Hope it helps
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Re: Lark Manufacturing Company initiated a voluntary Quality Circles progr  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jun 2014, 08:18
1
My reasoning:

Argument: Participation in Quality Circle leads to lower job satisfaction.

A. Provides a reason other than Quality Circle for the decreased satisfaction. Weakens.
B. Workers who didn't participate also had decreased job satisfaction. Weakens.
C. During participation, the workers exhibited indicators of increased satisfaction. This could, however, result from something other than job satisfaction. We see an effect, but we have no idea of the cause. Doesn't really weaken nor strengthen.
D. Reported improvement of job satisfaction while participating in Quality Circle. Weakens.
E. At the beginning of the program, the workers who participated felt that participation could improve their work situation -> their job satisfaction wasn't great to begin with. The program could have caused the decreased job satisfaction after two years, but the reason could simply be that nothing has changed, so while at the beginning of the program they were somewhat more satisfied as they thought the program would improve their work satisfaction, now that the program hasn't worked, their satisfaction has decreased. Doesn't necessarily weaken, doesn't strengthen.

In my mind, since E could weaken the argument but C doesn't, C is the most logical choice.
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Re: Lark Manufacturing Company initiated a voluntary Quality Circles progr  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Oct 2014, 22:31
2
E strengthens the argument and C doesn't weaken.

whichscore wrote:
Lark Manufacturing Company initiated a voluntary Quality Circles program for machine
operators. Independent surveys of employee attitudes indicated that the machine operators
participating in the program were less satisfied with their work situations after two years of the
program’s existence than they were at the program’s start. Obviously, any workers who
participate in a Quality Circles program will, as a result, become less satisfied with their jobs.


Premise 1: Lark Manufacturing Company initiated a voluntary Quality Circles program for machine operators.
Premise 2: Two yrs after the above program, An independent survey was performed on participants of the program and it was found that participants were less satisfied with their job as before the start of the program.

Conclusion: The program is the reason that people are less satisfied.

(A) The second survey occurred during a period of recession when rumors of cutbacks and
layoffs at Lark Manufacturing were plentiful .
Incorrect.It weakens the argument.This option states a reason that some external factors rumors of cutbacks and
layoffs
which were not present at the start of the program were reason of their less satisfaction

(B) The surveys also showed that those Lark machine operators who neither participated in
Quality Circles nor knew anyone who did so reported the same degree of lessened
satisfaction with their work situations as did the Lark machine operators who participated
in Quality Circles.
Incorrect.It weakens the argument.This option states that other operators who were not a part of program also felt the same.This means there are some other reasons for lesser satisfaction

(C) While participating in Quality Circles at Lark Manufacturing, machine operators exhibited
two of the primary indicators of improved job satisfaction: increased productivity and
decreased absenteeism.
This nowhere connects to the conclusion.
(D) Several workers at Lark Manufacturing who had participated in Quality Circles while
employed at other companies reported that, while participating in Quality Circles in their
previous companies, their work satisfaction had increased.
Incorrect.It weakens the argument.This option states that some worker's satisfaction has increased which is against the conclusion
(E) The machine operators who participated in Quality Circles reported that, when the program
started, they felt that participation might improve their work situations.
Correct.it strengthens the argument as operators had high expectation because of the program only.Hence, Less satisfaction as the program was not upto the mark.
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Re: Lark Manufacturing Company initiated a voluntary Quality Circles progr  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Aug 2015, 22:09
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Lark Manufacturing Company initiated a voluntary Quality Circles program for machine operators. Independent surveys of employee attitudes indicated that the machine operators participating in the program were less satisfied with their work situations after two years of the program's start. Obviously, any workers who participate in a Quality Circles program will, as a result, become less satisfied with their job.

All weaken EXCEPT:
*To weaken the conclusion the statement has to somehow point away from Quality Circles as a cause of decreased employee satisfaction.
A. The second survey occurred during a period of recession when rumors of cutbacks and layoffs at Lark Manufacturing were plentiful *Rumors of cutbacks and layoffs, rather than the program decreased employee satisfaction.
B. The surveys also showed that those Lark machine operators who neither participated in Quality Circles nor knew anyone who did so reported the same degree of lessened satisfaction with their work situations as did the Lark machine operators who participated in Quality Circles *People with no affiliation to the program have equally decreased employee satisfaction.
C. While participating in Quality Circles at Lark Manufacturing, machine operators exhibited two of the primary indicators of improved job satisfaction: increased productivity and decreased absenteeism *The program has actually increased job satisfaction.
D. Several workers at Lark Manufacturing who had participated in Quality Circles while employed at other companies reported that while participating in Quality Circles in previous companies, their work satisfaction has increased *The program can increase job satisfaction at Lark.
E. The machine operators who participate in Quality Circles reported that when the program started, the felt that participation might improve their work situation *This would point to QC as the source of decreased satisfaction if they had expectations when beginning the program that were not met over the course of it.
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Re: Lark Manufacturing Company initiated a voluntary Quality Circles progr  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Dec 2015, 01:40
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Lark Manufacturing Company initiated a voluntary Quality Circles program for machine operators.

Independent surveys indicated that the machine operators participating in the program were less satisfied with their work situations after two years of the program's start..........This is a specific example which has been generalized to conclusion.

Conclusion: Obviously, any workers who participate in a Quality Circles program will, as a result, become less satisfied with their job.

All weaken EXCEPT:

A. The second survey occurred during a period of recession when rumors of cutbacks and layoffs at Lark Manufacturing were plentiful............so the cause of recession is the reason not program. Weakener

B. The surveys also showed that those Lark machine operators who neither participated in Quality Circles nor knew anyone who did so reported the same degree of lessened satisfaction with their work situations as did the Lark machine operators who participated in Quality Circles.............dissatisfaction is in general not because of program. Weakener.

C. While participating in Quality Circles at Lark Manufacturing, machine operators exhibited two of the primary indicators of improved job satisfaction: increased productivity and decreased absenteeism................So there is some positive aspect as well. Weakener.

D. Several workers at Lark Manufacturing who had participated in Quality Circles while employed at other companies reported that while participating in Quality Circles in previous companies, their work satisfaction has increased.............some thing wrong with company atmosphere not program. Weakener

E. The machine operators who participate in Quality Circles reported that when the program started, they felt that participation might improve their work situation..........what they felt does not decide the program affect on employees. This does not weaken the argument.
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Re: Lark Manufacturing Company initiated a voluntary Quality Circles progr  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Sep 2018, 02:43
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dips wrote:
Lark Manufacturing Company initiated a voluntary Quality Circles program for machine operators. Independent surveys of employee attitudes indicated that the machine operators participating in the program were less satisfied with their work situations after two years of the program’s existence than they were at the program’s start. Obviously, any workers who participate in a Quality Circles program will, as a result, become less satisfied with their jobs.

Each of the following, if true, would weaken the conclusion drawn above EXCEPT:


(A) The second survey occurred during a period of recession when rumors of cutbacks and layoffs at Lark Manufacturing were plentiful.

(B) The surveys also showed that those Lark machine operators who neither participated in Quality Circles nor knew anyone who did so reported the same degree of lessened satisfaction with their work situations as did the Lark machine operators who participated in Quality Circles.

(C) While participating in Quality Circles at Lark Manufacturing, machine operators exhibited two of the primary indicators of improved job satisfaction: increased productivity and decreased absenteeism.

(D) Several workers at Lark Manufacturing who had participated in Quality Circles while employed at other companies reported that, while participating in Quality Circles in their previous companies, their work satisfaction had increased.

(E) The machine operators who participated in Quality Circles reported that, when the program started, they felt that participation might improve their work situations.


The premise is about X: participation in the Quality Circles program.
The conclusion is about Y: a decrease in job satisfaction.
The argument assumes that X caused Y.

Quote:
Each of the following, if true, would weaken the conclusion drawn above EXCEPT:


Four of the answer choices will BREAK THE LINK between X and Y.

(A) The second survey occurred during a period of recession when rumors of cutbacks and layoffs at Lark Manufacturing were plentiful. WEAKENS by offering an ALTERNATE CAUSE, implying that it wasn't X (the QC program) but the RECESSION that caused Y (the decrease in job satisfaction). Eliminate A.

(B) The surveys also showed that those Lark machine operators who neither participated in Quality Circles nor knew anyone who did so reported the same degree of lessened satisfaction with their work situations as did the Lark machine operators who participated in Quality Circles. WEAKENS by giving us Y (decreased job satisfaction) WITHOUT X (participation in the QC program), thus BREAKING THE LINK between X and Y. Eliminate B.

(C) While participating in Quality Circles at Lark Manufacturing, machine operators exhibited two of the primary indicators of improved job satisfaction: increased productivity and decreased absenteeism. WEAKENS by giving us X (participation in the QC program) WITHOUT Y (a decrease in job satisfaction), thus BREAKING THE LINK between X and Y. Eliminate C.

(D) Several workers at Lark Manufacturing who had participated in Quality Circles while employed at other companies reported that, while participating in Quality Circles in their previous companies, their work satisfaction had increased. WEAKENS by giving us X (participation in the QC program) WITHOUT Y (a decrease in job satisfaction), thus BREAKING THE LINK between X and Y. Eliminate D.

(E) The machine operators who participated in Quality Circles reported that, when the program started, they felt that participation might improve their work situations. Potentially STRENGTHENS the link between X and Y, implying that the workers were disappointed by their participation in the QC program.


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Re: Lark Manufacturing Company initiated a voluntary Quality Circles progr &nbs [#permalink] 05 Sep 2018, 02:43
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