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Law firms and other professional services groups, academic institution

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New post Updated on: 11 Mar 2019, 04:45
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A
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Question Stats:

53% (01:38) correct 47% (01:51) wrong based on 1065 sessions

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Law firms and other professional services groups, academic institutions, and research divisions often have informal talent marketplaces where senior employees strive to identify the best employees junior to them and the junior employees compete for the assignments that they find most attractive.


A. where senior employees strive to identify the best employees junior to them and the junior employees compete for the assignments that they find most attractive

B. in which senior employees strive and identify the best junior employees and the junior employees compete for the assignments that they find most attractive

C. where senior employees strive to identify the best junior employees and the best junior employees compete for the most attractive assignments

D. that enable senior employees to strive and identify the best junior employees and the best junior employees compete for the most attractive assignments

E. in which senior employees strive to identify the best junior employees and the best junior employees compete for the most attractive assignments


This question is part of the GMAT Club Sentence Correction : Pronoun Revision Project.

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Originally posted by souvik101990 on 26 Mar 2015, 19:05.
Last edited by Bunuel on 11 Mar 2019, 04:45, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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New post Updated on: 11 Mar 2019, 04:47
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OFFICIAL EXPLANATION:



This question uses the incorrect pronoun "where" to refer to "informal talent marketplaces." "Where" is used to refer to physical locations, but the "talent marketplaces" are a metaphorical construct, not an actual geographical location. In this case, "in which" is the appropriate construction. The original answer choice also utilizes unnecessary turns of phrase in its use of “best employees junior to them,” as well as “assignments that they find most attractive,” both of which use excessive language and could be expressed more succinctly.

(A) This choice is incorrect as it repeats the original sentence.

(B) This choice correctly changes "where" to "in which" but incorrectly uses the conjunction “and” between the terms “strive” and “identify,” suggesting that the two terms denote two distinct activities, as opposed to the intended single activity of identifying the best junior employees. Also, “assignments that they find most attractive” are unnecessarily wordy.

(C) This answer repeats the original pronoun error ("where").

(D) This choice incorrectly uses the conjunction “and” between the terms “strive” and “identify,” suggesting that the two terms denote two distinct activities, as opposed to the intended single activity of identifying the best junior employees.

(E) CORRECT This choice correctly changes "where" to "in which" and also rephrases the sentence more concisely ("best junior employees"; "most attractive assignments")
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Originally posted by souvik101990 on 29 Mar 2015, 18:34.
Last edited by Bunuel on 11 Mar 2019, 04:47, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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New post 29 Mar 2015, 01:23
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souvik101990 wrote:
This question is part of the GMAT Club Sentence Correction : Pronoun Revision Project.

Law firms and other professional services groups, academic institutions, and research divisions often have informal talent marketplaces where senior employees strive to identify the best employees junior to them and the junior employees compete for the assignments that they find most attractive.

• where senior employees strive to identify the best employees junior to them and the junior employees compete for the assignments that they find most attractive

• in which senior employees strive and identify the best junior employees and the junior employees compete for the assignments that they find most attractive

• where senior employees strive to identify the best junior employees and the best junior employees compete for the most attractive assignments

• that enable senior employees to strive and identify the best junior employees and the best junior employees compete for the most attractive assignments

• in which senior employees strive to identify the best junior employees and the best junior employees compete for the most attractive assignments


hi all,
this Q tests on following issues..
1) where vs in which.. here in which is better than where...
eg it will be better when we say " it was delhi where i met him " rather than " it was delhi in which i met him "..
however " delhi has a market where you get everything " would not be better than " delhi has a market in which you get everything "..
2) strive to identify vs strive and identify... 'strive and identify' makes the two parts independent so strive to identify is better..

only E is left..
however E changes the meaning by writng "the best junior employees " instead of " the junior employees"..
it could be a typing error but otherwise it changes the scope of junior employees..
ans E
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New post 29 Mar 2015, 08:50
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E and C are the same except : 'in which' vs 'where'. Chose 'in which', because thought this marketplace is not a physical location.
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New post 04 Jun 2017, 09:31
Option is E.
Coming to the meaning of the question first ---Law firms and other professional services groups, academic institutions, and research divisions have some talent marketplaces , in that senior managers do something and juniors do something.
The question has a few errors. Usage of where is incorrect because where refers to a place or location in physical and marketplaces is no place/location. second error is the ambiguity with the pronoun 'they' it can either refers to junior employees or senior employees.
Please note parallelism is well followed over here.

Now scan the options .
Choice A and B are INcorrect due to where usage.
Choice D changes the meaning by introducing 'that'
Choice B disturbs the parallel structure by introducing and between strive and identify instead of using an infinitive form.
Choice E is free from all errors and is concise wrt pronoun usage.



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New post 08 Jun 2017, 02:54
Law firms and other professional services groups, academic institutions, and research divisions often have informal talent marketplaces where senior employees strive to identify the best employees junior to them and the junior employees compete for the assignments that they find most attractive.

• where senior employees strive to identify the best employees junior to them and the junior employees compete for the assignments that they find most attractive- usage of where to refer to marketplaces is incorrect , the best employees junior to them phrase is wordy

• in which senior employees strive and identify the best junior employees and the junior employees compete for the assignments that they find most attractive - strive and identify changes the meaning

• where senior employees strive to identify the best junior employees and the best junior employees compete for the most attractive assignments - usage of where to refer to marketplaces is incorrect

• that enable senior employees to strive and identify the best junior employees and the best junior employees compete for the most attractive assignments - to strive and identify changes the meaning - the activities are not independent of each other

• in which senior employees strive to identify the best junior employees and the best junior employees compete for the most attractive assignments - Correct

Answer E
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New post 31 Mar 2020, 08:08
Hi, experts,daagh VeritasKarishma egmat I rejected all answer choices except A and B because the rest use the additional term "best junior employees compete"

The OG sentence doesn't mention that ONLY the best junior employees compete; how can we then assume this? Also, isn't it nonsensical to assume that only the best junior employees would compete in the marketplace? All employees get an equal opportunity to compete but yes the senior employees can def strive to employ the best junior employees. I tried to go for a meaning-based approach. Could someone please shed some light on why my analysis is incorrect?
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New post 31 Mar 2020, 08:42
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I don't think that this question can stand logic. The project leaders select their team members, who are notably good but to call all of them the best is incongruous. Even technically there can be only one who can be called 'the best'. Whoever are selected then compete among themselves for the best employee award.

As such E doesn't appeal to reason.
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New post 31 Mar 2020, 10:26
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Kritisood It's important to keep in mind that there is nothing special about answer choice A. If E had been missing this word and A had included it, we could just as well ask why it appeared in A. What it comes down, though, is that we're just finding the one answer that works. This isn't about making assumptions; it's just about avoiding error and conveying a clear meaning.
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New post 31 Mar 2020, 10:30
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daagh It's actually quite common to use the word "best" to refer to an entire group or category of people. For instance, we might say that the Olympics is a gathering of the best amateur athletes from around the world. Perhaps only one of them is the best athlete of all, or the best athlete in any given category, but that's a different usage.
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New post 31 Mar 2020, 21:41
DmitryFarber wrote:
Kritisood It's important to keep in mind that there is nothing special about answer choice A. If E had been missing this word and A had included it, we could just as well ask why it appeared in A. What it comes down, though, is that we're just finding the one answer that works. This isn't about making assumptions; it's just about avoiding error and conveying a clear meaning.


DmitryFarber thanks for your reply. I actually chose B even though "strive and identify" may be incorrect, I inferred it to be clearer in meaning than E with the additional "best" in junior employees. :shh: (which was the only reason why I didn't choose E)

Would you say then that the additional "best" is not an error? and how then should we go about more questions like these? It is said that the original sentence conveys the intended meaning most of the time.
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New post 31 Mar 2020, 23:31
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The simple solution is just to erase any notion of "original." We infer the intended meaning from looking at all 5 choices and seeing what makes sense. As for the extra "best" in E, it makes very little change in the meaning. I don't see the value of adding it, but it doesn't create a problematic meaning, so there's no reason to strike it.
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New post 01 Apr 2020, 23:09
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Kritisood wrote:
Hi, experts,daagh VeritasKarishma egmat I rejected all answer choices except A and B because the rest use the additional term "best junior employees compete"

The OG sentence doesn't mention that ONLY the best junior employees compete; how can we then assume this? Also, isn't it nonsensical to assume that only the best junior employees would compete in the marketplace? All employees get an equal opportunity to compete but yes the senior employees can def strive to employ the best junior employees. I tried to go for a meaning-based approach. Could someone please shed some light on why my analysis is incorrect?


I agree with you here, Kriti. When I read the sentence, I said to myself,

This is what is happening -

- the senior employees are trying to identify the best junior employees ( notice the use of "strive to identify" - "best" is a subjective trait so might be different for different senior employees)
- the junior employees are competing for the projects they find attractive (again, "attractive" is a subjective trait so might be different for different employees)

So "best" junior employees are competing did not make sense to me. If the sentence were structured differently, say
...where senior employees identify the best junior employees and then the best junior employees compete ...
it would have been fine.

Also, "where" vs "in which", I would prefer "in which" since the marketplace isn't an actual physical location but we do have some leeway here. Where cannot refer to time but here it refers to marketplace so I can live with it.

All in all, given these options, I would have been torn between options (A) and (E). Even though (A) uses a few extra words, those words do clarify the meaning.

Also, "strive and identify" is an absolute no no. They are not doing two things - striving and identifying. There is only one action - striving to identify.
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Law firms and other professional services groups, academic institution   [#permalink] 01 Apr 2020, 23:09

Law firms and other professional services groups, academic institution

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