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Law require that a judge allows public defenders who would otherwise

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Law require that a judge allows public defenders who would otherwise  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Aug 2014, 09:39
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A
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Difficulty:

  45% (medium)

Question Stats:

61% (01:22) correct 39% (01:36) wrong based on 288 sessions

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Laws require that a judge allows public defenders who would otherwise fail to obtain necessary evidence to hire special investigators at public cost.


A. that a judge allows public defenders who would otherwise fail to obtain necessary evidence to hire

B. judge to allow public defenders who would otherwise fail to obtain necessary evidence that they can hire

C. that a judge allow a public defender who would otherwise fail to obtain necessary evidence to hire

D. judges allow a public defender whose obtaining necessary evidence would otherwise be failing the hiring of

E. judges to allow a public defender whose necessary evidence would otherwise be failing the hiring of


Above question from Kaplan CAT....I am not sure why verb allow be plural due to effect of laws and not singular due to effect of Judge

Please explain
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Re: Law require that a judge allows public defenders who would otherwise  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Aug 2014, 04:44
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A very good question suggesting the usage of subjunctive mood. What is subjunctive mood? The subjunctive mood expresses a wish or a doubt or a command. Subjunctive normally takes a singular.
So, Laws require that a judge allow public defenders .... is proper.
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I suggest that John study the book before asking these doubts.
I require that Jane ask this question before she starts.
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Re: Law require that a judge allows public defenders who would otherwise  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Aug 2014, 05:09
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sivasanjeev wrote:
A very good question suggesting the usage of subjunctive mood. What is subjunctive mood? The subjunctive mood expresses a wish or a doubt or a command. Subjunctive normally takes a singular.
So, Laws require that a judge allow public defenders .... is proper.
more examples
I suggest that John study the book before asking these doubts.
I require that Jane ask this question before she starts.


Thanks Siva....you are correct on this one....Even Kaplan guys never touched this point....I searched further.....This is indeed the reason.
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Re: Law require that a judge allows public defenders who would otherwise  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Aug 2016, 08:56
How is allow correct ? shouldn't it be allows as judge is singular ?

Please help !!
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Re: Law require that a judge allows public defenders who would otherwise  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Aug 2016, 03:34
I have the same query. A judge is singuar, the singular verb is allows.
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Re: Law require that a judge allows public defenders who would otherwise  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Aug 2016, 06:26
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nikita15588 wrote:
I have the same query. A judge is singuar, the singular verb is allows.


This is a command subjunctive mood, and hence the raw form of verb is used.

In case you are not aware of command subjunctive, here is a brief:

There are certain bossy verbs such as demand, require etc. that require a command subjunctive mood, i,e. the verb within the demand or requirement takes up the raw form.

I demand that he go there....correct
I demand that he goes there.... wrong.

For more details on command subjunctive, read a good GMAT guide such as Manhattan SC guide.
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Re: Law require that a judge allows public defenders who would otherwise  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Oct 2018, 23:20
Official Explanation Kaplan :

Read the Original Sentence Carefully, Looking for Errors:

With verbs like order, recommend, demand, require, etc. , what follows should be that and the infinitive form of the verb being demanded or required. In this case Laws require that …allow… to hire…is the correct form. Recognize the subjunctive verb form to increase your score on the GMAT. Here it appears the subjunctive is used incorrectly. Choice (A) is incorrect.

Scan and Group the Answer Choices:

Choice (A) uses the incorrect verb form. Choices (B), (C), (D), and (E) use the correct verb form of allow. But only Answer Choice (C) combines the entire subjunctive correctly.

Eliminate Wrong Answer Choices:

Choice (A) uses the incorrect verb form "allows".

Choice (B) does not use the correct form of the subjunctive mood and creates more errors by moving the word "that" from the beginning of the underlined portion to after the word "evidence" and by inserting the pronoun "they" before "can hire." Now the sentence does not make sense.

Choice (D) does not use the correct form of the subjunctive mood and creates an awkward, unclear structure due to the phrase "whose obtaining necessary evidence would otherwise be failing the hiring of."

Choice (E) does not use the correct form of the subjunctive mood and creates an awkward, unclear structure due to the phrase "whose necessary evidence would otherwise be failing the hiring of."

Answer Choice (C) uses the correct form of the subjunctive mood and is correct.
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Re: Law require that a judge allows public defenders who would otherwise   [#permalink] 14 Oct 2018, 23:20
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