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Like embryonic germ cells, which are cells that develop early in the f

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Like embryonic germ cells, which are cells that develop early in the f  [#permalink]

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Like embryonic germ cells, which are cells that develop early in the formation of the fetus and that later generate eggs or sperm, embryonic stem cells have the ability of developing themselves into different kinds of body tissue.

(A) embryonic stem cells have the ability of developing themselves into different kinds of body tissue

(B) embryonic stem cells have the ability to develop into different kinds of body tissue

(C) in embryonic stem cells there is the ability to develop into different kinds of body tissue

(D) the ability to develop themselves into different kinds of body tissue characterizes embryonic stem cells

(E) the ability of developing into different kinds of body tissue characterizes embryonic stem cells

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Question: 47
Page: 43
Difficulty: 600

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Re: Like embryonic germ cells, which are cells that develop early in the f  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Oct 2012, 05:55
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Hi folks,

In this official question, selection of correct answer lies on the knowledge of correct idiom and not mere conciseness. “Ability of” and “ability to” both are correct expressions. However, they are used differently.
“Ability of” is generally followed by a “proper” noun. This noun can be a person, an organization, a group, a thing, etc. Here we are not talking about a noun form of any word or a gerund. Following are a few examples from The New York Times:

1. Separately, some of the animals also were injected with a drug that blocks the ability of male sex hormones to bind to receptors in the brain.

2. International relief officials reported an increasingly grim aid crisis stemming from the Syria conflict on Tuesday, with two million people there not getting desperately needed help, and a sudden acceleration of refugees overwhelming the ability of neighboring countries to absorb them.

3. An experimental drug preserved and even improved the walking ability of boys with Duchenne muscular dystrophy in a clinical trial, raising hopes that the first effective treatment for the disease may be on the horizon.

When we use "ability to, it is followed by a verb.
Now let’s study the official question.

Like embryonic germ cells, which are cells that develop early in the formation of the fetus and that later generate eggs or sperm, embryonic stem cells have the ability of developing themselves into different kinds of body tissue.

This sentence is clearly talking about the ability of embryonic stem cells, a noun, to do something. Hence, we must use the expression “ability to” to communicate that. Notice that use of “ability of developing” is not correct here because “developing” is an ‘ing” noun form, a gerund, and not a “proper” noun.

Hence, the context of the sentence determines the correct usage of the idiom appropriate for that particular sentence.

Hope this helps. :)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: Like embryonic germ cells, which are cells that develop early in the f  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2008, 05:47
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When we use the word "ability" it is almost always the ability to do something. So we need a verb there, not a noun. "developing" is a noun. The sentence actually tries to use it as a verb. "developing themselves".
Caroline121 wrote:
Like embryonic germ cells, which are cells that develop early in the formation of the fetus and that later generate eggs or sperm, embryonic stem cells have the ability of developing themselves into different kinds of body tissue.

(A) embryonic stem cells have the ability of developing themselves into different kinds of body tissue
(B) embryonic stem cells have the ability to develop into different kinds of body tissue
(C) in embryonic stem cells there is the ability to develop into different kinds of body tissue
(D) the ability to develop themselves into defferent kinds of body tissue characterizes embryonic stem cells
(E) the ability of developing into different kinds of body tissue characterizes embryonic stem cells

OA is (B), well I selected (A). Why (B) is correct and (A) isn't? :?:

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Re: Like embryonic germ cells, which are cells that develop early in the f  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2008, 05:58
Caroline121 wrote:
Like embryonic germ cells, which are cells that develop early in the formation of the fetus and that later generate eggs or sperm, embryonic stem cells have the ability of developing themselves into different kinds of body tissue.

(A) embryonic stem cells have the ability of developing themselves into different kinds of body tissue
(B) embryonic stem cells have the ability to develop into different kinds of body tissue
(C) in embryonic stem cells there is the ability to develop into different kinds of body tissue
(D) the ability to develop themselves into defferent kinds of body tissue characterizes embryonic stem cells
(E) the ability of developing into different kinds of body tissue characterizes embryonic stem cells

OA is (B), well I selected (A). Why (B) is correct and (A) isn't? :?:



Even if A and B looks grammatically correct. Then B is concise (GMAT Prefers concise)
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Re: Like embryonic germ cells, which are cells that develop early in the f  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2008, 08:30
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Caroline121 wrote:
Like embryonic germ cells, which are cells that develop early in the formation of the fetus and that later generate eggs or sperm, embryonic stem cells have the ability of developing themselves into different kinds of body tissue.

(A) embryonic stem cells have the ability of developing themselves into different kinds of body tissue
(B) embryonic stem cells have the ability to develop into different kinds of body tissue
(C) in embryonic stem cells there is the ability to develop into different kinds of body tissue
(D) the ability to develop themselves into defferent kinds of body tissue characterizes embryonic stem cells
(E) the ability of developing into different kinds of body tissue characterizes embryonic stem cells

OA is (B), well I selected (A). Why (B) is correct and (A) isn't? :?:


ability to and ability of are used in different contexts.

ability to <whats the ability>
consider the eg :
jill has the ability to fetch a pile of water.
jill has the ability of fetching a pile of water
.

ability of <whose ability>
dont question the ability of jill.
here ability of is correct.


:) Hope i have cleared the doubt
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Re: Like embryonic germ cells, which are cells that develop early in the f  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2008, 08:48
ability of developing themselves vs ability to develop into?
which one do you prefer?
I believe A does not capture intended meaning either.
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Re: Like embryonic germ cells, which are cells that develop early in the f  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2008, 10:35
mbawaters wrote:
ability of developing themselves vs ability to develop into?
which one do you prefer?
I believe A does not capture intended meaning either.


I prefer B since it says ability is : to develop into ....
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Re: Like embryonic germ cells, which are cells that develop early in the f  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2008, 18:07
I remember that there is another Sentence Correction which mentions another word " capable".
... the studies indicate dolphins as capable of recognizing themselves in mirrors ....
Below is the URL.
11-p165514?t=24943&hilit=The+results+of+two+recent+unrelated+studies#p165514

Is it the rule that "capable" + "of doing", while "ability" + "to do sth"? As capable is an adj., and ability is a noun. May I just mark that "adj" + "of doing", and "noun" + "to do sth"? :?:
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Re: Like embryonic germ cells, which are cells that develop early in the f  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Oct 2012, 21:22
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The pronoun "themselves" is redundant and unidiomatic when used after "develop."
As to the expression "the ability of developing" it is incorrect stylistically. The correct idiom is "ability TO do something."
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Re: Like embryonic germ cells, which are cells that develop early in the f  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Oct 2012, 03:29
I went for A instead of B. Hindsight shows that when all rules are done and checked, we need finally to check the "Concision" part in case of a tie.
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Re: Like embryonic germ cells, which are cells that develop early in the f  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Oct 2012, 07:29
Quote:
Like embryonic germ cells, which are cells that develop early in the formation of the fetus and that later generate eggs or sperm, embryonic stem cells have the ability of developing themselves into different kinds of body tissue.

(A) embryonic stem cells have the ability of developing themselves into different kinds of body tissue
(B) embryonic stem cells have the ability to develop into different kinds of body tissue
(C) in embryonic stem cells there is the ability to develop into different kinds of body tissue
(D) the ability to develop themselves into different kinds of body tissue characterizes embryonic stem cells
(E) the ability of developing into different kinds of body tissue characterizes embryonic stem cells


Like rule: Like is used to compare nouns,so the correct options should be something like: Like embryonic germ cells, blah..blah, embryonic stem cells ...
Only option A and B follow the above rule and C,D & E can be straightaway eliminated.
In A, ability of developing is unidiomatic, hence can be ruled out.
Correct Answer: B
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Re: Like embryonic germ cells, which are cells that develop early in the f  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jul 2017, 12:55
Like embryonic germ cells, which are cells that develop early in the formation of the fetus and that later generate eggs or sperm, embryonic stem cells have the ability of developing themselves into different kinds of body tissue.

(A) embryonic stem cells have the ability of developing themselves into different kinds of body tissue

- of developing is not parallel to that develop
- ability of developing is unidiomatic - should be ability + infinitive verb, in this case, ability to develop


(B) embryonic stem cells have the ability to develop into different kinds of body tissue

- CORRECT

(C) in embryonic stem cells there is the ability to develop into different kinds of body tissue

- missing parallelism - Like embryonic germ cells, ----- in embryonic stem cells

(D) the ability to develop themselves into different kinds of body tissue characterizes embryonic stem cells

- missing parallelism

(E) the ability of developing into different kinds of body tissue characterizes embryonic stem cells

- missing parallelism

Hence, Answer is B

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Re: Like embryonic germ cells, which are cells that develop early in the f  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Aug 2017, 21:00
Caroline121 wrote:
Like embryonic germ cells, which are cells that develop early in the formation of the fetus and that later generate eggs or sperm, embryonic stem cells have the ability of developing themselves into different kinds of body tissue.

(A) embryonic stem cells have the ability of developing themselves into different kinds of body tissue
(B) embryonic stem cells have the ability to develop into different kinds of body tissue
(C) in embryonic stem cells there is the ability to develop into different kinds of body tissue
(D) the ability to develop themselves into different kinds of body tissue characterizes embryonic stem cells
(E) the ability of developing into different kinds of body tissue characterizes embryonic stem cells

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GMAT Official Guide 12

Question: 47
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Difficulty: 600

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The correct idiom is " ability of x to y" or simply "ability to"

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Re: Like embryonic germ cells, which are cells that develop early in the f  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Sep 2017, 10:09
Clear comparison by using like in a sentence, leads to elimination for choices "C", "D" and "E" (like embryonic germ cells,....embryonic stem cells)
"A" uses ability is incorrect followed by of developing.

Thus, B is the correct choice.
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Re: Like embryonic germ cells, which are cells that develop early in the f  [#permalink]

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New post 16 May 2018, 23:20
Hello egmat,

Thanks for the explanation Ms. Payal, also isnt there a meaning difference between the two options A and B, I was unaware of the idiom usage, but I thought "developing themselves" is illogical, how can it develop themselves ? it can only get developed into something. Can you please further clarify in this front ?
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Re: Like embryonic germ cells, which are cells that develop early in the f  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Sep 2018, 10:24
Quote:
Like embryonic germ cells, which are cells that develop early in the formation of the fetus and that later generate eggs or sperm, embryonic stem cells have the ability of developing themselves into different kinds of body tissue.

As it's written, the sentence makes a comparison between embryonic germ cells and embryonic stem cells. The structure of the sentence supports this comparison grammatically.

Let's start by eliminating any answer choices that have straightforward grammatical errors.

Quote:
(C) in embryonic stem cells there is the ability to develop into different kinds of body tissue

This choice introduces an error by introducing a comparison of two things that definitely aren't intended to be compared. If we choose (C), then we'll end up with the following erroneous construction:

    Like embryonic germ cells, which are cells that develop early in the formation of the fetus and that later generate eggs or sperm, in embryonic stem cells there is the ability to develop into into different kinds of body tissue.

"Embryonic germ cells" cannot be compared to "in embryonic stem cells." They must be compared to "embryonic stem cells." So let's eliminate (C).

Quote:
(D) the ability to develop themselves into different kinds of body tissue characterizes embryonic stem cells

We'll eliminate this choice for the exact same reason we eliminated choice (C): It breaks the author's intent to compare one type of cell to another type of cell.

"Embryonic germ cells" cannot be compared to "the ability," so eliminate (D) and move on.

Quote:
(E) the ability of developing into different kinds of body tissue characterizes embryonic stem cells

We'll eliminate this choice for the exact same reason we eliminated choice (C) and choice (D).

"Embryonic germ cells" cannot be compared to "the ability," so eliminate (E).

OK! Now that we've gotten the easy stuff out of the way, let's get back to (A) and (B).

Quote:
(A) embryonic stem cells have the ability of developing themselves into different kinds of body tissue.

Here, we see that the underlined portion itself isn't quite right. We typically use the phrase "the ability of _________________" when an ability belongs to whatever is filling in the blank:

  • In their efforts to develop a new kind of skin graft, scientists have harnessed the ability of lizards to regenerate tails.
  • The abilities of Superman are virtually limitless.

But in this sentence, we're told that "embryonic stem cells have the ability of developing themselves into different kinds of body tissue." This choice of preposition ("of") isn't appropriate for what the author means. The author means that embryonic stem cells can develop themselves into different kinds of body tissue, not that embryonic stem cells have the same kind of ability that "developing themselves" has.

You could also argue that there's no good reason to say "developing themselves." It's probably enough just to say that the cells "develop into" some other type of cell, so "developing themselves into" another type of cell is probably redundant.

So we have a couple of good reasons to eliminate (A).

Quote:
(B) embryonic stem cells have the ability to develop into different kinds of body tissue

This looks good! It's exactly the same as the original underlined portion, except that the preposition error has been fixed, and the potential redundancy of "developing themselves has been eliminated.

So (B) is our winner.
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Re: Like embryonic germ cells, which are cells that develop early in the f &nbs [#permalink] 03 Sep 2018, 10:24
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