GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 21 Aug 2018, 06:55

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Linguist: Each language has a word that captures a concept or emotiona

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 19 Aug 2012
Posts: 54
Linguist: Each language has a word that captures a concept or emotiona  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 11 Aug 2018, 02:44
5
13
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  45% (medium)

Question Stats:

69% (01:44) correct 31% (01:53) wrong based on 1025 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

Linguist: Each language has a word that captures a concept or emotional state in a way that no other language does. To capture such a breadth of expression, an artificial language should be created that contains words corresponding to all the different concepts and emotional states captured by the world’s languages. That is not to say that such a language would contain as many words as there are in all the world’s languages. Rather, only for those words that have no corresponding word in another language. While such a plan is hugely ambitious, the resulting language would be more thorough than any existing language.

The conclusion drawn above depends on which of the following assumptions?


A) Extinct languages do not offer up words that capture concepts and emotional states in ways that fundamentally differ from those of existing languages.

B) Many languages have words that virtually overlap in the meaning they convey.

C) Each year hundreds of the world’s languages go extinct, once there are no longer any native speakers remaining.

D) It is possible for one person to learn all of the world’s existing languages.

E) The range of concepts and emotional states is the only indication of a language’s thoroughness.

Originally posted by anish123ster on 10 May 2013, 04:38.
Last edited by Bunuel on 11 Aug 2018, 02:44, edited 3 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 12 Dec 2012
Posts: 154
Location: Poland
Re: Linguist: Each language has a word that captures a concept or emotiona  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 10 May 2013, 05:11
4
anish123ster wrote:
Linguist: Each language has a word that captures a concept or emotional state in a way that no other language does. To capture such a breadth of expression, an artificial language should be created that contains words corresponding to all the different concepts and emotional states captured by the world’s languages. That is not to say that such a language would contain as many words as there are in all the world’s languages. Rather, only for those words that have no corresponding word in another language. While such a plan is hugely ambitious, the resulting language would be more thorough than any existing language.

The conclusion drawn above depends on which of the following assumptions?


A) Extinct languages do not offer up words that capture concepts and emotional states in ways that fundamentally differ from those of existing languages.
Are extinct languages important here?
B) Many languages have words that virtually overlap in the meaning they convey.
Numerous overlapping words would shrink the new language as they would not be included in it.
C) Each year hundreds of the world’s languages go extinct, once there are no longer any native speakers remaining.
Not relevant.
D) It is possible for one person to learn all of the world’s existing languages.
Not relevant.
E) The range of concepts and emotional states is the only indication of a language’s thoroughness.
This is the underlying assumption. The words mentioned are the crux of the argument, just as the language's thoroughness is.
When you remove this assumption, the conclusion falls apart.

Alas... I might be wrong though.
_________________

If I answered your question with this post, use the motivating power of kudos!

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 14 Apr 2013
Posts: 42
GMAT 1: 740 Q50 V40
Re: Linguist: Each language has a word that captures a concept or emotiona  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 10 May 2013, 05:59
1
2
Argument Analysis
1. Each language has a word that captures a concept or emotional state in a way that no other language does.
2. To capture such a breadth of expression, an artificial language should be created that contains words corresponding to all the different concepts and emotional states captured by the world’s languages.
3. Conclusion: the resulting language would be more thorough than any existing language.

Pre thinking:
Author is concluding that a language more thorough than any existing language can be created by using words corresponding to all the different concepts and emotional states captured by the world’s languages.
Now the author here is assuming that the new language would be more thorough by only using word corresponding to different concepts and emotional and no other feature is required for a language to be through.


Analysis of answer choices:
A) Extinct languages do not offer up words that capture concepts and emotional states in ways that fundamentally differ from those of existing languages.
INCORRECT: irrelevant. No discussion about extinct languages in the argument.
B) Many languages have words that virtually overlap in the meaning they convey.
INCORRECT: irrelevant. Word overlapping has nothing to do with thoroughness.
C) Each year hundreds of the world’s languages go extinct, once there are no longer any native speakers remaining.
INCORRECT: irrelevant. Has nothing to do with thoroughness.
D) It is possible for one person to learn all of the world’s existing languages.
INCORRECT: irrelevant.
E) The range of concepts and emotional states is the only indication of a language’s thoroughness.
CORRECT : This is what the author assumes when he say that by just using words corresponding to different concepts and emotional state a new more through language can be created.
_________________

The Kudo please :)

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 19 Aug 2012
Posts: 54
Re: Linguist: Each language has a word that captures a concept or emotiona  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 10 May 2013, 21:26
OA: E

The conclusion assumes that thoroughness, as it relates towards a language, can be defined as encompassing “the range of concepts and emotional states...” That is, there is nothing else that accounts for a language’s thoroughness. This leads us to (E).

(A) contrasts existing and extinct languages. Not relevant.
(B) does not relate to the discussion. On the surface, it looks like it may weaken the point but it does not do so. Even if it did, we are dealing with an assumption.
(C) is a general fact that is irrelevant.
(D) sounds like it weakens the argument, if anything.
_________________

giving kudos is the best thing you can do for me..

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 19 Aug 2012
Posts: 54
Re: Linguist: Each language has a word that captures a concept or emotiona  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 10 May 2013, 21:29
HumptyDumpty and ssbisht...nicely done.. +1 to you both..
thanx
_________________

giving kudos is the best thing you can do for me..

Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor
User avatar
Joined: 11 Dec 2012
Posts: 313
Re: Linguist: Each language has a word that captures a concept or emotiona  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 10 May 2013, 21:40
Good analysis indeed. Of course this question has three options that seem instantly out of scope (A, C and D). The only one that makes sense is E and I think only B offers a reasonable alternative. The other choices go into concepts such as whether or not the language is extinct and the number of speakers. This type of question could be made harder by introducing verbiage at the end to make you doubt, such as "While such a plan is hugely ambitious, the resulting language would be more thorough than any existing language, and would be a good tool to stave off the growing number of langauges that are now considered extinct".

Even if the questions are harder or easier, the underlying analysis of identifying the conclusion and then determining which answer choice is necessary to keep the conclusion valid remains the same. Questions get more difficult as more red herrings get thrown in, but the concepts rarely vary far from this mold.

Hope this helps!
-Ron
_________________

Ron Awad
Veritas Prep | GMAT Instructor
Save $100 on Veritas Prep GMAT Courses and Admissions Consulting Services
Veritas Prep Reviews

Board of Directors
User avatar
P
Joined: 01 Sep 2010
Posts: 3447
Re: Linguist: Each language has a word that captures a concept or emotiona  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 May 2013, 06:39
VeritasPrepRon wrote:
Good analysis indeed. Of course this question has three options that seem instantly out of scope (A, C and D). The only one that makes sense is E and I think only B offers a reasonable alternative. The other choices go into concepts such as whether or not the language is extinct and the number of speakers. This type of question could be made harder by introducing verbiage at the end to make you doubt, such as "While such a plan is hugely ambitious, the resulting language would be more thorough than any existing language, and would be a good tool to stave off the growing number of langauges that are now considered extinct".

Even if the questions are harder or easier, the underlying analysis of identifying the conclusion and then determining which answer choice is necessary to keep the conclusion valid remains the same. Questions get more difficult as more red herrings get thrown in, but the concepts rarely vary far from this mold.

Hope this helps!
-Ron



Agree, the most difficult level questions have 5 options nearly impossible or very very close to each other. When you come up to eliminate suddenly 3 options out of 5 is not so tough. My opinion

E is it
_________________

COLLECTION OF QUESTIONS AND RESOURCES
Quant: 1. ALL GMATPrep questions Quant/Verbal 2. Bunuel Signature Collection - The Next Generation 3. Bunuel Signature Collection ALL-IN-ONE WITH SOLUTIONS 4. Veritas Prep Blog PDF Version 5. MGMAT Study Hall Thursdays with Ron Quant Videos
Verbal:1. Verbal question bank and directories by Carcass 2. MGMAT Study Hall Thursdays with Ron Verbal Videos 3. Critical Reasoning_Oldy but goldy question banks 4. Sentence Correction_Oldy but goldy question banks 5. Reading-comprehension_Oldy but goldy question banks

Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 06 May 2017
Posts: 10
Location: United States (AZ)
Concentration: Human Resources
GMAT 1: 650 Q44 V28
GPA: 3.8
Re: Linguist: Each language has a word that captures a concept or emotiona  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 May 2017, 12:27
The question really stunts me, but the solution offers full detailed explanations, thanks
Manager
Manager
avatar
S
Joined: 06 Jun 2013
Posts: 175
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, Economics
Schools: Tuck
GMAT 1: 640 Q49 V30
GPA: 3.6
WE: Engineering (Computer Software)
Premium Member
Re: Linguist: Each language has a word that captures a concept or emotiona  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 Jul 2017, 11:19
'thoroughness' is the key word that links the assumption with the conclusion.

hence E is the correct answer.
SVP
SVP
avatar
P
Joined: 12 Dec 2016
Posts: 1849
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 700 Q49 V33
GPA: 3.64
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member
Re: Linguist: Each language has a word that captures a concept or emotiona  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 Jan 2018, 00:53
the main concern of this argument is E.
I once did meet this question in a gmat prep, but I did not read the explanation nor check the answer. As a consequence, I keep choosing the wrong option choice that I thought the right answer.
Director
Director
User avatar
D
Joined: 23 Sep 2015
Posts: 814
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge
Re: Linguist: Each language has a word that captures a concept or emotiona  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 Mar 2018, 06:47
Interesting Question! looks tough at first glance but answer choices are easy. took 2:13

new language made >>> have unique words >>> concluding that new language will be more through then any language. means nothing outside of this will be needed.

A) Extinct languages do not offer up words that capture concepts and emotional states in ways that fundamentally differ from those of existing languages. --- extinct language ??? i didn't even completed the rest of the sentence.
B) Many languages have words that virtually overlap in the meaning they convey. ---- so if any/many language/s don't have overlapping words then we can't express properly . I guess one word is sufficient. even if we replace many with new language, still it will not hamper the conclusion.
C) Each year hundreds of the world’s languages go extinct, once there are no longer any native speakers remaining. --- so ?
D) It is possible for one person to learn all of the world’s existing languages. ---- even if they do, then what ?
E) The range of concepts and emotional states is the only indication of a language’s thoroughness. ---- suppose the hand gestures also play a distinctive role in language’s thoroughness. that means new language is not up to mark. this is the answer we should look for.
_________________

Thanks!
Do give some kudos.

Simple strategy:
“Once you’ve eliminated the impossible, whatever remains, however improbable, must be the truth.”

Best Gmat Resource:
GmatPrep CR|GmatPrep SC|GmatPrep RC

Want to improve your Score:
GMAT Ninja YouTube! Series 1| GMAT Ninja YouTube! Series 2

Director
Director
User avatar
D
Joined: 23 Sep 2015
Posts: 814
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge
Re: Linguist: Each language has a word that captures a concept or emotiona  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 Aug 2018, 02:40

Official Explanation
Answer: (E)



The conclusion assumes that thoroughness, as it relates towards a language, can be defined as encompassing “the range of concepts and emotional states...” That is, there is nothing else that accounts for a language’s thoroughness. This leads us to (E).

(A) contrasts existing and extinct languages. Not relevant.

(B) does not relate to the discussion. On the surface, it looks like it may weaken the point but it does not do so. Even if it did, we are dealing with an assumption.

(C) is a general fact that is irrelevant.

(D) sounds like it weakens the argument, if anything.
_________________

Thanks!
Do give some kudos.

Simple strategy:
“Once you’ve eliminated the impossible, whatever remains, however improbable, must be the truth.”

Best Gmat Resource:
GmatPrep CR|GmatPrep SC|GmatPrep RC

Want to improve your Score:
GMAT Ninja YouTube! Series 1| GMAT Ninja YouTube! Series 2

Re: Linguist: Each language has a word that captures a concept or emotiona &nbs [#permalink] 11 Aug 2018, 02:40
Display posts from previous: Sort by

Linguist: Each language has a word that captures a concept or emotiona

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  

Events & Promotions

PREV
NEXT


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.