Summer is Coming! Join the Game of Timers Competition to Win Epic Prizes. Registration is Open. Game starts Mon July 1st.

 It is currently 17 Jul 2019, 07:49

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Because a surfeit of undergraduate students has sent class sizes soari

 new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Intern
Joined: 07 Sep 2011
Posts: 5
Because a surfeit of undergraduate students has sent class sizes soari  [#permalink]

Show Tags

Updated on: 19 May 2017, 20:27
1
1
26
00:00

Difficulty:

45% (medium)

Question Stats:

53% (01:08) correct 47% (01:20) wrong based on 695 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

Because a surfeit of undergraduate students has sent class sizes soaring, the university administration has announced that it will hire more faculty members for the next school year.

(A) Because a surfeit of undergraduate students has sent class sizes soaring,
(B) Because of soaring class sizes, which is due to a surfeit of undergraduate students,
(C) Because class sizes have been sent soaring, which resulted from a surfeit of undergraduate students,
(D) Due to soaring class sizes from a surfeit of undergraduate students,
(E) Due to a surfeit of undergraduate students, with the result that class sizes have been sent soaring,

This question was modified from OG. LINK

Originally posted by avabelieve on 30 Nov 2011, 13:52.
Last edited by hazelnut on 19 May 2017, 20:27, edited 3 times in total.
Part of the sentence underlined. OA inserted in the Spoiler.
Most Helpful Community Reply
Manager
Status: Enjoying the MBA journey :)
Joined: 09 Sep 2011
Posts: 131
Location: United States (DC)
Concentration: General Management, Entrepreneurship
GMAT 1: 710 Q49 V38
WE: Corporate Finance (Other)
Re: Because a surfeit of undergraduate students has sent class sizes soari  [#permalink]

Show Tags

30 Nov 2011, 15:35
7
4
Here's the solution:

The main split in this question is Because v/s Due
Note that 'Due to' is another replacement for 'Caused by'.

Now, keeping that in mind, if we try to replace the 'Due to' in the options D and E with 'caused by', it does not fit properly, making the sentence awkward. Hence we can straight away eliminate these options.

Now, among options A, B and C:
Option A is the most concise and clear sentence. Hence it's correct.

Option B uses the relative pronoun 'which' to incorrectly qualify the clause 'Because of soaring class sizes'. Also, the option is unnecessarily wordy.

Option C also uses the relative pronoun 'which' incorrectly and is wordier than option B. Hence incorrect.

Hope this helps.
_________________
MBA Candidate 2015 | Georgetown University
McDonough School of Business
General Discussion
Intern
Joined: 07 Sep 2011
Posts: 5
Re: Because a surfeit of undergraduate students has sent class sizes soari  [#permalink]

Show Tags

30 Nov 2011, 17:16
Is "because/because of" always better than "due to" in GMAT?
Senior Manager
Status: Prep started for the n-th time
Joined: 29 Aug 2010
Posts: 434
Re: Because a surfeit of undergraduate students has sent class sizes soari  [#permalink]

Show Tags

30 Nov 2011, 18:31
6
3
+1 for A.

due to vs because

"due to" is only correct in GMAT if it can be replaced by "caused by" and the resulting sentence makes sense.

"because/because of" is used to give reasons. (answer the question why?)

Eg I was late due to rain. (Incorrect) => I was late caused by rain - does not make sense.

I was late because of rain. (Correct)

Crick
Manager
Status: Essaying
Joined: 27 May 2010
Posts: 99
Location: Ghana
Concentration: Finance, Finance
Schools: Cambridge
GMAT 1: 690 Q47 V37
GPA: 3.9
WE: Accounting (Education)
Re: Because a surfeit of undergraduate students has sent class sizes soari  [#permalink]

Show Tags

01 Dec 2011, 02:46
1
I went for B because I thought the soaring class size caused the need for recruitment
Retired Moderator
Status: Flying over the cloud!
Joined: 17 Aug 2011
Posts: 538
Location: Viet Nam
Concentration: International Business, Marketing
GMAT Date: 06-06-2014
GPA: 3.07
Re: Because a surfeit of undergraduate students has sent class sizes soari  [#permalink]

Show Tags

01 Dec 2011, 03:12
2
2
avabelieve wrote:
Because a surfeit of undergraduate students has sent class sizes soaring, the university administration has announced that it will hire more faculty members for the next school year.

A) Because a surfeit of undergraduate students has sent class sizes soaring,
B ) Because of soaring class sizes, which is due to a surfeit of undergraduate students, => "which is" is S-V agreement error
C) Because class sizes have been sent soaring, which resulted from a surfeit of undergraduate students, => "which" is wrong replaced

"Due to" here has two usages. First, "due to" must modify a noun, in this case, "due to" modify "the university" => wrong. Second usage, "due to" mean "caused by". This usage is also wrong in this case. Because is more preference

D) Due to soaring class sizes from a surfeit of undergraduate students,
E) Due to a surfeit of undergraduate students, with the result that class sizes have been sent soaring,

I went for D. OA is A. Any thoughts?

BECAUSE OF vs. DUE TO
"Due to" modify a noun
Example: From helicopter, I saw a six mile traffic jam due to an overturned truck

"Because of" modify an ENTIRE CLAUSE

Example:
I was late to the meeting because of the traffic
_________________
Intern
Status: Stay Hungry, Stay Foolish.
Joined: 05 Sep 2011
Posts: 33
Location: India
Concentration: Marketing, Social Entrepreneurship
Re: Because a surfeit of undergraduate students has sent class sizes soari  [#permalink]

Show Tags

01 Dec 2011, 03:40
In addition to the due to Vs because reason,

anyone is support of active voice and passive voice being the reason ?
I feel,A is a more direct answer in terms of usage, active voice.
D is passive.
KIndly correct if i'm wrong here.
Manager
Joined: 22 Apr 2011
Posts: 124
Schools: Mccombs business school, Mays business school, Rotman Business School,
Re: Because a surfeit of undergraduate students has sent class sizes soari  [#permalink]

Show Tags

06 Jun 2012, 00:47
1
avabelieve wrote:
<u>Because a surfeit of undergraduate students has sent class sizes soaring,</u> the university administration has announced that it will hire more faculty members for the next school year.

A) Because a surfeit of undergraduate students has sent class sizes soaring,
B ) Because of soaring class sizes, which is due to a surfeit of undergraduate students,
C) Because class sizes have been sent soaring, which resulted from a surfeit of undergraduate students,
D) Due to soaring class sizes from a surfeit of undergraduate students,
E) Due to a surfeit of undergraduate students, with the result that class sizes have been sent soaring,

I went for D. OA is A. Any thoughts?

i pick A. as far i know "because" answer the question WHY and "due to' answer the question of WHAT..
" the postponement of concert is due to rain" so the postponement is caused by rain. on the other hand " the concert is postponed because it is raining" so why the concert is postponed, because it is raining. so B, D and E are out. C is out because it is unnecessarily passive
_________________
some people are successful, because they have been fortunate enough and some people earn success, because they have been determined.....

please press kudos if you like my post.... i am begging for kudos...lol
Senior Manager
Joined: 13 Jan 2012
Posts: 279
Weight: 170lbs
GMAT 1: 740 Q48 V42
GMAT 2: 760 Q50 V42
WE: Analyst (Other)
Re: Because a surfeit of undergraduate students has sent class sizes soari  [#permalink]

Show Tags

06 Jun 2012, 19:43
tuanquang269 wrote:
avabelieve wrote:
Because a surfeit of undergraduate students has sent class sizes soaring, the university administration has announced that it will hire more faculty members for the next school year.

A) Because a surfeit of undergraduate students has sent class sizes soaring,
B ) Because of soaring class sizes, which is due to a surfeit of undergraduate students, => "which is" is S-V agreement error
C) Because class sizes have been sent soaring, which resulted from a surfeit of undergraduate students, => "which" is wrong replaced

"Due to" here has two usages. First, "due to" must modify a noun, in this case, "due to" modify "the university" => wrong. Second usage, "due to" mean "caused by". This usage is also wrong in this case. Because is more preference

D) Due to soaring class sizes from a surfeit of undergraduate students,
E) Due to a surfeit of undergraduate students, with the result that class sizes have been sent soaring,

I went for D. OA is A. Any thoughts?

BECAUSE OF vs. DUE TO
"Due to" modify a noun
Example: From helicopter, I saw a six mile traffic jam due to an overturned truck

"Because of" modify an ENTIRE CLAUSE

Example:
I was late to the meeting because of the traffic

That's helpful. Thanks. I eliminated A/B/C on this one and went with D. Will never miss a 'due to' problem again!
Manager
Joined: 30 Jun 2011
Posts: 187
Re: Because a surfeit of undergraduate students has sent class sizes soari  [#permalink]

Show Tags

08 Nov 2012, 13:21
She had a terrible scar (because of/due to) her motorcycle crash ???

tuanquang269 wrote:
avabelieve wrote:
Because a surfeit of undergraduate students has sent class sizes soaring, the university administration has announced that it will hire more faculty members for the next school year.

A) Because a surfeit of undergraduate students has sent class sizes soaring,
B ) Because of soaring class sizes, which is due to a surfeit of undergraduate students, => "which is" is S-V agreement error
C) Because class sizes have been sent soaring, which resulted from a surfeit of undergraduate students, => "which" is wrong replaced

"Due to" here has two usages. First, "due to" must modify a noun, in this case, "due to" modify "the university" => wrong. Second usage, "due to" mean "caused by". This usage is also wrong in this case. Because is more preference

D) Due to soaring class sizes from a surfeit of undergraduate students,
E) Due to a surfeit of undergraduate students, with the result that class sizes have been sent soaring,

I went for D. OA is A. Any thoughts?

BECAUSE OF vs. DUE TO
"Due to" modify a noun
Example: From helicopter, I saw a six mile traffic jam due to an overturned truck

"Because of" modify an ENTIRE CLAUSE

Example:
I was late to the meeting because of the traffic
Senior Manager
Status: Gonna rock this time!!!
Joined: 22 Jul 2012
Posts: 433
Location: India
GMAT 1: 640 Q43 V34
GMAT 2: 630 Q47 V29
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Re: Because a surfeit of undergraduate students has sent class sizes soari  [#permalink]

Show Tags

06 Jan 2013, 05:22
1
vikram4689 wrote:
She had a terrible scar (because of/due to) her motorcycle crash ???

tuanquang269 wrote:
avabelieve wrote:
Because a surfeit of undergraduate students has sent class sizes soaring, the university administration has announced that it will hire more faculty members for the next school year.

A) Because a surfeit of undergraduate students has sent class sizes soaring,
B ) Because of soaring class sizes, which is due to a surfeit of undergraduate students, => "which is" is S-V agreement error
C) Because class sizes have been sent soaring, which resulted from a surfeit of undergraduate students, => "which" is wrong replaced

"Due to" here has two usages. First, "due to" must modify a noun, in this case, "due to" modify "the university" => wrong. Second usage, "due to" mean "caused by". This usage is also wrong in this case. Because is more preference

D) Due to soaring class sizes from a surfeit of undergraduate students,
E) Due to a surfeit of undergraduate students, with the result that class sizes have been sent soaring,

I went for D. OA is A. Any thoughts?

BECAUSE OF vs. DUE TO
"Due to" modify a noun
Example: From helicopter, I saw a six mile traffic jam due to an overturned truck

"Because of" modify an ENTIRE CLAUSE

Example:
I was late to the meeting because of the traffic

guess the right thing shud be: She had a terrible scar due to her motorcycle crash

Experts please confirm
_________________
hope is a good thing, maybe the best of things. And no good thing ever dies.

Who says you need a 700 ?Check this out : http://gmatclub.com/forum/who-says-you-need-a-149706.html#p1201595

My GMAT Journey : http://gmatclub.com/forum/end-of-my-gmat-journey-149328.html#p1197992
Retired Moderator
Status: Getting strong now, I'm so strong now!!!
Affiliations: National Institute of Technology, Durgapur
Joined: 04 Jun 2013
Posts: 435
Location: United States (DE)
GPA: 3.32
WE: Information Technology (Health Care)
Re: Because a surfeit of undergraduate students has sent class sizes soari  [#permalink]

Show Tags

09 Sep 2013, 13:41
I do agree to the passive construction used in A provided
Retired Moderator
Status: Getting strong now, I'm so strong now!!!
Affiliations: National Institute of Technology, Durgapur
Joined: 04 Jun 2013
Posts: 435
Location: United States (DE)
GPA: 3.32
WE: Information Technology (Health Care)
Re: Because a surfeit of undergraduate students has sent class sizes soari  [#permalink]

Show Tags

09 Sep 2013, 13:45
Could anyone explain how is C wrong?
Manager
Joined: 02 May 2012
Posts: 66
Re: Because a surfeit of undergraduate students has sent class sizes soari  [#permalink]

Show Tags

18 Nov 2014, 08:31
WaterFlowsUp wrote:
Could anyone explain how is C wrong?

IN C :

"because"and "which" both introduce dependent clauses. The result is that "which" has no clear referent. The sentence is also chronologically confusing.
_________________
If you like my post Kudos Please
__________________________________________________
Support ====> http://udaanshimla.ketto.org/campaign/campaign_details.php?fmd_id=757
Manager
Joined: 12 Feb 2014
Posts: 82
Location: India
Schools: LBS MIF '19
GMAT 1: 730 Q50 V40
GPA: 3.3
Re: Because a surfeit of undergraduate students has sent class sizes soari  [#permalink]

Show Tags

06 Jan 2016, 01:32
I am not able to really get why B is wrong.. isn't the "which" modifying soaring class sizes?? Also, is "soaring class sizes" singular or plural here??

Thanks in advance!!
Retired Moderator
Joined: 05 Sep 2010
Posts: 647
Re: Because a surfeit of undergraduate students has sent class sizes soari  [#permalink]

Show Tags

06 Jan 2016, 01:42
1
Quote:
I am not able to really get why B is wrong.. isn't the "which" modifying soaring class sizes?? Also, is "soaring class sizes" singular or plural here??

Thanks in advance!!

"soaring class sizes" is PLURAL and . "SOARING" is ADJECTIVE modifying "CLASS SIZES" ; in fact it is precisely for this reason that "which IS.." is WRONG in B
EMPOWERgmat Instructor
Joined: 23 Feb 2015
Posts: 497
Re: Because a surfeit of undergraduate students has sent class sizes soari  [#permalink]

Show Tags

02 Feb 2018, 14:23
Hi avabelieve,

Thank you for your question. After looking over the answers quickly, a couple major differences stand out that we need to address:

1. because of / due to
2. the order of events (surfeit of students / class sizes soaring)

Let's start with #1 because it's a pretty common topic on the GMAT: "because of" versus "due to." Here is the easiest way to remember it:

Because of = modifies verbs
Due to = modifies nouns

In this case, the phrase is modifying the verb "will hire." They will hire more teachers because of the surefit of students and larger class sizes. Therefore, we can eliminate answers D & E because they use "due to" incorrectly.

Now that it's narrowed down to A, B, & C, let's look at which answer is the clearest to readers. The actual cause needs to be closes to the phrase "because of" for it to be clearest for readers. Let's see how each stacks up:

(A) Because a surfeit of undergraduate students has sent class sizes soaring,
This answer is CORRECT because it clearly shows the order of events: more undergraduate students showed up --> class sizes soared --> the university will hire more teachers.

(B) Because of soaring class sizes, which is due to a surfeit of undergraduate students,
This answer is INCORRECT because it shows the events out of order, and it uses "which" with commas to create a non-essential clause. If we remove what's between the commas, the meaning changes - instead of the original cause being more students, it's now the soaring class sizes. It also misuses "due to," so it's altogether a bad answer.

(C) Because class sizes have been sent soaring, which resulted from a surfeit of undergraduate students,
This answer is INCORRECT for the same reason as B - it puts the events out of order, and creates a non-essential clause out of essential information. We need to see the original cause of the university's decision to hire more teachers; otherwise, we're changing the meaning. Also, it's not ideal to use the phrase "resulted from." It's not clear to readers if it's modifying a verb or noun.
_________________
EMPOWERgmat Instructor
Joined: 23 Feb 2015
Posts: 497
Because a surfeit of undergraduate students has sent class sizes soari  [#permalink]

Show Tags

02 Feb 2018, 14:31
1
To answer rs47's question about why B is wrong, it has to do with changing meaning with non-essential clauses. The phrase "soaring class sizes" is a singular thing, so the "which is" would be fine if the answer didn't have other problems. Let's look at why B is actually wrong:

A non-essential clause is information that is "non-essential" to the meaning of the sentence. Typically those phrases are encased in commas, and you can cross them out without changing meaning. Let's look at answer B in its entirety, but with the non-essential phrase crossed out:

(B) Because of soaring class sizes, which is due to a surfeit of undergraduate students, the university administration has announced that it will hire more faculty members for the next school year.

The problem with B is that it changes the original meaning of the sentence. In the original sentence, the reason the university hired more teachers was that too many undergraduate students showed up. The cause/effect relationship looked like this:

Cause: too many undergraduate students --> Effect #1: class sizes soared --> Effect #2: university hired more teachers

In B, the soaring class sizes are now the original cause, which isn't true - they are an EFFECT of the extra students.

Since this answer changes an effect to a cause, its meaning is changed and therefore INCORRECT.
_________________
EMPOWERgmat Instructor
Joined: 23 Feb 2015
Posts: 497
Re: Because a surfeit of undergraduate students has sent class sizes soari  [#permalink]

Show Tags

05 Feb 2018, 18:04
Hi avabelieve!

To answer your question about because/due to, they are actually BOTH good answers to use on the GMAT! However, they are both meant to be used differently:

Because/Because of = modifies verbs (My dog ran away because he was afraid of the fireworks.)
Due to = modifies nouns (Due to a thunderstorm, the game cancellation lasted for 4 hours.)

I hope this helps!
_________________
Intern
Joined: 28 Sep 2016
Posts: 17
GMAT 1: 730 Q49 V41
Re: Because a surfeit of undergraduate students has sent class sizes soari  [#permalink]

Show Tags

15 Jun 2018, 10:05
I had a question:

In the sentence, which one of "because of" and "due to" would be preferred, if we had to choose between one?
Re: Because a surfeit of undergraduate students has sent class sizes soari   [#permalink] 15 Jun 2018, 10:05

Go to page    1   2    Next  [ 23 posts ]

Display posts from previous: Sort by

Because a surfeit of undergraduate students has sent class sizes soari

 new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics

 Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne