It is currently 21 Nov 2017, 05:36

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

Many of these gene flaws - there are plenty of them, with na

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Manager
Manager
User avatar
S
Joined: 23 Jan 2016
Posts: 212

Kudos [?]: 23 [0], given: 510

Location: India
GPA: 3.2
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member
Re: Many of these gene flaws - there are plenty of them, with na [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 19 Jan 2017, 00:01
sayantanc2k wrote:
robu wrote:
Why c is not correct?

Sent from my Moto G (4) using GMAT Club Forum mobile app


The modifier "aimed at them" is incorrect - conjunction "and" is missing. The correct usage could be:
.. that are still in early testing and are aimed at them.
Without "and" it seems that "aimed at them" refers to " testing".

For A this "and" is not required because "still in early testing" is used as a non-essential modifier ( separated by two commas), and therefore "that" refers to "drugs" correctly.


Sayantan, could it be more of a meaning issue in C? The usage of 'that' followed by 'still in early testing' indicates essential modifier and and emphasizes that it is the anti-tumor that are still in early testing that are newcomers to medical terminology rather than the anti-tumor drugs that are aimed at the same gene flaws.

According to me the 'aimed at them' towards the end is a correct adverbial modifier.

Please correct me if I am wrong. Thank you.

Kudos [?]: 23 [0], given: 510

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
S
Joined: 04 Oct 2015
Posts: 395

Kudos [?]: 28 [0], given: 235

Location: Viet Nam
Concentration: Finance, Economics
GPA: 3.56
Premium Member Reviews Badge CAT Tests
Many of these gene flaws - there are plenty of them, with na [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 16 Mar 2017, 18:40
sayantanc2k wrote:
manhasnoname wrote:
akhil911 wrote:
Many of these gene flaws - there are plenty of them, with names like BCR-ABL - are relative newcomers to medical terminology, as are a majority of the new anti-tumor drugs, still in early testing, that are aimed at them.

A. medical terminology, as are a majority of the new anti-tumor drugs, still in early testing, that are aimed at them.
B. medical terminology like a majority of the new anti-tumor drugs that are still in early testing, and aimed at them.
C. medical terminology, as are a majority of the new anti-tumor drugs that are still in early testing, aimed at them.
D. medical terminology like a majority of the new anti-tumor drugs, still in early testing, that are aimed at them.
E. medical terminology, as are a majority of the new anti-tumor drugs, still in early testing, and aimed at them.

I got this question in the veritas question bank and this question stumped me completely.
I have not been able to understand the meaning of the sentence so far especially what is them referring to.
Can someone please throw some light on this question.


Why is D incorrect? Between A and D, the only difference is A is comparing clauses and D is comparing nouns. "still in early testing" in both cases acts a non essential modifier.

Could someone please clarify?


In D the modifier "like a majority of the new anti-tumor drugs" is misplaced - preferably it should touch "many of these gene flaws".


Can you explain why we use "are" for a singular noun "a majority" in A,C,E?

Many thanks!
_________________

Do not pray for an easy life, pray for the strength to endure a difficult one - Bruce Lee

Kudos [?]: 28 [0], given: 235

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
G
Status: Countdown Begins...
Joined: 03 Jul 2016
Posts: 297

Kudos [?]: 4 [0], given: 72

Location: India
Concentration: Technology, Strategy
Schools: IIMB
GMAT 1: 580 Q48 V22
GPA: 3.7
WE: Information Technology (Consulting)
Reviews Badge CAT Tests
Re: Many of these gene flaws - there are plenty of them, with na [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 18 Mar 2017, 03:08
Expert - Can you please distinguish between choice A and B.

Is B wrong only because of absence of "," before like??
_________________

Need Kudos to unlock GMAT Club tests

Kudos [?]: 4 [0], given: 72

Expert Post
Verbal Expert
User avatar
S
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 3198

Kudos [?]: 3515 [0], given: 22

Location: Germany
Schools: HHL Leipzig
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
WE: Corporate Finance (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: Many of these gene flaws - there are plenty of them, with na [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 18 Mar 2017, 08:16
leanhdung wrote:
sayantanc2k wrote:
manhasnoname wrote:

Why is D incorrect? Between A and D, the only difference is A is comparing clauses and D is comparing nouns. "still in early testing" in both cases acts a non essential modifier.

Could someone please clarify?


In D the modifier "like a majority of the new anti-tumor drugs" is misplaced - preferably it should touch "many of these gene flaws".


Can you explain why we use "are" for a singular noun "a majority" in A,C,E?

Many thanks!


Words such as majority/ minority may be used as singular or plural depending on the stricture:
1. Singular as collective noun: The majority likes him.
2. Singular or plural as quantity words depending on the noun associated:
a. Majority of the pizza is eaten ( pizza singular - hence majority singular)
b. Majority of the slices are eaten (slices plural, hence majority plural).

Kudos [?]: 3515 [0], given: 22

Expert Post
1 KUDOS received
Verbal Expert
User avatar
S
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 3198

Kudos [?]: 3515 [1], given: 22

Location: Germany
Schools: HHL Leipzig
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
WE: Corporate Finance (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: Many of these gene flaws - there are plenty of them, with na [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 18 Mar 2017, 08:28
1
This post received
KUDOS
Expert's post
RMD007 wrote:
Expert - Can you please distinguish between choice A and B.

Is B wrong only because of absence of "," before like??


The prepositional modifier "like a majority of the new anti-tumor drugs..." is misplaced. It should touch the noun it refers to ("many of these gene flaws".) Instead it touches "terminology". Therefore B is wrong.

Kudos [?]: 3515 [1], given: 22

Senior SC Moderator
User avatar
D
Joined: 14 Nov 2016
Posts: 1240

Kudos [?]: 1297 [0], given: 434

Location: Malaysia
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member CAT Tests
Many of these gene flaws - there are plenty of them, with na [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Mar 2017, 07:23
akhil911 wrote:
Many of these gene flaws - there are plenty of them, with names like BCR-ABL - are relative newcomers to medical terminology, as are a majority of the new anti-tumor drugs, still in early testing, that are aimed at them.

A. medical terminology, as are a majority of the new anti-tumor drugs, still in early testing, that are aimed at them.
B. medical terminology like a majority of the new anti-tumor drugs that are still in early testing, and aimed at them.
C. medical terminology, as are a majority of the new anti-tumor drugs that are still in early testing, aimed at them.
D. medical terminology like a majority of the new anti-tumor drugs, still in early testing, that are aimed at them.
E. medical terminology, as are a majority of the new anti-tumor drugs, still in early testing, and aimed at them.


OFFICIAL SOLUTION



Solution: A

Explanation: This difficult sentence contains several unusual modifiers that make it hard to breakdown. In (A) you should remove the modifierstill in early testing” to see that the sentence is correct: “Many of these gene flaws are relative newcomers to medical terminology, as are a majority of the new anti-tumor drugs…aimed at them.” In (B) and (E) the “and aimed at them” at the end creates an nonsensical structure : “Many of these gene flaws are relative newcomers to medical terminology… and aimed at them.” Aimed at who or what???? You need the “that” to show that it is the anti-tumor drugs aimed at the gene flaws. Also in (B) and (D) the “like” links what follows illogically to “medical terminology,” not to the fact that the “flaws are newcomers to terminology”, which is the goal of the sentence. In (C) the “aimed at them” at the end has no logical referent so is also incorrect. Answer is (A).
_________________

"Be challenged at EVERY MOMENT."

“Strength doesn’t come from what you can do. It comes from overcoming the things you once thought you couldn’t.”

"Each stage of the journey is crucial to attaining new heights of knowledge."

Rules for posting in verbal forum | Please DO NOT post short answer in your post!

Kudos [?]: 1297 [0], given: 434

Intern
Intern
User avatar
B
Joined: 07 Aug 2016
Posts: 30

Kudos [?]: 25 [0], given: 24

Location: India
WE: Consulting (Energy and Utilities)
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge
Many of these gene flaws - there are plenty of them, with names like B [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 Apr 2017, 01:03
4
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Many of these gene flaws - there are plenty of them, with names like BCR-ABL - are relative newcomers to medical terminology, as are a majority of the new anti-tumor drugs, still in early testing, that are aimed at them.

A. medical terminology, as are a majority of the new anti-tumor drugs, still in early testing, that are aimed at them.
B. medical terminology like a majority of the new anti-tumor drugs that are still in early testing, and aimed at them.
C. medical terminology, as are a majority of the new anti-tumor drugs that are still in early testing, aimed at them.
D. medical terminology like a majority of the new anti-tumor drugs, still in early testing, that are aimed at them.
E. medical terminology, as are a majority of the new anti-tumor drugs, still in early testing, and aimed at them.

Kudos [?]: 25 [0], given: 24

Intern
Intern
User avatar
B
Joined: 16 Apr 2015
Posts: 8

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 6

CAT Tests
Re: Many of these gene flaws - there are plenty of them, with names like B [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 Apr 2017, 05:39
Its A.
First split is as/like. Here gene flaws are compared with anti-tumor drugs, clearly not a noun-noun comparison. This leaves us with A, C, E.
Comparing A, C and E: ......medical terminology, as are a majority of the new anti-tumor drugs,[now gene flaws are in early stage of testing and names are aimed at these new gene flaws] still in early testing, that are aimed at them.

In C: ...that are still in early testing.. implies anti-tumor drugs is in early testing
In E: comparing A and E, that makes more clear that names are associated with gene-flaws.

Hope this helps!

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 6

Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 25 Apr 2017
Posts: 15

Kudos [?]: 7 [0], given: 137

Re: Many of these gene flaws - there are plenty of them, with names like B [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 May 2017, 14:27
Hi, could an expert please help me with this explanation?

Kudos [?]: 7 [0], given: 137

Expert Post
1 KUDOS received
Verbal Expert
User avatar
S
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 3198

Kudos [?]: 3515 [1], given: 22

Location: Germany
Schools: HHL Leipzig
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
WE: Corporate Finance (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge
Many of these gene flaws - there are plenty of them, with names like B [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 May 2017, 03:19
1
This post received
KUDOS
Expert's post
poojamathur21 wrote:
Hi, could an expert please help me with this explanation?


B: Modifier error: "like a majority of the new anti-tumor drugs" wrongly refers to "terminology".
C: Conjunction "and" is missing before "aimed". Two items in a list MUST always be separated by a conjunction. The correct construction could be: "...that are still in early testing and are aimed at them."
D: Same error as in B.
E: There is the conjunction "and", but there is no item parallel to the verb "aimed" before "and". (Without the comma before "and" the sentence could still be considered correct: the prepostional phrase modifier "still in early testing" and the past participle modifier "aimed at them" can be considered parallel, referring to "anti-tumor drugs".)

Kudos [?]: 3515 [1], given: 22

Top Contributor
Retired Moderator
User avatar
P
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4311

Kudos [?]: 8178 [0], given: 364

Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Many of these gene flaws - there are plenty of them, with names like B [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 May 2017, 10:01
Top Contributor
There seems to some basic perceptional problem ingrained in this question.
1. The term gene -flaws - is not a new term to medical terminology. it just describes a status. Maybe the names that have been given to them are the newcomers.
No GMAT question- starts by saying, 'many of these gene -flaws". -- 'these' is a more colloquial demonstrative pronoun than a formal one.
The reference to them could be either to the flaws or to the newcomers. Which one logically?
4. Of course, VERITAS may not care much about the difference between 'like' and 'such as', whereas we know GMAT does bother about this tenet. That is why I suppose Veritas is habitually using the phrase "names like BCR-ABL", although BCR -ABL is just an example of the names
_________________

Can you solve at least some SC questions without delving into the initial statement?

Narendran 98845 44509


Last edited by daagh on 14 May 2017, 21:29, edited 1 time in total.

Kudos [?]: 8178 [0], given: 364

Manager
Manager
User avatar
S
Joined: 01 Jun 2015
Posts: 164

Kudos [?]: 36 [0], given: 102

Location: India
Concentration: Strategy, International Business
GMAT 1: 620 Q48 V26
GMAT ToolKit User
Many of these gene flaws - there are plenty of them, with names like B [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 May 2017, 10:20
If we remove the fluffs,then the sentence would look like this:X( gene flaws) are relative newcomers to Y( medical terminology),as are a majority of the Zs (new anti-tumor drugs), still in early testing, that are aimed at them.

This sentence look alright.B and D are out because X and Y should be compared with as instead of like.

C is wrong because of the wrong construction.Its look like "aimed at them" is modifying testing.
E is wrong because and should be followed by an independent clause but in E its followed by a fragment.

So A wins.

Kudos [?]: 36 [0], given: 102

Manager
Manager
avatar
S
Joined: 26 Jan 2016
Posts: 90

Kudos [?]: 40 [0], given: 29

Location: India
GMAT 1: 690 Q49 V36
GPA: 3.01
Reviews Badge CAT Tests
Re: Many of these gene flaws - there are plenty of them, with names like B [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 May 2017, 14:08
poojamathur21 wrote:
Hi, could an expert please help me with this explanation?


B: Modifier error: "like a majority of the new anti-tumor drugs" wrongly refers to "terminology".
C: Conjunction "and" is missing before "aimed". Two items in a list MUST always be separated by a conjunction. The correct construction could be: "...that are still in early testing and are aimed at them."
D: Same error as in B.
E: There is the conjunction "and", but there is no item parallel to the verb "aimed" before "and". (Without the comma before "and" the sentence could still be considered correct: the prepostional phrase modifier "still in early testing" and the past participle modifier "aimed at them" can be considered parallel, referring to "anti-tumor drugs".)

Kudos [?]: 40 [0], given: 29

Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 05 Apr 2017
Posts: 3

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 0

Re: Many of these gene flaws - there are plenty of them, with na [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 18 May 2017, 06:56
Can anyone tell me difference between A and D ? ",as are a majority of the new anti-tumor drugs," and "like a majority of the new anti-tumor drugs",

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 0

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
S
Joined: 04 Oct 2015
Posts: 395

Kudos [?]: 28 [0], given: 235

Location: Viet Nam
Concentration: Finance, Economics
GPA: 3.56
Premium Member Reviews Badge CAT Tests
Re: Many of these gene flaws - there are plenty of them, with names like B [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 19 May 2017, 01:41
Many of these gene flaws - there are plenty of them, with names like BCR-ABL - are relative newcomers to medical terminology, as are a majority of the new anti-tumor drugs, still in early testing, that are aimed at them.

A. medical terminology, as are a majority of the new anti-tumor drugs, still in early testing, that are aimed at them.
--> correct.

B. medical terminology like a majority of the new anti-tumor drugs that are still in early testing, and aimed at them.

C. medical terminology, as are a majority of the new anti-tumor drugs that are still in early testing, aimed at them.

D. medical terminology like a majority of the new anti-tumor drugs, still in early testing, that are aimed at them.

E. medical terminology, as are a majority of the new anti-tumor drugs, still in early testing, and aimed at them.
_________________

Do not pray for an easy life, pray for the strength to endure a difficult one - Bruce Lee

Kudos [?]: 28 [0], given: 235

Retired Moderator
avatar
B
Joined: 13 Feb 2015
Posts: 806

Kudos [?]: 8 [0], given: 32

Premium Member
Re: Many of these gene flaws - there are plenty of them, with na [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 May 2017, 13:05
Merged topics. Please, search before posting questions!
_________________

Please Read: Verbal Posting Rules

Kudos [?]: 8 [0], given: 32

Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 30 Aug 2017
Posts: 70

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 165

Location: Korea, Republic of
GMAT 1: 660 Q51 V26
GPA: 3.68
Re: Many of these gene flaws - there are plenty of them, with na [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Nov 2017, 21:06
gmat2014p wrote:
Many of these gene flaws - there are plenty of them, with names like BCR-ABL - are relative newcomers to medical terminology, as are a majority of the new anti-tumor drugs, still in early testing, that are aimed at them.

A. medical terminology, as are a majority of the new anti-tumor drugs, still in early testing, that are aimed at them.
B. medical terminology like a majority of the new anti-tumor drugs that are still in early testing, and aimed at them.
C. medical terminology, as are a majority of the new anti-tumor drugs that are still in early testing, aimed at them.
D. medical terminology like a majority of the new anti-tumor drugs, still in early testing, that are aimed at them.
E. medical terminology, as are a majority of the new anti-tumor drugs, still in early testing, and aimed at them.

Meaning - The sentence is doing a comparison between 2 entities (clauses) in terms of their " relative newness"
Clause 1 involves gene flaws and Clause 2 involves anti-tumor drugs

POE:

C & D are out because they use "like" to compare clauses
B - "aimed at them" - it is not clear what this modifies
E - "and aimed at them" is not parallel are relative newcomers .. does not make sense

A is the correct answer



----------------------------------------

like can be used .
both of them(C&D) could not be eliminated by that reason. (C & D are out because they use "like" to compare clauses)

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 165

Re: Many of these gene flaws - there are plenty of them, with na   [#permalink] 05 Nov 2017, 21:06

Go to page   Previous    1   2   [ 37 posts ] 

Display posts from previous: Sort by

Many of these gene flaws - there are plenty of them, with na

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.