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# Many tourists and local vacationers come to the Heluma River for white

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Manager
Joined: 01 Nov 2017
Posts: 67
Location: India
Many tourists and local vacationers come to the Heluma River for white  [#permalink]

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01 Mar 2019, 23:03
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Difficulty:

25% (medium)

Question Stats:

78% (01:37) correct 22% (01:56) wrong based on 82 sessions

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Many tourists and local vacationers come to the Heluma River for white water rafting from July to September every year. This year, there were several protests about the ecological harm caused by rafting activities in the river. Even though a survey showed that people’s interest in rafting in the Heluma River area remained unaffected by the protests, the rafting companies in the area saw a significant decline in their sales in September, a month when they usually have the most sales during the year.

Which of the following, if true, best explains the apparent discrepancy described above?

(A) The number of protests that happened against rafting was the largest this year.

(B) The river Meluda, which is only a few hours from the Heluma, was announced suitable for rafting only three years ago.

(C) Because of excessive rainfall this year, the Heluma became much rougher and more dangerous than usual.

(D) The protestors did not effectively explain all the ecological damage caused by rafting.

(E) The forest department did not believe that the amount of rafting in the Heluma river would do any lasting damage to the ecological conditions in the area.
Manager
Joined: 26 Nov 2018
Posts: 96
Concentration: Technology, Entrepreneurship
GPA: 3.3
WE: Manufacturing and Production (Manufacturing)
Re: Many tourists and local vacationers come to the Heluma River for white  [#permalink]

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01 Mar 2019, 23:38
raghavrf wrote:
Many tourists and local vacationers come to the Heluma River for white water rafting from July to September every year. This year, there were several protests about the ecological harm caused by rafting activities in the river. Even though a survey showed that people’s interest in rafting in the Heluma River area remained unaffected by the protests, the rafting companies in the area saw a significant decline in their sales in September, a month when they usually have the most sales during the year.

Which of the following, if true, best explains the apparent discrepancy described above?

(A) The number of protests that happened against rafting was the largest this year.

(B) The river Meluda, which is only a few hours from the Heluma, was announced suitable for rafting only three years ago.

(C) Because of excessive rainfall this year, the Heluma became much rougher and more dangerous than usual.

(D) The protestors did not effectively explain all the ecological damage caused by rafting.

(E) The forest department did not believe that the amount of rafting in the Heluma river would do any lasting damage to the ecological conditions in the area.

c is correct.

Explanation:

Conclusion 1: the rafting companies in the area saw a significant decline in their sales in September
Conclusion 2: people’s interest in rafting in the Heluma River area remained unaffected

Assumption: Because of excessive rainfall this year, the Heluma became much rougher and more dangerous than usual.

The number of companies has fallen because the heluma has become dangerous place. The argument mentioned people's interest , but not the number of people. So, dangerous Heluma river has declined the number of companies , but not tourists' interest.

If the explanation helps you, pls give Kudos.
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Affiliations: CrackVerbal
Joined: 03 Oct 2013
Posts: 563
Location: India
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V46
Re: Many tourists and local vacationers come to the Heluma River for white  [#permalink]

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07 Mar 2019, 05:42
Top Contributor
Quote:
Many tourists and local vacationers come to the Heluma River for white water rafting from July to September every year. This year, there were several protests about the ecological harm caused by rafting activities in the river. Even though a survey showed that people’s interest in rafting in the Heluma River area remained unaffected by the protests, the rafting companies in the area saw a significant decline in their sales in September, a month when they usually have the most sales during the year.

Which of the following, if true, best explains the apparent discrepancy described above?

(A) The number of protests that happened against rafting was the largest this year.

(B) The river Meluda, which is only a few hours from the Heluma, was announced suitable for rafting only three years ago.

(C) Because of excessive rainfall this year, the Heluma became much rougher and more dangerous than usual.

(D) The protestors did not effectively explain all the ecological damage caused by rafting.

(E) The forest department did not believe that the amount of rafting in the Heluma river would do any lasting damage to the ecological conditions in the area.

The correct answer is C. Any question that asks you to resolve/explain a discrepancy/paradox requires you to first identify what part of the argument is paradoxical to begin with. In this case, it is that interest in rafting remained high, but sales went down. So what we're looking to do is to find an alternative explanation as to why the sales could have gone down.

Option A - It doesn't matter how big the protests are. We have already been told in the argument that the protests have not affected levels of interest for rafting. What we're looking for is the (dis)connect between interest in rafting and sales of equipment. OUT

Option B - If this is true, it should actually POSITIVELY affect sales, not the other way around. This option only serves to deepen the paradox. OUT

Option C - This option says that the river was more dangerous to go rafting in this year because of rains. This option actually provides an explanation outside of the protests (which the stimulus told us didn't work) as to why sales could have gone down, while interest remained high. This option therefore works and is CORRECT

Option D - This may seem like it works at first glance, but we have to remember the parameters of the question. We wanna find the connect between high interest and low sales, not explain why the interest remained high. All this demonstrates is that the protestors did not get their desired outcome, which is nothing new. OUT

Option E - This is extremely unrelated. What the forest department believes or doesn't has no impact on the levels of interest in rafting or sales of equipment. OUT

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Re: Many tourists and local vacationers come to the Heluma River for white   [#permalink] 07 Mar 2019, 05:42
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