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Many winemakers use cork stoppers; but cork stoppers can leak, crumble

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Many winemakers use cork stoppers; but cork stoppers can leak, crumble [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 02 Nov 2017, 06:20
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A
B
C
D
E

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Question Stats:

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Many winemakers use cork stoppers; but cork stoppers can leak, crumble, or become moldy, so that those winemakers must often discard a significant proportion of their inventory of bottled wine. Bottlemaster plastic stoppers, which cannot leak, crumble, or mold, have long been available to winemakers, at a price slightly higher than that of traditional cork stoppers. Cork prices, however, are expected to rise dramatically in the near future. Clearly, therefore, winemakers who still use cork but wish to keep production costs from rising will be forced to reconsider plastic stoppers. And since the wine-buying public’s association of plastic stoppers with poor-quality wine is weakening, there is an excellent chance that the Bottlemaster plastic stopper will gain an increased share of the market for wine-bottle stoppers.

In the argument given, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

(A) The first is a judgment that has been advanced in support of a position that the argument opposes; the second is the main conclusion of the argument.

(B) The first is a judgment that has been advanced in support of a position that the argument opposes; the second is a conclusion drawn in order to support the main conclusion of the argument.

(C) The first is the main conclusion of the argument; the second provides evidence in support of that main conclusion.

(D) The first is the main conclusion of the argument; the second is a restatement of that main conclusion.

(E) The first is a conclusion drawn in order to support the main conclusion of the argument; the second is that main conclusion.

The way to approach Bold CR is to find the conclusion asap. Here the conclusion I believe is (using the key words, clearly ...) In order for Wine makers to keep costs down they will probably buy plastic corks.

Now how does the two bold face statements play a role in the argument. well for one statement one is the conclusion, so I would look for answers that has statement one as the conclusion.

So A and B are out.

Here' i'm stuck between CDE because I'm unable to decide which one is the main conclusion and which one the intermediate.
(C) is tempting but not sure
(D). the second conclusion -- na not relevant..
(E). I thought the first statement is the main conclusion - ??

I'll wait for your responses. Thanks

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Originally posted by alimad on 28 Sep 2007, 04:46.
Last edited by hazelnut on 02 Nov 2017, 06:20, edited 4 times in total.
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Re: Many winemakers use cork stoppers; but cork stoppers can leak, crumble [#permalink]

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New post 28 Sep 2007, 08:26
1
E it is.
Bcz wine-makers are forced to reconsider plastics stoppers, this will lead to a possible increase in market share of plastics stoppers. So "the increase in market share" should be the main conclusion here.
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Re: Many winemakers use cork stoppers; but cork stoppers can leak, crumble [#permalink]

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New post 28 Sep 2007, 20:51
alimad wrote:
Many winemakers use cork stoppers; but cork stoppers can leak, crumble, or become
moldy, so that those winemakers must often discard a significant proportion of their
inventory of bottled wine. Bottlemaster plastic stoppers, which cannot leak, crumble,
or mold, have long been available to winemakers, at a price slightly higher than that
of traditional cork stoppers. Cork prices, however, are expected to rise dramatically in
the near future. Clearly, therefore, winemakers who still use cork but wish to keep
production costs from rising will be forced to reconsider plastic stoppers
. And
since the wine-buying public’s association of plastic stoppers with poor-quality wine
is weakening, there is an excellent chance that the Bottlemaster plastic stopper
will gain an increased share of the market for wine-bottle stoppers.


In the argument given, the two portions in boldface play which of the following
roles?
A. The first is a judgment that has been advanced in support of a position that the
argument opposes; the second is the main conclusion of the argument.

B. The first is a judgment that has been advanced in support of a position that the
argument opposes; the second is a conclusion drawn in order to support the
main conclusion of the argument.
C. The first is the main conclusion of the argument; the second provides evidence
in support of that main conclusion.
D. The first is the main conclusion of the argument; the second is a restatement
of that main conclusion.
E. The first is a conclusion drawn in order to support the main conclusion of the
argument; the second is that main conclusion.

The way to approach Bold CR is to find the conclusion asap. Here the conclusion I believe is (using the key words, clearly ...) In order for Wine makers to keep costs down they will probably buy plastic corks.

Now how does the two bold face statements play a role in the argument. well for one statement one is the conclusion, so I would look for answers that has statement one as the conclusion.

So A and B are out.

Here' i'm stuck between CDE because I'm unable to decide which one is the main conclusion and which one the intermediate.
(C) is tempting but not sure
(D). the second conclusion -- na not relevant..
(E). I thought the first statement is the main conclusion - ??

I'll wait for your responses. Thanks


I used a process of elimination too. On reading the passage I felt that the second bold faced sentence was the main conclusion. Gaining Market Share is the main conclusion. There are many factors in support of that like the imminent rise of the Price of Cork, weakening association of pastic stoppers with poor quality wine etc.

I eliminated B,C,D. The first bold faced statement is more of a conclusion than a judgement, so I pick E.

Am I thinking it out correctly?
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Re: Many winemakers use cork stoppers; but cork stoppers can leak, crumble [#permalink]

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New post 29 Sep 2007, 06:22
Vote E.

Reading the argument, the main conclusion is the second BF => B and C are gone.

The relationship of the first BF to the main conclusion (second BF): The first BF is an intermediate conclusion on the road to the main conclusion => That leaves us with E as the only realistic option.
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Re: Many winemakers use cork stoppers; but cork stoppers can leak, crumble [#permalink]

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New post 29 Sep 2007, 21:03
alimad wrote:
Many winemakers use cork stoppers; but cork stoppers can leak, crumble, or become
moldy, so that those winemakers must often discard a significant proportion of their
inventory of bottled wine. Bottlemaster plastic stoppers, which cannot leak, crumble,
or mold, have long been available to winemakers, at a price slightly higher than that
of traditional cork stoppers. Cork prices, however, are expected to rise dramatically in
the near future. Clearly, therefore, winemakers who still use cork but wish to keep
production costs from rising will be forced to reconsider plastic stoppers
. And
since the wine-buying public’s association of plastic stoppers with poor-quality wine
is weakening, there is an excellent chance that the Bottlemaster plastic stopper
will gain an increased share of the market for wine-bottle stoppers.


In the argument given, the two portions in boldface play which of the following
roles?
A. The first is a judgment that has been advanced in support of a position that the
argument opposes; the second is the main conclusion of the argument.

B. The first is a judgment that has been advanced in support of a position that the
argument opposes; the second is a conclusion drawn in order to support the
main conclusion of the argument.
C. The first is the main conclusion of the argument; the second provides evidence
in support of that main conclusion.
D. The first is the main conclusion of the argument; the second is a restatement
of that main conclusion.
E. The first is a conclusion drawn in order to support the main conclusion of the
argument; the second is that main conclusion.

The way to approach Bold CR is to find the conclusion asap. Here the conclusion I believe is (using the key words, clearly ...) In order for Wine makers to keep costs down they will probably buy plastic corks.

Now how does the two bold face statements play a role in the argument. well for one statement one is the conclusion, so I would look for answers that has statement one as the conclusion.

So A and B are out.

Here' i'm stuck between CDE because I'm unable to decide which one is the main conclusion and which one the intermediate.
(C) is tempting but not sure
(D). the second conclusion -- na not relevant..
(E). I thought the first statement is the main conclusion - ??

I'll wait for your responses. Thanks



My pick E. First statement is a conclusion that wine makes will start using plastic stopper and because wine makers will use plastic stopper, bottlemasters' market share will increase
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Re: Many winemakers use cork stoppers; but cork stoppers can leak, crumble [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jan 2008, 23:29
E

A. The first is a judgment that has been advanced in support of a position that the
argument opposes; the second is the main conclusion of the argument.

B. The first is a judgment that has been advanced in support of a position that the
argument opposes; the second is a conclusion drawn in order to support the
main conclusion
of the argument.

C. The first is the main conclusion of the argument; the second provides evidence
in support of that main conclusion.

D. The first is the main conclusion of the argument; the second is a restatement
of that main conclusion.

E. The first is a conclusion drawn in order to support the main conclusion of the
argument; the second is that main conclusion.
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Re: Many winemakers use cork stoppers; but cork stoppers can leak, crumble [#permalink]

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New post 03 Feb 2008, 17:59
1
Conclusion portion is tricky. But if you analyze timeline order, the conclusion which stands chronologically last is final conclusion. Winemakers who which to reduce production cost choose plastic wine-bottle stoppers. But the market gain is chronologically much later, so it is better candidate for the overall conclusion.

Main Conclusion: there is an excellent chance that the Bottle master plastic stopper
will gain an increased share of the market for wine-bottle stoppers.


Bolfface1: Supports main conclusion
Boldface2: Is conclusion


A. The first is a judgment that has been advanced in support of a position that the
argument opposes; the second is the main conclusion of the argument. [First is judgment that supports the conclusion – eliminate it]

B. The first is a judgment that has been advanced in support of a position that the
argument opposes; the second is a conclusion drawn in order to support the
main conclusion of the argument. [First is judgment that supports the conclusion – eliminate it]

C. The first is the main conclusion of the argument; the second provides evidence
in support of that main conclusion. [Second is not evidence – it is also a conclusion – eliminate it]

D. The first is the main conclusion of the argument; the second is a restatement
of that main conclusion. [Second is main conclusion of the argument – eliminate it]

E. The first is a conclusion drawn in order to support the main conclusion of the
argument; the second is that main conclusion. [Hold it]

Answer: E
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Re: Many winemakers use cork stoppers; but cork stoppers can leak, crumble [#permalink]

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New post 05 Feb 2008, 14:23
E it is. The first is a logical conclusion that is drived at by considering the changing dynamics whereas the second is the author's conclusion. He is using the first as a logical foundation for his conclusion.
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Re: Many winemakers use cork stoppers [#permalink]

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New post 13 May 2015, 22:27
1
So this is a pretty lengthy argument, but it is one argument that progressively advances toward the main conclusion. That eliminates answer choices A and B immediately, because there is nothing contradictory to the argument that is presented. The argument can be summarized as follows:

P) Cork stoppers have problems that result in wasted inventory
P) Bottlemaster plastic stoppers do not have these problems
P) Bottlemaster plastic stoppers are slightly more expensive than traditional cork stoppers
P) Cork prices are going to rise dramatically
Intermediate Conclusion) Winemakers who use cork but wish to keep production costs low will have to reconsider plastic stoppers
P) Public's negative association with plastic wine stoppers is declining
Ultimate Conclusion) Bottlemaster plastic stoppers will gain an increased market share

Veritas teaches a great technique of the "why test." Any conclusion must be supported with reasons in the argument, and the ultimate conclusion here is supported by the fact that the public is no longer so negative about plastic stoppers and winemakers who currently use cork stoppers but who wish to keep production costs low are going to need to reconsider using plastic stoppers. Veritas also teaches something that I refer to as the "reverse why test." This states that any ultimate conclusion of an argument cannot serve as the "why" to something else - it is in no way a premise. I like to think of it as the "end of the line." Here the intermediate conclusion (as we just saw) is also a conclusion, because it is supported by the fact that the plastic stoppers are a good substitution for the cork stoppers, and cork stoppers are going to rise drastically. It then itself, however, serves as a "why" to the main conclusion, as we just saw, meaning that it cannot itself be the main conclusion - it does not pass the "reverse why test."

That makes answer choice E the correct answer. Both C and D incorrectly cite the intermediate conclusion as the main conclusion.

I hope this helps!
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Re: Many winemakers use cork stoppers; but cork stoppers can leak, crumble [#permalink]

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New post 02 Nov 2015, 04:48
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Hi,

E is the right choice.

Look at the argument in this way.

BF2 results because of BF1.

Market share of Plastic bottlestoppers will increase because the operational costs of wine makers will increase when wooden stoppers are used.

Hence the causal effect relationship has to be looked and this approach is logical looking at the context.

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Re: Many winemakers use cork stoppers; but cork stoppers can leak, crumble [#permalink]

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New post 04 Nov 2015, 09:59
Letter E for me.

Without the first bold part, the last bold part would not be possible. Therefore, the second bold part is the main conclusion.
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Re: Many winemakers use cork stoppers; but cork stoppers can leak, crumble [#permalink]

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New post 26 Mar 2017, 06:06
IMO E
The first is a conclusion drawn in order to support the main conclusion of the
argument; the second is that main conclusion.
Last line is the main conclusion of the argument .
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Re: Many winemakers use cork stoppers; but cork stoppers can leak, crumble [#permalink]

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New post 15 Oct 2017, 21:59
alimad wrote:
Many winemakers use cork stoppers; but cork stoppers can leak, crumble, or become moldy, so that those winemakers must often discard a significant proportion of their inventory of bottled wine. Bottlemaster plastic stoppers, which cannot leak, crumble, or mold, have long been available to winemakers, at a price slightly higher than that of traditional cork stoppers. Cork prices, however, are expected to rise dramatically in the near future. Clearly, therefore, winemakers who still use cork but wish to keep production costs from rising will be forced to reconsider plastic stoppers. And since the wine-buying public’s association of plastic stoppers with poor-quality wine is weakening, there is an excellent chance that the Bottlemaster plastic stopper will gain an increased share of the market for wine-bottle stoppers.

In the argument given, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

(A) The first is a judgment that has been advanced in support of a position that the argument opposes; the second is the main conclusion of the argument.
(B) The first is a judgment that has been advanced in support of a position that the argument opposes; the second is a conclusion drawn in order to support the main conclusion of the argument.
(C) The first is the main conclusion of the argument; the second provides evidence in support of that main conclusion.
(D) The first is the main conclusion of the argument; the second is a restatement of that main conclusion.
(E) The first is a conclusion drawn in order to support the main conclusion of the argument; the second is that main conclusion.

The way to approach Bold CR is to find the conclusion asap. Here the conclusion I believe is (using the key words, clearly ...) In order for Wine makers to keep costs down they will probably buy plastic corks.

Now how does the two bold face statements play a role in the argument. well for one statement one is the conclusion, so I would look for answers that has statement one as the conclusion.

So A and B are out.

Here' i'm stuck between CDE because I'm unable to decide which one is the main conclusion and which one the intermediate.
(C) is tempting but not sure
(D). the second conclusion -- na not relevant..
(E). I thought the first statement is the main conclusion - ??

I'll wait for your responses. Thanks


From the reading of the argument, it becomes clear that the first boldface is a sub-conclusion drawn by the Bottle Master manufacturer, which is used to further strengthen or prove his final point about Bottle Master gaining an increased market share.

A The first is not supporting a position that the argument opposes. Rather, it is supporting a position that the argument supports.
B Same as A.
C The second is NOT supporting the Main conclusion. It is itself the Main Conclusion.
D The first is NOT the main conclusion. It is only a reason to believe in the main conclusion that comes later.
E CORRECT. Both parts match with our understanding of the argument.
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Many winemakers use cork stoppers; but cork stoppers can leak, crumble [#permalink]

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New post 21 Apr 2018, 10:39
abhimahna

I am confused between options C and E. Could you please tell me if my thought process is right?

Bottlemaster plastic stopper will gain an increased share of market because wine makers will reconsider plastic stoppers.

That way, BF2 is the main conclusion.
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Re: Many winemakers use cork stoppers; but cork stoppers can leak, crumble [#permalink]

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New post 21 Apr 2018, 10:46
PPhoenix77 wrote:
abhimahna

I am confused between options C and E. Could you please tell me if my thought process is right?

Bottlemaster plastic stopper will gain an increased share of market because wine makers will reconsider plastic stoppers.

That way, BF2 is the main conclusion.


Hey PPhoenix77 ,

Yes, 2nd BF is the main conclusion and not the evidence. Hence, C is out.

Does that make sense?
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Re: Many winemakers use cork stoppers; but cork stoppers can leak, crumble [#permalink]

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New post 11 May 2018, 09:11
I took some time in reading the argument stem, but once the argument was clear to me working out with the options was easy - E as it was concluded to.
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Re: Many winemakers use cork stoppers; but cork stoppers can leak, crumble   [#permalink] 11 May 2018, 09:11
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