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Maria Bonaparte put up the ransom that the Nazis insisted on if Freud

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Maria Bonaparte put up the ransom that the Nazis insisted on if Freud  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 23 Jul 2018, 18:18
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Maria Bonaparte put up the ransom that the Nazis insisted on if Freud was to be allowed to leave Vienna.

(A) if Freud was to be allowed
(B) if Freud were allowed
(C) should Freud be allowed
(D) if they will allow Freud
(E) should allowance be made for Freud

https://www.nytimes.com/1983/02/06/books/an-unlikely-analyst.html

Marie Bonaparte's money supported the psychoanalytic movement in a variety of ways. She bailed out the Psychoanalytic Publishing House on several occasions, purchased Freud's correspondence with the Berlin physician Wilhelm Fliess (which she refused to let Freud have in case he destroyed it) and put up the ransom the Nazis demanded when Freud finally agreed to leave Vienna.

Originally posted by YHP on 14 Aug 2007, 21:05.
Last edited by hazelnut on 23 Jul 2018, 18:18, edited 2 times in total.
Formatted the question.
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Re: Maria Bonaparte put up the ransom that the Nazis insisted on if Freud  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Mar 2012, 11:51
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Hi, there. I'm happy to give my 2¢ on this issue. :)

This is a very tricky use of the subjunctive.

... if Freud was to be allowed to leave Vienna.

This has the verb "was" in the ordinary past tense. It was factual and determined: Freud was going to be allowed leave Vienna --- as long as somebody greased some Nazi palms, then there was absolutely no doubt about this possibility.

... if Freud were to be allowed to leave Vienna.

This has the verb "were" in the subjunctive, which in an "if" clause suggests a situation contrary to fact. This would say that, in fact, Freud was not going to be allowed to leave Vienna, that it was not a realistic possibility, but we could imagine some other, hypothetical set of circumstances in which that would be a possibility.

The relationship here calls for the factual statement. When Maria Bonaparte put up the money, there was no doubt in anyone's mind that Freud would be allowed to go. Yes, it was a shady deal, but nonetheless as cause-and-effect factual as going to the store to buy groceries.

After I pay for my groceries, I take them home. Factual and clear.

After I pay for my groceries, I would take them home. That's a strange incomplete thought, because it implies that for some reason I can't take the groceries home, and we are left wondering: why can't he take them home?

That's why (B) is wrong. Does this make sense? Please let me know if you have any further questions.

Mike :)
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Re: Maria Bonaparte put up the ransom that the Nazis insisted on if Freud  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Nov 2013, 22:10
eybrj2 wrote:
Maria Bonaparte put up the ransom that the Nazis insisted on if Freud was to be allowed to leave Vienna.

a)

b) if Freud were allowed

c) should Freud be allowed

d) if they will allow Freud

e) should allowance be made for Freud


What's wrong with b?


The OA not provided can anyone please provide the OA with OE.

would be thankful

:banana
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Re: Maria Bonaparte put up the ransom that the Nazis insisted on if Freud  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Nov 2013, 11:48
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rango wrote:
The OA not provided can anyone please provide the OA with OE.

would be thankful

Dear Rango,
I'm happy to respond. The OA is (A), as indicated at the top. Here is a full explanation. First of all, the question stem again.

Maria Bonaparte put up the ransom that the Nazis insisted on if Freud was to be allowed to leave Vienna.
(A) if Freud was to be allowed
This choice has no grammatical flaw. It is concise and perfectly correct. This is a promising choice.

(B) if Freud were allowed
(C) should Freud be allowed
Both of these are in the subjunctive, so they are hypothetical. Nothing about this historical event and situation was hypothetical. See
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/gmat-gramm ... ive-tense/
In this situation, the Nazis said: give us the money, and Freud can leave. Very factual. The hypothetical language of these two choices is completely inappropriate, and it changes the meaning from the prompt. Both of these are incorrect.

(D) if they will allow Freud
We are talking about an event more than half a century in the past, so the future verb tense, "will allow", is completely wrong here.

(E) should allowance be made for Freud
If we ran a contest for the longest, most indirect, and most awkward way to rephrase the underlined portion, this choice might be the winner of that contest. There is absolutely no way this could be the correct answer.

The only possible answer is (A).

Does all this make sense?
Mike :-)
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Re: Maria Bonaparte put up the ransom that the Nazis insisted on if Freud  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Dec 2015, 04:00
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Maria Bonaparte put up the ransom that the Nazis insisted on if Freud was to be allowed to leave Vienna.

A. if Freud was to be allowed

B. if Freud were allowed...........I selected this one thinking it to be a subjunctive.

C. should Freud be allowed............should usage is wrong.

D. if they will allow Freud.............they refer to Nazis here and will allow future tense is incorrect here.

E. should allowance be made for Freud....................should usage is wrong in subjunctive and whole sentence construction is ambiguous.

refer mcgarry explanation in below link
maria-bonaparte-put-up-the-ransom-that-the-nazis-insisted-on-128473.html
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Re: Maria Bonaparte put up the ransom that the Nazis insisted on if Freud  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Dec 2015, 15:06
according to the subjunctive verb usage I chose B as an option. What did I do wrong ? can someone explain ?
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Re: Maria Bonaparte put up the ransom that the Nazis insisted on if Freud  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Dec 2015, 21:41
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vartak1985 wrote:
according to the subjunctive verb usage I chose B as an option. What did I do wrong ? can someone explain ?


Even I did the same mistake. Actually there is no need of subjunctive verb here.
B is useful in case if there is any hypothetical situation.

but

Nazis insisted on that Maria Bonaparte pay the ransom if Freud was to be allowed to leave Vienna.

This was a clear condition. Pay the money and let Freud go.
There is no hypothetical situation where you can use subjunctive verb here.

I hope this helps. :)
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Re: Maria Bonaparte put up the ransom that the Nazis insisted on if Freud  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jan 2016, 11:39
We cannot use the subjunctive ‘were’ here because allowing Freud to leave is not a wish, an impossible task or even a fancy. Therefore, we are required to use the indicative mood of ‘was’. B is, therefore, unsuitable in this context. A is the correct answer.
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Re: Maria Bonaparte put up the ransom that the Nazis insisted on if Freud  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jun 2017, 00:44
Maria Bonaparte put up the ransom that the Nazis insisted on if Freud was to be allowed to leave Vienna.

A. if Freud was to be allowed - Correct
B. if Freud were allowed - uses subjunctive incorrectly. For if .... ,then statements, we need a conditional verb for the consequence of the hypothetical. But this event is factual .
C. should Freud be allowed - the use of "should" to mean "if" is incorrect
D. if they will allow Freud - usage of will is incorrect since the event has already occurred
E. should allowance be made for Freud - awkward
Answer A
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Re: Maria Bonaparte put up the ransom that the Nazis insisted on if Freud  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Sep 2018, 16:09
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Re: Maria Bonaparte put up the ransom that the Nazis insisted on if Freud &nbs [#permalink] 11 Sep 2018, 16:09
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