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Meaning/clarity 3.In the 1960s, to reduce the discharge of

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Meaning/clarity 3.In the 1960s, to reduce the discharge of  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Dec 2012, 07:07
13
9
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

(N/A)

Question Stats:

97% (02:08) correct 3% (01:09) wrong based on 255 sessions

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1) In the 1960s, to reduce the discharge of untreated wastes into the Great Lakes,
limits were set by the United States and its neighbouring countries on the
amount of effluents that could be discharged into these water bodies

(A) limits were set by the United States and its neighbouring countries on
(B) limits set by the United States and its neighbouring countries for
(C) the United States and its neighbouring countries have set limits on
(D) limits have been set by the United States and its neighbouring countries
restricting
(E) the United States and its neighbouring countries set limits on

2) Jim Denver, already certified as a doctor in his native country, supported himself
by washing cars and delivering newspapers while pursuing an advanced degree at
Oxford University

(A) Denver, already certified as a doctor
(B) Denver, already a certifiable doctor
(C) Denver was already certified as a doctor
(D) Denver, already certified for being a doctor
(E) Denver was certified as a doctor already


3) The scientists noted that rats suffering from the rare degenerative disease had
begun to die six months earlier, even though they had shown no signs of the
disease then.


(A) earlier, even though they had shown no signs of the disease then
(B) earlier, but they were not showing no signs of the disease then
(C) earlier, no outward signs of the disease had been shown in them, however
(D) earlier without any signs of the disease shown then
(E) earlier, even though no signs of it were seen in them at that time

4) While the exact cause of the disease is not known, experts say that improper diet
and a sedentary lifestyle contributes to the onset of the disease.

(A) sedentary lifestyle contributes to
(B) sedentary lifestyle contributes for
(C) sedentary lifestyle are contributing for
(D) sedentary lifestyle contribute to
(E) sedentary lifestyle has been contributing to

5) Friends of the reclusive poet say that he is annoying because of his erratic nature
but his words are still a delight

(A) but his words are still a delight
(B) although he uses delightful words
(C) and he is delightful in his use of words too
(D) while being delightful because of his words
(E) but delightful because of his words


6) The talent-show participant decided to spend the night before the finals listening
to music and relaxing but not to be practicing

(A) but not to be practicing
(B) and not for practicing
(C) more than practice
(D) rather than having practiced
(E) rather than practicing

7) Driving through the mountains, the waterfalls and mist-covered peaks, which we
photographed, were beautiful.

(A) the waterfalls and mist-covered peaks, which we photographed, were
beautiful
(B) the beautiful waterfalls and mist-covered peaks were what we photographed
(C) our photographs consisted of beautiful waterfalls and mist-covered peaks
(D) we photographed the beautiful waterfalls and mist-covered peaks
(E) what we photographed were the waterfalls and mist-covered peaks, which
were beautiful


8) The legendary traveller, Ibn Battuta, wrote and published the Rihla with his
purpose being to recount
stories of his travels across the world.

(A) with his purpose being to recount
(B) to recount
(C) and his purpose was recounting
(D) thus recounted
(E) for recounting


9) As a painter, M F Husain enriched the world of painting, he uses as his work’s
inspiration
many Indian gods and goddesses

(A) Husain enriched the world of painting, he uses as his work’s inspiration
(B) Husain enriched the world of painting with works inspired by
(C) Husain, who has enriched the world of painting by works, whose inspirations
are
(D) Husain had enriched the world of painting through works that had the
inspiration of
(E) Husain is enriching the world of painting through works that had the
inspiration of

10) The acclaimed writer said that his writing, which were powerfully influenced by
storytellers in its family
and that the landscape of his childhood also shaped his
thinking and provided themes for his stories.

(A) his writing, which were powerfully influenced by storytellers in its family
(B) his writing was influenced by powerful storytellers in his family
(C) storytellers in his family powerfully influenced his writing
(D) storytellers in the family being powerful influence on his writing
(E) powerfully influential in his writing were family storytellers
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Re: Set on Meaning - Part 2  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 23 Dec 2012, 11:06
1
1E 2A 3A/E 4D 5E 6E 7D 8B 9B 10C

waiting for the official answers..!

Originally posted by kaushinside on 23 Dec 2012, 08:48.
Last edited by kaushinside on 23 Dec 2012, 11:06, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Set on Meaning - Part 2  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Dec 2012, 09:59
1E 2A 3A 4D 5E 6E 7D 8B 9B 10C.

I am pretty confused with the Q-3 and shall be needing OE for this. Till then, I shall really appreciate Carcass if you let me know how many went wrong.
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Re: Set on Meaning - Part 2  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Dec 2012, 10:45
3
OA

E A A D E E D B B C

Concepts Tested – Verb Tense, Run-on, Pronoun Reference

The sentence is correct the way it is written.

B - The use of the past continuous tense (were not showing) is incorrect. We
actually need to use the past perfect tense to match ‘had begun’ in the non-
underlined part

C - This is a run-on sentence because a comma is used to connect two
independent clauses

D - By omitting the pronoun ‘they’ or ‘them’, this sentence fails to clarify who
should have shown the signs of the disease

E - The usage of the pronouns ‘it’ and ‘they’ introduces ambiguity in the sentence
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Re: Set on Meaning - Part 2  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Dec 2012, 11:08
i made a typo in marking answer to 5. edited my post.
5 is E.
nice questions!
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Re: Set on Meaning - Part 2  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Dec 2012, 06:12
Hi carcass!!

Great set of questions..

In question 1: was stuck between C & E and then finally went with C. Request you to please throw some light on why C is wrong and E is right.

Thanks!
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Re: Set on Meaning - Part 2  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Dec 2012, 09:25
can someone explain 1... what is wrong in saying "have set" as in option C?

to my understanding have + verb cannot be used when we are referring to an exact date and time... right? or is there any other reason I am not seeing?
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New post 24 Dec 2012, 09:27
Vineetk wrote:
Hi carcass!!

Great set of questions..

In question 1: was stuck between C & E and then finally went with C. Request you to please throw some light on why C is wrong and E is right.

Thanks!

Hope this will help....
http://www.englishpage.com/verbpage/presentperfect.html
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Re: Set on Meaning - Part 2  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jan 2013, 00:19
carcass wrote:
OA

E A A D E E D B B C

Concepts Tested – Verb Tense, Run-on, Pronoun Reference

The sentence is correct the way it is written.

B - The use of the past continuous tense (were not showing) is incorrect. We
actually need to use the past perfect tense to match ‘had begun’ in the no:n-
underlined part

C - This is a run-on sentence because a comma is used to connect two
independent clauses

D - By omitting the pronoun ‘they’ or ‘them’, this sentence fails to clarify who
should have shown the signs of the disease

E - The usage of the pronouns ‘it’ and ‘they’ introduces ambiguity in the sentence



Can somebody explain why C is the answer for qu 10 and not B. I thought C completely changes the intended meaning of the sentence from the story tellers as a powerful influence to one exerting power. That's why I chose B
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Re: Meaning/clarity 3.In the 1960s, to reduce the discharge of  [#permalink]

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New post 06 May 2014, 10:17
Yeah baby!! All correct! :)
Great set of questions, Carcass. Kudos to u!
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Re: Meaning/clarity 3.In the 1960s, to reduce the discharge of  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Dec 2014, 05:19
Hey carcass,

Can u pls explain how can I decide between "FOR (option E)" and "TO (option B)" in question number 8. Thanx in advance :)
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Re: Meaning/clarity 3.In the 1960s, to reduce the discharge of  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Feb 2015, 18:16
Hi all,

Can someone help me reason why 10th answer is C not B?

TO
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Meaning/clarity 3.In the 1960s, to reduce the discharge of  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Feb 2015, 19:12
I also answered B for question 10, but I can see now why C is correct. It is about parallelism.
The second half of the sentence uses X + active verb + Y after the "that", so the first half must reflect this format.
B is incorrect because it combines passive and active tenses.
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Re: Meaning/clarity 3.In the 1960s, to reduce the discharge of  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Oct 2017, 23:13
for #2, why is A preferred over B?
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Re: Meaning/clarity 3.In the 1960s, to reduce the discharge of  [#permalink]

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New post 16 May 2018, 22:49
pls provide clarification regarding question 3 & 9. Thanx in advance
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Re: Meaning/clarity 3.In the 1960s, to reduce the discharge of  [#permalink]

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New post 29 May 2018, 11:48
Hi carcass,

could you please explain why in 3d question in answer choice A "they" is not ambiguous? Can't "they" refer to both rats and scientists?
Why in answer choice D by omitting "they" the sentence becomes unclear? Isn't it clear that "signs of disease shown" refers to rats? Here is the sentence without some fluff: The scientists noted that rats had begun to die even without signs of disease shown. Shown modifies signs. "Even without signs" is a phrase I guess that modifies die.

3) The scientists noted that rats suffering from the rare degenerative disease had
begun to die six months earlier, even though they had shown no signs of the
disease then
.
(A) earlier, even though they had shown no signs of the disease then
(D) earlier without any signs of the disease shown then
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Meaning/clarity 3.In the 1960s, to reduce the discharge of  [#permalink]

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New post 30 May 2018, 10:55
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This is a very good question as it is written. However, in my personal opinion, the sentence is missing important commas (in red) and an article (in red), just whether we want to be pedantic.

The scientists noted that the rats, suffering from the rare degenerative disease, had begun to die six months earlier, even though they had shown no signs of the disease then.

Back to your question: D is a run-on sentence and they are pretty nasty in terms of grammar, style, usage and meaning on top of that.

This type of sentences go on and on and you do not know the real essence of the sentence itself.

The scientists noted that rats suffering from the rare degenerative disease had begun to die six months earlier without any signs of the disease shown then

The scientists noted that rats suffering from the rare degenerative disease had begun to die six months earlier, even though they had shown no signs of the disease then.

Now, read the first one in a single breath and stop for a second (it does not matter grammar rules, style, which is which): the sentence what is really telling to you ?? what is the real essence of the phrase ?? the answer is : nothing. Aside grammar rules and whatever they are: the language as a whole should say to you what your interlocutor really wants to communicate to you.

It is also true that the GMAT tests you on these aspects of standard English, but is also true that tests you on logic, on the meaning, on what a sentence is trying to convey, the economy of the sentence as a whole.

Now, read in one breath the second one: even though it is not perfect in my opinion (see above what I pointed out), it still communicates in a very efficient way the meaning itself. Notice the comma and the contrast just after it: it works and I would say rather well.

Every student who is studying for this test should keep in mind a broad vision, a context. It is better a sentence with a grammar error but a tomahawk-meaning message to your brain rather a perfect sentence but so convoluted though coherent, without a soul.

Hope this helps.
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Re: Meaning/clarity 3.In the 1960s, to reduce the discharge of  [#permalink]

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New post 30 May 2018, 11:46
carcass wrote:
This is a very good question as it is written. However, in my personal opinion, the sentence is missing important commas (in red) and an article (in red), just whether we want to be pedantic.

The scientists noted that the rats, suffering from the rare degenerative disease, had begun to die six months earlier, even though they had shown no signs of the disease then.

Back to your question: D is a run-on sentence and they are pretty nasty in terms of grammar, style, usage and meaning on top of that.

This type of sentences go on and on and you do not know the real essence of the sentence itself.

The scientists noted that rats suffering from the rare degenerative disease had begun to die six months earlier without any signs of the disease shown then

The scientists noted that rats suffering from the rare degenerative disease had begun to die six months earlier, even though they had shown no signs of the disease then.

Now, read the first one in a single breath and stop for a second (it does not matter grammar rules, style, which is which): the sentence what is really telling to you ?? what is the real essence of the phrase ?? the answer is : nothing. Aside grammar rules and whatever they are: the language as a whole should say to you what your interlocutor really wants to communicate to you.

It is also true that the GMAT tests you on these aspects of standard English, but is also true that tests you on logic, on the meaning, on what a sentence is trying to convey, the economy of the sentence as a whole.

Now, read in one breath the second one: even though it is not perfect in my opinion (see above what I pointed out), it still communicates in a very efficient way the meaning itself. Notice the comma and the contrast just after it: it works and I would say rather well.

Every student who is studying for this test should keep in mind a broad vision, a context. It is better a sentence with a grammar error but a tomahawk-meaning message to your brain rather a perfect sentence but so convoluted though coherent, without a soul.

Hope this helps.


Hi carcass,
thank you for the explanation. Now it is crystal clear after reading in one breath what is wrong with D. Looks likes I emphasized too much on grammar.
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Re: Meaning/clarity 3.In the 1960s, to reduce the discharge of  [#permalink]

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Re: Meaning/clarity 3.In the 1960s, to reduce the discharge of &nbs [#permalink] 30 May 2018, 11:55
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