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# Modifier

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Manager
Joined: 26 Mar 2008
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24 Oct 2008, 19:02
In a crowded, acquisitive world, the disapperance of lifestyles such as those once followed by southern Africa's Bushmen and Australia's aborigines, requiring vast wild spaces and permitting little accumulation of goods, seem inevitably doomed.
(B) requiring vast wild spaces and permitting little accumulation of goods, seems to be inevitably doomed
C which require vast wild spaces and permit little accumulation of goods, seems to be inevitably doomed
(D) life-styles that require vast wild spaces and permit little accumulation of goods, seem inevitable
(E) life-stlyes requiring vast wild spaces and permitting little accumulation of goods, seems inevitable

Between D and E--Edited this part

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24 Oct 2008, 22:31
IMO A
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24 Oct 2008, 22:50
arorag wrote:
In a crowded, acquisitive world, the disapperance of lifestyles such as those once followed by southern Africa's Bushmen and Australia's aborigines, requiring vast wild spaces and permitting little accumulation of goods, seem inevitably doomed.
(B) requiring vast wild spaces and permitting little accumulation of goods, seems to be inevitably doomed
C which require vast wild spaces and permit little accumulation of goods, seems to be inevitably doomed
(D) life-styles that require vast wild spaces and permit little accumulation of goods, seem inevitable
(E) life-stlyes requiring vast wild spaces and permitting little accumulation of goods, seems inevitable

Between D and E--Edited this part

I will go with (A). Looking at D and E, is "doomed" underlined or not?

If "doomed" is underlined, (E) is the best choice. we have to know what requires "vast wild spaces and permit little accumulation of goods". D and E correctly provides that (life-styles), however, D is incorrect as we need "seems" to match life-styles which is plural.
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25 Oct 2008, 13:23
1
Sentence has S-V and modifier issue

Subject “the disappearance” requires singular verb – eliminate A and D

C – Which modifier issue – illogically modifies Australia's aborigines
E – life-styles – redundant

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25 Oct 2008, 14:39
I'd go with (E).

I'd eliminate (A), (B), and (C) immediately because "the disappearance of lifestyles" is not inevitably doomed. It's the lifestyles themselves that are doomed, not the disappearance of them.

Between (D) and (E), I'd eliminate (D) because "seem" would modify a plural subject. "The disappearance" is singular, so there is disagreement here.

Although a very ugly sentence, I'd go with (E).
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25 Oct 2008, 15:47
I'll go with E.

A, B and C say: 'the disappearance of something seems inevitably doomed'. Correct structure is ''the disappearance of something seems inevitable'

Between D and E, I chose E because, the disappearance is singular, so needs 'seems'
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25 Oct 2008, 22:36
Clear case of (B)
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26 Oct 2008, 02:00
arorag wrote:
In a crowded, acquisitive world, the disapperance of lifestyles such as those once followed by southern Africa's Bushmen and Australia's aborigines, requiring vast wild spaces and permitting little accumulation of goods, seem inevitably doomed.
(B) requiring vast wild spaces and permitting little accumulation of goods, seems to be inevitably doomed
C which require vast wild spaces and permit little accumulation of goods, seems to be inevitably doomed
(D) life-styles that require vast wild spaces and permit little accumulation of goods, seem inevitable
(E) life-stlyes requiring vast wild spaces and permitting little accumulation of goods, seems inevitable

I assume the word "doomed" is also underlined.

I pick E.

disappearance is singular --- so we need "seems". We can eliminate choices A and D.

in C, the word "which" incorrectly modifies Australia's aborigines.

in B, "requiring .........doomed" incorrectly modifies the "disappearance of lifestyles" while it should be talking about "lifestyles"
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27 Oct 2008, 12:18
IMO D....because of the "lifestyles" which is plural and if you see carefully in sentence "those" has been used, which shows we have to consider lifestyles and not the disapperance.....btw...may I know the plural form of "disapperance"?

For the same reason I will eliminate B, C and E.....A doesn't have subject...it is not clear what is requiring?

I have only one doubt abt D also, as per OG 11E "seem" must be followed by infinitive (i.e. to) can somebody help me out?

IMO D....wht is OA?
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28 Oct 2008, 14:32
E

in A teh adverbial clause starting with "requiring ...." seems to ambiguously modify dissapearence
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28 Oct 2008, 15:36
arorag wrote:
In a crowded, acquisitive world, the disapperance of lifestyles such as those once followed by southern Africa's Bushmen and Australia's aborigines, requiring vast wild spaces and permitting little accumulation of goods, seem inevitably doomed.
(B) requiring vast wild spaces and permitting little accumulation of goods, seems to be inevitably doomed
C which require vast wild spaces and permit little accumulation of goods, seems to be inevitably doomed
(D) life-styles that require vast wild spaces and permit little accumulation of goods, seem inevitable
(E) life-stlyes requiring vast wild spaces and permitting little accumulation of goods, seems inevitable

Between D and E--Edited this part

Is the word doomed underlined or non underlined. if doomed is underlined and D & E dont have the word, the whole meaning changes. E would mean that disappearance is unstoppable. B would mean the exact opposite.
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28 Oct 2008, 19:25
I followed the exact steps taken by hanumayamma and came to the same conclusion.

(B)

Sumi
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28 Oct 2008, 19:49
arorag wrote:
In a crowded, acquisitive world, the disapperance of lifestyles such as those once followed by southern Africa's Bushmen and Australia's aborigines, requiring vast wild spaces and permitting little accumulation of goods, seem inevitably doomed.
(B) requiring vast wild spaces and permitting little accumulation of goods, seems to be inevitably doomed
C which require vast wild spaces and permit little accumulation of goods, seems to be inevitably doomed
(D) life-styles that require vast wild spaces and permit little accumulation of goods, seem inevitable
(E) life-stlyes requiring vast wild spaces and permitting little accumulation of goods, seems inevitable

Between D and E--Edited this part

I will vote for E here

Though I believe that life-styles is redundant in E,

"Seems to be" in B is wordy compared with "seems' in E
"the disapperance of lifestyles .. seems...inevitably doomed"
in B is also redundant.
E uses correct & precise "inevitable" and conveys the same meaning.

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28 Oct 2008, 20:18
If doomed is part of the underlined sentence, I go for E as well.

The disappearance.......seems inevitable
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28 Oct 2008, 22:01
Hi OA IS E
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28 Oct 2008, 22:47
arorag wrote:
In a crowded, acquisitive world, the disapperance of lifestyles such as those once followed by southern Africa's Bushmen and Australia's aborigines, requiring vast wild spaces and permitting little accumulation of goods, seem inevitably doomed.
(B) requiring vast wild spaces and permitting little accumulation of goods, seems to be inevitably doomed
C which require vast wild spaces and permit little accumulation of goods, seems to be inevitably doomed
(D) life-styles that require vast wild spaces and permit little accumulation of goods, seem inevitable
(E) life-stlyes requiring vast wild spaces and permitting little accumulation of goods, seems inevitable

Between D and E--Edited this part

Agree with E though OA is already realeased.

E is correct because if we use only "requiring vast wild spaces and permitting little accumulation of goods" to modify the phrase "the disapperance of lifestyles ...........................", it changes the meaning.

This is because "requiring vast wild spaces and permitting little accumulation of goods" cannot modify "the disapperance of lifestyles .......................... ", it changes the meaning.

To maintain the correct meaning of the sentense, we need to repete "life-stlyes" in modifying phrase. Therefore E is correct.....
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29 Oct 2008, 04:51
Had D contained "seems", it would have been the best choice. In the absence of this, E is the answer.
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29 Oct 2008, 07:02
scthakur wrote:
Had D contained "seems", it would have been the best choice. In the absence of this, E is the answer.

I guess you want to say:
Quote:
(D) life-styles that require vast wild spaces and that permit little accumulation of goods, seems inevitable
.

First it is not parallel as "that" after "and" is missing. Second, IMO, it changes the meaning as the tense of the sentence is changed into simple present tense. I am not comfortable.

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Re: Modifier   [#permalink] 29 Oct 2008, 07:02
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# Modifier

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