GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 14 Dec 2018, 16:01

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel
Events & Promotions in December
PrevNext
SuMoTuWeThFrSa
2526272829301
2345678
9101112131415
16171819202122
23242526272829
303112345
Open Detailed Calendar
  • Typical Day of a UCLA MBA Student - Recording of Webinar with UCLA Adcom and Student

     December 14, 2018

     December 14, 2018

     10:00 PM PST

     11:00 PM PST

    Carolyn and Brett - nicely explained what is the typical day of a UCLA student. I am posting below recording of the webinar for those who could't attend this session.
  • Free GMAT Strategy Webinar

     December 15, 2018

     December 15, 2018

     07:00 AM PST

     09:00 AM PST

    Aiming to score 760+? Attend this FREE session to learn how to Define your GMAT Strategy, Create your Study Plan and Master the Core Skills to excel on the GMAT.

Neuropeptide substance P is released in the spinal cord in response to

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Current Student
User avatar
V
Joined: 19 Mar 2012
Posts: 4395
Location: India
GMAT 1: 760 Q50 V42
GPA: 3.8
WE: Marketing (Non-Profit and Government)
Neuropeptide substance P is released in the spinal cord in response to  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 02 Nov 2018, 02:44
1
17
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  85% (hard)

Question Stats:

55% (03:25) correct 45% (01:52) wrong based on 908 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

Neuropeptide substance P is released in the spinal cord in response to pain and causes nerve endings around the initiating nerves to also become more sensitive to pain. Normally, this mechanism is "reset" during stages of deep sleep. If, however, the mechanism cannot be reset, this process may run out of control and cause fibromyalgia, a disorder characterized by body-wide chronic pain and fatigue. Conditions such as depression, anxiety, drug use, and serotonin deficiency can interfere with stages of "deep" sleep.

The statements above, if true, best support which of the following conclusions?


(A) The simplest way to treat fibromyalgia is to control the release of neuropeptide substance P.

(B) The release of neuropeptide substance P cannot be reset if a patient suffers from a condition that interferes with stages of "deep" sleep.

(C) Patients who do not suffer from conditions that can interfere with stages of "deep" sleep will not develop fibromyalgia.

(D) Conditions such as depression, anxiety, drug use and serotonin deficiency can aggravate or even cause fibromyalgia.

(E) Drug users who experience body-wide chronic pain and fatigue most likely suffer from fibromyalgia.


Verbal Question Of The Day: Day 77: Critical Reasoning


Subscribe to GMAT Question of the Day: E-mail | RSS
For All QOTD Questions Click Here

_________________

Have an MBA application Question? ASK ME ANYTHING!

My Stuff: Four Years to 760 | MBA Trends for Indian Applicants

My GMAT Resources
V30-V40: How to do it! | GMATPrep SC | GMATPrep CR | GMATPrep RC | Critical Reasoning Megathread | CR: Numbers and Statistics | CR: Weaken | CR: Strengthen | CR: Assumption | SC: Modifier | SC: Meaning | SC: SV Agreement | RC: Primary Purpose | PS/DS: Numbers and Inequalities | PS/DS: Combinatorics and Coordinates

My MBA Resources
Everything about the MBA Application | Over-Represented MBA woes | Fit Vs Rankings | Low GPA: What you can do | Letter of Recommendation: The Guide | Indian B Schools accepting GMAT score | Why MBA?

My Reviews
How I got into five schools from zero - Applicant Lab Review
Veritas Prep Live Online


Originally posted by souvik101990 on 08 Aug 2017, 10:20.
Last edited by Bunuel on 02 Nov 2018, 02:44, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
Most Helpful Expert Reply
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
User avatar
P
Status: GMAT and GRE tutor
Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Posts: 2149
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V46
GMAT 2: 800 Q51 V51
GRE 1: Q170 V170
Re: Neuropeptide substance P is released in the spinal cord in response to  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 Aug 2017, 10:21
6
3
Normally, I like to start analyzing a passage by identifying the conclusion. In this case, we are asked to select the best conclusion, so let's make sure we are clear on the given information:

  • Neuropeptide substance P (NSP), as described in the first sentence, "is released in the spinal cord in response to pain and causes nerve endings around the initiating nerves to also become more sensitive to pain."
  • This mechanism is normally reset during stages of deep sleep. Notice that the passage does not say that the mechanism is always reset during stages of deep sleep or that this is the only way to reset the mechanism.
  • If "the mechanism cannot be reset, this process may run out of control and cause fibromyalgia." - Notice the word "may"; the passage does not say that "if the mechanism cannot be reset, the process will definitely run out of control and cause fibromyalgia."
  • "Conditions such as depression, anxiety, drug use, and serotonin deficiency can interfere with stages of 'deep' sleep." - Those conditions might interfere with deep sleep, and deep sleep, as we know, normally resets the NSP mechanism. This implies that those conditions might interfere with the resetting of the NSP mechanism, which could in turn lead to fibromyalgia. However, we are not told whether those conditions will always have those effects.

These statements best support which of the following conclusions?

Quote:
(A) The simplest way to treat fibromyalgia is to control the release of neuropeptide substance P.

We have no idea if controlling the release of NSP is simple or if there are other, simpler ways to treat fibromyalgia. Eliminate choice (A).

Quote:
(B) The release of neuropeptide substance P cannot be reset if a patient suffers from a condition that interferes with stages of "deep" sleep.

As stated above, the NSP mechanism is normally reset during deep sleep. However, it is possible that there are other ways to reset the NSP mechanism, even in the absence of deep sleep. Thus, choice (B) cannot be properly inferred and can be eliminated.

Quote:
(C) Patients who do not suffer from conditions that can interfere with stages of "deep" sleep will not develop fibromyalgia.

A lack of deep sleep can cause fibromyalgia, but we aren't told whether there are other ways of developing fibromyalgia. Thus, choice (C) should be eliminated.

Quote:
(D) Conditions such as depression, anxiety, drug use and serotonin deficiency can aggravate or even cause fibromyalgia.

This statement says that the conditions CAN aggravate or even cause fibromyalgia. It does not say that the conditions will DEFINITELY aggravate or even cause fibromyalgia. Those conditions might interfere with deep sleep, and this, in turn, might prevent the NSP process from being reset. As stated in the passage, if "the mechanism cannot be reset, this process may run out of control and cause fibromyalgia." Statement D is consistent with the information in the passage, so let's hang on to it.

Quote:
(E) Drug users who experience body-wide chronic pain and fatigue most likely suffer from fibromyalgia.

Those drug users might experience body-wide chronic pain and fatigue for a variety of other reasons besides having fibromyalgia. Thus, choice (E) cannot be properly inferred and should be eliminated.

(D) is the best choice.
_________________

GMAT Club Verbal Expert | GMAT/GRE tutor @ www.gmatninja.com (Now hiring!) | Instagram | Food blog | Notoriously bad at PMs

Beginners' guides to GMAT verbal
Reading Comprehension | Critical Reasoning | Sentence Correction

YouTube LIVE verbal webinars
Series 1: Fundamentals of SC & CR | Series 2: Developing a Winning GMAT Mindset

SC & CR Questions of the Day (QOTDs), featuring expert explanations
All QOTDs | Subscribe via email | RSS

Need an expert reply?
Hit the request verbal experts' reply button -- and please be specific about your question. Feel free to tag @GMATNinja in your post. Priority is always given to official GMAT questions.

Sentence Correction articles & resources
How to go from great (760) to incredible (780) on GMAT SC | That "-ing" Word Probably Isn't a Verb | That "-ed" Word Might Not Be a Verb, Either | No-BS Guide to GMAT Idioms | "Being" is not the enemy | WTF is "that" doing in my sentence?

Reading Comprehension, Critical Reasoning, and other articles & resources
All GMAT Ninja articles on GMAT Club | Using LSAT for GMAT CR & RC |7 reasons why your actual GMAT scores don't match your practice test scores | How to get 4 additional "fake" GMAT Prep tests for $29.99 | Time management on verbal

General Discussion
Senior CR Moderator
User avatar
V
Status: Long way to go!
Joined: 10 Oct 2016
Posts: 1376
Location: Viet Nam
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member
Re: Neuropeptide substance P is released in the spinal cord in response to  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 Aug 2017, 18:07
2
souvik101990 wrote:
Neuropeptide substance P is released in the spinal cord in response to pain and causes nerve endings around the initiating nerves to also become more sensitive to pain. Normally, this mechanism is "reset" during stages of deep sleep. If, however, the mechanism cannot be reset, this process may run out of control and cause fibromyalgia, a disorder characterized by body-wide chronic pain and fatigue. Conditions such as depression, anxiety, drug use, and serotonin deficiency can interfere with stages of "deep" sleep.

The statements above, if true, best support which of the following conclusions?


1. P is released in response to pain
2. (1) is reset during deep sleep
3. If (1) cannot be reset, P may run out of control and cause fibromyalgia
4. Some conditions can interfere deep sleep

(A) The simplest way to treat fibromyalgia is to control the release of neuropeptide substance P.
The statements make no comparison between some ways to treat fibromyalgia, so "the simplest way to treat fibromyalgia" is incorrect. Also, P running out of control is just a possible cause to fibromyalgia. The statements have no information indicated that controlling the release of P is a way to treat fibromyalgia.

(B) The release of neuropeptide substance P cannot be reset if a patient suffers from a condition that interferes with stages of "deep" sleep.
Trap here. In (2) and (3), the statements indicate that if (4) then there may be some reasons cause (1) not to be reset. The statements don't imply that (1) cannot be reset because of conditions that interferes with stage of deep sleep.

(C) Patients who do not suffer from conditions that can interfere with stages of "deep" sleep will not develop fibromyalgia.
There is no information indicated that patients who don't suffer from conditions that interferes with deep sleep will not develop fibromyalgia. The statements just say that patients have trouble with deep sleep could cause fibromyalgia.

(D) Conditions such as depression, anxiety, drug use and serotonin deficiency can aggravate or even cause fibromyalgia.
Correct. Such conditions can interfere deep sleep and thus can make the release of P cannot be reset and cause fibromyalgia as the result.

(E) Drug users who experience body-wide chronic pain and fatigue most likely suffer from fibromyalgia.
There is no information linked "fibromyalgia" to "Drug users who experience body-wide chronic pain and fatigue"
_________________

Actual LSAT CR bank by Broall

How to solve quadratic equations - Factor quadratic equations
Factor table with sign: The useful tool to solve polynomial inequalities
Applying AM-GM inequality into finding extreme/absolute value

New Error Log with Timer

BSchool Forum Moderator
User avatar
V
Joined: 28 Mar 2017
Posts: 1223
Location: India
GMAT 1: 730 Q49 V41
GPA: 4
Re: Neuropeptide substance P is released in the spinal cord in response to  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 Aug 2017, 23:40
1
Neuropeptide substance P is released in the spinal cord in response to pain and causes nerve endings around the initiating nerves to also become more sensitive to pain. Normally, this mechanism is "reset" during stages of deep sleep. If, however, the mechanism cannot be reset, this process may run out of control and cause fibromyalgia, a disorder characterized by body-wide chronic pain and fatigue. Conditions such as depression, anxiety, drug use, and serotonin deficiency can interfere with stages of "deep" sleep.

The statements above, if true, best support which of the following conclusions?

(A) The simplest way to treat fibromyalgia is to control the release of neuropeptide substance P. -It's too exaggerated choice.
(B) The release of neuropeptide substance P cannot be reset if a patient suffers from a condition that interferes with stages of "deep" sleep. -This is the opposite of the premise
(C) Patients who do not suffer from conditions that can interfere with stages of "deep" sleep will not develop fibromyalgia. -It's too exaggerated choice. We do not know about all the causes of fibromyalgia.
(D) Conditions such as depression, anxiety, drug use and serotonin deficiency can aggravate or even cause fibromyalgia. Correct
(E) Drug users who experience body-wide chronic pain and fatigue most likely suffer from fibromyalgia. -It's too exaggerated choice
_________________

Kudos if my post helps!

Long And A Fruitful Journey - V21 to V41; If I can, So Can You!!
Preparing for RC my way
RC Summary Activity - New Project to imporve RC Skills
Bloomberg's US Bschool Ranking

My study resources:
1. Useful Formulae, Concepts and Tricks-Quant | 2. e-GMAT's ALL SC Compilation | 3. LSAT RC compilation | 4. Actual LSAT CR collection by Broal | 5. QOTD RC (Carcass) | 6. Challange OG RC | 7. GMAT Prep Challenge RC

Manager
Manager
User avatar
B
Joined: 18 May 2016
Posts: 91
Location: India
GMAT 1: 700 Q49 V35
GMAT 2: 700 Q49 V35
WE: Consulting (Non-Profit and Government)
Reviews Badge
Re: Neuropeptide substance P is released in the spinal cord in response to  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 10 Aug 2017, 01:48
(A) The simplest way to treat fibromyalgia is to control the release of neuropeptide substance P. we are not told what is the simplest way to treat X

(B) The release of neuropeptide substance P cannot be reset if a patient suffers from a condition that interferes with stages of "deep" sleep. We know that deep sleep helps in resetting of the substance; we know certain conditions affect deep sleep- but its an overstatement to say that these conditions will lead to affect resetting process.

(C) Patients who do not suffer from conditions that can interfere with stages of "deep" sleep will not develop fibromyalgia. - again an overstatement - for all we know these conditions can have extreme impact on deep sleep and stop resetting.

(D) Conditions such as depression, anxiety, drug use and serotonin deficiency can aggravate or even cause fibromyalgia.
Balance and correct - rightfully makes a connection between conditions affecting deep sleep that could have an effect on release of substance and consequently on fibromyalgia

(E) Drug users who experience body-wide chronic pain and fatigue most likely suffer from fibromyalgia. Wrong correlation- there could be an unrelated coz for chronic pain that is not at all related to fibromyalgia.
_________________

GMAT chronicles : 670-->660--> 700--> 650--> 680-->660--> 610-->700 (main exam)-->710--740-->700 (main exam again) -->Target 740+

Never never never never NEVER give up!!


I can and I will- watch me.

Manager
Manager
avatar
S
Joined: 24 Dec 2017
Posts: 175
Location: India
Concentration: Strategy, Real Estate
Schools: Johnson '21
Re: Neuropeptide substance P is released in the spinal cord in response to  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Sep 2018, 23:29
Neuropeptide substance P is released in the spinal cord in response to pain and causes nerve endings around the initiating nerves to also become more sensitive to pain. Normally, this mechanism is "reset" during stages of deep sleep. If, however, the mechanism cannot be reset, this process may run out of control and cause fibromyalgia, a disorder characterized by body-wide chronic pain and fatigue. Conditions such as depression, anxiety, drug use, and serotonin deficiency can interfere with stages of "deep" sleep.

The statements above, if true, best support which of the following conclusions?

(A) The simplest way to treat fibromyalgia is to control the release of neuropeptide substance P.
Explanation: Irrelevant

(B) The release of neuropeptide substance P cannot be reset if a patient suffers from a condition that interferes with stages of "deep" sleep.
Explanation: Too extreme

(C) Patients who do not suffer from conditions that can interfere with stages of "deep" sleep will not develop fibromyalgia.
Explanation: Irrelevant

(D) Conditions such as depression, anxiety, drug use and serotonin deficiency can aggravate or even cause fibromyalgia.
Explanation: This supports the conclusion because the interference of these conditions can cause or aggravate fibromyalgia. - CORRECT


(E) Drug users who experience body-wide chronic pain and fatigue most likely suffer from fibromyalgia.
Explanation: These are condition that aggravate fibromyalgia.Hence Incorrect
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 21 Oct 2017
Posts: 7
CAT Tests
Re: Neuropeptide substance P is released in the spinal cord in response to  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 02 Dec 2018, 06:02
Quote:
(B) The release of neuropeptide substance P cannot be reset if a patient suffers from a condition that interferes with stages of "deep" sleep

I don't understand why B is wrong? This option used "cannot" to show that if a patient suffers with "deep" sleep, the mechanism cannot be reset. Does "cannot" mean a possibility that "deep" sleep might prevent the NSP process from being reset?

Why D is correct answer when it also used "can" to mention a possibility? :( :(

Please help me with this problem!

Thanks
GMAT Club Bot
Re: Neuropeptide substance P is released in the spinal cord in response to &nbs [#permalink] 02 Dec 2018, 06:02
Display posts from previous: Sort by

Neuropeptide substance P is released in the spinal cord in response to

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


Copyright

GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.