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Nineteenth-century doctors thought that alcohol, when ingested, passed

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Nineteenth-century doctors thought that alcohol, when ingested, passed  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Oct 2017, 04:40
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Nineteenth-century doctors thought that alcohol, when ingested, passed through the stomach into the bloodstream and was broken down only by the liver; recent studies, however, have led them to conclude that the stomach breaks down up to 20 percent of ingested alcohol before it reaches the liver.

[A] have led them to conclude
[B] have led to their conclusion
[C] have led doctors to conclude
[D] lead to doctors concluding
[E] lead to the doctors' conclusion

Taken from GMATPrep Paid Question Bank.

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Re: Nineteenth-century doctors thought that alcohol, when ingested, passed  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Oct 2017, 10:06
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denilthomas wrote:
Between A and C. Will go with C

Sent from my HM NOTE 1LTE using GMAT Club Forum mobile app



Hello denilthomas,

You have made a wise choice there. :thumbup:

Choice A cannot be the correct answer because pronoun them actually refers back to Nineteenth-century doctors, suggesting that the very same doctors now have some other conclusion. This meaning most certainly is not logical.


Exclusive usage of just the noun doctors correct this reference issue in Choice C.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: Nineteenth-century doctors thought that alcohol, when ingested, passed  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Oct 2017, 20:23
Nineteenth-century doctors thought that alcohol, when ingested, passed through the stomach into the bloodstream and was broken down only by the liver; recent studies, however, have led them to conclude that the stomach breaks down up to 20 percent of ingested alcohol before it reaches the liver.

[A] have led them to conclude --- it means the doctors who were mentioned before - the nineteeth-century doctors
[B] have led to their conclusion --- same as A
[C] have led doctors to conclude --- Correct
[D] lead to doctors concluding --- not idiomatically correct
[E] lead to the doctors' conclusion --- same as A and B
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Re: Nineteenth-century doctors thought that alcohol, when ingested, passed  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Oct 2017, 07:46
For answer choice C, is ‘have’ required?

What if the answer is ‘led doctors to conclude” or ‘lead doctors to conclude’? Is it still correct?

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Re: Nineteenth-century doctors thought that alcohol, when ingested, passed  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Oct 2017, 07:53
Paulli1982 wrote:
For answer choice C, is ‘have’ required?

What if the answer is ‘led doctors to conclude” or ‘lead doctors to conclude’? Is it still correct?

Posted from my mobile device


IMO, because we are talking about "recent studies", so simple past (led) less proper here.
Btw, simple present (lead) is debatable here.
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Re: Nineteenth-century doctors thought that alcohol, when ingested, passed  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Aug 2018, 02:33
egmat wrote:
denilthomas wrote:
Between A and C. Will go with C

Sent from my HM NOTE 1LTE using GMAT Club Forum mobile app



Hello denilthomas,

You have made a wise choice there. :thumbup:

Choice A cannot be the correct answer because pronoun them actually refers back to Nineteenth-century doctors, suggesting that the very same doctors now have some other conclusion. This meaning most certainly is not logical.


Exclusive usage of just the noun doctors correct this reference issue in Choice C.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha


Hi Shraddha,

I had a doubt in Choice A. If the words "nineteenth century" were not there, was the usage of "them" correct then?

I mean can we use "them" in an independent clause wherein the antecedent of "them" is in another independent clause?
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Re: Nineteenth-century doctors thought that alcohol, when ingested, passed &nbs [#permalink] 07 Aug 2018, 02:33
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Nineteenth-century doctors thought that alcohol, when ingested, passed

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