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# og 11th edition.. question # 137

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Intern
Joined: 27 Jan 2008
Posts: 23
og 11th edition.. question # 137  [#permalink]

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30 Jan 2008, 20:35
1
The company announced that its profits declined much less in the second quarter than analysts had expected it to and its business will improve in teh second half of the year.

a. same
c. expected it would and that it will improve its business
d. expected them to and its business would improve
e. expected and that it will have improved its business

I dont see when to use EXPECTED and HAD EXPECTED. THE solutions in the end of the book arent really explaining this to me. I am lost on this one. . please help
Manager
Joined: 05 Oct 2008
Posts: 243
Re: og 11th edition.. question # 137  [#permalink]

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26 Jan 2009, 04:46
Can someone explain this one - why not had expected "them to" - Choice D?

Thanks.
Intern
Joined: 18 Jan 2009
Posts: 17
Schools: Kellogg, Ross, Darden, Kelley, UNC
Re: og 11th edition.. question # 137  [#permalink]

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26 Jan 2009, 07:43
Choice D is wrong because of the verb tenses. Whenever we have two or more events in the past, each one following the other in a precise chronological order, the action that happened for first needs to be expressed in the past participle form.

Here, the first thing that happened is the analysts' forecast; then, x time later, the profits declined less than expected, and the company announced the result.

Thus, the right form is "the company announced that its profits declined much less... than analysts had expected"

Moreover, "expected them to" seems quite redundant (for sure it is more wordy than choice B).
Manager
Joined: 05 Oct 2008
Posts: 243
Re: og 11th edition.. question # 137  [#permalink]

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26 Jan 2009, 08:07
MBA 2012 - D also uses the past particple - Infact the only difference between B and D is D uses the words expected "them to", so I am not sure what verb are you referring as incorrect.

Intern
Joined: 18 Jan 2009
Posts: 17
Schools: Kellogg, Ross, Darden, Kelley, UNC
Re: og 11th edition.. question # 137  [#permalink]

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26 Jan 2009, 08:25
enginpasa1 wrote:
The company announced that its profits declined much less in the second quarter than analysts had expected it to and its business will improve in teh second half of the year.

a. same
c. expected it would and that it will improve its business
d. expected them to and its business would improve
e. expected and that it will have improved its business

I dont see when to use EXPECTED and HAD EXPECTED. THE solutions in the end of the book arent really explaining this to me. I am lost on this one. . please help

I don't have OG book with me, so I cannot check. But, from what I see above, B and D have different verb forms.

However, another element that I forgot to point out and that strengthens choice B => "The company announced that it profits... and that its business...".

Look for this kind of parallelisms, because they most often are signals of the correct answer.

Hope this helps!
SVP
Joined: 07 Nov 2007
Posts: 1662
Location: New York
Re: og 11th edition.. question # 137  [#permalink]

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26 Jan 2009, 08:38
agree with B.

same as MBA2012's logic.
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Intern
Joined: 19 Aug 2017
Posts: 25
Re: og 11th edition.. question # 137  [#permalink]

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18 Jan 2018, 00:34
can someone explain in option B why had expected is used and why why will is not used ???
Manager
Joined: 21 Jul 2015
Posts: 168
GMAT 1: 710 Q49 V38
og 11th edition.. question # 137  [#permalink]

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18 Jan 2018, 00:46
1
MSarmah wrote:
can someone explain in option B why had expected is used and why why will is not used ???

Hi,

Use of past perfect - had expected - is correct here as it helps to establish the timeline/sequence of the events. You can think of the sequence as:

Analyst Expected (Event 1) ----- >> Profit declined (Event 2).

So the use of past perfect makes the sequence clear, which is necessary because both events happened at different times in the past.

Use of Would/Will - If you look at the main verb, it's in the past tense - The company (subject) announced (past tense verb).

Since we are talking about a future event (company would improve its business) from a point of reference in the past, we must use the past tense of will - "would".

All the verbs in a sentence takes the verb tense of the main verb unless the meaning that need to be conveyed requires a different tense to be used. For example: in this question, use of past perfect tense is needed to establish clear sequence of events.

Hope this helps.
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og 11th edition.. question # 137 &nbs [#permalink] 18 Jan 2018, 00:46
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