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On account of a law passed in 1993, making it a crime punishable by im

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Re: On account of a law passed in 1993, making it a crime punishable by im [#permalink]

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New post 15 Nov 2008, 21:40
Because of a law passed ... immigrants found that does not make it correct sentence. Same is true with On account of and Due to
Also starting the sentence with Because of creates a subordinate clasue.

The subjunctive mood in B is correct.

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Re: On account of a law passed in 1993, making it a crime punishable by im [#permalink]

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New post 16 Nov 2008, 09:22
uf! this one is very difficult!

I picked A... can we have the OE?

Regarding D, I thought that the use of "Because of" needs a noun after, making D incorrect

Can someone confirm this point?

Thanks

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Re: On account of a law passed in 1993, making it a crime punishable by im [#permalink]

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New post 29 Apr 2012, 23:39
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dont bother urself using those hard grammatical word-subjunctive rules. Try to analyze each sentecnce from OG and try to find a way of answering questions without using hardcore grammar knowledge but using sense and direction.

Let me show u how u can do it.

A. On account of a law
passed in 1993, making
it a crime punishable by
imprisonment that a
United States citizen
hold (wrong because US citizens didn't held pusnishment, they got punishment for holding gold.)
B. With a law passed in
1933 that makes it a
crime punishable by
imprisonment that a
United States citizen
hold
(wrong because of the same reason of A)
C. A law passed in 1933
that made it a crime
punishable by
imprisonment for a
United States citizen
holding ( no realating conjunction is used)
D. Because of a law
passed in 1933 making
it a crime punishable by
imprisonment for a
United States citizen to
hold
E. Due to a law being
passed in 1933 that
makes it a crime
punishable by
imprisonment for a
United States citizen to
hold ( E would be correct if the mention time would be correct.)

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Re: On account of a law passed in 1993, making it a crime punishable by im [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jun 2012, 02:13
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option A and B are wrong because of meaning issue. A law is not hold be US citizen
C is wrong as two independent clauses should be linked by conjunction.
Between D and E...
E is wordy
D correct
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Re: On account of a law passed in 1993, making it a crime punishable by im [#permalink]

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New post 18 Oct 2013, 09:40
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dishagoyal90 wrote:
Can anyone help me understand what is subjunctive mood?


Sure thing buddy, let me help you out.

THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD
So this is basically used in two special situations:
- Unlikely or unreal conditions (usually after 'if' or a similar word)
- Proposals, desires, and requests formed with certain verbs and the word that
These two uses correspond to two forms of the subjunctive mood: The Hypothetical Subjunctive and the Command Subjunctive, respectively

The Hypothetical Subjunctive
We use it in a few circumstances to indicate unlikely or unreal conditions. Principally, this form occurs after 'if', 'as if', or 'as though'
Now the basic form of the Hypothetical Subjuctive is equivalent to the Simple Past of every Verb, with one exception. For the verb 'to be' . For the verb 'to be' the form were is always used.
Eg. To overcome my fear of germs, I will think about disease as though it WERE harmless

The Command Subjunctive
The other form of the subjunctive mood is the Command Subjunctive, which is much more important on the GMAT than the Hypotethical Subjunctive
The command subjunctive is used with certain BOSSY VERBS such as require or propose. Bossy Verbs tell people to do things
This form is also known as the Bare Form of the verb: the infinitive without the 'to'.
The subjunctive construction with a Bossy Verb is always as follows: Bossy Verb + THAT + subject + Command Subjunctive
However, there are some common Bossy Verbs, such as WANT, you cannot use the Command Subjunctive with but rather an infinitive (to + the bare form)
- Common Verbs that take ONLY the Command Subjunctive when indicating desire: demand, dictate, insist, mandate, propose, recommend, request, stipulate, suggest

Note: Propose can take an infinitive when there's no second subject (Eg. The attorneys PROPOSED TO MEET the following day)
- Verbs that take ONLY the infinitive: advice, allow, forbid, persuade, want
- Verbs that take EITHER the Command Subjunctive OR the infitinive: ask, beg, intend, order, prefer, urge, require

Also, you should keep in mind that few bossy words, most notably prohibit, take other constructions alltogether (Prohibit FROM)
The Command subjunctive can also be used with nouns derived from Bossy Verbs, such as a demand or a request.
Also the Command subjunctive is possible with 'It is X', in which X is an adjective, such as essential, that conveys urgency. It is X is not commonly tested on the GMAT (Eg. It is essential THAT Gary BE ready before noon)

Other adjectives conveying urgency include: advisable, crucial, desirable, fitting, imperative, important, mandatory, necessary, preferable, urgent and vital.
Note also that you can use an infinitive in these constructions (Eg. It is essential for Gary to be ready before noon)
Avoid the use of the Command Subjunctive 'whether'. This usage is old fashioned (Eg. I like Ice cream, , whether it BE choclolate, vanilla, or any other flavor)

Oh and by the way, a few Bossy Verbs can be used in non-Bossy ways: Her presence SUGGESTS that she IS happy. In this context, suggests means "probably means"; it is not acting Bossy. As always, pay close attention to the meaning!

Hope it helps you out
Make some Kudos rain if you like it. I really need them for my GMAT tests

Take it easy ok?
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P.S. Oh, and BTW will some clarify what's wrong with Choice (B) in the question above? Let me know

Thanks

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Re: On account of a law passed in 1993, making it a crime punishable by im [#permalink]

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On account of a law passed in 1993, making it a crime punishable by imprisonment that a United States citizen hold gold in the form of bullion or coins, immigrants found that on arrival in the United States they had to surrender all of the gold they had brought with them.

INCORRECT PORTIONS UNDERLINED......

A.On account of a law passed in 1993, making it a crime punishable by imprisonmentthat a United States citizen hold
B. With a law passed in 1933 that makes it a crime punishable by imprisonment that a United States citizen hold
C. A law passed in 1933 that made it a crime punishable by imprisonment for a United States citizen holding
D. Because of a law passed in 1933 making it a crime punishable by imprisonment for a United States citizen to hold....CORRECT
E. Due to a law being passed in 1933 that makes it a crime punishable by imprisonment for a United States citizen to hold

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Re: On account of a law passed in 1993, making it a crime punishable by im [#permalink]

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On account of a law passed in 1993, making it a crime punishable by imprisonment that a United States citizen hold gold in the form of bullion or coins, immigrants found that on arrival in the United States they had to surrender all of the gold they had brought with them.

A. On account of a law passed in 1993, making it a crime punishable by imprisonment that a United States citizen hold
Modifier,Modifier,Modified Noun(immigrants)
B. With a law passed in 1933 that makes it a crime punishable by imprisonment that a United States citizen hold
Immigrants , with a law passed.., found that
C. A law passed in 1933 that made it a crime punishable by imprisonment for a United States citizen holding
Main Clause,Main Clause RUNON
D. Because of a law passed in 1933 making it a crime punishable by imprisonment for a United States citizen to hold
Shows stated cause and effect.
E. Due to a law being passed in 1933 that makes it a crime punishable by imprisonment for a United States citizen to hold
Due to ...being
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Re: On account of a law passed in 1993, making it a crime punishable by im [#permalink]

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New post 16 Apr 2014, 23:37
Option (D) has grammatical error:

D. Because of a law passed in 1993 making it a crime punishable by imprisonment for a United States citizen to hold

ing modifier modifies immediate noun but it is placed after 1993, further doer of the action is missing.. who is making ?

IMO only option B has no grammatical errors.
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Re: On account of a law passed in 1993, making it a crime punishable by im [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jun 2014, 12:37
technocrat wrote:
Because of a law passed ... immigrants found that does not make it correct sentence. Same is true with On account of and Due to
Also starting the sentence with Because of creates a subordinate clasue.

The subjunctive mood in B is correct.



There is no subjunctive mood here, subjunctive mood uses-
Demand/Request/Recommend word +THAT + Subject+ Subjunctive Verb

subjunctive verb is plural.
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Re: On account of a law passed in 1993, making it a crime punishable by im [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jun 2014, 21:06
JohnLewis1980 wrote:
uf! this one is very difficult!

I picked A... can we have the OE?

Regarding D, I thought that the use of "Because of" needs a noun after, making D incorrect

Can someone confirm this point?

Thanks

Cheers

Actually the answer to this should be D, and not B (as mentioned by a poster above).

In D, because of is indeed followed by a noun a law.
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Re: On account of a law passed in 1993, making it a crime punishable by im [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jun 2014, 16:47
OA is D according to MGMAT

MGMAT Explanation:http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/on-account-of-a-law-passed-in-1993-making-it-a-crime-punish-t3096.html

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Re: On account of a law passed in 1993, making it a crime punishable by im [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jun 2014, 03:19
Nihit wrote:
On account of a law passed in 1993, making it a crime punishable by imprisonment that a United States citizen hold gold in the form of bullion or coins, immigrants found that on arrival in the United States they had to surrender all of the gold they had brought with them.

A. On account of a law passed in 1993, making it a crime punishable by imprisonment that a United States citizen hold
B. With a law passed in 1933 that makes it a crime punishable by imprisonment that a United States citizen hold
C. A law passed in 1933 that made it a crime punishable by imprisonment for a United States citizen holding
D. Because of a law passed in 1933 making it a crime punishable by imprisonment for a United States citizen to hold
E. Due to a law being passed in 1933 that makes it a crime punishable by imprisonment for a United States citizen to hold



we have no idiom that

make it a crime +that-clause

am I right?
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Re: On account of a law passed in 1993, making it a crime punishable by im [#permalink]

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On account of a law passed in 1993, making it a crime punishable by imprisonment that a United States citizen hold gold in the form of bullion or coins, immigrants found that on arrival in the United States they had to surrender all of the gold they had brought with them.

A. On account of a law passed in 1993, making it a crime punishable by imprisonment that a United States citizen hold
ambiguous, because "making" could refer to "immigrants"
B. With a law passed in 1933 that makes it a crime punishable by imprisonment that a United States citizen hold
"makes" should be "made"
C. A law (passed in 1933 that made it a crime punishable by imprisonment for a United States citizen holding)
fragment
D. Because of a law passed in 1933 making it a crime punishable by imprisonment for a United States citizen to hold
correct usage
E. Due to a law being passed in 1933 that makes it a crime punishable by imprisonment for a United States citizen to hold
awkward

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Re: On account of a law passed in 1993, making it a crime punishable by im [#permalink]

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PiyushK wrote:
Option (D) has grammatical error:

D. Because of a law passed in 1993 making it a crime punishable by imprisonment for a United States citizen to hold

ing modifier modifies immediate noun but it is placed after 1993, further doer of the action is missing.. who is making ?

IMO only option B has no grammatical errors.


Verb-ing modifier without a comma modifies the preceding noun or noun phrase. In option D making modifies the noun phrase "law passed in 1993". So it is grammatically correct.
Refer to this very useful post by e-GMAT http://gmatclub.com/forum/verb-ed-modifiers-vs-verb-ing-modifiers-125611.html?fl=similar

Option B has a number of grammatical errors.
B. With a law passed in 1993 that makes it a crime punishable by imprisonment that a United States citizen hold gold in the form of bullion or coins
The word "With" requires a doer. Who passed the Law ? and Why did the person/entity passed the Law ?
In the absence of a doer the sentence is incomplete. If we cut through the fluff, this sentence is reduced to:
With a law passed that makes it a crime that a US citizen do something, immigrants found something. - Makes no sense. With and Because are not interchangeable.

Also the law itself is not stated clearly in B - Law that makes it a crime that a US citizen hold gold in the form of bullion or coins.
The Law is supposed to make it a crime for a US citizen to hold gold.
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Re: On account of a law passed in 1993, making it a crime punishable by im [#permalink]

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New post 13 Sep 2014, 23:31
By imprisonment to whom or for whom?? Not that a US
So Eliminate AB
C _ Holding , Law was passed long back
E _ Due to modifies a noun(Adjectival)
D _ Because of ( Adverbial) Making it a crime

D
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Re: On account of a law passed in 1993, making it a crime punishable by im [#permalink]

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New post 10 Mar 2015, 00:23
On account of a law passed in 1993, making it a crime punishable by imprisonment that a United States citizen hold gold in the form of bullion or coins, immigrants found that on arrival in the United States they had to surrender all of the gold they had brought with them.

A. On account of a law passed in 1993, making it a crime punishable by imprisonment that a United States citizen hold
"," is used inappropriately
"that a United States citizen hold" awkwardly modify imprisonment


B. With a law passed in 1933 that makes it a crime punishable by imprisonment that a United States citizen hold
make the intended meaning of the sentence become unclear, the law passed in 1933 is the reason that immigrants had to surrender all of the gold

C. A law passed in 1933 that made it a crime punishable by imprisonment for a United States citizen holding
run on sentence

D. Because of a law passed in 1933 making it a crime punishable by imprisonment for a United States citizen to hold
correctly express the intended meaning, "because of" logically represent reason for the action in the second clause

E. Due to a law being passed in 1933 that makes it a crime punishable by imprisonment for a United States citizen to hold
"being" is awkward
"due to" is not use appropriately

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Re: On account of a law passed in 1993, making it a crime punishable by im [#permalink]

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Re: On account of a law passed in 1993, making it a crime punishable by im [#permalink]

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New post 29 Sep 2016, 07:39
Can someone tell what is the antecedent of the pronoun 'it' in all the five cases?

It appears that it refers to "holding gold in form of coins or bullions". But holding gold is definitely not a noun.
How can a pronoun refer to something else??
Also if you still support that "holding gold in form of coins or bullions" is the antecedent, in that case, when we substitute back this in the sentence, the sentence sounds very awkward.

Can someone explain?

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Re: On account of a law passed in 1993, making it a crime punishable by im [#permalink]

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New post 29 Sep 2016, 07:40
Can someone tell what is the antecedent of the pronoun 'it' in all the five cases?

It appears that it refers to "holding gold in form of coins or bullions". But holding gold is definitely not a noun.
How can a pronoun refer to something else??
Also if you still support that "holding gold in form of coins or bullions" is the antecedent, in that case, when we substitute back this in the sentence, the sentence sounds very awkward.

Can someone explain?

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Re: On account of a law passed in 1993, making it a crime punishable by im [#permalink]

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New post 29 Sep 2016, 08:01
I am going in for D as well

Confused between D and E. Don't remember if Due to is recommended or not in GMAT english.
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