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# On the whole, scientists do their most creative work before

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Manager
Joined: 24 Jun 2013
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Schools: ISB '16, NUS '15
On the whole, scientists do their most creative work before [#permalink]

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06 Jun 2014, 23:36
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On the whole, scientists do their most creative work before age forty, a tendency that has been taken to show that aging carries with it a loss of creative capacity.
An alternative explanation is that by age forty most scientists have worked in their field for fifteen or more years and that by then they have exhausted the opportunity for creative work in that field. Supporting this explanation is the finding that ____________

A. the average age of recipients of scientific research grants is significantly greater than forty.

B. a disproportionately large number of the scientists who produce highly creativework beyond age forty entered their field at an older age than is common.

C. many scientists temper their own expectations of what they can achieve in their research work by their belief that their creativity will decline as they age.

D. scientists who are older than forty tend to find more satisfaction in other activities, such as teaching and mentoring, than they do in pursuing their own research.

E. there is a similar diminution of creativity with age in nonscientific fields, such as poetry and musical composition.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by carcass on 07 Jun 2014, 03:08, edited 1 time in total.
Edited the title and formatted the question

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Re: most logically completes the passage [#permalink]

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06 Jun 2014, 23:43
My analysis ,

Conclusion states that Ageing leads to loss of creativity in scientific work. Keeping this in mind,

Option B means that , if the scientist who does creative work enter the field after 40yrs of age . Doesn't it meant that ,it not the age which cause loss of creative neither the working for too long in that field that cause loss of opportunity which leads to less of creative work.

it is just third cause which weaken the argument that age is not the factor which leads to loss of creative work.

Thanks

Kudos [?]: 11 [0], given: 49

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Re: most logically completes the passage [#permalink]

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07 Jun 2014, 00:29
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Nitinaka19 wrote:
My analysis ,

Conclusion states that Ageing leads to loss of creativity in scientific work. Keeping this in mind,

Option B means that , if the scientist who does creative work enter the field after 40yrs of age . Doesn't it meant that ,it not the age which cause loss of creative neither the working for too long in that field that cause loss of opportunity which leads to less of creative work.

it is just third cause which weaken the argument that age is not the factor which leads to loss of creative work.

Thanks

the argument represents two explanations for why scientists do their most creative works before the age forty.
reason 1) aging carries with it a loss of creative capacity
reason 2) by age forty most scientists have worked in their field for fifteen or more years and that by then they have exhausted the opportunity for creative work in that field........ lack of creative work among scientists over 40 is not due to loss of creative capacity but due to exhaustion

and we require an evidence to support the second explanation. option B. "a disproportionately large number of the scientists who produce highly creative work beyond age forty entered their field at an older age than is common." shows that those who age more than 40 and produce creative work are those who are entered their field in older age(lack of exhaustion..).. actually it denies the first explanation and supports the second one.

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Re: On the whole, scientists do their most creative work before [#permalink]

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27 Nov 2015, 08:44
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Expert's post
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Paraphrasing:

conclusion : Scientists' Creativity decreases with Time.
In order to support this conclusion Author says " Most scientist by the age of forty have 15 years of experience, that exhaust the opportunity of creative work in the field".

We have to find something that support Author Saying ..

a) Irrelevant.

b) Scientist who produce creative work after the age of forty, entered in the field lately. --> Means by the age of forty, they have not finished the 15 year of experience, so they still find opportunities. This is supporting Author.

c) says scientist do their work with a believe that their creativity will decrease with age. But this has nothing to do with Author saying.

d) This doesn't fit in the passage. Grammar Error : A scientist Who "are", LOL..
In terms of meaning, I found this is close.
Scientist after the age of 40, find more satisfaction in other activities than research; Again if they are not satisfied, this doesn't mean there is no opportunity for creative work.

5) Irrelevant, Talking about the other fields.
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Re: On the whole, scientists do their most creative work before [#permalink]

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13 Aug 2017, 02:57
bb61 wrote:
Nitinaka19 wrote:
My analysis ,

Conclusion states that Ageing leads to loss of creativity in scientific work. Keeping this in mind,

Option B means that , if the scientist who does creative work enter the field after 40yrs of age . Doesn't it meant that ,it not the age which cause loss of creative neither the working for too long in that field that cause loss of opportunity which leads to less of creative work.

it is just third cause which weaken the argument that age is not the factor which leads to loss of creative work.

Thanks

the argument represents two explanations for why scientists do their most creative works before the age forty.
reason 1) aging carries with it a loss of creative capacity
reason 2) by age forty most scientists have worked in their field for fifteen or more years and that by then they have exhausted the opportunity for creative work in that field........ lack of creative work among scientists over 40 is not due to loss of creative capacity but due to exhaustion

and we require an evidence to support the second explanation. option B. "a disproportionately large number of the scientists who produce highly creative work beyond age forty entered their field at an older age than is common." shows that those who age more than 40 and produce creative work are those who are entered their field in older age(lack of exhaustion..).. actually it denies the first explanation and supports the second one.

nice explanation~finally i understand the stimulus of the question
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Kudos [?]: 30 [0], given: 11

Re: On the whole, scientists do their most creative work before   [#permalink] 13 Aug 2017, 02:57
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