GMAT Question of the Day: Daily via email | Daily via Instagram New to GMAT Club? Watch this Video

It is currently 31 May 2020, 04:14

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Once extremely expensive and used primarily for ornamental or

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Find Similar Topics 
SC Moderator
User avatar
V
Joined: 25 Sep 2018
Posts: 871
Location: United States (CA)
Concentration: Finance, Strategy
GPA: 3.97
WE: Investment Banking (Investment Banking)
Premium Member Reviews Badge CAT Tests
Once extremely expensive and used primarily for ornamental or  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 Jan 2020, 12:38
1
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  55% (hard)

Question Stats:

54% (01:53) correct 46% (02:05) wrong based on 74 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

Once extremely expensive and used primarily for ornamental or decorative purposes, a metal now known as aluminum, which can be effective in an ever-expanding suite of production applications for a relatively low cost, is now used in food packaging, structural engineering, and bicycle manufacture.

A. Once extremely expensive and used primarily for ornamental or decorative purposes, a metal now known as aluminum, which can be effective in an ever-expanding suite of production applications for a relatively low cost,
B. Once extremely expensive and used primarily for ornamental or decorative purposes, being effective in an ever-expanding suite of production applications for a relatively low cost, a metal now known as aluminum
C. A metal once extremely expensive and used primarily for ornamental or decorative purposes, now known as aluminum, which can be effective in an ever-expanding suite of production applications for a relatively low cost,
D. A metal once extremely expensive and used primarily for ornamental or decorative purposes, now known as aluminum, which can be effective in an ever-expanding suite of production applications and for a relatively low cost,
E. A metal that was once extremely expensive and used primarily for ornamental or decorative purposes and can be effective in an ever-expanding suite of production applications for a relatively low cost, called aluminum

Source - Ready4Gmat
Modifier Series

_________________
Retired Moderator
User avatar
V
Status: enjoying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 5564
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: Once extremely expensive and used primarily for ornamental or  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 16 Jan 2020, 03:58
Top Contributor
Once extremely expensive and used primarily for ornamental or decorative purposes, a metal now known as aluminum, which can be effective in an ever-expanding suite of production applications for a relatively low cost, is now used in food packaging, structural engineering, and bicycle manufacture.

A basic tenet of modification is that, an adjectival modifier at the end of the modification( marked by the punctuation "," )should be immediately followed by the noun it modifies and no additional intrusions are permitted

A. Once extremely expensive and used primarily for ornamental or decorative purposes, a metal now known as aluminum, which can be effective in an ever-expanding suite of production applications for a relatively low cost, --- This is the correct choice.

B. Once extremely expensive and used primarily for ornamental or decorative purposes, being effective in an ever-expanding suite of production applications for a relatively low cost, a metal now known as aluminum --- The participle 'being' effectively modifies 'a metal'. Being as a modifier is wrong, wordy and extraneous

C. A metal once extremely expensive and used primarily for ornamental or decorative purposes, now known as aluminum, which can be effective in an ever-expanding suite of production applications for a relatively low cost, --- The phrase 'now known as'--- is erroneous as explained above.

D. A metal once extremely expensive and used primarily for ornamental or decorative purposes, now known as aluminum, which can be effective in an ever-expanding suite of production applications and for a relatively low cost, -- The same error as in C.


E. A metal that was once extremely expensive and used primarily for ornamental or decorative purposes and can be effective in an ever-expanding suite of production applications for a relatively low cost, called aluminum --- 'called Aluminum' is improper. It should be simply 'Aluminium'.


E. A metal that was once extremely expensive and used primarily for ornamental or decorative purposes and can be effective in an ever-expanding suite of production applications for a relatively low cost, called aluminum --- 'called Aluminum' is improper. It should be simply 'Aluminium'.
_________________
God grant me the serenity to accept the things I cannot change,
the courage to change the things I can,
and above all the wisdom to know the difference.
-The Serenity Prayer - A GMAT aspirant’s first entreaty

Over 200 pages of personal course material on all gamuts of GMAT SC for non-native speakers, great value for the money; 919884544509
SC Moderator
User avatar
V
Joined: 25 Sep 2018
Posts: 871
Location: United States (CA)
Concentration: Finance, Strategy
GPA: 3.97
WE: Investment Banking (Investment Banking)
Premium Member Reviews Badge CAT Tests
Re: Once extremely expensive and used primarily for ornamental or  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 17 Jan 2020, 10:12
OFFICIAL EXPLANATION



This sentence is giving a lot of information, but it's sensibly arranged to make that information clear and understandable. So, we'll see if any of our other answer choices communicate the information better, but this is a good answer.
Choice (B) misuses "being," one of the GMAT's favorite tricks, and we have no idea what the subject is until the very end of this introduction.
Though choice (C) starts with the metal, we don't know which metal until much later, and the additional information "now known as aluminum" seems to be describing "decorative purposes" rather than the metal, as it should.
Choice (D) has those same problems because it is almost exactly the same except for "...and for a relatively low cost...." This "and" doesn't clarify anything; in fact, it makes the sentence more confusing because aluminum is supposed to be "effective in an ever-expanding suite of production applications for a relatively low cost." With "and," it is only effective for a low cost but not necessarily in the "ever-expanding suite of production applications."
Choice (E) tries to squeeze all of the additional detail into the body of the sentence, but still buries the information that the metal is aluminum, leaving it until the end, where it seems to describe the "relatively low cost" rather than the metal. This option also loses the chronological contrast between "once" and "now."

The correct answer is Choice (A).


Learnings & Insights

  • If the sentence is two big break it down into small clauses, Indentify the subject verb pairs and place special attention to each modifier

_________________
GMAT Club Bot
Re: Once extremely expensive and used primarily for ornamental or   [#permalink] 17 Jan 2020, 10:12

Once extremely expensive and used primarily for ornamental or

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  





Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne