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One sure way you can tell how quickly a new idea—for example

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One sure way you can tell how quickly a new idea—for example [#permalink]

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New post 20 Sep 2017, 03:01
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A
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D
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Difficulty:

  95% (hard)

Question Stats:

36% (01:36) correct 64% (02:31) wrong based on 309 sessions

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One sure way you can tell how quickly a new idea—for example, the idea of “privatization”—is taking hold among the population is to monitor how fast the word or words expressing that particular idea are passing into common usage. Professional opinions of whether or not words can indeed be said to have passed into common usage are available from dictionary editors, who are vitally concerned with this question.

The method described above for determining how quickly a new idea is taking hold relies on which one of the following assumptions?

(A) Dictionary editors are not professionally interested in words that are only rarely used.
(B) Dictionary editors have exact numerical criteria for telling when a word has passed into common usage.
(C) For a new idea to take hold, dictionary editors have to include the relevant word or words in their dictionaries.
(d) As a word passes into common usages, its meaning does not undergo any severe distortions in the process.
(E) Words denoting new ideas tend to be used before the ideas denoted are understood.

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Re: One sure way you can tell how quickly a new idea—for example [#permalink]

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New post 20 Sep 2017, 05:01
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broall wrote:
One sure way you can tell how quickly a new idea—for example, the idea of “privatization”—is taking hold among the population is to monitor how fast the word or words expressing that particular idea are passing into common usage. Professional opinions of whether or not words can indeed be said to have passed into common usage are available from dictionary editors, who are vitally concerned with this question.

The method described above for determining how quickly a new idea is taking hold relies on which one of the following assumptions?

(A) Dictionary editors are not professionally interested in words that are only rarely used.
(B) Dictionary editors have exact numerical criteria for telling when a word has passed into common usage.
(C) For a new idea to take hold, dictionary editors have to include the relevant word or words in their dictionaries.
(d) As a word passes into common usages, its meaning does not undergo any severe distortions in the process.
(E) Words denoting new ideas tend to be used before the ideas denoted are understood.



The answer is D


This is a Necessary Assumption question. So, we're looking for an answer that is required to be true, in order for the conclusion to have a chance of being true.

The conclusion of the argument is that one can tell how quickly a new idea is taking hold by by monitoring how how fast the word is passing into common usage. The problem with this is that the idea may no longer be represented in the word by the time it becomes common. The meaning of the word could have shifted and so the idea is not taking hold in society, even though the word is. This is best expressed in answer choice (D). Negating answer choice (D) would say, "As the word passes into common usage, it's meaning does undergo severe distortions in the process." The meaning of the word would no longer be the same, so tracking the word, would not be tracking the idea.

(A) is not necessary. They could be interested in words that are rarely used, but that doesn't mean that the editors would in their professional opinions claim that the words had passed into common usage.
(B) is not necessary. How the editors determine whether the word has passed into common usage is not important.
(C) is backwards. it's not that the editors must include the word in their dictionaries for the word to take hold, but that once it takes hold, it gets included in the dictionary.
(D) is necessary to for using the common usage of a word to determine whether a new idea is taking hold in society.
(E) would tend to weaken the argument, so is not necessary to it. If the words are being used before the meaning is understood, then tracking the word tells us nothing of whether the idea is taking hold. People would be using the word without an understanding of its meaning.
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Re: One sure way you can tell how quickly a new idea—for example [#permalink]

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New post 20 Sep 2017, 05:25
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broall wrote:
One sure way you can tell how quickly a new idea—for example, the idea of “privatization”—is taking hold among the population is to monitor how fast the word or words expressing that particular idea are passing into common usage. Professional opinions of whether or not words can indeed be said to have passed into common usage are available from dictionary editors, who are vitally concerned with this question.

The method described above for determining how quickly a new idea is taking hold relies on which one of the following assumptions?

(A) Dictionary editors are not professionally interested in words that are only rarely used.
(B) Dictionary editors have exact numerical criteria for telling when a word has passed into common usage.
(C) For a new idea to take hold, dictionary editors have to include the relevant word or words in their dictionaries.
(d) As a word passes into common usages, its meaning does not undergo any severe distortions in the process.
(E) Words denoting new ideas tend to be used before the ideas denoted are understood.


Messed up while solving this one and got it wrong! :'(

One sure way you can tell how quickly a new idea—for example, the idea of “privatization”—is taking hold among the population is to monitor how fast the word or words expressing that particular idea are passing into common usage. Professional opinions of whether or not words can indeed be said to have passed into common usage are available from dictionary editors, who are vitally concerned with this question.

The mistake that I made was that I focused on "how fast the words get into common usage" and I thought "exact numerical data" is needed for professional opinions from the dictionary editors!.

(A) Dictionary editors are not professionally interested in words that are only rarely used.
[Out of Scope - we are interested in common usage words]

(B) Dictionary editors have exact numerical criteria for telling when a word has passed into common usage.
[Marked this one as the answer - Now I faltered because I thought an exact numerical criteria is needed to give professional opinions, which was nowhere mentioned in the question stem and even negation does not hamper the argument. Hence this should be discarded.]

(C) For a new idea to take hold, dictionary editors have to include the relevant word or words in their dictionaries.
[Out of Scope - what they have to include and discard is none of our concern.]

(d) As a word passes into common usages, its meaning does not undergo any severe distortions in the process.
[This is the CORRECT answer. And this is an important assumption. If the word goes through severe distortions then the idea that the original word needed to convey will no longer be possible and that would shatter the argument.(See highlighted portion in question stem)]

(E) Words denoting new ideas tend to be used before the ideas denoted are understood.
[Out of Scope :We are not concerned if the words are used before or after being understood. Hence this can be discarded.]
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Re: One sure way you can tell how quickly a new idea—for example [#permalink]

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New post 20 Mar 2018, 00:26
One sure way you can tell how quickly a new idea—for example, the idea of “privatization”—is taking hold among the population is to monitor how fast the word or words expressing that particular idea are passing into common usage. Professional opinions of whether or not words can indeed be said to have passed into common usage are available from dictionary editors, who are vitally concerned with this question.

The method described above for determining how quickly a new idea is taking hold relies on which one of the following assumptions?

(A) Dictionary editors are not professionally interested in words that are only rarely used. --What editors are interested in is out of scope
(B) Dictionary editors have exact numerical criteria for telling when a word has passed into common usage. --Even if they don't have exact criteria they can still tell when a word has gone into common usage.
(C) For a new idea to take hold, dictionary editors have to include the relevant word or words in their dictionaries. --Even if they don't include words in dictionary, editors can tell whether a word is being used commonly
(d) As a word passes into common usages, its meaning does not undergo any severe distortions in the process. --Correct
(E) Words denoting new ideas tend to be used before the ideas denoted are understood. --This weakens the argument
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Re: One sure way you can tell how quickly a new idea—for example   [#permalink] 20 Mar 2018, 00:26
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