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One variety of partially biodegradable plastic beverage container is

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Director
Joined: 17 Sep 2005
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12 Jun 2006, 10:16
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One variety of partially biodegradable plastic beverage container is manufactured from small bits of plastic bound together by a degradable bonding agent such as cornstarch. Since only the bonding agent degrades, leaving the small bits of plastic, no less plastic refuse per container is produced when such containers are discarded than when comparable nonbiodegradable containers are discarded.

Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument above?

(A) Both partially biodegradable and nonbiodegradable plastic beverage containers can be crushed completely flat by refuse compactors.

(B) The partially biodegradable plastic beverage containers are made with more plastic than comparable nonbiodegradable ones in order to compensate for the weakening effect of the bonding agents.

(C) Many consumers are ecology-minded and prefer to buy a product sold in the partially biodegradable plastic beverage containers rather than in nonbiodegradable containers, even if the price is higher.

(D) The manufacturing process for the partially biodegradable plastic beverage containers results in less plastic waste than the manufacturing process for nonbiodegradable plastic beverage containers.

(E) Technological problems with recycling currently prevent the reuse as food or beverage containers of the plastic from either type of plastic beverage container.

https://www.newscientist.com/article/mg12717333-500-the-case-against-recycling-the-uss-waste/

Rathje thinks that attempts to deal with what people perceive to be the plastic problem by means of biodegradable materials are equally misguided. Biodegradable plastic bottles usually use corn starch as a degenerative bonding agent, and they degrade to small pieces of plastic – a pointless exercise when refuse compactors crush the bottles completely flat, he says. In fact, such containers use more plastic because they need to be thicker to compensate for the weakening effect of the degenerating agent.
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12 Jun 2006, 19:16
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The conclusion of the argument says : you do not throw less plastic away with the bio one than with the normal when you discard them. But to explain this it only says that plastic and cornstarch are used, it does not say that more plastic is actually in the bottle. But B tells us that !
So B does strengthens the argument.

I also did not have the right vision before Veritas prepcourse, but a very important point is that an assumption strengthens an argument. Even if it only strengthens it a little bit, if it is the one which stengthens it the more compared to the other 4, it is enough.

D tells us about the waste of plastic during the manufacturing process, not about the plastic of the bottle itself, on which you should focus, as the argument focuses on the refuse (=garbage) => D is out of scope.
General Discussion
Senior Manager
Joined: 10 Oct 2005
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12 Jun 2006, 10:31
B it is...

any point that proves that biodegradable containers will yield as much as or more plastic than non-bio... container will be the answer.

The other answers are either out of scope and unrelated or contradictory.
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12 Jun 2006, 18:46
Can anyone pls explain..How 'B' strengthens the argument...

B - is an assumption.

The argument talks about 'plastic refuse'

no less plastic refuse per container is produced when such containers are discarded than when comparable nonbiodegradable containers are discarded.

I will go for 'D'. It reinstates the above argument with a more clearer definition.
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12 Jun 2006, 19:39
Hi marclopato,

Thank you for your explanation and the tip assumption strengthens an argument .
Manager
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12 Jun 2006, 21:22
B is the correct answer that strenthens the argument.
Director
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13 Jun 2006, 06:41
If I remember correctly, I think the OA is B because even though product is partially biodegradable, more plastic was used to make it
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13 Jun 2006, 18:42
Director
Joined: 17 Sep 2005
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14 Jun 2006, 09:33
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Thanks guys.

OA is B.

OE:

The information that strengthens the arguement will be about the subjects of the arguement, not about tangential issues. In this case, discovering that the partially biodegradable containers use more plastic than comparable non-biodegradable one in order to compensate for the weakness of the biodegradable bonding agent would strengthen the arguement.

Regards,
Brajesh
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14 Jun 2006, 21:59
Thank you for posting the OE..

We also get to hear the original questionares explanation..
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15 Jan 2008, 14:33
One variety of partially biodegradable plastic beverage container is manufactured from small bits of plastic bound together by a degradable bonding agent such as cornstarch. Since only the bonding agent degrades, leaving the small bits of plastic, no less plastic refuse per container is produced when such container are discarded than when comparable nonbiodegradable containers are discarded.

Which of the following, if true, most weak strengthens the arguement above?

(A)Both partially biodegradable and non-biodegradable plastic beverage containers can be crushed completely flat by refuse compactors.
(B)The partially biodegradable plastic beverage container are made with more plastic than comparable nonbiodegradable ones in order to compensate for the weakening effect of the bonding agents.
(C)Many consumers are ecology-minded and prefer to buy a product sold in partially biodegradable plastic beverage containers rather than in nonbiodegradable containers, even if the price is higher.
(D)The manufacturing process for partially biodegradable plastic beverage containers results in less plastic than the manufacturing plastic beverage containers.
(E) Technological problems with recycling currently prevent the reuse as food or beverage containers of the plastic from either type of plastic beverage container.

help me understand the question please. this makes me irritate because most of the time i mark wrong answers. can nybody help me out in these type of questions.

-thanx
Director
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15 Jan 2008, 18:27
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Conclusion: Biodegradable (B) and non- biodegradable (NB) containers generate same amount of plastic waste per container

Weakens conclusion:

(A)Both partially biodegradable and non-biodegradable plastic beverage containers can be crushed completely flat by refuse compactors [The argument is about plastic waste per container (Biodegradable (B) and non- biodegradable (NB)). Therefore this is completely irrelevant to the argument – Eliminate it]
(B)The partially biodegradable plastic beverage container is made with more plastic than comparable non-biodegradable ones in order to compensate for the weakening effect of the bonding agents [weakens the argument that both B and N-B generates same waste per container - hold it].
(C)Many consumers are ecology-minded and prefer to buy a product sold in partially biodegradable plastic beverage containers rather than in non-biodegradable containers, even if the price is higher. [This argument is not about consumer buying habits – Eliminate it]
(D)The manufacturing process for partially biodegradable plastic beverage containers results in less plastic than the manufacturing plastic beverage containers. [This argument is not about manufacturing process of Biodegradable OR non- biodegradable – Eliminate it]
(E) Technological problems with recycling currently prevent the reuse as food or beverage containers of the plastic from either type of plastic beverage container. [ Technological usage or problems are definately out of the scope of the argument – Eliminate it]

Director
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23 Jan 2008, 06:07
vermatanya wrote:
One variety of partially biodegradable plastic beverage container is manufactured from small bits of plastic bound together by a degradable bonding agent such as cornstarch. Since only the bonding agent degrades, leaving the small bits of plastic, no less plastic refuse per container is produced when such container are discarded than when comparable nonbiodegradable containers are discarded.

Which of the following, if true, most weak strengthens the arguement above?

(A)Both partially biodegradable and non-biodegradable plastic beverage containers can be crushed completely flat by refuse compactors.
(B)The partially biodegradable plastic beverage container are made with more plastic than comparable nonbiodegradable ones in order to compensate for the weakening effect of the bonding agents.
(C)Many consumers are ecology-minded and prefer to buy a product sold in partially biodegradable plastic beverage containers rather than in nonbiodegradable containers, even if the price is higher.
(D)The manufacturing process for partially biodegradable plastic beverage containers results in less plastic than the manufacturing plastic beverage containers.
(E) Technological problems with recycling currently prevent the reuse as food or beverage containers of the plastic from either type of plastic beverage container.

help me understand the question please. this makes me irritate because most of the time i mark wrong answers. can nybody help me out in these type of questions.

-thanx

we must find a reason for what both types generate the same plastic refuse. I was tricked by E because the result is that recycling doesn't occurr...but we care for only the amount of plastic, thus B is best.
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Joined: 02 Aug 2007
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23 Jan 2008, 10:09
The question is wrong.

"Most weak strengthens the argument?"

What is weak strengthen?

If its strengthen - then the answer is B
If its weaken - then the answer is D
Manager
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23 Jan 2008, 15:42
sterny wrote:
The question is wrong.

"Most weak strengthens the argument?"

What is weak strengthen?

If its strengthen - then the answer is B
If its weaken - then the answer is D

I second that I got the same answers for both
Director
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23 Jan 2008, 18:32
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Weakens:
Conclusion is that " no less plastic refuse per container is produced when such container are discarded than when comparable nonbiodegradable containers are discarded."

"D": This indicates that the conclusion isn't true, because for partially biodegradable plastic beverage containers results in less plastic than the manufacturing plastic beverage containers. So it's not same as the conclusion says.

Strengthens:
Conclusion is that " no less plastic refuse per container is produced when such container are discarded than when comparable non biodegradable containers are discarded."

"B": This supports the conclusion that using partially biodegradable plastic beverage containers is not going to result in less plastic refuse because already it needs more plastic in order to compensate for the weak bonding agents.

Manager
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13 Apr 2013, 12:02
b14kumar wrote:
One variety of partially biodegradable plastic beverage container is manufactured from small bits of plastic bound together by a degradable bonding agent such as cornstarch. Since only the bonding agent degrades, leaving the small bits of plastic, no less plastic refuse per container is produced when such containers are discarded than when comparable nonbiodegradable containers are discarded.

Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument above?

(A) Both partially biodegradable and nonbiodegradable plastic beverage containers can be crushed completely flat by refuse compactors.
(B) The partially biodegradable plastic beverage containers are made with more plastic than comparable nonbiodegradable ones in order to compensate for the weakening effect of the bounding agents.
(C) Many consumers are ecology-minded and prefer to buy a product sold in the partially biodegradable plastic beverage containers rather than in nonbiodegradable containers, even if the price is higher.
(D) The manufacturing process for the partially biodegradable plastic beverage containers results in less plastic waste than the manufacturing process for nonbiodegradable plastic beverage containers.
(E) Technological problems with recycling currently prevent the reuse as food or beverage containers of the plastic from either type of plastic beverage container.

Need help in understanding the content of the argument & also explain every answer choice.
Intern
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13 Apr 2013, 12:58
The difficulty here is that the argument stresses that there is NO INHERENT BENEFIT to this type of bottle.

Thus, STRENGTHENING is something to say that this type of bottle is BAD (B).

Weakening would be to say that it is good (D).

A) is Out of Scope because it talks about being crushed flat, not waste per bottle as in the argument.

C) is Out of Scope because it is about customer preference, not about amount of waste per bottle.

E) is Out of Scope because it is about HOW the bottle will be reused, not the amount of waste per bottle.
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06 Jul 2013, 09:35
OA for this is one is B. OG Guide 13. It's a strengthen, not weaken.
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08 Sep 2013, 14:23
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This Q is present in Both OG 12 and 13. This is a strengthen question.
I am providing the solutions for those who may need it in future.
A. Crushed completely Flat -- > Does this measure qty. of plastic used in both? What if they were of different dimensions!
B. Partial containers have more plastic than non-biodegradable ones. Sounds good , let's hold on to that.
C. So what if consumers prefers something ?
D. We are not interested in the manufacturing process, we want to strengthen the end result.
E. Same as D. Why do we think of tech problems?

OA is B
Re: One variety of partially biodegradable plastic beverage container is   [#permalink] 08 Sep 2013, 14:23

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