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One-year-olds ordinarily prefer the taste of sweet food to that of

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One-year-olds ordinarily prefer the taste of sweet food to that of  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Dec 2018, 00:30
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A
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Question Stats:

55% (01:51) correct 45% (01:43) wrong based on 144 sessions

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One-year-olds ordinarily prefer the taste of sweet food to that of salty food. Yet if one feeds a one-year-old salty food rather than sweet food, then over a period of about a year he or she will develop a taste for the salty flavor and choose to eat salty food rather than sweet food. Thus, a young child’s taste preferences can be affected by the type of food he or she has been exposed to.

Which one of the following is an assumption required by the argument?

(A) Two-year-olds do not naturally prefer salty food to sweet food.
(B) A child’s taste preference usually changes between age one and age two.
(C) Two-year-olds do not naturally dislike salty food so much that they would not choose it over some other foods.
(D) The salty food fed to infants in order to change their taste preferences must taste pleasant.
(E) Sweet food is better for infant development than is salty food.

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Re: One-year-olds ordinarily prefer the taste of sweet food to that of  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Dec 2018, 02:03
Gladiator59 wrote:
One-year-olds ordinarily prefer the taste of sweet food to that of salty food. Yet if one feeds a one-year-old salty food rather than sweet food, then over a period of about a year he or she will develop a taste for the salty flavor and choose to eat salty food rather than sweet food. Thus, a young child’s taste preferences can be affected by the type of food he or she has been exposed to.

Which one of the following is an assumption required by the argument?

(A) Two-year-olds do not naturally prefer salty food to sweet food.
(B) A child’s taste preference usually changes between age one and age two.
(C) Two-year-olds do not naturally dislike salty food so much that they would not choose it over some other foods.
(D) The salty food fed to infants in order to change their taste preferences must taste pleasant.
(E) Sweet food is better for infant development than is salty food.



IMO, Option A.

Only when a one-year-old is fed salty food for over a year, he develops flavor for the salty foods. If it is not intervened as such, he will naturally prefer sweet food over the salty food. That is what is stated in Option A.
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Re: One-year-olds ordinarily prefer the taste of sweet food to that of  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Dec 2018, 13:31
IMO A

conclusion:Thus, a young child’s taste preferences can be affected by the type of food he or she has been exposed to.

assumption: there is no other factor responsible for the taste preference of kids, others than continuous feeding of salty food.

(A) Two-year-olds do not naturally prefer salty food to sweet food.--correct
(B) A child’s taste preference usually changes between age one and age two.---Opposite, weakens the conclusion
(C) Two-year-olds do not naturally dislike salty food so much that they would not choose it over some other foods.--opposite, to conclusion
(D) The salty food fed to infants in order to change their taste preferences must taste pleasant.--irrelevant to argument
(E) Sweet food is better for infant development than is salty food. ---irrelevant
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Re: One-year-olds ordinarily prefer the taste of sweet food to that of  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Dec 2018, 16:11
IMO A.

D & E are irrelevant.
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Re: One-year-olds ordinarily prefer the taste of sweet food to that of  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Feb 2019, 02:40
D and E are simply irrelevant.

Out of the remaining three options, I think A is the right one. The passage is arguing that by consistently feeding a one year old salty food, one can alter their natural preferences (for sweet food over salty food). For this argument to stand, the one year olds must first have a natural preference for sweet food. Looking at the other two options, you will see that B actually weakens the argument by stating that the change in tastes is a natural process, which undercuts the idea that feeding the one year old salty foods will change their preference. C again weakens the argument by stating that one year olds actually do not like salty foods less than other types (including sweet).
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Re: One-year-olds ordinarily prefer the taste of sweet food to that of   [#permalink] 21 Feb 2019, 02:40
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