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Only engineering is capable of analyzing the nature of a machine in

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Joined: 17 May 2015
Posts: 207

Kudos [?]: 218 [0], given: 73

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Only engineering is capable of analyzing the nature of a machine in [#permalink]

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New post 19 Sep 2017, 02:28
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Question Stats:

45% (01:43) correct 55% (01:34) wrong based on 67 sessions

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Only engineering is capable of analyzing the nature of a machine in terms of the successful working of the whole; physics and chemistry determine the material conditions necessary for this success, but cannot express the notion of purpose. Similarly, only physiology can analyze the nature of an organism in terms of organs' roles in the body's healthy functioning. Physics and chemistry cannot ascertain by themselves any of these operational principles.


Which one of the following is an assumption required by the analogy?

(A) The functioning of the human organism is machine-like in nature.

(B) Physics and chemistry determine the material conditions required for good physiological functioning.

(C) The notion of purpose used by engineers to judge the success of machinery has an analog in organisms.

(D) Physiology as a science is largely independent of physics and chemistry.

(E) Biological processes are irreducible to mechanical or chemical processes.

Source: LSAT
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Kudos [?]: 218 [0], given: 73

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Kudos [?]: 38 [0], given: 192

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Re: Only engineering is capable of analyzing the nature of a machine in [#permalink]

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New post 19 Sep 2017, 02:40
ganand wrote:
Only engineering is capable of analyzing the nature of a machine in terms of the successful working of the whole; physics and chemistry determine the material conditions necessary for this success, but cannot express the notion of purpose. Similarly, only physiology can analyze the nature of an organism in terms of organs' roles in the body's healthy functioning. Physics and chemistry cannot ascertain by themselves any of these operational principles.


Which one of the following is an assumption required by the analogy?

(A) The functioning of the human organism is machine-like in nature.

(B) Physics and chemistry determine the material conditions required for good physiological functioning.

(C) The notion of purpose used by engineers to judge the success of machinery has an analog in organisms.

(D) Physiology as a science is largely independent of physics and chemistry.

(E) Biological processes are irreducible to mechanical or chemical processes.

Source: LSAT


I go with A, and wrong :cry: :cry:
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Kudos [?]: 38 [0], given: 192

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Posts: 22

Kudos [?]: 6 [0], given: 3

GMAT 1: 630 Q50 V25
GMAT 2: 760 Q51 V41
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Re: Only engineering is capable of analyzing the nature of a machine in [#permalink]

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New post 19 Sep 2017, 02:48
I got the answer using POE

Only engineering is capable of analyzing the nature of a machine in terms of the successful working of the whole; physics and chemistry determine the material conditions necessary for this success, but cannot express the notion of purpose. Similarly, only physiology can analyze the nature of an organism in terms of organs' roles in the body's healthy functioning. Physics and chemistry cannot ascertain by themselves any of these operational principles.


Which one of the following is an assumption required by the analogy?

(A) The functioning of the human organism is machine-like in nature. (Irrelevant, not necessary)

(B) Physics and chemistry determine the material conditions required for good physiological functioning. (Irrelevant, not necessary)

(C) The notion of purpose used by engineers to judge the success of machinery has an analog in organisms. (Correct)

(D) Physiology as a science is largely independent of physics and chemistry.(Irrelevant, not necessary)

(E) Biological processes are irreducible to mechanical or chemical processes.(Irrelevant, not necessary)

Kudos [?]: 6 [0], given: 3

Re: Only engineering is capable of analyzing the nature of a machine in   [#permalink] 19 Sep 2017, 02:48
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