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Out of seven models, all of different heights, five models
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30 Nov 2007, 08:54
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Out of seven models, all of different heights, five models will be chosen to pose for a photograph. If the five models are to stand in a line from shortest to tallest, and the fourthtallest and sixthtallest models cannot be adjacent, how many different arrangements of five models are possible? A. 6 B. 11 C. 17 D. 72 E. 210
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Re: PS: Permutations & Combinations
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16 Feb 2010, 13:22
jeeteshsingh wrote: srivas wrote: Out of seven models, all of different heights, five models will be chosen to pose for a photograph. If the five models are to stand in a line from shortest to tallest, and the fourthtallest and sixthtallest models cannot be adjacent, how many different arrangements of five models are possible?
a) 6 b) 11 c) 17 d) 72 e) 210
Soln: Total number of ways of choosing 5 out of 7 models is = 7C5 Number of combinations where 4th tallest and 6th tallest height models will be chosen is = 5C3 Of these combinations of 4th tallest and 6th tallest, the combinations in which 4th and 6th will be chosen but will not come together when arranged in increasing order of height is = 4C2
= 7C5  5C3 + 4C2 = 21  10 + 6 = 17
Ans is B Could someone explain me the part highlighted in red? Thanks When we choose 4 and 6 and they are not adjacent means that we must choose 5 too (to stand between them). So for this case we must choose 4, 5, and 6 (3C3) and 2 other from 4 left (4C2) = 3C3*4C2=4C2. This can be solved in another way: If we choose 4 and 6, we must also choose 5 (to stand between them) =3C3*4C2=4C2=6 We can choose either 4 or 6 = 2*1C1*5C4=10 We can choose neither 4 nor 6 = 5C5=1 6+10+1=17. Answer: C (17). Hope it helps.
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I got 17, is it correct?
Ways in which you can sit all models in oder: 7!/5!2! = 21
Then we figure out in how many of those 21 options model 4 and 6 are sitting together.
I usually draw something like this:
Option 1: _ _ _ _ _ Model 4, 6 could take this spaces, leaving last spot for model 7. You can have 3 in which you can arrange the first 3 models in the first 2 spots = 3
Option 2: _ _ _ _ _ Model 4, 6 could also be on the last 2 spots, but there's only one option on this one, because there are only 3 models to fill the first 3 spots = 1
21  (3+1) = 17




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Re: PS: Permutations & Combinations
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22 Dec 2007, 10:45
tarek99 wrote: If the five models are to stand in a line from shortest to tallest
I feel this condition is irrelevant because in the end the problem asks for the number of ways models can be arranged so that bla bla. It got me confused because in the begining I thought models should stand in ascending order on a photograph =) narrowing down possible ways of arranging them to fewer than 9. what is the source of the problem?



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Re: PS: Permutations & Combinations
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22 Dec 2007, 17:45
CaspAreaGuy wrote: tarek99 wrote: If the five models are to stand in a line from shortest to tallest I feel this condition is irrelevant because in the end the problem asks for the number of ways models can be arranged so that bla bla. It got me confused because in the begining I thought models should stand in ascending order on a photograph =) narrowing down possible ways of arranging them to fewer than 9. what is the source of the problem?
I agree this messed part up as well.
7!/5!*2! = 21 ways
12346 No
12467 No
23467 No
13467 No
so 17 ways.



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Re: PS: Permutations & Combinations
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22 Dec 2007, 18:09
tarek99 wrote: Out of seven models, all of different heights, five models will be chosen to pose for a photograph. If the five models are to stand in a line from shortest to tallest, and the fourthtallest and sixthtallest models cannot be adjacent, how many different arrangements of five models are possible?
a) 6 b) 11 c) 17 d) 72 e) 210
Please show your steps
Say we have the models numbered 1~7 ( assume, 1 is shortest and 7 is tallest in that order )
1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7.
Question says, 4th and 6th can't be adjacent, which implies question "implies" 4th and 6th are always selected amongst the 5 models but never sit/stand together.
(4,6)XXX
The remaining three can be selected in 5C3 ways, and (4 and 6 ) can arrange amongst themselves in 2! ways.
Therefore number of ways choosing,5 models so that 4 and 6 are akways included are
5C3*2! = 20
This also includes the number of ways in which(4,6) are together.
Then, the number of ways in which (4,6) will be always together can be computed
If (4,6) occupy any of the two adjacent places, then remaining three places can be occupied by (xxx) in 3! ways.
Or
46xxx
x46xx
xx46x
Thus answer is
(2!*5C3)3! = 17



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Re: PS: Permutations & Combinations
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22 Dec 2007, 23:37
GMATBLACKBELT wrote: CaspAreaGuy wrote: tarek99 wrote: If the five models are to stand in a line from shortest to tallest I feel this condition is irrelevant because in the end the problem asks for the number of ways models can be arranged so that bla bla. It got me confused because in the begining I thought models should stand in ascending order on a photograph =) narrowing down possible ways of arranging them to fewer than 9. what is the source of the problem? I agree this messed part up as well. 7!/5!*2! = 21 ways 12346 No 12467 No 23467 No 13467 No so 17 ways.
Ok, agreed. They do stand in ascending order. Therefore, 7!/(5!2!)4 = 17



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Re: PS: Permutations & Combinations
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14 Aug 2008, 13:15
Here is how I think...
7 models say 1,2,3,4,5,6,7
Now find out the arrangements where 4 and 6 are NOT adjacent or seat together = total arrangements  Seat together
total arrangements = 7C5 = 21 Seat together = If assume that 4 and 6 are selected in the pool already, need to find out other three members. Therefore we have 73 = 4 members left. I deduct 3 because we have to neglect 5 also otherwise 4 and 6 can't be adjacent (the five models are to stand in a line from shortest to tallest  here is the significance). Now select 3 people from 4 members in 4C3 ways. Lets form the equation: the arrangements where 4 and 6 are NOT adjacent or stand together = 7C5  4C3 = 21  4 = 17.



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Re: PS: Permutations & Combinations
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05 Sep 2009, 10:32
lets say 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 are models with 1 to 7 from smallest to tallest. no of ways to slect any 5 models from 7 models =7C5 =21 no of arrangement for any selection would be =1 there for no of arrangement for 21 selection =21 now 4 and 6 should not be adjusant ,so lets subtract the cases in which 4 and 6 are adjusant. 4 and 6 can be adjusant only when 5 is not selected . so we have decided about selecting two models 4 & 6 and not selecting 5 . no of models left (1 2 3 4 5 6 7) (4,6 )5 =1 2 3 7 only four models are left for selection so to make a group of 5 models we have to select 3 out of 4 (or drop 1 out of 4) =4C3 (or 4C1)=4 214=17



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Re: PS: Permutations & Combinations
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27 Sep 2009, 22:31
Out of seven models, all of different heights, five models will be chosen to pose for a photograph. If the five models are to stand in a line from shortest to tallest, and the fourthtallest and sixthtallest models cannot be adjacent, how many different arrangements of five models are possible?
a) 6 b) 11 c) 17 d) 72 e) 210
Soln: Total number of ways of choosing 5 out of 7 models is = 7C5 Number of combinations where 4th tallest and 6th tallest height models will be chosen is = 5C3 Of these combinations of 4th tallest and 6th tallest, the combinations in which 4th and 6th will be chosen but will not come together when arranged in increasing order of height is = 4C2
= 7C5  5C3 + 4C2 = 21  10 + 6 = 17
Ans is B



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Re: PS: Permutations & Combinations
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14 Nov 2009, 23:24
kudos srivas, u made it sound simple....... I was actually planning to post this problem, thank god i searched for it before......



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Re: PS: Permutations & Combinations
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16 Feb 2010, 12:51
srivas wrote: Out of seven models, all of different heights, five models will be chosen to pose for a photograph. If the five models are to stand in a line from shortest to tallest, and the fourthtallest and sixthtallest models cannot be adjacent, how many different arrangements of five models are possible?
a) 6 b) 11 c) 17 d) 72 e) 210
Soln: Total number of ways of choosing 5 out of 7 models is = 7C5 Number of combinations where 4th tallest and 6th tallest height models will be chosen is = 5C3 Of these combinations of 4th tallest and 6th tallest, the combinations in which 4th and 6th will be chosen but will not come together when arranged in increasing order of height is = 4C2
= 7C5  5C3 + 4C2 = 21  10 + 6 = 17
Ans is B Could someone explain me the part highlighted in red? Thanks



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Re: PS: Permutations & Combinations
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16 Feb 2010, 14:11
Bunuel wrote: jeeteshsingh wrote: srivas wrote: Out of seven models, all of different heights, five models will be chosen to pose for a photograph. If the five models are to stand in a line from shortest to tallest, and the fourthtallest and sixthtallest models cannot be adjacent, how many different arrangements of five models are possible?
a) 6 b) 11 c) 17 d) 72 e) 210
Soln: Total number of ways of choosing 5 out of 7 models is = 7C5 Number of combinations where 4th tallest and 6th tallest height models will be chosen is = 5C3 Of these combinations of 4th tallest and 6th tallest, the combinations in which 4th and 6th will be chosen but will not come together when arranged in increasing order of height is = 4C2
= 7C5  5C3 + 4C2 = 21  10 + 6 = 17
Ans is B Could someone explain me the part highlighted in red? Thanks When we choose 4 and 6 and they are not adjacent means that we must choose 5 too (to stand between them). So for this case we must choose 4, 5, and 6 (3C3) and 2 other from 4 left (4C2) = 3C3*4C2=4C2. This can be solved in another way: If we choose 4 and 6, we must also choose 5 (to stand between them) =3C3*4C2=4C2=6 We can choose either 4 or 6 = 2*1C1*5C4=10 We can choose neither 4 nor 6 = 5C5=1 6+10+1=17. Answer: C (17). Hope it helps. Thanks Bunuel... I missed "are to stand in a line from shortest to tallest"... and hence I was expecting arrangements like x4xx6... too!... My bad



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Re: Out of seven models, all of different heights, five models
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07 Jan 2014, 12:48
So 7C5 gives us total number of combinations =21
We need to subtract the number of ways that the 4th and 6th can be next to each other.
The 4th and 6th tallest will only be next to each other when the 5th is NOT selected. The number of combinations where the 5th is not selected is 4  (two not selected from 7, one of them is the 5th, the others can be 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 7th.)
So we have 214 = 17 ways.



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Re: Out of seven models, all of different heights, five models
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08 Feb 2016, 09:04
Seven models in order: ABCDEFG. D and F should not be adjacent to each other.
Total arrangements: 7C5 = 21.
When D and F are next to each other: ABCDF ABDFG BCDFG ACDFG
so 214 = 17 ways.



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Re: Out of seven models, all of different heights, five models
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16 Jun 2017, 23:41
tarek99 wrote: Out of seven models, all of different heights, five models will be chosen to pose for a photograph. If the five models are to stand in a line from shortest to tallest, and the fourthtallest and sixthtallest models cannot be adjacent, how many different arrangements of five models are possible?
A. 6 B. 11 C. 17 D. 72 E. 210 Okay..here's my take.. Let the models be(in ascending order of height) A B C D E F G Now..out of these 7..we have to select 5 and make them stand in ascending order of height. According to the question, B and D cannot be standing together. Imagine this, if we select any 5 of these, there will only be one way to make them stand. Considering the situation, if both B and D were selected, and let's say that B and D were actually selected in the group; then they will stand together every time C is not the part of the group(as there will be no one to stand in the middle). So, our complement event is that B and D are selected, and C is not considered at all for selection. In this way, they will always stand together. Number of ways to do this.. B and D are already in the group, so we have to select the remaining 3 out of 5. But wait, we also have to never consider C for selection. Finally then, we have to select the remaining 3 out of 4(where C is excluded) \(4C3 = 4\) This has to be subtracted from the total possible combinations. \(7C5  4 = 17\) Answer (C)



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Out of seven models, all of different heights, five models
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06 Sep 2018, 06:28
tarek99 wrote: Out of seven models, all of different heights, five models will be chosen to pose for a photograph. If the five models are to stand in a line from shortest to tallest, and the fourthtallest and sixthtallest models cannot be adjacent, how many different arrangements of five models are possible?
A. 6 B. 11 C. 17 D. 72 E. 210 From 7 models, the number of ways to choose 5 to assemble from shortest to tallest = 7C5 = (7*6*5*4*3)/(5*4*3*2*1) = 21. Among these 21 options, a few will include the 4th and 6th tallest models in adjacent positions and thus will not be acceptable. The correct answer must be just a bit less than 21. Eliminate D and E. Answer choices A and B are so small that they imply that MOST or ALMOST HALF of the 21 options will include the 4th and 6th models in adjacent positions  not logical. The only viable answer choice is C.
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Re: Out of seven models, all of different heights, five models
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22 Mar 2019, 05:04
srivas wrote: Out of seven models, all of different heights, five models will be chosen to pose for a photograph. If the five models are to stand in a line from shortest to tallest, and the fourthtallest and sixthtallest models cannot be adjacent, how many different arrangements of five models are possible?
a) 6 b) 11 c) 17 d) 72 e) 210
Soln: Total number of ways of choosing 5 out of 7 models is = 7C5 Number of combinations where 4th tallest and 6th tallest height models will be chosen is = 5C3 Of these combinations of 4th tallest and 6th tallest, the combinations in which 4th and 6th will be chosen but will not come together when arranged in increasing order of height is = 4C2
= 7C5  5C3 + 4C2 = 21  10 + 6 = 17
Ans is B Very simple approach , Selection of 5 models out of 7 = 7C5 Selection of 5 models such that 4 and 6 are always selected = 5C3 Selection of 5 models excluding 4 and 6 = 7C55C3 Selection of 5 models such that 4 and 6 do not stand adjacent, in other words 5 is also selected = 4C2 Different arrangements of five models possible such that 4 and 6 do not stand adjacent = (7C55C3) + 4C2



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Re: Out of seven models, all of different heights, five models
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17 Dec 2019, 20:47
tarek99 wrote: Out of seven models, all of different heights, five models will be chosen to pose for a photograph. If the five models are to stand in a line from shortest to tallest, and the fourthtallest and sixthtallest models cannot be adjacent, how many different arrangements of five models are possible?
A. 6 B. 11 C. 17 D. 72 E. 210 Since the models are arranged according to their heights and since no two models have the same height, as soon as the five models are chosen, the arrangement of the photo is determined. Thus, without other restrictions, there are 7C5 = 7!/(5!*2!) = (7 x 6)/2 = 21 arrangements possible. Let’s determine in how many of these 21 restrictions do the 4th tallest and the 6th tallest models stand together. Notice that in order for the 4th tallest and the 6th tallest model to stand together, the selection must include the 4th tallest and the 6th tallest model, but must not include the 5th tallest model. Assuming the 4th tallest and 6th tallest models are already chosen, we must choose 3 additional models from the remaining 4 models (all models besides the 4th, 5th and 6th tallest models). The number of ways we can do this is 4C3 = 4. Thus, in 21  4 = 17 of the arrangements, the 4th tallest and 6th tallest models do not stand together. Answer: C
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Re: Out of seven models, all of different heights, five models
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