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# Out of those suffering from manic depression, patients who l

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Out of those suffering from manic depression, patients who l  [#permalink]

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09 Oct 2018, 21:36
2
00:00

Difficulty:

55% (hard)

Question Stats:

60% (01:58) correct 40% (02:15) wrong based on 75 sessions

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Out of those suffering from manic depression, patients who live at home have more bouts of depression than do patients at mental health care facilities. To test the hypothesis that the stress-free environment of such facilities is the sole reason for their success, some recently-diagnosed patients were relocated to a mental health care facility and others were studied in their home environments, from which stress-causing factors had been eliminated. It was found that both groups had an equal number of depression bouts.

The answer to which of the following questions would contribute the most to understanding the significance of the experiment results in relation to the hypothesis tested?

A.Whether most of the patients observed in the home environments were living with family members.

B. Whether there were some patients in the health care facility who would have preferred to remain in their home environments.

C. Whether the doctors observing patients in their home environments were more accredited than the doctors observing the other group.

D. Whether the dosage of anti-depressive medicine was the same for patients in both the groups studied.

E.Whether the time period of study was sufficient for patients to acclimatize to new surroundings that could otherwise have caused severe anxiety.

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Re: Out of those suffering from manic depression, patients who l  [#permalink]

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09 Oct 2018, 23:41
Out of those suffering from manic depression, patients who live at home have more bouts of depression than do patients at mental health care facilities. To test the hypothesis that the stress-free environment of such facilities is the sole reason for their success, some recently-diagnosed patients were relocated to a mental health care facility and others were studied in their home environments, from which stress-causing factors had been eliminated. It was found that both groups had an equal number of depression bouts.

The answer to which of the following questions would contribute the most to understanding the significance of the experiment results in relation to the hypothesis tested?

A.Whether most of the patients observed in the home environments were living with family members.
>>> Irrelevant. The argument states that all stress-causing factors have been removed from the home environments.

B. Whether there were some patients in the health care facility who would have preferred to remain in their home environments.
>>> Irrelevant.

C. Whether the doctors observing patients in their home environments were more accredited than the doctors observing the other group.
>>> Irrelevant. The argument states: "It was found that both groups had an equal number of depression bouts." Therefore we must accept for a fact that all the observations were correct, and the level of the doctors' expertise is irrelevant.

D. Whether the dosage of anti-depressive medicine was the same for patients in both the groups studied.
>>> Irrelevant. The argument says: "To test the hypothesis that the stress-free environment of such facilities is the sole reason for their success[...]". From this we can infer that no antidepressants have been used.

E.Whether the time period of study was sufficient for patients to acclimatize to new surroundings that could otherwise have caused severe anxiety.
>>> Correct by process of elimination. It also makes the most sense: since all the patients have been recently diagnosed, institutionalized patients might have the same number of depression episodes as at-home patients only because the former haven't yet adapted to their new environment. After some time the at-clinic patients might adapt to their new environment and start having fewer depression bouts than their at-home peers.
Re: Out of those suffering from manic depression, patients who l   [#permalink] 09 Oct 2018, 23:41
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