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Past assessments of the Brazilian rain forest have used

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Past assessments of the Brazilian rain forest have used  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jan 2005, 16:39
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D
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Past assessments of the Brazilian rain forest have used satellite images to tally deforested areas, where farmers and ranchers have clear-cut and burned all the trees, but such work has not addressed either logging, which is the removal of only selected trees, as well as surface fires, burning down individual trees but do not denude the forest.

A. which is the removal of only selected trees, as well as surface fires, burning
B. which removes only selected trees, or surface fires that burn
C. which removes only selected trees, along with surface fires that burn
D. removing only selected trees, or surface fires, burning
E. removing only selected trees, as well as surface fires that burn
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Re: Past assessments of the Brazilian rain forest have used  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jan 2012, 06:48
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Hi,
Past assessments of the Brazilian rain forest have used satellite images to tally deforested areas, where farmers and ranchers have clear-cut and burned all the trees, but such work has not addressed either logging, which is the removal of only selected trees, as well as surface fires, burning down individual trees but do not denude the forest.

Image

POE:

A. which is the removal of only selected trees, as well as surface fires, burning: Incorrect.
1. The correct idiom is “either… or…”. This choice uses incorrect idiom “either… as well as…”.
2. Conjunction “but” connects two parallel entities. What follows “but” here “do not denude”, a verb phase. This means the subject “surface fires” should have another verb that cab be contrasted by the use of “but”. But there is no other verb before “but”. “burning” is verb-ing modifier that modifies “surface fires”.
3. Also what follows “either…” should be parallel to what follows “or…”. “is removal of…” is not parallel to “burning down…”.

B. which removes only selected trees, or surface fires that burn: Correct answer.
1. This choice uses the correct idiom “either… or…”.
2. There is a verb before “but” now that results in correct grammatical structure of the sentence. “… that burn… but do not denude…”.
3. “which removes…” is parallel to “that burn…”. Notice that both “which” and “that” are relative pronouns. Entities must be parallel to the extent where they communicate the logical meaning of the sentence by maintaining parallel grammatical structure.

C. which removes only selected trees, along with surface fires that burn: Incorrect. This choice uses incorrect idiom “either… along with…”.

D. removing only selected trees, or surface fires, burning: Incorrect. Same ungrammatical sentence structure issue as in choice A (point#2).

E. removing only selected trees, as well as surface fires that burn: Incorrect. This choice uses the same incorrect idiom as does choice A.

Image

1. Idioms must always be correctly worded.
2. Conjunctions must be used to construct grammatical sentences.
3. Entities in the list must be logically as well as grammatically parallel.

The concepts tested in this sentence have been covered in e-gmat concepts:
1. Level 1 – Sentence Structure Part I & II. (These concepts feature in Level 1 Preview Concepts that are available in Free Trial. Just register and learn.)
2. Level 1 – Idioms – Standard Expressions
3. Level 3 – Parallelism – Identify & Correct.
4. Level 4 – Parallelism – Helpful Tips

Thanks.
Shraddha

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New post 29 May 2006, 02:13
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It's B.

Past assessments of the Brazilian rain forest have used satellite images to tally deforested areas, where farmers and ranchers have clear-cut and burned all the trees, but such work has not addressed either logging, which removes only selected trees, or surface fires that burn down individual trees but do not denude the forest.


In D, "burning down" is not parallel with "do not denude the forest".

Past assessments of the Brazilian rain forest have used satellite images to tally deforested areas, where farmers and ranchers have clear-cut and burned all the trees, but such work has not addressed either logging, removing only selected trees, or surface fires, burning down individual trees but do not denude the forest.


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New post 11 Nov 2005, 12:41
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A, C and E are wrong because the correct idiom is Either X or Y. Between B and D, B is better. In B "Which" modifies logging better than does "removing" in D. B should be the answer.
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New post 28 Aug 2006, 06:22
GMATT73 wrote:
buzzgaurav wrote:
Easy B.
1) Correct structure..."either.....or".
2) ...logging, which removes......or surface fires that burn


Same method.. (B)


ya.. B is best.. but
what is wrong with D>

D. removing only selected trees, or surface fires, burning

.. the one in bold are modifiers .. taht are correctly modifying.. :roll:

logging and surface trees respectively..
Please help..
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Re: Brazilian rain forest  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Aug 2009, 09:50
rohansherry wrote:
I think which and that also shuld be paralle.i mean same.either which or that in both the cases..read it one of the OG ques only ( don remember ) so I mean we can have D in the above post as the answer


First of all, I do not agree to the parallel rule you suggesting. Actually it depends on the usage:

X, modifier1 of X, or Y, modifier2 of Y.
X, modifier3 of X, or Y (that ... <-- modifier4 of Y)

Modifier4 is restrictive, rest are non-restrictive.
So, IMO it need not to be parallel.

Also, in the original question with option D:

Past assessments of the Brazilian rain forest have used satellite images to tally deforested areas, where farmers and ranchers have clear-cut and burned all the trees, but such work has not addressed either logging, removing only selected trees, or surface fires, burning down individual trees but do not denude the forest

(burning down individual trees but do not denude the forest) is the modifier for surface fires.

Now, tell me how is the above modifier correct?
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Re: forests  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jul 2011, 20:05
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marcodonzelli wrote:
Past assessments of the Brazilian rain forest have used satellite images to tally deforested areas, where farmers and ranchers have clear-cut and burned all the trees, but such work has not addressed either logging, which is the removal of only selected trees, as well as surface fires, burning down individual trees but do not denude the forest.

A. which is the removal of only selected trees, as well as surface fires, burning
B. which removes only selected trees, or surface fires that burn
C. which removes only selected trees, along with surface fires that burn
D. removing only selected trees, or surface fires, burning
E. removing only selected trees, as well as surface fires that burn



Hi All,

First of all let's find out that we can eliminate D and E straight away. Why ?

If "V1ing - removing" modifier comes after COMMA, it can play one of two roles.
1. It may modify the whole previous clause. "Rosy started the engine, using the power button"
2. It may show results of previous clause. "Crime has recently decreased in our neighborhood, leading to a rise in properties values."

Here if "removing only selected trees" is modifying previous clause "but such work has not addressed either logging" than it changed the whole meaning of sentence. ""removing only selected trees" also can not show result of previous clause so D and E are wrong.

"which removes only selected trees" is concise than "which is the removal of only selected trees". Why ? because verb "removes" is better than noun "removal". The order of VAN that Verb>Adjective or Adverb>Noun, which eliminate A.

Between B and C, C has error for idiom . "Either X or Y. so answer is B.


I hope my explanation helped. If indeed, please give me kudos.
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Re: Past assessments of the Brazilian rain forest have used  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Sep 2014, 10:38
Past assessments of the Brazilian rain forest have used satellite images to tally deforested areas, where farmers and ranchers have clear-cut and burned all the trees, but such work has not addressed either (X) logging, which is the removal of only selected trees, as well as ( Y )surface fires, (A) burning down individual trees but (B)do not denude the forest.

The sentence is testing sentence structure and idiom. The structure is "either X or Y ( A and B)"

A, C, E are out because they do not follow either X or Y structure.

D is out because it does follow A and B structure.

B is correct. " surface fires ( A )burn down individual trees but ( B )do not denude the forest.

A. which is the removal of only selected trees, as well as surface fires, burning
B. which removes only selected trees, or surface fires that burn
C. which removes only selected trees, along with surface fires that burn
D. removing only selected trees, or surface fires, burning
E. removing only selected trees, as well as surface fires that burn
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Re: Past assessments of the Brazilian rain forest have used  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jun 2016, 03:22
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arirux92 wrote:
I have a huge problem with B

logging, which removes....


How can this be correct???

logging doesn't remove... logging is the removal of trees... it's similar to saying: baking, which creates cakes or farming, which grows crops.

Any advice sayantanc2k and daagh?


I do not see a problem if the name of a process is the subject of an action verb that indicates the result or the outcome of the process.

According to me, the sentences "Baking creates cake." is OK, so is "Logging removes trees."

However it is awkward when the name of the process is the subject of the action verb of the process itself. The actual action taken during the process of "logging" is "cutting" trees. Thus "Logging cuts trees." is awkward.
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Re: Past assessments of the Brazilian rain forest have used  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Oct 2016, 09:46
DLMD wrote:
Past assessments of the Brazilian rain forest have used satellite images to tally deforested areas, where farmers and ranchers have clear-cut and burned all the trees, but such work has not addressed either logging, which is the removal of only selected trees, as well as surface fires, burning down individual trees but do not denude the forest.

A. which is the removal of only selected trees, as well as surface fires, burning
B. which removes only selected trees, or surface fires that burn
C. which removes only selected trees, along with surface fires that burn
D. removing only selected trees, or surface fires, burning
E. removing only selected trees, as well as surface fires that burn


This is my analysis:
the correct structure is either X or Y
A. which is the removal of only selected trees, as well as surface fires, burning - out
B. which removes only selected trees, or surface fires that burn - Correct witch and that are parallels and burn and denude are parallel too
C. which removes only selected trees, along with surface fires that burn - out
D. removing only selected trees, or surface fires, burning - burning is parallel correct with removing but not with "do not denude"
E. removing only selected trees, as well as surface fires that burn[/quote] - out
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Re: Past assessments of the Brazilian rain forest have used  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Apr 2017, 02:03
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Prachi1002 wrote:
How to differentiate between D and B


Comma + present participle acts as a verb modifier, not a noun modifier. Therefore ", removing...." refers to "has not addressed", not "logging". Also ",burning..." refers to the same verb and not "surface fires".

Steffi defeated Sabatini, winning the Wimbledon.... here ",winning..." does not refer to "Sabatini" - it refers to "defeated".
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Re: Past assessments of the Brazilian rain forest have used  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Aug 2017, 06:14
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Correct idiom: either X or Y.
A and E: either logging...AS WELL AS surface fires
C: either logging...ALONG WITH surface fires
Eliminate A, C and E.

A conjunction such as but must serve to connect PARALLEL FORMS:
NOUN but NOUN
VERB but VERB
MODIFIER but MODIFIER.

D: surface fires, burning down invidivual trees but do not denude
Here, but incorrectly serves to connect burning (modifier) to do not denude (verb).
Eliminate D.

The correct answer is B.
B: either logging, which removes only selected trees, or surface fires that burn down individual trees
Here, the portions in red both serve as MODIFIERS.
The first modifier refers to logging, while the second modifier refers to surface fires.
Since they have different referents, the two modifiers do not have to be structured the same way.
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Re: Past assessments of the Brazilian rain forest have used satellite  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Sep 2017, 12:41
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Past assessments of the Brazilian rain forest have used satellite images to tally deforested areas, where farmers and ranchers have clear-cut and burned all the trees, but such work has not addressed either logging, which is the removal of only selected trees, as well as surface fires, burning down individual trees but do not denude the forest.

Since 'either' has been used in the non-underlined part, we are forced to bring a matching 'or' for idiom's sake. Only B and D qualify


A. which is the removal of only selected trees, as well as surface fires, burning-- either and as well as is wrong

B., which removes, only selected trees or surface fires that burn --correct choice.

C., which removes only selected trees, along with surface fires that burn .... either along with, is wrong

D. removing only selected trees, or surface fires, burning --- burning wrongly modifies such works that include logging and burning.

E. removing only selected trees, as well as surface fires that burn--- either as well as is wrong.

B is the correct choice
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New post 27 Mar 2018, 21:38
POE:1 : Either… or is the right usage- eliminate A,C & E.
POE 2: “but do not denude” in underlined part should be parallel. Connectors like and, but, or must be parallel.
A conjunction such as but must serve to connect PARALLEL FORMS:
1. VERB but VERB
2. NOUN but NOUN
3. MODIFIER but MODIFIER
.
In D, “surface fires, burning down invidivual trees but do not denude” is connecting Noun (surface fires) to “do not denude” (Verb), which is wrong. Also, VerbING after comma, modifies the preceding clause i.e. “burning” wrongly modifies “such works that include logging and burning”, which is not making sense.
The correct answer is B.
B: either logging, which removes only selected trees, or surface fires that burn down individual trees. Here, highlighted portions are, also, parallel.
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Re: Past assessments of the Brazilian rain forest have used  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Mar 2018, 06:32
DLMD wrote:
Past assessments of the Brazilian rain forest have used satellite images to tally deforested areas, where farmers and ranchers have clear-cut and burned all the trees, but such work has not addressed either logging, which is the removal of only selected trees, as well as surface fires, burning down individual trees but do not denude the forest.

A. which is the removal of only selected trees, as well as surface fires, burning
B. which removes only selected trees, or surface fires that burn
C. which removes only selected trees, along with surface fires that burn
D. removing only selected trees, or surface fires, burning
E. removing only selected trees, as well as surface fires that burn


"Either" takes "or" so A, C, E out.

REMOVING is wrongly modifying "such work" D out

Hence (B)
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Re: Past assessments of the Brazilian rain forest have used  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Apr 2019, 07:49
Hi guys , I'm just confused about an issue : either logging,or surface fires
those 2 nouns are supposed to be parallel , but logging is a simple gerund , doesn't it need to be a complex gerund ? (the logging )
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Re: Past assessments of the Brazilian rain forest have used  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Oct 2019, 08:44
Confused about the role that is playing ?...1) Is it an subordinating conjunction then why comma is not used.
2) Or As a pronoun. But is comma the basis of conclusion.
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Re: Past assessments of the Brazilian rain forest have used  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Oct 2019, 21:20
Tushrgupta wrote:
Confused about the role that is playing ?...1) Is it an subordinating conjunction then why comma is not used.
2) Or As a pronoun. But is comma the basis of conclusion.

Not sure I understand your question. In "...surface fires that burn....", that is being used as a relative pronoun.

Some people like to differentiate "relative pronouns" (which, that, who, whom etc.) from "subordinating conjunctions" (because, although, until etc.); others like to club "relative pronouns" in the broader category of "subordinating conjunctions".

Frankly both approaches work, as long as you understand that both subordinating conjunctions and relative pronouns, mark the start of a dependent clause.
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Re: Past assessments of the Brazilian rain forest have used  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Nov 2019, 02:42
I understand - why B is the correct option. But I want to know is there no condition for either X or Y in which X and Y also needs to follow parallelism?
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New post 03 Nov 2019, 03:08
priyaarorastep wrote:
I understand - why B is the correct option. But I want to know is there no condition for either X or Y in which X and Y also needs to follow parallelism?

Hi Priya, X and Y definitely must be parallel, in either X or Y structure.

In fact, that is happening in the correct option B:

....such work has not addressed either logging...or surface fires....

Both logging and surface fires are nouns/noun-phrases and are hence parallel.
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Re: Past assessments of the Brazilian rain forest have used   [#permalink] 03 Nov 2019, 03:08
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